Applied sciences

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

Content

Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2009 | vol. 56 | No 1 |

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Abstract

In this paper, the semi-empirical model, formulated in the earlier paper [1], was used to control engine exhaust emission under steady-state conditions. The presented optimization method enables us to find the values of engine control parameters that lead to minimization of nitrogen oxide emission. Moreover, the presented method ensures proper engine operating parameters such as mean indicated pressure, thermal efficiency and maximum pressure in the cylinder. Results of numerical calculations are compared with experiment data. An acceptable accuracy was achieved.

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Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Brzozowski
Jan Nowakowski
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Abstract

The problem of optimal driving techniques during fuel economy competition is considered. The kinetic model of the record wheeled vehicle is proposed. It is regarded as a particle moving on a trace with variable slope angle. Engine characteristics are taken into account. The fuel consumption is minimized as the vehicle goes over a given distance. The problem is formulated in optimal control. The direct pseudospectral Chebyshev’s method is employed. The motion of student’s vehicle representing the Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering during Shell Eco-marathon in Nogaro, France, in 2006, is used as an example.

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Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Rogowski
Ryszard Maroński
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Abstract

The paper presents the dynamic model of an A-frame, which is a kind of an offshore crane with a portal construction. The rigid finite element method (RFEM) has been used in discretization of the flexible substructure. An application of optimisation methods to define the drive function course of the hoisting winch is presented. The goal of the optimisation is to ensure stabilization of the load’s position. In order to achieve appropriate numerical effectiveness, the optimisation problem has been solved for a simplified model of an A-frame. Comparison of numerical results obtained for different types of objective functions and types of drive functions is presented in the paper as well.

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Authors and Affiliations

Iwona Adamiec-Wójcik
Paweł Fałat
Andrzej Maczyński
Stanisław Wojciech
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Abstract

In this paper the authors present the test carried out to obtain the uniform velocity distribution at the outlet cross section of flow fan. In the investigations the inner flat vane mounted inside of the impeller has been applied. For various angular position of the inner vane, one obtained different flow structures as well as different velocity distributions. The analysis of the obtained results is presented in form of graphs shown in 10 figures, juxtaposing flow phenomena with velocity distributions. Numerical flow simulation with the use of Flo++ program based on the Finite Volume Method was carried out.

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Authors and Affiliations

Jolanta Stacharska-Targosz
Monika Chmielowiec
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Abstract

In the paper, the author analyses a model of a ring pack motion on an oil film. The local thickness of the oil film can be compared to the height of the combined surface roughness of a cylinder liner and piston rings. Equations describing the mixed lubrication problem based on the empirical mathematical model formulated in works by Patir, Cheng [6, 7] and Greenwood, Tripp [3] have been combined [13] and used in this paper. A model of a gas flow through the labyrinth seal of piston rings has been developed [14,16]. In addition, models of ring twist effects and axial ring motion in piston grooves have been applied [15,16].

In contrast to the previous papers of the author, an experimental verification of the main parts of developed mathematical model and software has been presented. A relatively good compatibility between the experimental measurements and calculated results has been achieved.

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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej Wolff
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Abstract

The quest for airframe weight reduction results in a careful dimensioning cross section areas of structural airframe components depending on the anticipated loading. In the case of flanges of polymeric laminate spars subjected to tension such a dimensioning can be done by means of appropriate ply dropping along the spar flanges. A method for an effective calculation of the number of plies that can be cut off at the cross-section under consideration without excessive stress concentration resulted has been presented. The method takes advantage of the Linear Fracture Mechanics tools combined with simple finite element calculations. In addition, experimental data needed can be easily obtained with the use of inexpensive specimens that are simple for manufacturing and testing.

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Authors and Affiliations

Piotr Czarnocki

Instructions for authors

About the Journal
Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. Archive of Mechanical Engineering publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.

Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an Open Access journal. The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges.

Original high quality papers on the following topics are preferred:

  • Mechanics of Solids and Structures,
  • Fluid Dynamics,
  • Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Combustion,
  • Machine Design,
  • Computational Methods in Mechanical Engineering,
  • Robotics, Automation and Control,
  • Mechatronics and Micro-mechanical Systems,
  • Aeronautics and Aerospace Engineering,
  • Heat and Power Engineering.

All submissions to the AME should be made electronically via Editorial System - an online submission and peer review system at: https://www.editorialsystem.com/ame

More detailed instructions for Authors can be found there.

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