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Abstrakt

Who owns the city? Do the inhabitants of modern cities have a reflection on their place of everyday life? Do they treat the city as commons? Do they feel co-responsible for the directions of development of their cities? Answers to the above questions have far-reaching consequences for urban development policy. They are the basis for assessing the ongoing democratization processes in the local government sphere. They also reveal important aspects of the condition of civil society. Although, on the basis of various indicators the trend is positive, it seems that the awareness of the role of the citizen versus the ordinary resident is poorly rooted in the attitudes of the Polish people. And the lesson of citizenship is still an undisrupted task for a large part of the inhabitants of our country. The greatest hopes lie in the generation of young and educated Poles who, through the development of participative management mechanisms, are becoming more aware of the possibilities of citizens’ influence on urban policy. The article is an attempt to answer the above questions based on literature review, current press articles and empirical studies conducted among a group of students.
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The article presents the development of industrial cities: Zabrze, Bytom and Gliwice regarding the background of historical changes, the influence of endogenous and exogenous factors. The development of these cities was connected with trade, hard coal mining and heavy industry. These cities were interconnected administratively, communicatively and economically. They changed their nationality and joined other towns. The different concepts of authorities regarding urban spaces and the profile of a given city were implemented. The influence of various factors, taking place even historically distant time, related to the city’s development concepts and shaping their centers, has become one of the challenges that cities are trying to meet. The activity of various entities in the city center is a measure of the attractiveness of the city itself. Examples of cities: Zabrze, Bytom and Gliwice show the diff erence in the situation in which each of these cities is located.
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Abstrakt

This paper presents the comparison of filtering methods – median filtration, moving average Kalman filtration and filtration based on a distance difference to determine the most accurate arm length for circular motion, as a model of wind turbine propellers movement. The experiments have been performed with the UWB technology system containing four anchors and a tag attached to 90cm arm that was rotated with speed up to 15.5 rad/s (as a linear speed of 50km/h). The trilateration concept based on the signal latency has been described in order to determinate the position of an object on circular trajectory. The main objective is the circle plane rotation (parallel and perpendicular) with respect to the anchors plane reference system. All research tasks have been performed for various cases of motion schemes in order to get the filtration method for object in motion under best accuracy goal. Filtration methods have been applied on one of two stages of the positioning algorithm: (1) on raw data got from the single anchor-tag (before trilateration); (2) on the position obtained from four anchors and tag (after trilateration). It has been proven that the appropriate filtering allows for higher location accuracy. Moreover, location capabilities with the use of UWB technology – shows prospective use of positioning of objects without access to other positioning forms (ex. GPS) in many aspects of life such as currently developing renewable, green energy sources like wind turbines where the circular motion plays an important role, and precise positioning of propellers is a key element in monitoring the work of the whole wind turbine.
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Abstrakt

Artykuł prezentuje syntezę badań nad społeczną aktywnością w dziedzinie kształtowania miejskich przestrzeni publicznych. Zainteresowanie partycypacją społeczną w której wiele kręgów upatruje remedium na problemy miejskie − w tym także na chaos przestrzenny − ma wiele przyczyn. Jedną z nich jest brak zaufania strony społecznej do profesji architektonicznych. W artykule wskazano przypuszczalną przyczynę takiego stanu rzeczy, za jaką uznano ułomne przepisy prawne i system planistyczny, które w praktyce nie sprzyjają kształtowaniu ładu, harmonii czy piękna, lecz ułatwiają realizację interesów wąskich kręgów, sprowadzając rangę projektanta jako twórcy do roli wykonawcy decyzji inwestora.
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The subject of the article is the occurrence of dialectal features in Internet nicknames. The analysis was carried out on the basis of about 2500 nicknames that contained dialectal features. The names were obtained within the years 2012–2015. In the analysis, linguistic areas were indicated in which we may notice the influence of local dialects on that layer of the Internet anthroponymy. The influence of local dialects is visible in the fact that the Internet users reach for traditional folk names as well as name models related to the folk manner of identifying a human being, e.g. Jagatka, Jantecek, Janielka od Genowefy, Cesiek z Tuchowa. Apart from references to folk anthroponymy, the Internet nicknames reflect the influence of local dialect lexis (e.g. gzub, graślok, fusyt), phonetics (janioł, Carownica, łokrutny łoptymista), inflection (Śpisok z Łapsóf, ciupaga łod tater) and word-formation, e.g. (rzemyszek, cwaniuk).
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The article describes the relationship between the local community and the primary school considered as “place” within the meaning derived from the book by yi-Fu Tuan “Space and place: The perspective of experience”. The article compares the cases of two schools in the city of bielsko-biała (the city has a population of 175 thousands inhabitants). One school is overcrowded, yet its future existence has been secured. The second school, however, was first transferred to another location and it eventually went into liquidation in 2012. The article demonstrates then underlying reasons and consequences of losing the school as place. Moreover, it indicates potential problems emerging in such cases altogether with a set of possible solutions.
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The author defends the thesis that language is an attribute of a nation and as such it is offi cially protected by the international legal system irrespective of the number of its speakers; thus, there is no such phenomenon as a “little language”. Linguistic minorities speak their mother languages or some dialectal variants of those languages
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Abstrakt

Rural areas have great potential, which properly supported can signifi cantly accelerate the socio-economic development of the country. However, the resources and values of individual areas are spatially diversifi ed, which means the diversity of development challenges and the necessity to diversify the instruments of local development policy as well as the territorialisation of development policy. The need to deal with development issues in connection with the development of urban functional areas and, more broadly, node regions, remains unchanged for all types of rural areas, which means the necessity of joint planning of spatial development, implementation of common development strategies of the entire functional area and pursuit of common socio-economic goals. The endogenous theory of local development remains valid, but it must be based on resources that go beyond the administrative boundaries of a single municipality. The need for network local development planning applies in particularly to peripheral rural areas, since rural municipalities often do not have sufficient economic potential to stay competitive even on a local scale. Only in partnership with other municipalities, within the framework of nodal regions, they can implement more eff ective competitive strategies. Another aspect of the network cooperation is the need to involve non-public entities into local economy. Establishing partnerships for the implementation of development goals may increase the chances of achieving a favourable competitive position and implementation of effective development strategies.
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Abstrakt

Artykuł ma na celu określenie głównych uwarunkowań rozwoju wiejskich przestrzeni tematycznych w kontekście odnowy wsi. Na tym tle autorzy podejmują próbę wyjaśnienia mechanizmów rządzących omawianym procesem oraz ich efektów. Wobec powyższego skoncentrowano się na przedstawieniu mechanizmów rozwoju procesów, które prowadzą do rozkwitu tej idei (anatomia sukcesu – przypadek wsi Sierakowo Sławieńskie), oraz takich, które ten rozwój spowalniają lub zupełnie ograniczają (anatomia porażki – przypadek wsi Lubcza).
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Abstrakt

The research issues discussed in the paper concentrate on the participation of the municipal services sector in shaping local development in the commune. The aim of the study is to verify the actual level of involvement of this sector in the development process of the commune, and the thesis is: “The activities of the municipal services sector are one of the factors shaping local development in the commune.” The basic research method is a critical review of domestic and foreign literature and participant observation.
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Abstrakt

One of the current challenges in transport is e-mobility, understood as electromobility, ecomobility and mobility economics. E-mobility is nowadays a key focus area of socio-technical change, in terms of attention from policy makers as well as from industry and the public. The societal challenges ahead, in particular climate change put increasing pressure on the current mobility system, due to its tremendous environmental impact. Furthermore e-mobility is seen as major economic opportunity for the automotive industry. In this context, based on the available literature and documents and practical solutions implemented already in cities and agglomerations, the paper discusses the fundamental challenges that cities are to face in the context of the current megatrends. This process will engage diff erent stakeholders in order to make this concept become a reality.
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Abstrakt

The contemporary world is marked by clear disproportions in terms of living, working and wage. This problem also applies to Poland, including the layout designated by cities. The quantitative analysis carried out proves that the identified disproportions in the development potential have a relatively permanent character, which gives them structural attribute. In this context, the desirable effectiveness of development policy (subordinate to the vision and funds of EU cohesion policy) becomes highly questionable. Today’s economic inclusion is a serious challenge to the failure of recognized development policies. The shaping of the socio-economic order of the state requires a new look at local development, starting from a reliable diagnosis, part of which is this study, to bold and real visions.
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Abstrakt

The article shows folk nicknames operating in geographically diverse rural communities (administratively belonging to the municipality Muszyna). As unofficial anthroponyms, existing only in the spoken form, they represent a living local language — dialect. Analysis of the collected material shows that all the most important features of the language characteristic of this part of Lesser Poland (Małopolska) dialect are performed in it. Folk nicknames, despite numerous hazards caused by civilization, are still an important factor supporting the local dialect — they operate rather vividly in the ana lysed microcommunity (almost every adult has his nickname), and are constantly being created and passed down from generation to generation.
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Abstrakt

All local government units in Poland have been analysed regarding their consolidated debt. The consolidated debt was compared with the budget debt which is subject to monitoring and statutory restrictions. The scale of extra-budgetary debt has been revealed as recorded in the balance sheet of a local government unit, a parent entity. In practice, the consolidated balance sheet and debt presented in it are not subject to debates and analyses. Local governments refrain from auditing and publicising of the consolidated balance sheet. The article describes the risks related to unlimited local government debt.
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Abstrakt

Nowadays, the ubiquity of changes determines a new approach to programming development. In this situation, it is necessary to update the strategy of socio-economic development in many cities. The aim of the paper is to present the process of updating the city’s development strategy on selected examples (Katowice, Cracow, Poznań, Warsaw and Wrocław), through the prism of the scale and tools of public participation. Wrocław is a centre that particularly approached the implementation of the megatrend of public participation in the work on updating the development strategy. The paper delineates differences between public consultations and real public participation. The following research methods were used in the study: literature research, analysis of source texts, benchmarking and comparative analysis. The time horizon covers the period of public participation in the documents’ construction and is different for particular cities selected for analysis, however, it falls in the years 2013-2017.
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The paper indicates the signifi cance of the development policy territorialization for an enhancing competitiveness of cities and regions. The characteristics of such a policy allow revealing of the nature of territorial instruments. The authors, referring to their consulting practice and the research work done for the Ministry of Development, frame their recommendations. Those recommendations constitute the guidelines for amendment of territorial instruments in the context of National Regional Development Strategy actualization.
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For a long time creativity, innovativeness and entrepreneurship have been at the heart of studies on economic growth of regions and cities. In the paper the three notions are scrutinised together to propose conceptual approach to establishing research and development pathways, based upon three-stage identification of: research problems, project patterns and relational mechanisms. The paper is concluded with a 63 Box – the approach helping to navigate throughout project preparation phase.
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Abstrakt

The subject of the study are strategies for the development of 9 cities, which are among the strongest centres outside the current capitals of regions (in Polish: voivodeships) in the least-developed Polish regions. These cities can give the chance to activate their surroundings. Good strategies that increase the competitiveness of cities and stimulate development can contribute to this. The aim of the research was to fi nd answers to the questions whether and to what extent the studied strategies: (1) are in line with the definition and methodology of strategic planning; (2) recognize and use specific combinations of developmental factors; (3) can contribute to the development of their surroundings. The research method involved the analysis of the strategic plans in the light of the above questions. The strategies studied are not fully in line with the strategy defi nition. They contain errors and methodological flaws commonly encountered in other strategies. They use the specificity of developmental factors, but without conscious, methodical recognition of their combinations and without exposing them. The author signals methodical problems specific to the strategic planning in territorial units and makes suggestions for planning practice.
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Abstrakt

Ustawa z dnia 5 lipca 2018 r. o ułatwieniach w przygotowaniu i realizacji inwestycji mieszkaniowych oraz inwestycji towarzyszących dopuszcza je bez względu na to, czy dla objętych nimi nieruchomości istnieje miejscowy plan zagospodarowania przestrzennego, w tym bez względu na to, jak plan określa przeznaczenie nieruchomości. Inaczej mówiąc, wspomniane inwestycje mogą zostać zrealizowane na nieruchomościach, które w planie miejscowym przeznaczone są na całkowicie inne cele, w tym na wydobywanie kopalin. O takiej lokalizacji orzeka rada gminy, działając w drodze uchwały. Projektowana lokalizacja w granicach terenów występowania udokumentowanych złóż kopalin oraz tzw. terenów górniczych wymaga m.in. uzgodnienia z właściwym miejscowo organem administracji geologicznej. Brak jego stanowiska w terminie 21 dni uważa się za dokonanie uzgodnienia. W odniesieniu do złóż nieobjętych koncesjami na ich wydobywanie ustawa nie wskazuje przesłanek, którymi należy kierować się dokonując takiego uzgodnienia. Istnieje obawa, że może to doprowadzić do zabudowy nieruchomości w sposób, który uniemożliwi późniejsze wydobywanie kopaliny.
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Abstrakt

W artykule opisano wpływ wartości anomalnych i zmienności lokalnej na opis struktury zmienności i szacowanie parametrów złożowych. Badania przeprowadzono metodami statystycznymi i geostatystycznymi na przykładzie zasobności jednostkowej Pb w serii łupkowej we fragmencie wybranego złoża rud Cu-Ag LGOM. Stwierdzono, że wyznaczanie wartości anomalnych w zbiorze danych statystyczną metodą „ramka-wąsy” jest nieoptymalne i do tego celu autorzy rekomendują zastosowanie geostatystycznego narzędzia określanego jako „chmura punktów semiwariogramu”. Wyeliminowanie ze zbiorów danych wartości anomalnych wyznaczonych metodą geostatystyczną powoduje znaczące obniżenie względnego zróżnicowania danych, ale nadal jest ono ogromne w przypadku analizowanego parametru lub parametrów o podobnych cechach statystycznych takich jak skrajnie duża zmienność i silnie asymetryczny rozkład. Konsekwencją tego są wysokie błędy oszacowań zasobów Pb. Obliczenia zasobów tego pierwiastka mogą być traktowane jedynie jako szacunkowe i kwalifikowane formalnie do kategorii D. Hipotetyczne założenie braku błędów opróbowania skutkujące obniżeniem wielkości zmienności lokalnej (C0) prowadzi do pewnego obniżenia mediany błędów oszacowań zasobów, ale nadal są one wysokie (>35%). Jest to wynikiem dużej, naturalnej zmienności zasobności Pb w lokalnej skali obserwacji. Przy aktualnym systemie opróbowania wyrobisk górniczych złóż Cu-Ag LGOM, prowadzonego pod kątem poprawnego oszacowania zasobów i zawartości Cu oraz prognozy jakości urobku, niemożliwe jest osiągnięcie dokładności oszacowań zasobów Pb zbliżonych do dokładności oszacowań zasobów głównego metalu. Teoretycznie efekt taki można by uzyskać przez silne zagęszczenie sieci opróbowań oraz wielokrotne zwiększenie mas pobieranych próbek, co jest w praktyce nierealistyczne ze względów ekonomicznych, jak i organizacyjno-technicznych. Należy się więc liczyć z tym, że prognoza wielkości zasobów Pb, jak i innych pierwiastków towarzyszących o podobnych cechach statystycznych (np. As) w partiach złoża przewidzianych do wydobycia i urobku będzie obarczona dużym błędem.
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