Tytuł artykułu

Measurement and evaluation of delamination factors and thrust force generation during drilling of multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) modified polymer laminates

Tytuł czasopisma

Archive of Mechanical Engineering




vol. 69


No 2


Kumar, Kuldeep : Materials and Morphology Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur, India ; Verma, Rajesh Kumar : Materials and Morphology Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur, India


Słowa kluczowe

drilling ; glass fiber ; MWCNT ; delamination ; thrust

Wydział PAN

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences, Committee on Machine Building


[1] J. Du, H. Zhang, Y. Geng, W. Ming, W. He, J. Ma, Y. Cao, X. Li, and K. Liu. A review on machining of carbon fiber reinforced ceramic matrix composites. Ceramics International, 45(15):18155–18166, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2019.06.112.
[2] N.R.M. Akmam, M. Mullah, and M.Z. Zakaria. Study on tool wear mechanism during milling of JFRP composite. International Journal of Science and Engineering Investigations, 9(98):20–26, 2020.
[3] D. Geng, Y. Liu, Z. Shao, Z. Lu, J. Cai, X. Li, X. Jiang, and D. Zhang. Delamination formation, evaluation and suppression during drilling of composite laminates: A review. Composite Structures, 216:168–186, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2019.02.099.
[4] G. Rajaraman, S.K. Agasti, and M.P. Jenarthanan. Investigation on effect of process parameters on delamination during drilling of kenaf-banana fiber reinforced in epoxy hybrid composite using Taguchi method. Polymer Composites, 41(3):994–1002, 2020. doi: 10.1002/pc.25431.
[5] M. Ramesh and A. Gopinath. Measurement and analysis of thrust force in drilling sisal-glass fiber reinforced polymer composites. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Enginierring, 197:012056, 2017. doi: 0.1088/1757-899X/197/1/012056.
[6] U.H. Babu, N.V. Sai, and R.K. Sahu. Artificial intelligence system approach for optimization of drilling parameters of glass-carbon fiber/polymer composites. Silicon, 13:2943–2957, 2021. doi: 10.1007/s12633-020-00637-5.
[7] W. Li, A. Dichiara, and J. Bai. Carbon nanotube-graphene nanoplatelet hybrids as high-performance multifunctional reinforcements in epoxy composites. Composites Science and Technology, 74:221–227, 2013. doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2012.11.015.
[8] S.G. Ghalme, Y. Bhalerao, and K. Phapale. Analysis of factors affecting delamination in drilling GFRP composite. Journal of Computational and Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering, 10(2):281–289, 2021. doi: 10.22061/jcarme.2019.4397.1530.
[9] S. Manteghi, A. Sarwar, Z. Fawaz, R. Zdero, and H. Bougherara. Mechanical characterization of the static and fatigue compressive properties of a new glass/flax/epoxy composite material using digital image correlation, thermographic stress analysis, and conventional mechanical testing. Materials Science and Engineering: C, 99:940–950, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2019.02.041.
[10] J. Samuel, A. Dikshit, R.E. DeVor, S.G. Kapoor, and K.J. Hsia. Effect of carbon nanotube (CNT) loading on the thermomechanical properties and the machinability of CNT-reinforced polymer composites. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 131(3):031008, 2009. doi: 10.1115/1.3123337.
[11] A. Babu Arumugam, V. Rajamohan, N. Bandaru, E.P. Sudhagar, and S.G. Kumbhar. Vibration analysis of a carbon nanotube reinforced uniform and tapered composite beams. Archives of Acoustics, 44(2):309–320. doi: .
[12] X. Wang, Q. Zheng, S. Dong, A. Ashour, and B. Han. Interfacial characteristics of nano-engineered concrete composites. Construction and Building Matererials, 259:119803, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.119803.
[13] A.K. Chakraborty, T. Plyhm, M. Barbezat, A. Necola, and G.P. Terrasi. Carbon nanotube (CNT)-epoxy nanocomposites: A systematic investigation of CNT dispersion. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13:6493–6506, 2011. doi: 10.1007/s11051-011-0552-3.
[14] D.K. Rathore, R.K. Prusty, D.S. Kumar, and B.C. Ray. Mechanical performance of CNT-filled glass fiber/epoxy composite in in-situ elevated temperature environments emphasizing the role of CNT content. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 84:364–376, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2016.02.020.
[15] L. Sun, Y. Zhao, Y. Duan , and Z. Zhang. Interlaminar shear property of modified glass fiber-reinforced polymer with different MWCNTs. Chinese Journal of Aeronautics, 21(4):361–369, 2008. doi: 10.1016/S1000-9361(08)60047-3.
[16] A. Esmaeili, C. Sbarufatti, andA.M.S. Hamouda. Investigation of mechanical properties of MWCNTs doped epoxy nanocomposites in tensile, fracture and impact tests. Materials Science Forum, 990:239–243, 2020. doi: 10.4028/
[17] A. Tabatabaeian and A.R. Ghasemi. The impact of MWCNT modification on the structural performance of polymeric composite profiles. Polymer Bulletin, 77:6563–6576, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s00289-019-03088-0.
[18] A. Gaurav and K.K. Singh. Effect of pristine MWCNTs on the fatigue life of GFRP laminates-an experimental and statistical evaluation. Composites Part B: Engineering, 172:83–96, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.05.069.
[19] B. Shivamurthy, S. Anandhan, K.U. Bhat, and B.H.S. Thimmappa. Structure-property relationship of glass fabric/MWCNT/epoxy multi-layered laminates. Composites Communications, 22:100460, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.coco.2020.100460.
[20] A. Uysal. Evaluation of drilling parameters on surface roughness and burr when drilling carbon black reinforced high-density polyethylene. Journal of Composite Materials, 52(20):2719–2727, 2018. doi: 10.1177/0021998317752505.
[21] F. Susac and F. Stan. Experimental investigation, modeling and optimization of circularity, cylindricity and surface roughness in drilling of PMMA using ANN and ANOVA. Materiale Plastice, 57(1):57–68, 2020. doi: 10.37358/MP.20.1.5312.
[22] P. Czarnocki and T. Zagrajek. Growth stability analysis of embedded delaminations with the use of FE node relocation procedure and effective resistance curve concept. Archive of Mechanical Engineering, 67(4):415–433, 2020. doi: 10.24425/ame.2020.131702.
[23] L. Liu, C. Qi, F. Wu, X. Zhang, and X. Zhu. Analysis of thrust force and delamination in drilling GFRP composites with candle stick drills. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 95:2585–2600, 2018. doi: 10.1007/s00170-017-1369-8.
[24] M.P. Jenarthanan and R. Jeyapaul. Optimisation of machining parameters on milling of GFRP composites by desirability function analysis using Taguchi method. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 5(4):23–36. doi: 10.4314/ijest.v5i4.3.
[25] P. Raveendran and P. Marimuthu. Multi-response optimization of turning parameters for machining glass fiber-reinforced plastic composite rod. Advances in Mechanical Engineering, 7:1–10, 2015. doi: 10.1177/1687814015620109.
[26] D.I. Poór, N. Geier, C. Pereszlai, and J. Xu. A critical review of the drilling of CFRP composites: Burr formation, characterisation and challenges. Composites Part B: Engineering, 223:109155, 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2021.109155.
[27] R. Higuchi, S. Warabi, W. Ishibashi, and T. Okabe. Experimental and numerical investigations on push-out delamination in drilling of composite laminates. Composites Science and Technology, 198:108238, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2020.108238.
[28] J. Kumar, R.K. Verma, and A.K. Mondal. Predictive modeling and machining performance optimization during drilling of polymer nanocomposites reinforced by graphene oxide/carbon fiber. Archive of Mechanical Engineering, 67(2):229–258. doi: 10.24425/ame.2020.131692.
[29] N. Hoffmann, G.S.C. Souza, A.J. Souza, and V. Tita. Delamination and hole wall roughness evaluation in air-cooled drilling of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer. Journal of Composite Materials, 55(23):3161–3174, 2021. doi: 10.1177/00219983211009281.
[30] A.T. Erturk, F. Vatansever, E. Yarar, E.A. Guven, and T. Sinmazcelik. Effects of cutting temperature and process optimization in drilling of GFRP composites. Journal of Composite Materials, 55(2):235–249, 2021. doi: 10.1177/0021998320947143.
[31] R. Pramod, S. Basavarajappa, G.B. Veeresh Kumar, and M. Chavali. Drilling induced delamination assessment of nanoparticles reinforced polymer matrix composites. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 2021. doi: 10.1177/09544062211030967.
[32] P.K. Kharwar, R.K. Verma, N.K. Mandal, and A.K. Mondal. Swarm intelligence integrated approach for experimental investigation in milling of multiwall carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites. Archive of Mechanical Engineering, 67(3):353–376, 2020. doi: 10.24425/ame.2020.131698.
[33] S. Gokulkumar, P.R. Thyla, R. ArunRamnath, and N. Karthi. Acoustical analysis and drilling process optimization of Camellia Sinensis / Ananas Comosus / GFRP / Epoxy composites by TOPSIS for indoor applications. Journal of Natural Fibers, 18(12):2284–2301. doi: 10.1080/15440478.2020.1726240.
[34] S. Liu, T. Yang, C. Liu, Y. Jin, D. Sun, and Y. Shen. Modelling and experimental validation on drilling delamination of aramid fiber reinforced plastic composites. Composite Structures, 236:111907, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.111907.
[35] U. Bhushi, J. Suthar, and S.N. Teli. Performance analysis of metaheuristics optimization techniques for drilling process on CFRP composites. Materials Today: Proceedings, 28(2):1106–1114, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2020.01.091.
[36] A. Janakiraman, S. Pemmasani, S. Sheth, C. Kannan, and A.S.S. Balan. Experimental investigation and parametric optimization on hole quality assessment during drilling of CFRP/GFRP/Al stacks. Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series C, 101:291–302, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s40032-020-00563-w.
[37] M. Mudhukrishnan, P. Hariharan, and K. Palanikumar. Measurement and analysis of thrust force and delamination in drilling glass fiber reinforced polypropylene composites using different drills. Measurement, 149:106973, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2019.106973.
[38] B.-C. Kwon, N.D.D. Mai, E.S. Cheon, and S.L. Ko. Development of a step drill for minimization of delamination and uncut in drilling carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP). The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology , 106:1291–1301, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s00170-019-04423-5.
[39] T. Panneerselvam, S. Raghuraman, T.K. Kandavel, and K. Mahalingam. Evaluation and analysis of delamination during drilling on Sisal-Glass Fibres Reinforced Polymer. Measurement, 154:107462, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2019.107462.
[40] A. Landesmann, C.A. Seruti, and E. de Miranda Batista. Mechanical properties of glass fiber reinforced polymers members for structural applications. Materials Research, 18(6):1372–1383, 2015. doi: 10.1590/1516-1439.044615.
[41] K. Askaripour and A. Zak. A survey of scrutinizing delaminated composites via various categories of sensing apparatus. Journal of Composites Science, 3(4):95, 2019 doi: 10.3390/jcs3040095.
[42] M.R. Sanjay and B. Yogesha. Studies on natural/glass fiber reinforced polymer hybrid composites: An evolution. Materials Today: Proceedings, 4(2):2739–2747, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2017.02.151.
[43] M.Y. Abdellah, M.S. Alsoufi, M.K. Hassan,H.A. Ghulman, and A.F. Mohamed. Extended finite element numerical analysis of scale effect in notched glass fiber reinforced epoxy composite. Archive of Mechanical Engineering, 62(2):217–236, 2015. doi: 10.1515/meceng-2015-0013.
[44] K. Rodsin, Q. Hussain, P. Joyklad, A. Nawaz, and H. Fazliani. Seismic strengthening of nonductile bridge piers using low-cost glass fiber polymers. B Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences: Technical Sciences, 68(6):1457–1470, 2020. doi: 10.24425/bpasts.2020.135383.
[45] R. Bielawski, M. Kowalik, K. Suprynowicz, R. Rządkowski,and P. Pyrzanowski. Experimental study on the riveted joints in glass fibre reinforced plastics (GFRP). Archive of Mechanical Engineering, 64(3):301–313, 2017. doi: 10.1515/meceng-2017-0018.
[46] N. Rasana, K. Jayanarayanan, B.D.S. Deeraj, and K. Joseph. The thermal degradation and dynamic mechanical properties modeling of MWCNT/glass fiber multiscale filler reinforced polypropylene composites. Composites Science and Technology, 169:249–259, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.11.027.
[47] A.D. Dobrzańska-Danikiewicz, D. Łukowiec, D. Cichocki, and W. Wolany. Comparison of the MWCNTs-Rh and MWCNTs-Re carbon-metal nanocomposites obtained in hightemperature. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials, 60(3):2053–2060, 2015. doi: 10.1515/amm-2015-0348.
[48] Ö Demircan, K. Kadıoğlu, P. Çolak, E. Günaydın, M. Doğu, N. Topalömer, and V. Eskizeybekl. Compression after impact and Charpy impact characterizations of glass fiber/epoxy/MWCNT composites. Fibers and Polymers, 21(8):1824–1831, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s12221-020-9921-9.
[49] P.K. Kharwar and R.K. Verma. Machining performance optimization in drilling of multiwall carbon nano tube /epoxy nanocomposites using GRA-PCA hybrid approach. Measurement, 158:107701, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2020.107701.
[50] C.R.Raajeshkrishna, P. Chandramohan, and V.S. Saravanan. Thermomechanical characterization and morphological analysis of nano basalt reinforced epoxy nanocomposites. International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization, 25(4):216–226, 2020. doi: 10.1080/1023666X.2020.1781479.
[51] K.M. Tripathi, A. Sachan, M. Castro, V. Choudhary, S.K. Sonkar, and J.F. FellerF. Green carbon nanostructured quantum resistive sensors to detect volatile biomarkers. Sustainable Materials and Technologies, 16:1–11, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.susmat.2018.01.001.
[52] P. Rawat and K.K. Singh. A strategy for enhancing shear strength and bending strength of FRP laminate using MWCNTs. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 149:012105, 2015. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/149/1/012105.
[53] S. Yeasmin, J.H. Yeum, and S.B Yang. Fabrication and characterization of pullulan-based nanocomposites reinforced with montmorillonite and tempo cellulose nanofibril. Carbohydrate Polymers, 240:116307, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.116307.
[54] K. Hosseinpour and A.R. Ghasemi. Agglomeration and aspect ratio effects on the long-term creep of carbon nanotubes/fiber/polymer composite cylindrical shells. Journal of Sandwich Structures & Materials, 23(4):1272–1291, 2021. doi: 10.1177/1099636219857200.
[55] A.R. Ghasemi, M. Mohandes, R. Dimitri, and F. Tornabene. Agglomeration effects on the vibrations of CNTs/fiber/polymer/metal hybrid laminates cylindrical shell. Composites Part B: Engineering, 167:700–716, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2019.03.028.
[56] G.C. Onwubolu and S. Kumar. Response surface methodology-based approach to CNC drilling operations. Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 171(1):41–47, 2006. doi: 10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2005.06.064.
[57] E. Kilickap, M. Huseyinoglu, and A. Yardimeden. Optimization of drilling parameters on surface roughness in drilling of AISI 1045 using response surface methodology and genetic algorithm. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 52:79–88, 2011. doi: 10.1007/s00170-010-2710-7.
[58] C.C. Tsao. Comparison between response surface methodology and radial basis function network for core-center drill in drilling composite materials. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 37:1061–1068, 2008. doi: 10.1007/s00170-007-1057-1.
[59] E. Kilickap. Modeling and optimization of burr height in drilling of Al-7075 using Taguchi method and response surface methodology. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 49:911–923, 2010. doi: 10.1007/s00170-009-2469-x.
[60] A. Ramaswamy and A.V. Perumal. Multi-objective optimization of drilling EDM process parameters of LM13 Al alloy–10ZrB$_2$–5TiC hybrid composite using RSM. Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering, 42:432, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s40430-020-02518-9.
[61] K.K. Panchagnula and K. Palaniyandi. Drilling on fiber reinforced polymer/nanopolymer composite laminates: A review. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 7(2):180–189, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2017.06.003.
[62] D. Kumar and K.K. Singh. An experimental investigation of surface roughness in the drilling of MWCNT doped carbon/epoxy polymeric composite material. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 149:012096, 2016. doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/149/1/012096.
[63] M. Mudegowdar. Influence of cutting parameters during drilling of filled glass fabric-reinforced epoxy composites. Science and Engineering of Composite Materials, 22(1):81–88, 2013. doi: 10.1515/secm-2013-0198.
[64] Ş Bayraktar and Y. Turgut. Determination of delamination in drilling of carbon fiber reinforced carbon matrix composites/Al 6013-T651 stacks. Measurement, 154:107493, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2020.107493.
[65] K.M. John and T.S. Kumaran. Backup support technique towards damage-free drilling of composite materials: A review. International Journal of Lightweight Materials and Manufacture, 3(4):357–364, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.ijlmm.2020.06.001.
[66] L.M.P. Durão, J.M.R.S. Tavares, V.H.C. De Albuquerque, J.F.S. Marques, and O.N.G. Andrade. Drilling damage in composite material. Materials, 7(5):3802–3819, 2014. doi: 10.3390/ma7053802.
[67] B.R.N. Murthy, R. Beedu, R. Bhat, N. Naik, and P. Prabakar. Delamination assessment in drilling basalt/carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composite material. Journal of Materials Research and Technology, 9(4):7427–7433, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.05.001.
[68] S.O. Ojo, S.O. Ismail, M. Paggi, and H.N. Dhakal. A new analytical critical thrust force model for delamination analysis of laminated composites during drilling operation. Composites Part B: Engineering, 124:207–217, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2017.05.039.
[69] D. Wang, F. Jiao, and X. Mao. Mechanics of thrust force on chisel edge in carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) drilling based on bending failure theory. International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, 169:105336, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2019.105336.
[70] N. Kaushik and S. Singhal. Hybrid combination of Taguchi-GRA-PCA for optimization of wear behavior in AA6063/SiC$_{\rm p}$ matrix composite. Production & Manufacturing Research , 6(1):171–189, 2018. doi: 10.1080/21693277.2018.1479666.
[71] K. Aslantas, E. Ekici, and A. Çiçek. Optimization of process parameters for micro milling of Ti-6Al-4V alloy using Taguchi-based gray relational analysis. Measurement, 128:419–427, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2018.06.066.
[72] S. Ragunath, C. Velmurugan, and T. Kannan. Optimization of drilling delamination behavior of GFRP/clay nano-composites using RSM and GRA methods. Fibers and Polymers, 18:2400–2409, 2017. doi: 10.1007/s12221-017-7420-4.
[73] P.M. Gopal and K. Soorya Prakash. Minimization of cutting force, temperature and surface roughness through GRA, TOPSIS and Taguchi techniques in end milling of Mg hybrid MMC. Measurement, 116:178–192, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2017.11.011.
[74] S.M. Shahabaz, N. Shetty, S.D. Shetty, and S.S. Sharma. Surface roughness analysis in the drilling of carbon fiber/epoxy composite laminates using hybrid Taguchi-Response experimental design. Materials Research Express, 7(1):015322, 2020. doi: 10.1088/2053-1591/ab6198.
[75] D. Kumar, K.K. Singh, and R. Zitoune. Experimental investigation of delamination and surface roughness in the drilling of GFRP composite material with different drills. Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer & Composites Science, 2(2):47–56, 2016. doi: 10.1080/20550340.2016.1187434.
[76] K. Palanikumar. Experimental investigation and optimisation in drilling of GFRP composites. Measurement, 44(10):2138–2148, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2011.07.023.
[77] B. Latha and V.S. Senthilkumar. Modeling and analysis of surface roughness parameters in drilling GFRP composites using fuzzy logic. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 25(8):817-827, 2010. doi: 10.1080/10426910903447261.
[78] F. Ficici. Evaluation of surface roughness in drilling particle-reinforced composites. Advanced Composites Letters, 29:1–11, 2020. doi: 10.1177/2633366X20937711.






DOI: 10.24425/ame.2022.140417 ; ISSN 0004-0738, e-ISSN 2300-1895