TY - JOUR
N2 - The paper considers the application of statistical properties of backscattered ultrasonic signal for assessment of the trabecular bone status. Computer simulations were conducted to investigate the properties of the ultrasound pulse-echo signal, as it is received on the transducer surface after scattering in trabecular bone. The micro-architecture of trabecular bone was modeled by a random distribution of long and thin cylindrical scatterers of randomly varying diameters and mechanical properties, oriented perpendicular to the ultrasound beam axis. The received echo signal was calculated as a superposition of echoes from all the scatterers present in the scattering volume. The simulated signal envelope was used for statistical processing to compute various parameters like the mean amplitude, the amplitude MSR defined as the ratio of the mean to the standard deviation and the amplitude histogram. Results indicated that while for the well-defined trabeculae properties within the simulated bone structure the signal envelope values are Rayleigh distributed the significant departures from Rayleigh statistics may be expected as the thickness of trabeculae become random. The influence of the variation of mechanical properties of the bone tissue building the trabeculae on the bone backscattered signal parameters was not observed.
L1 - http://journals.pan.pl/Content/107551/PDF/86.pdf
L2 - http://journals.pan.pl/Content/107551
PY - 2010
IS - No 3
EP - 349-360
KW - trabecular bone
KW - Rayleigh distribution
KW - scattering
KW - simulations
A1 - Litniewski, Jerzy
PB - Committee on Acoustics PAS, PAS Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Polish Acoustical Society
VL - vol. 35
SP - 349-360
T1 - Statistics of Envelope of High-Frequency Ultrasonic Backscatter from Trabecular Bone: Simulation Study
DA - 2010
UR - http://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/edition/107551
DOI - 10.2478/v10168-010-0029-x
ER -