Science and earth science

Studia Quaternaria


Studia Quaternaria | 2009 | Vol. 26 |

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The article presents the results of a detailed study of the geological structure of the Łeba Barrier in the Rąbka cross-section (Southern Baltic, Poland). The barrier separates Lake Łebsko from the Baltic. Five sedimentary complexes were distinguished there (M2-M6). The spatial variability of the grain-size distribution was examined and succession stages of the mollusc fauna occurring in the individual sedimentary complexes were distinguished. Radiocarbon dating was used to establish the age of the most important events during the process of formation of the barrier, which took place in the course of several relative sea-level changes. The first sedimentary complex (M2) at Rąbka is connected with the second ingression (i2) of the Baltic Sea (ca. 6,700-6,000 14C years BP), sea-level stabilization (6,000-5,500 14C years BP), and at last sea-level lowering (5,500-5,000 14C years BP) in the region of the Gardno-Łeba Coastal Plain. The sedimentary complex M3 developed in a lagoonal environment when the barrier was situated north of its present position (5,000-3,000 14C BP). The next lowering of the sea-level made the lagoon shallower and caused the emergence of small but already subaerial stretches of barrier land with a freshwater fauna in the north (4,880š40 14C BP). With the next ingression stage (i3), which took place between 4,500 and 3,000 BP, the barrier shifted to its present-day position and the lagoon changed into a freshwater lake. From 3,000 to 1,700 14C BP fossil soil and peats developed on the barrier surface as a result of another sea-level lowering. The last ingression stages (i4 and i5), younger than 1,700 BP, built up the barrier, practically in its today's location (sedimentary complexes M4 and M5). The youngest sedimentary complex (M-6) is represented by present-day beach sands.

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Authors and Affiliations

Karol Rotnicki
Stefan W. Alexandrowicz
Anna Pazdur
Tomasz Goslar
Ryszard K. Borówka
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Białowieża in Poland is a very famous region in Europe (because of its primeval forest and bison population), but its environmental history is poorly known. This article shows the results of palynological analysis, macrofossil analysis and geological settings of two mires in the Białowieża Forest. The pollen diagrams show changes of the vegetation cover from the younger part of the Late Glacial until the present time. The relative time scale is based on palynostratigraphy and comparison to published results of other sites from the adjacent regions. During the Late Glacial two stages of the vegetation succession were revealed: steppe and forest during the Alleröd period and tundra-like vegetation during the Younger Dryas. The Holocene history consists of five stages of plant cover development. The special features of the Białowieża Forest are conditioned by two main factors: low degree of anthropogenic impact and influences of continental climate and boreal zone, stronger than in the other regions of Poland.

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Authors and Affiliations

Krystyna Milecka
Agnieszka M. Noryśkiewicz
Grzegorz Kowalewski
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The main goal of the presented research was to investigate spatial distribution of surface sediments and to recognize relationships between chemical composition of water and sediments in a coastal Lake Sarbsko (northern Poland). The Lake Sarbsko is a freshwater basin. The water column is well oxygenated and waters exhibit only minor spatial variability of chemical composition indicating rapid and good mixing. Surface sediments of Lake Sarbsko are strongly diversified with respect to chemical composition. The sediments of Lake Sarbsko are characterized by elevated content of terrigenous silica indicating enhanced input of clastic material from the watershed and/or increased dynamics of the lake waters. Moreover, SiO2ter is strongly negatively correlated with SiO2biog, organic matter and element contents, which argues for diluting effect of the former towards authigenic components of sediments. Basically, terrigenous silica (quartz) content is highest in the lake shores and declines towards the lake center. Biogenic silica, organic matter and most of elements display reversed tendency. CaCO3 was encountered in three isolated areas, where it co-occurs with FeS. It is anticipated that precipitation of calcite in Lake Sarbsko resulted from postdepositional processes. Spatial distribution of Fe, Mn, Ca, Mg, Na and K in Lake Sarbsko is also governed by their geochemical affinities to organic matter (Fe), Fe/Mn oxides (Fe, Mn), sulphides (Fe), clay minerals (Na, K, Mg, Mn) and carbonates (Ca, Mn).

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Authors and Affiliations

Michał Woszczyk
Roman Cieśliński
Waldemar Spychalski
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Assemblages of molluscs have been used for stratigraphy of Late Glacial and Holocene deposits in Poland. Changes of the climate as well as migration of species are main factors which control the recompositions of molluscan communities in this time. Thirteen malacostratigraphical zones have been definied. Eight of them corresponds with land environments, while the remaining ones (five) with water habitats. The succesions of these zones gives the malacostratigraphical subdivisions, which can be compared with similar schemes proposed in some other countries of Central Europe. They supplement palynostratigraphical zones or even can be used as main way of stratigraphical intrepretations.

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Authors and Affiliations

Witold Paweł Alexandrowicz

Editorial office

Editorial Board:



Leszek Marks, Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Poland


Mirosława Kupryjanowicz, Faculty of Biology and Chemistry, University of Białystok, Poland
Fabian Welc, Institute of Archaeology, Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński University, Warsaw, Poland
Barbara Woronko, Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Poland


Joanna Mirosław-Grabowska, Institute of Geological Sciences, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland

Editorial Advisory Board:

T. Madeyska (Chairman), Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
S.W. Alexandrowicz, Academy of Mining and Metallurgy, Cracow, Poland
K.E. Behre, Niedersachsisches Institut für Historische Küstenforschung, Wilhelmshaven, Germany
J. Ehlers, Geologisches Landesamt, Hamburg, Germany
P. Gozhik, Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kiev, Ukraine
V. Ložek, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
J.E. Mojski, Gdansk University, Gdańsk, Poland
J. Rose, University of London, London, United Kingdom
K. Rotnicki, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
L. Starkel, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland
M. Sturm, EAWAG-ETH, Zürich, Switzerland
J. Vandenberghe, University of Amsterdam, Amserdam, The Netherlands
K. Wasylikowa, Polish Academy of Sciences, Cracow, Poland


Studia Quaternaria,

Committee for Quaternary Research

ul. Twarda 51/55, 00-818 Warsaw, Poland


Instructions for authors

The language of the journal is English. Submissions may be in the form of articles, brief reports, discussions, or paper/book reviews. Studia Quaternaria accepts papers of moderate length. Longer manuscripts should be agreed with the Editor-in-Chief.

All submitted manuscripts are reviewed initially by editorial staff. Manuscripts with insufficient priority for publication are rejected promptly. Other manuscripts are sent to at least two independent expert consultants for peer review. Manuscripts are evaluated on the originality of data, interpretations, and ideas, and on the degree to which their findings can be generalized. In case of contradictory opinions additional reviewers are sought. Articles accepted for publication are instantly published inthe "in press" section. In printed version they usually appear in order of acceptance.

Open Access policy

Studia Quaternaria są czasopismem wydawanym w wolnym dostępie na licencji CC BY-NC-ND 3.0.

Studia Quaternaria is an open access journal with all content available with no charge in full text version. The journal content is available under the licencse CC BY-NC-ND 3.0

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