Regeneration of waste hydraulic oils as a recycling method in relation to the environment

Journal title

Archives of Environmental Protection




vol. 49


No 4


Hybská, Helena : Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University in Zvolen, Slovakia ; Turčániová, Eszter : Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University in Zvolen, Slovakia ; Mordáčová, Martina : Department of Environmental Engineering, Technical University in Zvolen, Slovakia ; Krempa, Martin : Hireco Fluid s.r.o., Bytča, Slovakia ; Timár, Pavel : Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovakia ; Štibrányi, Ladislav : Department of Organic Chemistry, Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava, Slovakia ; Rétfalvi, Tamás : Institute of Environment and Nature Protection, University of Sopron, Sopron, Hungary



toxicity ; oil regeneration ; hydrocarbons

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences


[1]. Ajayi, O. E., Adedara, W. & Oyeniyi, E. A. (2018). Termiticidal efficacy of extracts of two indigenous plants against Macrotermes subhyalinus Rambur (Blattodea: Termitidae). Nigeria Journal of Entomology, 34, 1, pp. 109–122. DOI:10.36108/NJE/8102/43(0121).
[2]. Api, A. M., Belsito, D., Biserta, S., Botelho, D., Bruze, M., Burton, A. G., Buschmann, J., Cancellieri, A. M., Dagli, L. M., Date, M., Dekant, W., Deodhar, C., Fryer, D. A., Gadhia, S., Jones, L., Joshi, K., Lapczynski, A., Lavelle, M., Liebler, C. D., Na, M., O´Brien, D., Patel, A., Penning, M. T., Ritacco, G., Rodriguez-Ropero, F., Romine, J., Romine, J., Sadekar, N.. Salvito. D.. Schultz. W. T.. Siddiqi. F., Sipes, G. L., Sullivan, G., Thakkar, T., Tokura, Y. & Tsang, S. (2020). RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment. undecane. CAS Registry Number 1120-21-4. Food and Chemical Toxicology, 146, 111745, DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2020.111745.
[3]. Carl Roth GmbH + Co KG. (2015). Safety Data Sheet – Octane, ( link) (16.04.2023)).
[4]. Carl Roth GmbH + Co KG. (2021). Safety Data Sheet – Decane, ( link) (16.04.2023)).
[5]. Carl Roth GmbH + Co KG. (2021). Safety Data Sheet – Undecane, ( link) (16.05.2023)).
[6]. Carl Roth GmbH + Co KG. (2022). Safety Data Sheet – Hexadecane, ( link) (16.05.2023)).
[7]. Curiel-Alegre, S., Velasco-Arroyo, B., Rumbo, C., Ali Khan, H. A., Tamayo-Ramos, A. J., Rad, C., Gallego, R. L. J. & Barros, R. (2022). Evaluation of biostimulation, bioaugmentation and organic amendments application on the bioremediation of recalcitrant hydrocarbons of soil. Chemosphere, 307, 135638. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.135638.
[8]. Dahlgren, J., Takhar, H., Anderson-Mahoney, P., Kotlerman, J., Tarr, J. & Warshaw, R. (2007). Cluster of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with an oil field waste site: a cross sectional study. Environmental Health, 6, 1, pp. 1–15. DOI:10.1186/1476-069X-6-8.
[9]. Decree of the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic no. 365/2015 Z. z.. establishing the Waste Catalog.
[10]. Dobrotová, L. & Krilek, J. (2015). Analysis of hydraulic oils using the IcountOS monitoring device. KEGA 019TUZ-4/2015. In XVII. International Scientific Conference of Young Scientists, Bratislava, 2015. ISBN 978-80-228-2781-2.
[11]. Dusa, P., Purice, E., Lupascu, R., Ripanu, I., & Fandarac, G. (2018). Configuring a system for hydraulic oil contamination management. Les Ulis: EDP Sciences. DOI:10.1051/matecconf/201817804008.
[12]. Harbison, R. D., Bourgeois, M. M. & Johnson, G. T. (2015). Gasoline (Petrol, Motor Spirits, Motor Fuel, Natural Gasoline, Benzin, Mogas) [in:] Hamilton and Hardy's industrial Toxicology, Harbison, D. R. & Newfang, A. D. (Eds.). John Wiley & Sons, Tampa, pp. 658–662. DOI:10.1002/9781118834015.ch66.
[13]. Hireco Fluid s.r.o. (2020). Operational diagnostics, laboratory technology, analyses, ( (15.02.2022)).
[14]. Hnilicová, M. (2015). Tribotechnical diagnostics of hydraulic fillings in woodworking equipment. Dissertation thesis, Technical University in Zvolen, Zvolen 2015. ( (15.03.2022)).
[15]. Hybská, H., Samešová, D. & Fialová, J. (2017). Study of the regeneration cleaning of used mineral oils – ecotoxicological properties and biodegradation. Chemical and Biochemical Engineering Quarterly, 31, pp. 487–496. DOI:10.15255/CABEQ.2017.1109.
[16]. Internal company document, which is not freely available, it is the know-how of the company, on request Internal document of KLEENTEK s.r.o., (Note:
[17]. Jeevanantham, S., Saravanan, A., Hemavathy, V. R., Kumar, S.P., Yaashikaa, R. P. & Yuvaraj, D. (2019). Removal of toxic pollutants from water environment by phytoremediation: A survey on application and future prospects. Environmental Technology & Innovation, 13, pp. 264 – 276. DOI:10.1016/j.eti.2018.12.007.
[18]. Junhirun, P., Pluempanupat, W., Yooboon, T., Ruttanaphan, T., Koul, O. & Bullangpoti, V. (2018). The study of isolated alkane compounds and crude extracts from Sphagneticola trilobata (Asterales: Asteraceae) as a candidate botanical insecticide for lepidopteran larvae. Journal of Economic Entomology, 111, 6, pp. 2699–2705. DOI:10.1093/jee/toy246.
[19]. Kireš, M. & Labuda, J. Mechanics of liquids and gases. (2017). ( (14.01.2021)).
[20]. Kout, S., Ala, A., Belahmadi, M., Hassaine, A., Bordjibal, O., Tahar, A. (2022). Petroleum hydrocarbon contamination assessment and characterization of three quagmire soils in the Gassi El Agreb oil fi eld (Hassi Messaoud, Algeria). Archives of Environmental Protection, 48, 4, pp. 3-12. DOI:10.24425/aep.2022.143704.
[21]. Kumar, P., Lomash, V., Jatav, P., Kumar, A. & Pant, S. (2016). Prenatal developmental toxicity study of n-heneicosane in Wistar rats. Toxicology and Industrial Health, 32, 1, pp. 118–125. DOI:10.1177/0748233713498438. 22. Li, H., Yang, Y., Zhang, D., Li, Y., Zhang, H., Luo, J. & Jones, C. K. (2021). Evaluating the simulated toxicities of metal mixtures and hydrocarbons using the alkane degrading bioreporter Acinetobacter baylyi ADPWH_recA. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 419, 126471. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2021.126471.
[23]. Lubocons Chemicals, s.r.o. (2007). Safety Data Sheet – Tatralube HYD HLP 46, ( (16.04.2023)).
[24]. Merck Life Science spol. s.r.o. (2023). Safety Data Sheet - Eicosane ( (23.05.2023)).
[25]. Merck Life Science spol. s.r.o. (2023). Safety Data Sheet – Heptadecane, ( (16.05.2023)).
[26]. Morais, B. P., Martins, V., Martins, G., Castro, R. A., Alves, M. M., Pereira, A. M. & Cavaleiro, J. A. (2021). Hydrocarbon toxicity towards hydrogenotrophic methanogens in oily waste streams. Energies, 14, 16, 4830. DOI:10.3390/en14164830.
[27]. Nowak, P., Kucharska, K. & Kamiński, M. (2019). Ecological and health effects of lubricant oils emitted into the environment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16,16, 3002. DOI:10.3390/ijerph16163002.
[28]. Nurdiana, Dantara, I. W. T., Syaban, R. F. M., Mustafa, A. S., Ikhsani, H., Syafitri, E. S., Hapsari, K. N. & Khoirunnisa, A. (2019). Efficacy and side effects studies of Bryophyllum pinnatum leaves ethanol extract in pristane-induced SLE BALB/c mice model, in: AIP Conference Proceedings. AIP Publishing, 2108, pp. 455–462. DOI:10.1063/1.5109991.
[29]. Poonsri, W., Pluempanupat, W., Chitchirachan, P., Bullangpoti, V. & Koul, O. (2015). Insecticidal alkanes from Bauhinia scandens var. horsfieldii against Plutella xylostella L.(Lepidoptera: Plutellidae). Industrial Crops and Products, 65, pp. 170–174. DOI:10.1016/j.indcrop.2014.11.040.
[30]. Regulation of the European Parliament and the Council (EC) no. 1272/2008 of 16 December 2008 on classification, labeling and packaging of substances and mixtures.
[31]. Rim, K. T., Kim, Y. H., Song, S. K., Chung, H. Y., Chang, K. H., Han, H. J., Lee, B. S., Chun, S. Y., Lee, M. Y. & Yu, J. I. (2004). A twenty-eight days inhalation toxicity study of n-decane in Sprague Dawley rats. Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology, 19, 4, pp. 345–352. DOI:10.5487/TR.2018.34.3.343.
[32]. Sung, J. H., Choi, GB., Kim, Y. H., Baek, MW., Ryu, Y. H., Kim, S. Y., Choi, K. Y., Yu, J. I. & Song, S. K. (2010). Acute and subchronic inhalation toxicity of n-octane in rats. Safety and Health at Work, 1, 2, pp. 192–200. DOI:10.5491/SHAW.2010.1.2.192.
[33]. Štibrányi, L., Timár, P., Báleš, V., Ratvaj, V., Král, R. & Chocholáček, Ľ. (2009). Office of Industrial Property of the Slovak Republic. 5027-2009. 6 July 2009.
[34]. Turan, T. & Nováček, V. (2021). Tribodiagnostics of hydraulics oils and liquids, ( (02.01.2022)).
[35]. Unknown. (2014). Production and types of lubricants, ( (21.12.2020)).






DOI: 10.24425/aep.2023.148680

Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting & Indexing

Archives of Environmental Protection is covered by the following services:

AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)




BIOSIS Citation Index





Engineering Village


Google Scholar

Index Copernicus

Journal Citation Reports™

Journal TOCs






Ulrich's Periodicals Directory


Web of Science