The „Academia” magazine was founded on the initiative of Professor
Andrzej B. Legocki, a President of the Polish Academy of Sciences in
2003 – 2006. In the beginning it was published only in English as a
reply to the growing demand for a current information on the Polish
Academy of Sciences` activities, expressed by foreign scientists and
Poles living abroad and interested in Polish science.
Since 2005 the magazine is published both in Polish and English.
The „Academia” is an exceptional - on the Polish market - scientific
magazine for the general public, propagating achievements of Polish
scientists here and abroad. Authors of articles in „Academia” explain
their subject in a way that is accessible not only for all sorts of
academics but also for students, pupils and all other readers interested
in scientific topics for the general public.
Prof. Paweł Golik talks about reading and interpreting genomes. He studies the role of nuclear encoding of proteins involved in RNA metabolism in mitochondria, and using yeast genomes in the modelling of human disorders in which nuclear control of mitochondrial genome expression is disrupted.
The term "structure" is quite commonly encountered on the pages of ecology textbooks. It is especially popular in descriptions of populations in relation to their spatial, age, sex and genetic organization, and of course social structures, which describe interactions and links between individuals, and group configuration.
Its history began more than 10 million years ago, back in the Tertiary period. Its geographic position and structure already attracted settlers back in the middle Paleolithic. What is so special about the Odra (Oder), Poland's number-two river? How turbulent is its story?
According to the most recent report from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, one in eighteen patients in European hospitals has experienced at least one illness as a result of infection while receiving treatment. That's a total of 3.2 million of people per year. The pathogens are usually bacteria picked up from surgical tools and hospital equipment. At the PAS Institute of Physical Chemistry, we have devised a method of functionalizing surfaces with an antibacterial coating which is harmless to human cells.
Accurate replication of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA) is a key process for cells. This intricate, precise job is handled by polymerases, whose specific structure allows them to build new nucleic acid strands using a single-strand matrix.
The economic and political transformation of the 1990s enabled certain people and groups to make a leap up into higher rungs in the social structure, amassing wealth and influence on a previously unimagined scale. But do they comprise a hornogenous "upper class"?
"Baltic amber;' the commonly-used name for succinate, is somewhat misleading - as this variety of amber in fact has no inherent connection with the Baltic sea. Poland's largest deposits of such amber actually occur in the country's southeast, in the area north of the town of Lublin. What will it take for those deposits to be harnessed?
How can we make the most of Antarctica's marine resources without damaging the delicate balance of the ecosystem? The answer may lie in an interdisciplinary monitoring system using Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) and geoinformatic tools.