TY - JOUR
N2 - The article discusses the evolution of Marian Smoluchowskiâ€™s reasoning in his research on causality and understanding the essence of chance. Initially, Smoluchowski focused on the epistemic study of causality, looking for evidence supporting the kinetic-molecular theory. In proving the causes of Brownian motion, he used the concepts of physical causality. The fundamental change in Polish physicist's perception of causality was the understanding of the position of chance on the cause-effect line. Introducing mathematical relations into his considerations, he analyzed the aspect of the occurrence of the effect. The chance suitable for calculating probability was distinguished from the chance in a broader sense by the essential regularity of the frequent recurrence of the phenomenon, regardless of the knowledge of the cause. Smoluchowski's merit was the distinction between the philosophical and physical understanding of causality, chance and probability theory. Shifting the considerations on the nature of chance to the ontological plane moved the study of chance into the area of science, thus leading to the practical application of probability theory in physics.
L1 - http://journals.pan.pl/Content/128997/PDF-MASTER/093_Grzanka.pdf
L2 - http://journals.pan.pl/Content/128997
PY - 2023
EP - 112
KW - physical causality
KW - Brownian motion
KW - effect
KW - chance
KW - probability
A1 - Grzanka, Jan
PB - Instytut Filozofii i Socjologii PAN
PB - Instytut filozofii UMCS
VL - tom 11
DA - 2023.10.24
T1 - Philosophy of chance according to Marian Smoluchowski
SP - 93
UR - http://journals.pan.pl/dlibra/publication/edition/128997
T2 - Filozofia i Nauka
ER -