Alternative method of making electrical connections in the 1st and 3rd generation modules as an effective way to improve module efficiency and reduce production costs

Journal title

Archives of Thermodynamics




vol. 44


No 3


Kwaśnicki, Paweł : John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Faculty of Natural and Technical Sciences, Konstantynów 1 H, 20-708 Lublin, Poland ; Gronba-Chyła, Anna : John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Faculty of Natural and Technical Sciences, Konstantynów 1 H, 20-708 Lublin, Poland ; Kwaśnicki, Paweł : Research & Development Centre for Photovoltaics, ML System S.A., Zaczernie 190G, 36-062 Zaczernie, Poland ; Generowicz, Agnieszka : Cracow University of Technology, Department of Environmental Technologies, Warszawska 24, 31-155 Cracow, Poland ; Ciuła, Józef : State University of Applied Sciences in Nowy Sacz, Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Zamenhofa 1A, 33-300 Nowy Sacz, Poland ; Wiewiórska, Iwona : Sadeckie Wodociagi sp. z o.o., W. Pola 22, 33-300 Nowy Sacz, Poland ; Gaska, Krzysztof : Silesian University of Technology, Faculty of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Konarskiego 18, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland



Photovoltaics ; Busbars ; DSSC (dye-sensitized solar cell) ; BIPV ; Solar module

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




The Committee of Thermodynamics and Combustion of the Polish Academy of Sciences and The Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery Polish Academy of Sciences






DOI: 10.24425/ather.2023.147543

Editorial Board

International Advisory Board

J. Bataille, Ecole Central de Lyon, Ecully, France

A. Bejan, Duke University, Durham, USA

W. Blasiak, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

G. P. Celata, ENEA, Rome, Italy

L.M. Cheng, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

M. Colaco, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

J. M. Delhaye, CEA, Grenoble, France

M. Giot, Université Catholique de Louvain, Belgium

K. Hooman, University of Queensland, Australia

D. Jackson, University of Manchester, UK

D.F. Li, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming, China

K. Kuwagi, Okayama University of Science, Japan

J. P. Meyer, University of Pretoria, South Africa

S. Michaelides, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth Texas, USA

M. Moran, Ohio State University, Columbus, USA

W. Muschik, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany

I. Müller, Technische Universität Berlin, Germany

H. Nakayama, Japanese Atomic Energy Agency, Japan

A. Nenarokomov, Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia

S. Nizetic, University of Split, Croatia

H. Orlande, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

M. Podowski, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, USA

A. Rusanov, Institute for Mechanical Engineering Problems NAS, Kharkiv, Ukraine

M. R. von Spakovsky, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, USA

A. Vallati, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

H.R. Yang, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China