TitleType II dilemma zone at high-speed signalized intersections in Poland
Journal titleArchives of Civil Engineering
AffiliationBąk, Radosław : Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, ul. Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland ; Chodur, Janusz : Cracow University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering, ul. Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland ; Stamatiadis, Nikiforos : University of Kentucky, Department of Civil Engineering, Lexington, KY 40506, United States
Keywordssignalized intersection ; road safety ; dilemma zone ; driver behavior
Divisions of PASNauki Techniczne
PublisherWARSAW UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY FACULTY OF CIVIL ENGINEERING and COMMITTEE FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING POLISH ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
 R. Bąk, „Sposoby obliczania czasów międzyzielonych na skrzyżowaniach zamiejskich”, Technika Transportu Szynowego 9/2012.
 B.N. Campbell B.N., J.D. Smith, W.G Najm, “Analysis of Fatal Crashes Due to Signal and Stop Sign Violations”, NHTSA Report DOT HS 809 779, Washington, D.C., 2004.
 S. Gondek, R. Bąk, „Badania wjazdów na sygnale czerwonym na zamiejskich skrzyżowaniach z sygnalizacją świetlną”, Transport Miejski i Regionalny 5/2012, pp. 18–24.
 Y.M. Mohamedshah, L.W. Chen, F.M. Council, “Association of selected intersection factors with red-lightrunning crashes”, FHWA Highway Safety Information System Summary Report, Washington D.C., 2000.
 D. Gazis, R. Herman, A. Maradudin, “The problem of the amber signal light in traffic flow”, Operations Research, Vol. 8, 1960.
 S. Ghanipoor Machiani, M. Abbas. “Safety surrogate histograms (SSH): A novel real-time safety assessment of dilemma zone related conflicts at signalized intersections”. Accident Analysis and Prevention 96, 2015, pp. 361–370.
 C.V. Zegeer, R.C. Deen, “Green-Extension Systems at High-Speed Intersections”, ITE Journal, Institute of Transportation Engineers, Washington, D.C. 1978, pp. 19–24.
 P.S. Parsonson, R. Roseveare, J.M. Thomas, “Southern Section ITE Technical Council Committee 18: Small-Area Detection at Intersection Approaches”, Traffic Engineering, 1974.
 T. Gates, D.A. Noyce, L. Laracuente, “Analysis of Dilemma Zone Driver Behavior at Signalized Intersections”, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2030, Washington D.C., 2007, pp. 29–39.
 T. Gates, H. McGee, K. Moriarty, M. Honey-Um, “A comprehensive evaluation of driver behavior to establish parameters for timing of yellow change and red clearance intervals”. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, Vol. 2298, Washington, D.C. 2012.
 A. Maxwell, K. Wood, “Review of traffic signals on high speed roads”, European Transport Conference, Strasbourg 2006.
 D. Middleton, “Guidelines for detector placement on high-speed approaches to signalized intersections”, Texas Department of Transportation, Austin, Texas 1997.
 Y. Sheffi, H. Mahmassani, “A Model of Driver Behavior at High Speed Signalized Intersections”, Transportation Science, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1981, pp. 50–61.
 W. Kim, J. Zhang, A. Fujiwara, “Analysis of Stopping Behavior at Urban Signalized Intersections, Empirical Study in South Korea”. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2080, Washington, D.C., 2008, pp. 84–91.
 P. Papaioannou, “Driver behaviour, dilemma zone and safety effects at urban signalized intersections in Greece”, Accident Analysis and Prevention 39, 2007, pp. 147–158.
 B.K. Pathivada, V. Perumal, “Analyzing dilemma driver behavior at signalized intersection under mixed traffic conditions”. Transportation Research Part F, Vol. 60, 2019, pp. 111–120
 A. Al-Mudhaffar, “Impacts of traffic signal control strategies”, PhD diss., Royal Institute of Technology KTH, Stockholm, 2006.
Publication Ethics PolicyETHICS POLICY
”Archives of Civil Engineering” respects and promotes the principles of publishing ethics. Being guided by COPE’s Guidelines ( https://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines) we ensure that all participants of the publishing process comply with these rules, the journal pays special attention to:
1. Qualifying individual manuscripts for publication only on the basis of: (a) compliance with the guidelines provided to the authors, (b) substantive value, (c) originality, (d) transparency of presentation
2. Deciding whether the paper fulfills all requirements i.e. formal and scientific and which articles submitted to the journal should be published. In making these decisions, the editor may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board as well as by legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism.
3. Evaluating manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author(s).
4. Ensuring scientific accuracy and complying with the principle of authorship; making sure that individual authors who contribute to the publication accept its form after the scientific editing
5. Providing a fair and appropriate peer review process.
6. Withdrawing manuscripts from publication, if any information about its unreliability appeared, also as a result of unintentional errors, features of plagiarism or violation of the rules of publishing ethics were identified.
7. Requiring all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.
8. Maintaining the integrity of the academic record, precludes business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards, and is always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.
9. Not disclosing any information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than the author(s), reviewers and potential reviewers, and in some instances the editorial board members, as appropriate.
1. Cooperating with the scientific editor and / or editorial office and the authors in the field of improving the reviewed material;
2. Being objective and expressing the views clearly with appropriate supporting arguments.
3. Assessing of the entrusted works in a careful and objective manner, if possible with an assessment of their scientific reliability and with appropriate justification of the comments submitted;
4. identifying relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors
5. calling to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published data of which they have personal knowledge
6. Maintaining the principle of fair play, excluding personal criticism of the author (s)
7. Maintaining confidentiality, which is not showing or discussing with others except those authorized by the editor. Any manuscripts received for review are treated as confidential documents.
8. Performing a review within the set time limit or accepting another solution jointly with ACE in the event of failure to meet this deadline.
9. Notifying the editor if the invited reviewer feels unqualified to review the manuscript or knows that its timely review will be impossible.
10. identifying relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors
11. Not considering evaluating manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the submission.
1. Results of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the manuscript. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.
2. The authors should follow the principle of originality, which is submitting only their own original works, and in the case of using the works of other authors, marking them in accordance with the rules of quotation, or obtaining consent for the publication of previously published materials from their owners or administrators;
3. An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Parallel submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
4. Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study and phenomena such as ghostwriting or guest authorship in the event of their detection must be actively counteracted.
5. All authors should report in a Reliable manner the sources they used to create their own study and their inclusion in the attachment bibliography;
6. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be named in an Acknowledgement section.
7. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the author list of the manuscript, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
8. All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or their interpretation in the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
9. When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal’s editor or publisher and cooperate with them to either retract the paper or to publish an appropriate erratum.
In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum or, in the most severe cases, the complete retraction of the affected work.
Peer-review ProcedureManuscript Peer-Review Procedure
”Archives of Civil Engineering” makes sure to provide transparent policies for peer-review, and reviewers have an obligation to conduct reviews in an ethical and accountable manner. There is clear communication between the journal and the reviewers which facilitates consistent, fair, and timely review.
-The model of peer-review is double-blind: the reviewers do not know the names of the authors, and the authors do not know who reviewed their manuscript (but if the research is published reviewers can eventually know the names of the authors). A complete list of reviewers is published in a traditional version of the journal: in-print.
-It is the editor who appoints two reviewers; however, if there are discrepancies in the assessment the third reviewer can be appointed.
-After having accepted to review the manuscript (one-week deadline), the reviewers have approximately 6 weeks to finish the process.
-The paper is published in ACE provided that the reviews are positive. All manuscripts receive grades from 1-5, 5 being positive, 1 negative, the authors receive reviews to read and consider the comments.
-Manuscript evaluations are assigned one of five outcomes: accept without changes, accept after changes suggested by the reviewer, rate manuscript once again after major changes and another review, reject, withdraw.
-Manuscripts requiring minor revision (accept after changes suggested by the reviewer) does not require a second review. All manuscripts receiving a "Rate manuscript once again after major changes and another review " evaluation must be subjected to a second review. Rejected manuscripts are given no further consideration. There are cases when the article can be withdrawn, often upon the request of an author, technical reason (e.g. names of authors are placed in the text, lack of references, or inappropriate structure of the text), or plagiarism.
-The revised version of the manuscript should be uploaded to the Editorial System within six weeks. If the author(s) failed to make satisfactory changes, the manuscript is rejected.
-On acceptance, manuscripts are subject to editorial amendment to suit house style.
-Paper publication requires the author's final approval.
- As soon as the publication appears in print and in electronic forms on the Internet there is no possibility to change the content of the article.
-The editor decides whether the paper fulfills all requirements i.e. formal and scientific and which articles submitted to the journal should be published.
-In making these decisions, the editor may be guided by the policies of the journal’s editorial board as well as by legal requirements regarding libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism.
-The editor maintains the integrity of the academic record, precludes business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards, and is always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.
-The editor evaluates manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the author(s).
-The editor does not disclose any information about a manuscript under consideration to anyone other than the author(s), reviewers and potential reviewers, and in some instances the editorial board members, as appropriate.
Any manuscripts received for review are treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except if authorized by the editor. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review is kept confidential and not used for personal advantage Any invited reviewer who feels unqualified to review the manuscript or knows that its timely review will be impossible should immediately notify the editor so that alternative reviewers can be contacted. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published data of which they have personal knowledge. Reviewers should not consider evaluating manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the submission. Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is unacceptable. Referees should express their views clearly with appropriate supporting arguments. All reviews must be carried out on a special form available in the Editorial System.