A rich network of bodies of water fed by supraglacial streams has developed in the Hörbyebreen marginal zone due to intensive deglaciation. Most of them are lakelets of 0.1 to 1.0 ha in area and a mean depth of 0.3 to 1.3 m. They developed mainly after 1961. Studies were made of suspended and dissolved sediment concentration, and the ionic composition of the waters of proglacial streams and lakes, followed by an estimate of the balance of the proglacial transport of material. The calculation showed that the total net deposition of mineral material in the marginal zone amounts to 58.45 t per day. which constitutes 56.07 per cent of the total volume transported by proglacial streams. Borings proved sediments deposited in lakes at present to be of little thickness, ranging from 3 to 19 cm. As to litholology, there in a dominance of light-grey silty-clay deposits with a mean grain-size of 5.70 to 6.21 phi, sometimes with thin intercalations of coarse-grained sands and gravels. Chemical analyses shovedthat these deposits contain mostly silicates with small admixtures of Ca and Mg, and that they reflect the geological structure of the area.
Determination of the physico-chemical interactions between liquid and solid substances is a key technological factor in many industrial processes in metallurgy, electronics or the aviation industry, where technological processes are based on soldering/brazing technologies. Understanding of the bonding process, reactions between materials and their dynamics enables to make research on new materials and joining technologies, as well as to optimise and compare the existing ones. The paper focuses on a wetting force measurement method and its practical implementation in a laboratory stand – an integrated platform for automatic wetting force measurement at high temperatures. As an example of using the laboratory stand, an analysis of Ag addition to Cu-based brazes, including measurement of the wetting force and the wetting angle, is presented.