The aim of this publication is to present practical application of the R. Kolman’s quality rating method used in the evaluation of aluminium alloys. The results of studies of the mechanical and physical properties of the three selected test materials are discussed. To find the best material, the quality level of each of the tested materials was assessed using quality ratings proposed by R. Kolman. The results of the conducted analysis have proved that the best material was an AKII MM alloy, i.e. a casting AK11 aluminium alloy from the 4XXX series.
The article presents the results of research concerning AlCu4MgSi alloy ingots produced using horizontal continuous casting process under variable conditions of casting speed and cooling liquid flow through the crystallizer. The mechanical properties and structure of the obtained ingots were correlated with the process parameters. On the basis of the obtained results, it has been shown that depending on the cooling rate and the intensity of convection during solidification, significant differences in the mechanical properties and structure and of the ingots can occur. The research has shown that, as the casting speed and the flow rate of the cooling liquid increase, the hardness of the test samples decreases, while their elongation increases, which is related to the increase of the average grain size. Also, the morphology of the intermetallic phases precipitations lattice, as well as the centerline porosity and dendrite expansion, significantly affect the tensile strength and fracture mechanism of the tested ingots.