Details

Title

Hybrid FSO/mmWave wireless system: A plausible solution for 5G backhaul applications

Journal title

Opto-Electronics Review

Yearbook

2022

Volume

30

Issue

3

Affiliation

Meenakshi, Murugappa : Department of Electronics and Communication, Anna University, Guindy, Chennai 600025, India ; Lakshmi Priya, Isanaka : Department of Electronics and Communication, Anna University, Guindy, Chennai 600025, India

Authors

Keywords

millimeter wave communication

Divisions of PAS

carrier availability ; free space optics ; hybrid wireless system ; terahertz communication ; backhaul

Coverage

e141950

Publisher

Polish Academy of Sciences and Association of Polish Electrical Engineers in cooperation with Military University of Technology

Bibliography

  1. Chowdhury, M. , Hasan, M. K., Shahjalal, M., Hossan, M. T. & Jang, Y. M. Optical wireless hybrid networks: trends, opportunities, challenges, and research directions. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 22, 930–966 (2020). https://doi.org10.1109/COMST.2020.2966855
  2. Liu, G. & Jiang, D. 5G : Vision and requirements for mobile communication system towards year 2020. Chinese J. Eng. 2016, 1–8 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/5974586
  3. Ford, R. et al. Achieving ultra-low latency in 5G millimeter wave cellular networks. IEEE Commun. Mag. 55, 196–203 (2017). https://org/10.1109/MCOM.2017.1600407CM
  4. Tunc, C., Ozkoc, M. , Fund, F. & Panwar, S. S. The blind side: latency challenges in millimeter wave networks for connected vehicle applications. IEEE Trans. Veh. Technol. 70, 529–542 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1109/TVT.2020.3046501
  5. Mikolajczyk, J. et al. Optical wireless communications operated at long-wave infrared radiation. J. Electron. Telecommun. 66, 383–387 (2020). https://doi.org/10.24425/ijet.2020.131889
  6. Mikołajczyk, J. et al. Analysis of free-space optics development. Meas. Syst. 24, 653–674 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1515/mms-2017-0060
  7. Son, I. & Mao, S. A survey of free space optical networks ☆. Digit. Commun. Netw. 3, 67–77 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dcan.2016.11.002
  8. Khalighi, M. & Uysal, M. Survey on free space optical communication: a communication theory perspective. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 16, 2231–2258 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2014.2329501
  9. Rockwell, D. & Mecherle, G. S. Wavelength selection for optical wireless communications systems. Proc. SPIE 4530, 26–35 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.449812
  10. Bloom, S., Korevaar, E., Schuster, J. & Willebrand, H. Under-standing the performance of free-space optics. Opt. Netw. 2, 178–200 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1364/JON.2.000178
  11. Willebrand, H. & Ghuman, B. Free Space Optics : Enabling Optical Connectivity In Today’s Networks. (Indianapolis, Indiana: SAMS, 2002).
  12. Jeyaseelan, J., Sriram Kumar, D. & Caroline, B. Disaster management using free space optical communication system. Photonic Netw. Commun. 39, 1–14 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11107-019-00865-9
  13. Anandkumar, D. & Sangeetha, R. A survey on performance enhancement in free space optical communication system through channel models and modulation techniques. Opt. Quantum Electron. 53, 5 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11082-020-02629-6
  14. Siegel, T. & Chen, S.-P. Investigations of free space optical communications under real-world atmospheric conditions. Pers. Commun. 116, 475–490 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-020-07724-1
  15. Kaur, S. Analysis of inter-satellite free-space optical link perfor-mance considering different system parameters. Opto-Electron. Rev. 27, 10–13 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.opelre.2018.11.002
  16. Shah, D., Joshi, H. & Kothari, D. Comparative BER analysis of free space optical system using wavelength diversity over exponentiated weibull channel. J. Electron. Telecommun. 67, 665–672 (2021). https://doi.org/10.24425/ijet.2021.137860
  17. Ghassemlooy, Z. & Popoola, W. Terrestrial Free-Space Optical Communications. in Mobile and Wireless Communications (eds. Fares, S. A. & Adachi, F.) 355–392 (IntechOpen, 2010). https://doi.org/10.5772/7698
  18. Ricklin, J. , Hammel, S. M., Eaton, F. D. & Lachinova, S. L. Atmospheric Channel Effects on Free-Space Laser Communication. in Optical and Fiber Communication Reports: Free-Space Laser Communications (eds. Majumdar, A. K. & Ricklin, J. C.) 9–56 (Springer, 2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-28677-8_2
  19. Ghassemlooy, Z., Popoola, W. & Rajbhandari, S. Optical Wireless Communications: System and Channel Modelling with Matlab®. (CRC press, 2019).
  20. Kim, I. , McArthur, B. & Korevaar, E. J. Comparison of Laser Beam Propagation at 785 Nm And 1550 Nm In Fog And Haze For Optical Wireless Communications. in Optical Wireless Communications, Proc. SPIE 4214, 26–37 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.417512
  21. Al Naboulsi, M. Sizun, H. & de Fornel, F. Fog attenuation prediction for optical and infrared waves. Opt. Eng. 43, 319–329 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1117/1.1637611
  22. Brown, R. W. Optical channels. Fibres, clouds, water and the atmosphere. J. Mod. Opt. 36, 552 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1080/09500348914550651
  23. Sree Madhuri, A., Immadi, G. & Venkata Narayana, M. Estimation of effect of fog on terrestrial free space optical communication link. Pers. Commun. 112, 1229–1241 (2020). https:/doi.org/10.1007/s11277-020-07098-4
  24. Friedlander, S. & Topper, L. Turbulence: Classic Papers on Statistical Theory. (Interscience Publishers, 1961).
  25. Kolmogorov, A. The local structure of turbulence in incom-pressible viscous fluid for very large Reynolds numbers. Proc. R. Soc. A 434, 9–13 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1991.0075
  26. Zhu, X. & Kahn, J. Free-space optical communication through atmospheric turbulence channels. IEEE Trans. Commun. 50, 1293–1300 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1109/TCOMM.2002.800829
  27. Dat, P. et al. A Study on Transmission of RF Signals over a Turbulent Free Space Optical Link. in 2008 IEEE Int. Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics jointly held with 2008 Asia-Pacific Microwave Photonics Conf. 173–176 (2008) https://doi.org/10.1109/MWP.2008.4666664
  28. Makarov, D. , Tretyakov, M. Y. & Rosenkranz, P. W. Revision of the 60-GHz atmospheric oxygen absorption band models for practical use. J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 243, 106798 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jqsrt.2019.106798
  29. He, Q., Li, J., Wang, Z. & Zhang, L. Comparative study of the 60 GHz and 118 GHz oxygen absorption bands for sounding sea surface barometric pressure. Remote Sens. 14, 2260 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/rs14092260
  30. Arvas, M. & Alsunaidi, M. Analysis of Oxygen Absorption at 60 GHz Frequency Band. in 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting Proc. 2127–2128 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1109/APUSNCURSINRSM.2019.8888884
  31. ITU-R Recomendation. Attenuation Due to Clouds and Fog https://www.itu.int/rec/R-REC-P.840-3-199910-S/en (1999).
  32. Crane, R. A Two-Component Rain Model For the Prediction of Attenuation and Diversity Improvement https://ntrs.nasa.gov/api/citations/19820025716/downloads/19820025716.pdf (1982).
  33. ITU-R Recomendation. Recommendation Itu-R P.838-1 Specific Attenuation Model for Rain for Use in Prediction Methods https://www.itu.int/dms_pubrec/itu-r/rec/p/R-REC-P.838-1-199910-S!!PDF-E.pdf (1999).
  34. Amarasinghe, Y., Zhang, W., Zhang, R., Mittleman, D. & Ma, J. Scattering of terahertz waves by snow. J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves 41, 215–224 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10762-019-00647-4
  35. Davis, C. , Smolyaninov, I. I. & Milner, S. D. Flexible optical wireless links and networks. IEEE Commun. Mag. 41, 51–57 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1109/MCOM.2003.1186545

Date

22.07.2022

Identifier

DOI: 10.24425/opelre.2022.141950
×