Concepts and methods in polish spatio-electoral research. At the turn of the 20th and 21st century spatio-electoral research in the world entered the phase of maturity and crystallization of research concepts and methods long ago, in Poland the stage of spontaneous development of research in this themes. As a result of the development of spatio-electoral studies in Poland, spatial approach patterns were developed, and the scope of using statistical analysis methods in a spatial context was extended. Another important aspect of this research was the discourse and the use of the notion of factors in building a theory or constructing pre-theory regarding the spatial differentiation of electoral behaviors. From a macroanalytical perspective concerning territorial patterns from the subregional level to the macroregional level, four groups of concepts of the influence of factors and conditions can be distinguished: a) concepts of historical and cultural conditions, b) modernization concepts, ie actions of some socio-economic factors, c) concepts related to competition and conflicts within the political system of the country; d) concepts of spatial and neighborhood influence, also called concepts of political topography.
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