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Abstract

Renesans w Polsce, „Odrodzenie” to złoty wiek kultury polskiej, to czasy króla Zygmunta I Starego, patrona wielu artystów, który zatrudnił architekta Bartolomeo Berrecci z Florencji, do czasu panowania syna, króla Zygmunta Augusta, następnie do czasów króla Stefana Batorego i kanclerza Jana Zamoyskiego. Wówczas Miasto Zamość zostało zaplanowane na prawach i na wzorach włoskich miast handlowych, słynnej renesansowej koncepcji miasta idealnego „città ideale” w określonej sytuacji.
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Abstract

Philosophers are motivated to do research concerning pattern recognition because of wide range of its applications. One of the pathfi nders of research in that area was Satosi Watanabe, who has been frequently commented in the literature concerning this subject. The rule of decrease in entropy and the rule of simplicity are described in the context of pattern recognition. Although the concept of entropy had been initially used in the area of thermodynamics, it could be adopted also in the fi eld of pattern recognition. The concept of entropy should be then suitable transformed. A few of examples of the entropy concept application and the relationship between entropy and simplicity are discussed in the article. Simplicity considered by Watanabe should be treated mainly as polynomial curve simplicity, however the issue is described in the wider context.
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Abstract

The author analyses onymic practices of Poznań–based craftsmen forming guilds. In the names of the inhabitants of Poznań, which stabilised until the end of the 18th century, she seeks traces of the so-called cognomens, i.e. secondary personal designations granted to apprentices who were becoming masters. The names resulted from community acts of creation, which were of ludic nature. Referring to German onymic practices and pointing to the so-called Schleifnamen, the author discusses specific codes of European middle-class culture. She focuses on the transfer of models and patterns to Polish urban communities.
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