Humanities and Social Sciences

Studia Historyczne


Studia Historyczne | 2016 | No 3 |


The French consulate founded in Gdańsk in 1610 was probably the fi rst consulate in the Polish- -Lithuanian Commonwealth. It was established by the King of France, Henri IV. The State Archive in Gdańsk holds a document dated on 23 April 1610 nominating Jean de La Blanque to the post of the French consul in Gdańsk. This was part of a wider diplomatic plan by the French monarch to set up a French alliance with Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
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This article discusses two successive confederations established by the clients and employees of Janusz Ostrogski. They functioned just after the death of their patron, mainly within the Ostrogski Fee Tail. The fi rst, founded in 1620, was concerned with the property claims of Ostrogski’s most trusted servants and clients during the settlement of his estate. The second exemplifi ed the political demands of the landed nobility whose domains fell within the Ostrogski Fee Tail. Both of these played an important role in shaping the legal and organisational framework for estates.
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The article presents changes introduced in the Russian military and civic jurisdiction with respect to duels of honour from the eighteenth century through the beginning of the twentieth century. All legal regulations passed during this period are discussed, concentrating on the system of punishments, types of courts, defi nitions of duels as a crime, as well as the everyday procedures of courts in these matters. The question of the socio-cultural specifi city of duels in the Tsarist army, ways of their organisation, and the goals of participants are discussed as well.
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The National Lottery was established in the Free City of Kraków (1815–1846) by the Representative Assembly in 1821. It was the source of revenue for the treasury and was leased to a private entrepreneur, Florian Straszewski, known for having contributed to the creation of the Planty Park in Kraków. The lottery was divided class and numerical lotteries, each of which was organised according to different regulations, but with the same lottery administrator (Directorate of the Lottery). It was supervised by the city Senate. The latter issued several laws which regulated the organisation and functioning of the Directory of the Lottery, the sale points, and State Commissioners who were involved in the lottery drawings. The article also discusses the conditions of a typical contract signed with F. Straszewski and the “Plan loterii klasowej” (Plan of the Class Lottery) of 1840. The National Lottery functioned between 1822–1844.
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This article presents Jewish mutual aid associations in the Kingdom of Poland in the nineteenth century. Among the discussed matters are: the legal foundations for organising associations of this type, the chronology of their establishment, the socio-professional character of the founders and members, the attitudes of the authorities towards the creation and operation of these associations. The article is based on original, previously rarely used archives. There were 67 associations established in the discussed time period, including 32 in the Piotrków district (gubernia) and 17 in the Warsaw district.
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Editorial office

Peter Bajer (Monash University, Melbourne, Australia)
Jakub Basista (Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland) – Redaktor Naczelny / Executive Editor
Christopher Blackburn (University of Louisiana at Monroe, USA)
Jerzy Borzęcki (Independent Scholar, Toronto, Canada)
Kenneth Ka-lok Chan (Baptist University, Hong Kong)
Gabriel Doherty (University College Cork, Ireland)
Stefan Halikowski-Smith (University of Swansea, Wales, UK)
Seija Jalagin (University of Oulu, Finland)
Wojciech Krawczuk (Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland)
Franciszek Leśniak (Pedagogical University, Kraków, Poland)
Sarunas Liekis (Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, Lithuania)
Józef Łaptos (Pedagogical University, Kraków, Poland)
Wojciech Rojek (Jagiellonian University, Kraków, Poland)
Henryk Żaliński (Pedagogical University, Kraków, Poland)


Krzysztof Porosło (Kraków)


Sandra Trudgen Dawson (Northern Illinois University, USA)



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