Non-Chemical Methods for Controlling Seedborne Fungi in Carrot with Special Reference to Alternaria Radicina

Journal title

Journal of Plant Protection Research




vol. 50


No 2


Divisions of PAS

Nauki Biologiczne i Rolnicze


Committee of Plant Protection PAS ; Institute of Plant Protection – National Research Institute




DOI: 10.2478/v10045-010-0031-3 ; ISSN 1427–4345 ; eISSN 1899–007X


Angioni A. (1998), Synthesis and inhibitory activity of 7-geranoxycoumarin against <i>Penicillium</i> species in <i>Citrus</i> fruit, Phytochemistry, 47, 8, 1521. ; Bochow H. (1992), Phytosanitary effects of <i>Bacillus subtilis</i> as biocontrol agent, Med. Fac. Landbouww. Univ. Gent, 57/2b, 387. ; Chen T. (1999), Biological control of carrot black rot, J. Phytopathol, 147, 99. ; Copping L. (2000), Biopesticides: a review of their action, applications and efficacy, Pest Manage. Sci, 56, 651. ; Czyżewska S. (1985), Próby zaprawiania nasion marchwi, Ogrodnictwo, 4, 10. ; Dorna H. (2007), Wybrane gatunki grzybów rodzaju <i>Alternaria</i> w nasionach marchwi - ich lokalizacja, toksynotwórczosc, wpļyw na wigor i kieļkowanie nasion oraz wschody, 386, 98. ; Dorna H. (2005), Modern Fungicides and Antifungal Compounds IV, 293. ; Dorna H. (2004), Effects of plant origin preparations on onion (<i>Allium cepa</i> L.) seed health, germination, vigour and seedling emergence, Fol. Univ. Agric. Stetin, 239, 95, 69. ; Hermansen A. (1999), Hot water treatments of carrot seeds: Effects on seed-borne fungi, germination, emergence and yield, Seed Sci. Technol, 27, 599. ; ISTA. 2003. International Rules for Seed Testing. ISTA, Basserdorf, Switzerland. ; Jahn M. (1998), Investigations for development of a combined biological-physical method to control soilborne and seed-borne pathogens in carrot seeds, J. Plant Dis. Protect, 105, 359. ; Jalink H. (1999), SeedCalculator 2.1. Licence number: 100200122. ; Jamal E. (1993), <i>Bacillus subtilis</i> and chemical seed dressing about equally effective in suitable environment, Gartenbau-Magazin, 2, 38. ; Jensen B. (2000), Biological seed treatment of cereals with fresh and long-term stored formulations of <i>Clonostachys rosea:</i> Biocontrol efficacy against <i>Fusarium culmorum</i>, Eur. J. Plant Pathol, 106, 233. ; Jensen B. (2004), Biopriming of infected carrot seed with antagonist, <i>Clonostachys rosea</i>, selected for control of seedborne <i>Alternaria</i> spp, Phytopathology, 94, 6, 551. ; Johansen A. (2005), Non-target effects of the microbial control agents <i>Pseudomonas fluorescens</i> DR54 and <i>Clonostachys rosea</i> IK726 in soils cropped with barley followed by sugar beet: a greenhouse assessment, Soil Biol. Biochem, 37, 2225. ; Karsznicka A. (2001), Wpļyw kondycjonowania i antyutleniaczy na kieļkowanie nasion oraz wschody i wzrost siewek astra chińskiego (<i>Callistephus chinensis</i> Ness), null, 13/1A, 597. ; Knudsen I. (1995), Biocontrol of seedling diseases of barley and wheat caused by <i>Fusarium culmorum</i> and <i>Bipolaris sorokiniana:</i> Effects of selected fungal antagonists on growth and yield components, Plant Pathol, 44, 467. ; Knudsen I. (1997), Selection of biological control agents for controlling soil and seed-borne diseases in the field, Eur. J. Plant Pathol, 103, 775. ; Krauss U. (2001), Biocontrol of cocoa diseases with mycoparasite mixtures, Biol. Control, 22, 149. ; Morandi M. (2003), Suppression of <i>Botrytis cinerea</i> sporulation by <i>Clonostachys rosea</i> on rose debris: a valuable component in <i>Botrytis</i> blight managemant in commercial greenhouses, Biol. Control, 26, 311. ; Morandi M. (2000), Effects of host and microbbial factors on development of <i>Clonostachys rosea</i> and control of <i>Botrytis cinerea</i> in rose, Eur. J. Plant Pathol, 106, 439. ; Morita S. (2003), Induced systemic resistance of Chinese cabbage to bacterial leaf spot and <i>Alternaria</i> leaf spot by the root endophytic fungus, <i>Heteroconium chaetospira</i>, J. Gen. Plant Pathol, 69, 71. ; Nobre S. (2005), Selection of <i>Clonostachys rosea</i> isolates from Brazilian ecosystems effective in controlling <i>Botrytis cinerea</i>, Biol. Control, 34, 132. ; Orlikowski L. (2001), Effect of grapefruit extract on development of <i>Phytophthora cryptogea</i> and control of foot rot of gerbera, J. Plant Protection Res, 41, 3, 288. ; Pugh G. (1973), Seed Ecology, 337. ; Ravnskov S. (2006), Soil inoculation with biocontrol agent <i>Clonostachys rosea</i> and the mycorrhizal fungus <i>Glomus intraradices</i> results in mutual inhibition, plant growth promotion and alteration of soil microbial communities, Soil Biol. Bioch, 38, 3453. ; Sutton J. (2002), Ability of <i>Clonostachys rosea</i> to establisch and suppress sporulation potential of <i>Botrytis cinerea</i> in deleafed stems of hydroponic greenhouse tomatoes, Biocontrol Sci. Technol, 12, 4, 413. ; Szopińska D. (2007), The effects of grapefruit extract on germination, vigour and health of cabbage, onion and zinnia seeds, Roczn. AR w Poznaniu CCCLXXXIII, Ogrodnictwo, 41, 631. ; Tripathi P. (2004), Exploitation of natural products as an alternative strategy to control postharvest fungal rotting of fruit and vegetables, Postharv. Biol. Tech, 32, 235. ; Ton J. (2002), Differential effectiveness of salicylate-dependent and jasmonate/ ethylene-dependent induced resistance in <i>Arabidopsis</i>, Mol. Plant-Microbe Inter, 15, 27. ; Tylkowska K. (1992), Alternaria Biology, Plant Diseases and Metabolites, 337. ; J. Van der Wolf (2008), Desinfection of vegetable seed by treatment with essential oils, organic acids and plant extracts, Seed Sci. Technol, 36, 76. ; Woedtke T. (1999), Aspects of antimicrobial efficacy of grapefruit seed extract and its relation to preservative substances contained, Pharmazie, 54, 6, 452. ; Woydyļa A. (2001), Grapefruit extract activity in the control of rose powdery mildew and black spot, Med. Fac. Landbouww. Univ. Gent, 66/2a, 167. ; Yohalem D. (2004), Biocontrol agents efficiently inhibit sporulation of <i>Botrytis aclada</i> on necrotic leaf tips but spread to adjacent living tissue is not prevented, FEMS Microbiol. Ecol, 47, 297.