Modification of Non-Metallic Inclusions by Rare-Earth Elements in Microalloyed Steels

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




No 2



Rare-earth Elements ; Modification of Non-metallic Inclusions ; Microalloyed Steels

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne


The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


DOI: 10.2478/v10266-012-0050-9 ; ISSN 2299-2944


Archives of Foundry Engineering; 2012; No 2


Wypartowicz J. (2006), Control of chemical composition of oxide-sulfide inclusions during deoxidation of steel with manganese, silicon and titanium, Metallurgy - Metallurgical Engineering News, 3, 91. ; Oikawa K. (1997), Effect of titanium addition on the formation and distribution of MnS inclusions in steel during solidification, ISIJ International, 37, 332, ; Ishikawa F. (1994), Intergranular ferrite nucleation in medium-carbon vanadium steels, Met. Materials Transaction A, 25A, 926. ; Gladman T. (1997), The Physical Metallurgy of Microalloyed Steels. ; Adamczyk J. (2004), Engineering of Metallic Materials. ; Kiessling R. (1997), Lange N. Non metallic inclusions in steel. ; Lis T. (2001), Improvement of steel purity by ladle metallurgy, Metallurgy - Metallurgical Engineering News, 10, 356. ; Bolanowski K. (2004), Effect of rare-earth elements addition on structure and properties of steel, Metallurgy - Metallurgical Engineering News, 7-8, 323. ; Grajcar A. (2010), Modification of non-metallic inclusions by rare-earth elements in low-alloyed C-Mn-Si-Al type steels, Ores and Non-Ferrous Metals, 3, 143. ; Grajcar A. (2011), Modification of non-metallic inclusions by rare-earth elements in high-manganese austenitic C-Mn-Si-Al type steels, Metallurgy - Metallurgical Engineering News, 2, 178. ; Garbarz B. (1999), The effect of fine particles of nonmetallic inclusions of the austenite grain growth in microalloyed steels, Material Engineering, 1, 5. ; Garbarz B. (1995), The effect of some continuous casting parameters and microalloying elements on the effectiveness of controlling of austenite grain size, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 53, 147, ; Garbarz B. (2003), TEM analysis of fine sulfides dissolution and precipitation in steel, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 81, 486, ; Kejian H. (1992), Copper containing sulfide phases present in controlled rolled niobium-titanium bearing high strength low alloy steels, Materials Science and Technology, 8, 1082, ; Shim J. (2001), Ferrite nucleation potency of non-metallic inclusions in medium carbon steels, Acta Materiala, 49, 2115, ; Shim J. (1999), Nucleation of intergranular ferrite at Ti2O3 particle in low carbon steel, Acta Materiala, 47, 2751, ; Vainola R. (1995), Modern steelmaking technology for special steels, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 53, 453, ; Wolańska N. (2007), Investigation of C-Mn-B steel after hot deformation, Archives of Materials Science and Engineering, 28, 119. ; Wolańska N. (2007), Microstructure investigation of low carbon steel after hot deformation, Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering, 20, 1-2, 291.