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Abstract

The aim of this study was to obtain reference values for diastolic cardiac function parameters in healthy dogs and to ascertain if significant differences exist between dogs of various age, weight and sex. The study was performed on 82 healthy dogs of different age and breed. Eleven param- eters were analyzed: peak velocity during early diastolic filling, acceleration time of early diastol- ic filling, deceleration time of early diastolic filling, total time of early diastolic filling, peak veloc- ity during late diastolic filling, acceleration time of late diastolic filling, deceleration time of late diastolic filling, total time of late diastolic filling, total time of early and late diastolic filling, ratio of peak velocities during early and late diastolic filling, isovolumetric relaxation time. The Dop- pler measurements used for general assessment of diastolic function in healthy dogs were signifi- cantly influenced by body weight, heart rate and age. No significant differences were found be- tween males and females. This study described the value of non-invasive echocardiographic assessment of diastolic function in healthy dogs.
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Abstract

B a c k g r o u n d: Echocardiography is the first exam to establish the myocardial function in patients with takotsubo syndrome (TTS). However, ECG-Gated Myocardial Single-Photon Emission Tomography (G-SPECT) also allows to calculate left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and can be useful in early stadium of TTS. A i m: To compare LVEF obtained from 99mTc-MIBI G-SPECT and echocardiography in patients with TTS. M a t e r i a l a n d M e t h o d s: Study population: 20 patients in medium age 77 (62–89) with TTS were included. In all patients 99mTc-MIBI G-SPECT and echocardiography was performed on the same day. R e s u l t s: LVEF measured by G-SPECT and echocardiography ranged from 34 to 83% and 38 to 69%, respectively. The LVEF values for ECHO were significantly lower than for SPECT. The correlation between the LVEF was r = 0.76. The calculated correlation coefficient (r) for linear regression analysis was 0.64. The following equation shows the approximate interdependence of both LVEF calculations: LVEF GSPECT = 10.35 + 0.93 * LVEF Echo. C o n c l u s i o n s: G-SPECT tends to overerestimate LVEF compared to echocardiography so these imaging techniques should not be used interchangeably. Calculated equation should be used for comparison of LVEF.
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