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Abstract

This article argues that the narrative strategy employed by Ryszard Kapuściński in The Emperor can enables the reader to read it as a mythical story. In The Emperor the presence of myth can be detected on two levels, i.e. in the ‘mythical thinking’ of Kapuściński’s informants and in the shape of the highly stylized authorial narration. Myth controls the spatial structure of the story, the characterization of Haile Selassie, the concepts of time, language, and especially the incrustation of the text with elements explaining the unknown by the known.
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Abstract

This article is concerned with various modes of narrative memory in Travels with Herodotus, considered against the background of Ryszard Kapuściński’s other travelogues. A close examination of the specifi c manifestations of memory in terms of its content and the manner of remembering and presenting a story reveals that each of the key narrative fi gures in Kapuściński’s factual fi ction, i.e. the reporter, the writer, the historiographer, and the traveler, is endowed with a bundle of narrative memory modes (attitudes). These attitudes are distinct and complementary, but they also interlock in a way peculiar to each of the Kapuściński’s character types. Their integrity is also secured by the author’s intention to keep track of ‘Memory [travelling] along the Roadways of the World’.
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Abstract

The beginnings of the study of Polish literary regionalism are usually traced back to the interwar period, and in particular Stefania Skwarczyńska’s Regionalism and the main approaches in the theory of literature, published in 1937. Although this book is believed is be the pioneering work of literary regionalism in Poland, the trail was in fact blazed over fi fty years earlier by Bronisław Chlebowski’s study of the role regional variation in the development of Polish literature. He was inspired by Hippolyte Taine’s concept of milieu and Friedrich Ratzel’s anthropogeography. This article claims that Chlebowski’s theory of territoriality, as it was called by Wacław Borowy, both in its general outlines and in some particulars, is a thought-provoking methodological project and a valuable reference point for current regionalist research. The article also muses over the reasons why Chlebowski’s groundbreaking approach failed to attract followers.
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Abstract

This paper argues that while writing about the works of other authors Bolesław Leśmian made use of the same ironic approach he employed in his own writing. A close analysis of his ironic strategies, which can be found in his reviews, theoretical refl ections, practical criticism and metacritical texts, leads to the conclusion that Leśmian’s irony is a stylistic trope in a literary poetics of dance, an aesthetic category as well as an artistic and existential concept akin to the ‘permanent parabasis’ of the Romantics.
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Keywords Hugo Kołłątaj

Abstract

Hugo Kołłątaj’s treatise On dreams, or my refl ections on the reveries of nighttime reveries (1796) is an attempt at analyzing and classifying various dream theories and at analyzing and interpreting his own dreams. He takes the rationalist view of dreams, which, following Aristotle’s naturalistic philosophy, Hippocrates’ humours and the modern mechanistic theories, looks for physiological, medical and mnemic explanations of this phenomenon. The aim of his article is to position Kołłątaj’s treatise, a notable product of the Polish Enlightenment, against the background of all these naturalistic theories as well as to identify the points where he shares their approach and those that are distinctly his own. What makes the comparison more complex is the cross-genre nature of the work: it combines the elements of a philosophical treatise on dreams, a catalogue of ‘curious dreams’ and an autobiographical essay.
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