The European Union aspires to pursue an ambitious climate policy. The
energy sector is a key tool to ensure success in this area. At the same
time, excessively ambitious targets can be a serious problem for
individual member states. The aim of the article is to analyze the
possibilities available to the Polish energy sector in the context of
the assumed EU climate neutrality goals by 2050.
The analyzed research problem concerns, in particular, two areas of
strategic importance for Poland: the coal sector and the renewable
energy sources sector. The role of the former should be significantly
reduced in the coming decades, while the position of the latter should
be substantially strengthened. The juxtaposition of these challenges
with the Polish economic, social and techno- logical realities is the
main subject of analysis in this text. The method of system analysis
with elements of a decision-making approach will be used. This will
allow for an effective analysis and review at the research level of the
most important problems and challenges faced by Poland in light of the
necessary adjustments to be made in order to achieve the priorities
assumed by the European Union.
The hypothesis of the article is that Poland is able to effectively meet
European climate targets, although the implementation of this challenge
requires decisive action on the part of the government, as well as an
adequate response from investors and society. To this end, appropriate
actions must be undertaken at both a strategic and operational level.