Self-concept and self-esteem: How the content of the self-concept reveals sources and functions of self-esteem

Journal title

Polish Psychological Bulletin




No 1


Divisions of PAS

Nauki Humanistyczne i Społeczne


Committee for Psychological Science PAS




DOI: 10.2478/v10059-011-0005-y ; ISSN 0079-2993


Abele A. (2007), Agency and communion from the perspective of self and others, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 587, 751, ; Bandura A. (1989), Regulation of cognitive processes through perceived self-efficacy, Developmental Psychology, 25, 729, ; Baumeister R. (2003), Does high self-esteem cause better performance, interpersonal success, happiness, or healthier lifestyles?, Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 4, 1, ; Baumgardner A. (1990), To know oneself is to like oneself. Self-certainty and self-affect, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 1062, ; Bowlby J. (1982), Attatchment and loss. Vol.1 Attachment. ; Campbell J. (1990), Self-esteem and clarity of the self-concept, Journal of Psychology and Social Psychology, 59, 538. ; Campbell J. (2003), The structure of the self-concept and its relation to psychological adjustment, Journal of Personality, 71, 115, ; Cooley C. (1902), Human nature and the social order. ; Crocker J. (2005), Contingencies of self-worth, Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 200, ; Crocker J. (2003), Handbook of self and identity, 291. ; Crocker J. (2004), The costly pursuit of self-esteem, Psychological Bulletin, 130, 392, ; Crocker J. (2002), Hopes, dashed and dreams fulfilled: Contingencies of self-worth and admissions to graduate school, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1275, ; Crocker J. (2001), Contingencies of self-worth, Psychological Review, 108, 593, ; DuBois D. (1999), Self-esteem in childhood and adolescence: Vaccine or epiphenomenon?, Applied and Preventive Psychology, 8, 103, ; Dzwonkowska I. (2008), Samoocena i jej pomiar. Polska adaptacja skali SES M. Rosenberga. Podręcznik. [Self-esteem and its measurement. Polish adaptation of M. Rosenberg's SES. A manual.]. ; Fiske S. (2007), Universal dimensions of social perception: Warmth, then competence, Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11, 77, ; Gray-Little B. (1997), An item response theory analysis of the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 23, 443, ; Haeven P. (2008), Parental styles, gender and the development of hope and self-esteem, European Journal of Personality, 22, 707, ; Hardy L. (2006), Shaping self-concept. The elusive importance effect, Journal of Personality, 74, 377, ; Harter S. (1986), Psychological perspectives on the self, 136. ; Harter S. (1999), The construction of the self. A developmental perspective. ; Harter S. (2003), Handbook of self and identity, 610. ; Heine S. (1999), Is there universal need for positive self-regard?, Psychological Review, 106, 766, ; Hopwood C. (2010), How should the internal structure of personality inventories be evaluated?, Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14, 332, ; James W. (1890/1952), Principles of psychology. ; Judge T. (2002), Are measures of self-esteem, neuroticism, locus of control, and generalized self-efficacy indicator of a common core construct?, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 693, ; Kervyn N. (2009), A question of compensation: The social life of the fundamental dimensions of social perception, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 96, 828, ; Lachowicz-Tabaczek K. (1998), The relation between domain-specific self-perception and global self-esteem: On the mechanisms of positive self-concept formation, Polish Psychological Bulletin, 29, 231. ; Lachowicz-Tabaczek K. (2006), Self-esteem as a monitor of an individual's emotional and energy resources, null. ; Lachowicz-Tabaczek K. (2008), Intrapsychiczne zrodla samooceny: znaczenie emocji, temperamentu i poczucia zdolnosci do dzialania. [Intrapsychic origins of self-esteem: the role of emotions, temperament and feeling of ability to act], Psychological Journal, 14, 229. ; Lachowicz-Tabaczek K. (2010), Regulatory functions of self-esteem: how self-esteem is related to emotions, temperament and the feeling of strenght and energy to act, null. ; Leary M. (2003), Handbook of self and identity, 3. ; Leary M. (2005), Sociometer theory and the pursuit of relational value: Getting to the root of self-esteem, European Review of Social Psychology, 16, 75, ; Leary M. (2000), Advances in experimental social psychology, 32, 1. ; Leary M. (1995), Self-esteem as an interpersonal monitor: The sociometer hypothesis, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 68, 518, ; Linville P. (1987), Self-complexity as a cognitive buffer against stress-related illness and depression, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 663, ; Mar R. (2006), Self-liking and self-competence separate self-esteem from self-deception: associations with personality ability and achievement, Journal of Personality, 74, 1047, ; Marsh H. (1986), Global self-esteem: its relation to specific facets of self-concept and their importance, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1224, ; Marsh H. (1993), Relations between global and specific domains of self: The importance of individual importance, certainty, and ideals, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 975, ; Marsh H. (1996), Positive and negative global self-esteem: A substantively meaningful distinction or artifactors?, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 810, ; Marsh H. (2008), The elusive importance effect. More failure for the Jamesian perspective on the importance of importance in shaping self-esteem, Journal of Personality, 76, 1081, ; Mead G. (1934), Mind, self and society. ; Neiss M. (2002), Self-esteem: a behavioural genetic perspective, European Journal of Personality, 16, 351, ; Neiss M. (2005), Executive self, self-esteem, and negative affectivity: Relations at the phenotypic and genotypic level, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 593, ; Neiss M. (2009), Self-esteem, negative emotionality, and depression as a common temperamental core: A study of mid-adolescent twin girls, Journal of Personality, 77, 327, ; O'Brien E. (1985), Global self-esteem scale: Unidimensional or multidimensional?, Psychological Reports, 57, 383, ; Pelham B. (1995), Further evidence for Jamesian model of self-worth, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 1161, ; Peeters G. (1983), Current issues in european social psychology, 201. ; Peeters G. (1992), Evaluative meanings of adjectives <i>in vitro</i> and in context: Some theoretical implications and practical consequences of positive-negative asymmetry and behavioral-adaptive concepts of evaluation, Psychologia Belgica, 32, 211. ; Pyszczynski T. (2004), Why do people need self-esteem? A theoretical and empirical review, Psychological Bulletin, 130, 435, ; Rafaeli-Mor E. (2002), Self-complexity and well-being: A review and research synthesis, Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 31, ; Robins R. (2002), Global self-esteem cross the life span, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 17, 423. ; Rosenberg M. (1965), Society and adolescent self-image, ; Showers C. (2006), Self-structure and childhood maltreatment: successful compartmentalization and the struggle of integration, Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25, 473, ; Solomon S. (2004), Handbook of experimental existential psychology, 13. ; Sowards B. (1991), Self-esteem and bolstering: Testing major assumption of terror management theory, Representative Research in Social Psychology, 19, 95. ; Tafarodi R. (2002), Decomposing global self-esteem, Journal of Personality, 70, 443, ; Tafarodi R. (1995), Self-liking and self-competence as dimension of global self-esteem: Initial validation of a measure, Journal of Personality Assessment, 65, 322, ; Tafarodi R. (2001), Two-dimensional self-esteem: theory and measurement, Personality and Individual Differences, 31, 653, ; Trzesniewski K. (2006), Low self-esteem during adolescence predicts poor health, criminal behavior, and limited economic prospects during adulthood, Developmental Psychology, 42, 381, ; Watson D. (2002), Global self-esteem in relation to structural models of personality and affectivity, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 185, ; Wojciszke B. (2005a), Morality and competence in person- and self-perception, European Review of Social Psychology, 16, 155, ; Wojciszke B. (2005b), Affective concomitants of information on morality and competence, European Psychologist, 10, 60, ; Wojciszke B. (2005), Jakość życia w badaniach i refleksji psychologicznej, Kolokwia Psychologiczne, Tom 13, 33. ; Wojciszke B. (1998), Moral and competence-related traits: how do they differ?, Polish Psychological Bulletin, 29, 283. ; Yzerbyt V. (2005), Not so competent but warm…Really? Compensatory stereotypes in the French-speaking world, Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 8, 291,