Applied sciences

International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications

Content

International Journal of Electronics and Telecommunications | 2022 | vol. 68 | No 3

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Abstract

Computing isogenies between elliptic curves is a significant part of post-quantum cryptography with many practical applications (for example, in SIDH, SIKE, B-SIDH, or CSIDH algorithms). Comparing to other post-quantum algorithms, the main advantages of these protocols are smaller keys, the similar idea as in the ECDH, and a large basis of expertise about elliptic curves. The main disadvantage of the isogeny-based cryptosystems is their computational efficiency - they are slower than other post-quantum algorithms (e.g., lattice-based). That is why so much effort has been put into improving the hitherto known methods of computing isogenies between elliptic curves. In this paper, we present new formulas for computing isogenies between elliptic curves in the extended Jacobi quartic form with two methods: by transforming such curves into the short Weierstrass model, computing an isogeny in this form and then transforming back into an initial model or by computing an isogeny directly between two extended Jacobi quartics.
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Authors and Affiliations

Łukasz Dzierzkowski
1
Michał Wroński
1

  1. Faculty of Cybernetics, Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
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Abstract

With the increasing uses of internet technologies in daily life, vulnerability of personal data/information is also increasing. Performing secure communication over the channel which is insecure has always been a problem because of speedy development of various technologies. Encryption scheme provides secrecy to data by enabling only authorized user to access it. In the proposed paper, we present an encryption algorithm designed for data security based on bilinear mapping and prove it secure by providing its security theoretical proof against adaptive chosen cipher-text attack. With the help of a lemma, we have shown that no polynomially bounded adversary has non-negligible advantage in the challenging game. We also give the comparative analysis of the proposed scheme in terms of security and performance with Deng et al., 2020 and Jiang et al., 2021 schemes and prove that proposed algorithm is more efficient and secure than others existing in literature against adaptive chosen cipher-text attack.
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Authors and Affiliations

Vandani Verma
1
Pragya Mishra
1

  1. Amity Institute of Applied Sciences, Amity University, Noida-125 (Uttar Pradesh), India
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Abstract

Nowadays, information security management systems are important parts of managing a system for better handling of the information security. In scenarios and situations where safety management is done by managing protection of malwares, it is important to manage security issues properly. Cryptography is an approach which makes possible for a recipient to encrypt and decrypt the information. A combination of two different strategies for encryption and decryption in the text encoding will be transformed into the used all content. The encryption and decryption key of the content decryption key is used. There are different types of information. A number, such as finding two large prime numbers with that product. The number, the size of the RSA key is large enough to make, it's hard to pinpoint these numbers. The key, known as the RSA public key, is the most prominent open encryption. Calculations were used for information exchange. In this paper, we created a program for simulation and testing of apply cryptography of Advance Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm with Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (RSA) algorithm for better performance. In this study, this program is an application of a new algorithm to be the AES&RSA principle of using a public key instead of a private key for cryptography, and the testing of encryption and decryption for the AES&RSA algorithm resulted in time is no different on the AES algorithm and more secure encryption and decryption. The results indicated that the time needed for encoding and decoding of AES&RSA algorithm has been reduced (i.e., efficiency has been improved).
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Authors and Affiliations

Santi Pattanavichai
1

  1. Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Information Technology Department, Thailand
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Abstract

This paper presents how to design and simulate two different topologies of a bandpass (BP) rectangular waveguide filter using a direct coupled resonator technique operating at 12 GHz. The filters are characterized by a cross coupling (CM) which produces a single attenuation pole at finite frequency used to realize the bandpass response. The filter resonators provide3rd and 4th order designs with a pseudoelliptic response using High Frequency Structure Simulator (HFSS) simulator. Transmission zeros are obtained through coupling between the fundamental mode and high mode. The filter structures are validated leading to obtain transmission zeros close to the bandpass. The simulated waveguide filters with a central frequency exhibit an insertion loss of 0.4/0.3dB and a return loss of 20/23dB for the whole bandwidth ranging from 11.85GHz to 12.15GHz that show good electromagnetic responses for the simulated rectangular waveguide filters.
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Authors and Affiliations

Gouni Slimane
1
Damou Mehdi
Chetioui Mohammed
2
Boudkhil Abdelhakim
2

  1. Laboratory of Electronics, Signal Processing and Microwave and Laboratory Technology of Communication, Faculty of Technology University Tahar Moulay of Saida, Algeria
  2. Laboratory of Telecommunications, Abu Bakr Belkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria
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Abstract

The article concerns the experiences of academic teachers related to hybrid education at the end of the SARS-CoV- 2 coronavirus pandemic. The aim of the study was to understand the lecturers' perspective on hybrid education implemented in the first semester of the 2021/2022 academic year at The Maria Grzegorzewska University and an attempt to compare it with traditional education and distance education. The subject of the research was, among others, readiness to implement hybrid teaching, university support for lecturers in the field of hybrid teaching and the diversity of experiences of academic teachers. The research used the method of diagnostic survey. The obtained results indicate that the lecturers declare their readiness to conduct hybrid teaching, especially in the case of their own or students' illness, or random factors that make it impossible to conduct fulltime classes or top-down legal regulations. They appreciate the organizational support of their immediate supervisor and the opportunity to make up for classes that have not taken place in a hybrid form. The lecturers highly assess the level of their own involvement in the preparation and conduct of classes, as well as the quality of their didactic work. They see the possibility of using a hybrid approach not only in teaching but also in their selfimprovement, work organization and maintaining health. At the same time, they indicate the shortcomings and difficulties related to didactics, social, technical, and organizational aspects, as well as systemic deficiencies. Based on the results, recommendations related to the use of hybrid education in post-pandemic academic education were developed.
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Authors and Affiliations

Miłosz Wawrzyniec Romaniuk
1
Joanna Łukasiewicz-Wieleba
1

  1. The Maria Grzegorzewska University, Poland
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Abstract

The article concerns the experiences of students related to hybrid education conducted in the first semester of the academic year 2021/2022. The aim of the study was to find out the opinions of students on hybrid education conducted at The Maria Grzegorzewska University and to compare it with traditional education and distance education. The subject of the research was, among others, the readiness of students to participate in hybrid learning, assessing its quality and other related experiences. The research used the method of diagnostic survey. The obtained results indicate that students rate their readiness to participate in hybrid education higher than the readiness of lecturers to conduct it. They see the possibility of using a hybrid approach to education and science, organization of education and health. They indicate convenience, organization and health safety as the most important advantages and social costs, student attitudes and technical problems as the most important disadvantages of hybridization. The article also presents the expectations of students in relation to the systemic sanctioning of hybrid education. It was suggested to use the lessons learned by developing and testing the effectiveness of a hybrid approach, the potential of which is undeniable and scientifically proven.
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Authors and Affiliations

Miłosz Wawrzyniec Romaniuk
1
Joanna Łukasiewicz-Wieleba
1

  1. The Maria Grzegorzewska University, Poland
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Abstract

The paper presents a new second-cycle Electronics and Telecommunications study program that has been running in Lodz University of Technology since 2020. The concept of the program uses the Project Based Learning approach and it is based on three main projects implemented throughout the curriculum. The inspiration was the programs of three foreign universities and extensive research of various groups of stakeholders. The initial evaluation of the program first semester proves high acceptance and satisfaction of the students.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ewa Raj
1
Krzysztof Tomalczyk
2

  1. Department of Semiconductor and Optoelectronic Devices, Lodz University of Technology, Poland
  2. Institute of Electronics, Lodz University of Technology, Poland
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Abstract

In today’s fast-paced world, where everyone/everything is moving towards an online platform, the need to provide high-speed data to all is inevitable. Hence, introducing the emerging 5G technology with orthogonal frequency division multiplexing integrated with massive MIMO technology is the need of the hour. A 640 port Massive MIMO (m- MIMO) antenna with high evenly spread gain and very low delay, along with a practically possible data rate operating in the mm waveband, is proposed for a 5G base station. The individual antenna element consists of a dipole (λ=0.5cm) designed to operate at 57GHz. Placing the cylindrical MIMO antenna array (8x20) facing the four directions forming the m-MIMO antenna (160x4) at the height of 3m from ground level for simulation. Achievement of a maximum gain of 23.14dBi (θ=90▫) and a minimum data rate of 1.44Gbps with -10dB bandwidth of 2.1GHz (256-QAM) approximately a distance of 478m from the 5G Base station. The m-MIMO structure gives an Envelope Correlation Coefficient of 0.015. The propagation analysis is carried out to substantiate the performance of the proposed system based on field strength and received power. Network Analysis for better reception performance is carried out by changing the antenna height placement, altering the down tilt of the antenna array, and sweeping the polarization angle of the antenna array.
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Authors and Affiliations

Samuelraj Chrysolite
1
Anita Jones Mary Pushpa
1

  1. Karunya University, India
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Abstract

Hybrid precoding techniques are lately involved a lot of interest for millimeter-wave (mmWave) massive MIMO systems is due to the cost and power consumption advantages they provide. However, existing hybrid precoding based on the singular value decomposition (SVD) necessitates a difficult bit allocation to fit the varying signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs) of altered sub-channels. In this paper, we propose a generalized triangular decomposition (GTD)-based hybrid precoding to avoid the complicated bit allocation. The development of analog and digital precoders is the reason for the high level of design complexity in analog precoder architecture, which is based on the OMP algorithm, is very non-convex, and so has a high level of complexity. As a result, we suggest using the GTD method to construct hybrid precoding for mmWave mMIMO systems. Simulated studies as various system configurations are used to examine the proposed design. In addition, the archived findings are compared to a hybrid precoding approach in the classic OMP algorithm. The proposed Matrix Decomposition’s simulation results of signal-to-noise ratio vs spectral efficiencies.
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Authors and Affiliations

Sammaiah Thurpati
1
P. Muthuchidambaranathan
1

  1. Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, India
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Abstract

The article presents precision and numerically stable method of calculation of the characteristic impedance of cylindrical multilayer waveguides used in high-precision wideband measuring instruments and standards, especially calculable thermal converters of AC voltage and precision wideband current shunts. Most of currently existing algorithms of characteristic impedance calculation of such waveguides are based upon approximations. Unfortunately, application of such methods is limited to waveguides composed of a specific, usually low number of layers. The accuracy of approximation methods as well as the number of layers is sometimes not sufficient, especially when the coaxial waveguide is a part of precision measurement equipment. The article presents the numerically stable matrix analytical formula using exponentially scaled modified Bessel functions to compute characteristic impedance and its components of the cylindrical coaxial multilayer waveguides. Results obtained with the developed method were compared with results of simulations made using the Finite Element Method (FEM) software simulations. Very good agreement between results of those two methods were achieved.
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Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Kubiczek
1
Marian Kampik
1

  1. Dept. of Measurement Science, Electronics and Control, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
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Abstract

This paper presents a simulation study of the simultaneous reconstruction of the non-smooth strain distribution of an optical fiber Bragg grating and its temperature, which is based on the reflection spectrum of the reflected beam of the grating. The transition matrix method was used to model the reflection spectrum of the grating, and the nonlinear Nelder- Mead optimization method was used to simultaneously reconstruct the strain distribution along the grating and its temperature. The results of simulations of simultaneous reconstruction of the strain profile and temperature indicate good accord with the strain profiles and temperature set. The reconstruction errors of the strain profiles are less than 1.2 percent and the temperature change errors are less than 0.2 percent, with a noise level of 5 percent.
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Authors and Affiliations

Małgorzata Detka
1
Cezary Kaczmarek
2

  1. Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Automatic Control and Computer Science, Kielce University of Technology, Poland
  2. Faculty of Electrical Engineering and ComputerScience, Lublin University of Technology, Poland
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Abstract

The sports landscape is constantly changing due to innovation and entrepreneurship. The availability of technology led to the emergence of esports and augmented sports. Biofeedback and sensing technologies can be used for athlete monitoring and training purposes. Research on motor control deals with planning and execution of bodily movements and provides some insights towards formal presentation of sports.
Previous research provided many sports categorization models. On many occasions, published articles did not distinguish competitive gameplay activities (gaming) from athletic performance (esports). Our goal was to define esports by extending existing universal sport definitions and propose a novel modular computational framework for categorizing sports through environments and signals.
We have fulfilled our goals by illustrating how signals flow within competitive (sports) environments. Our esports definition introduces esports as a group of sports similar to motorsports. Moreover, we have defined mathematical foundations for signal processing by various actors (athletes, referees, environments, intermediate processing steps). We have demonstrated that representing sports as a multidimensional signal can lead to the categorization of sports through computation. We claim that our approach could be applied to transfer training methods from similar sports, analysis of the training process, and referee error measurement.
Our study was not without limitations. Further research is required to validate our theoretical model by embedding available variables in latent space to calculate similarity measures between sports.
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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej Białecki
1
Robert Białecki
2
Jan Gajewski
2

  1. Warsaw University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
  2. Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
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Abstract

An information security audit method (ISA) for a distributed computer network (DCN) of an informatization object (OBI) has been developed. Proposed method is based on the ISA procedures automation by using Bayesian networks (BN) and artificial neural networks (ANN) to assess the risks. It was shown that such a combination of BN and ANN makes it possible to quickly determine the actual risks for OBI information security (IS). At the same time, data from sensors of various hardware and software information security means (ISM) in the OBI DCS segments are used as the initial information. It was shown that the automation of ISA procedures based on the use of BN and ANN allows the DCN IS administrator to respond dynamically to threats in a real time manner, to promptly select effective countermeasures to protect the DCS.
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Authors and Affiliations

Berik Akhmetov
1
Valerii Lakhno
2
Vitalyi Chubaievskyi
3
Serhii Kaminskyi
3
Saltanat Adilzhanova
4
Moldir Ydyryshbayeva
4

  1. Yessenov University, Aktau, Kazakhstan
  2. National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  3. Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics, Kyiv, Ukraine
  4. Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
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Abstract

Aviation testing is intrinsically connected with rotary telemetry, which enables engineers to measure and verify parameters of high-speed aircraft engines components during laboratory testing. The main purpose of this article is to propose new design concept of smart telemetry module for temperature measurements, which could be easily adapted to various demands of high-speed rotary components tests and is more handful, functional and affordable than other solutions on the market. The result of the work is a telemetry system in form of light weight, PCB-based, wireless powered, smart transducer. Article presents state of art analysis, design and manufacturing steps, test results and conclusions.
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Authors and Affiliations

Tomasz Kabala
1
Jerzy Weremczuk
2

  1. Łukasiewicz Research Network – Institute of Aviation, Poland
  2. Faculty of Electronics and InformationTechnology, Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
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Abstract

This work describes a 4-bit Flash ADC with low power consumption. The performance metrics of a Flash ADC depend on the kind of comparator and encoder used. Hence openloop comparator and mux-based encoder are used to obtain improved performance. Simulation results show that the simulated design consumes 0.265mW of power in 90nm CMOS technology using cadence-virtuoso software. The circuit operates with an operating frequency of 100MHz and a supply voltage of 1V.
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Authors and Affiliations

D. S. Shylu Sam
1
P. Sam Paul
1
Diana Jeba Jingle
2
P. Mano Paul
3
Judith Samuel
1
J. Reshma
1
P. Sarah Sudeepa
1
G. Evangeline
1

  1. Karunya Institute of Technology & Sciences, Coimbatore, India
  2. Christ (Deemed to be University), Bangalore, India
  3. Alliance University, Bangalore, India
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Abstract

Soldiers are the backbone of any armed force. They usually lose their lives due to the lack of medical assistance in emergency situations. Furthermore, army bases face problems due to the inability to track soldiers’ locations in the field. Hence, this paper proposes an interactive graphical user interface module (IGUIM) for soldiers’ bioinformatics acquisition and emergency reaction during combat, a global positioning system (GPS) is used to track soldiers’ locations through a device carried by the soldier. Soldiers’ bioinformatics are gathered using health monitoring biosensors, bidirectional communication between the soldiers and the army base is established via a global system for mobile (GSM). The proposed interactive module aims to enumerate the soldiers on the battlefield within a database that easily facilitates health monitoring, position tracking and bidirectional communication with each soldier through their identification number. The proposed IGUIM will increase the rate of soldiers’ survival in emergencies, which contributes to preserving the human resources of the army during combat.
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Authors and Affiliations

Wesam F. Swedan
1
Huthifa A. Al_Issa
1
Ayat Aloqoul
1
Hadeel Alkofahi
1
Rahaf Obeidat
1

  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, Al-Huson University College, Al Balqa Applied University, Jordan
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Abstract

This paper aims at designing, building, and simulating a secured routing protocol to defend against packet dropping attacks in mobile WSNs (MWSNs). This research addresses the gap in the literature by proposing Configurable Secured Adaptive Routing Protocol (CSARP). CSARP has four levels of protection to allow suitability for different types of network applications. The protocol allows the network admin to configure the required protection level and the ratio of cluster heads to all nodes. The protocol has an adaptive feature, which allows for better protection and preventing the spread of the threats in the network. The conducted CSARP simulations with different conditions showed the ability of CSARP to identify all malicious nodes and remove them from the network. CSARP provided more than 99.97% packets delivery rate with 0% data packet loss in the existence of 3 malicious nodes in comparison with 3.17% data packet loss without using CSARP. When compared with LEACH, CSARP showed an improvement in extending the lifetime of the network by up to 39.5%. The proposed protocol has proven to be better than the available security solutions in terms of configurability, adaptability, optimization for MWSNs, energy consumption optimization, and the suitability for different MWSNs applications and conditions.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ahmed Alnaser
1
Hessa Al-Junaid
1
Reham Almesaeed
1

  1. University of Bahrain, College of Information Technology, Kingdom of Bahrain
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Abstract

Outage and Success performances of an amplify-andforward relay-assisted D2D communication system over a κ-μ shadowed fading wireless link are presented here. Co-channel interference (CCI) is assumed to affect the D2D signals at relay and destination nodes. The system is analyzed with two scenarios, namely, with diversity combining and without diversity combining. Selection combining (SC) based diversity scheme is incorporated at the D2D receiver to combat fading conditions. The expressions for success and outage probabilities are presented by using the characteristic function approach. The expressions are functions of path-loss exponents, wireless link length between relay and D2D source node, wireless link length between the receiver node and relay, distances between interferers and the relay node, CCI distances from various devices of the system, fading channel. The numerical analysis for various scenarios is presented and analyzed.
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Authors and Affiliations

Zakir Hussain
1
Haider Mehdi
1
Syed Muhammad Atif Saleem
1
Aashir Mahboob
1

  1. Department of Electrical Engineering, National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences, Pakistan
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Abstract

To improve the user’s localization estimation in indoor and outdoor environment a novel radiolocalization system using deep learning dedicated to work both in indoor and outdoor environment is proposed. It is based on the radio signatures using radio signals of opportunity from LTE an WiFi networks. The measurements of channel state estimators from LTE network and from WiFi network are taken by using the developed application. The user’s position is calculated with a trained neural network system’s models. Additionally the influence of various number of measurements from LTE and WiFi networks in the input vector on the positioning accuracy was examined. From the results it can be seen that using hybrid deep learning algorithm with a radio signatures method can result in localization error 24.3 m and 1.9 m lower comparing respectively to the GPS system and standalone deep learning algorithm with a radio signatures method in indoor environment. What is more, the combination of LTE and WiFi signals measurement in an input vector results in better indoor and outdoor as well as floor classification accuracy and less positioning error comparing to the input vector consisting measurements from only LTE network or from only WiFi network.
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Authors and Affiliations

Sebastian Urwan
1
Dominika R. Wysocka
1
Alicja Pietrzak
1
Krzysztof K. Cwalina
1

  1. Faculty of Electronics, Telecommunications and Informatics, Gdansk University of Technology, 80-233 Gdansk, Poland
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Abstract

This work present an efficient hardware architecture of Support Vector Machine (SVM) for the classification of Hyperspectral remotely sensed data using High Level Synthesis (HLS) method. The high classification time and power consumption in traditional classification of remotely sensed data is the main motivation for this work. Therefore presented work helps to classify the remotely sensed data in real-time and to take immediate action during the natural disaster. An embedded based SVM is designed and implemented on Zynq SoC for classification of hyperspectral images. The data set of remotely sensed data are tested on different platforms and the performance is compared with existing works. Novelty in our proposed work is extend the HLS based FPGA implantation to the onboard classification system in remote sensing. The experimental results for selected data set from different class shows that our architecture on Zynq 7000 implementation generates a delay of 11.26 μs and power consumption of 1.7 Watts, which is extremely better as compared to other Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) implementation using Hardware description Language (HDL) and Central Processing Unit (CPU) implementation.
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Authors and Affiliations

H.N. Mahendra
1
S. Mallikarjunaswamy
1

  1. Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, JSS Academy of Technical Education Bengaluru and Affiliated to Visvesvaraya Technological University, Belagavi, India
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Abstract

A testbench is built to verify a functionality of a shift register IC (Integrated Circuit) from stuck-at-faults, stuck-at-1 as well as stuck-at-0. The testbench is supported by components, i.e., generator, interface, driver, monitor, scoreboard, environment, test, and testbench top. The IC consists of sequential logic circuits of D-type flip-flops. The faults may occur at interconnects between the circuits inside the IC. In order to examine the functionality from the faults, both the testbench and the IC are designed using SystemVerilog and simulated using Questasim simulator. Simulation results show the faults may be detected by the testbench. Moreover, the detected faults may be indicated by error statements in transcript results of the simulator.
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Authors and Affiliations

Widianto
1
H.M. Chasrun
1
Robert Lis
2

  1. University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Department of Electrical Engineering, Indonesia
  2. Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
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Abstract

Structural health monitoring of aircraft assures safety, integrity and reduces cost-related concerns by reducing the number of times maintenance is required. Under aerodynamic loading, aircraft is subjected to strain, in turn causing damage and breakdown. This paper presents a review of experimental works, which focuses on monitoring strain of various parts of aircraft using optical fibre sensors. In addition, this paper presents a discussion and review on different types of optical fibre sensors used for structural health monitoring (SHM) of aircraft. However, the focus of this paper is on fibre bragg gratings (FBGs) for strain monitoring. Here, FBGs are discussed in detail because they have proved to be most viable and assuring technology in this field. In most cases of strain monitoring, load conditioning and management employs finite element method (FEM). However, more effort is still required in finding the accurate positions in real time where the sensors can be placed in the structure and responds under complex deformation.
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Authors and Affiliations

Monica Murthy N
1
Priyanka Desai Kakade
2

  1. Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, India
  2. Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India
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Abstract

The liver is a vital organ of the human body and hepatic cancer is one of the major causes of cancer deaths. Early and rapid diagnosis can reduce the mortality rate. It can be achieved through computerized cancer diagnosis and surgery planning systems. Segmentation plays a major role in these systems. This work evaluated the efficacy of the SegNet model in liver and particle swarm optimization-based clustering technique in liver lesion segmentation. Over 2400 CT images were used for training the deep learning network and ten CT datasets for validating the algorithm. The segmentation results were satisfactory. The values for Dice Coefficient and volumetric overlap error achieved were 0.940 ± 0.022 and 0.112 ± 0.038, respectively for liver and the results for lesion delineation were 0.4629 ± 0.287 and 0.6986 ± 0.203, respectively. The proposed method is effective for liver segmentation. However, lesion segmentation needs to be further improved for better accuracy.
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Authors and Affiliations

P Vaidehi Nayantara
1
Surekha Kamath
1
Manjunath KN
2
Rajagopal Kadavigere
2

  1. Department of Instrumentation and Control Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, 576104, India
  2. Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, 576104, India
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Abstract

Various methods are used to obtain a superior palmprint recognition system. After selecting a palmprint image filter, using Gabor orientation scale pairs is an option to support the refinement of the verification process. Many researchers use the [8×5] pair for the value of the Gabor orientation scale in the field of palmprint recognition. However, from the experiments conducted, other Gabor pairs have more impact on system improvement. The problem is to get the most suitable value pairs for palmprint applications, so in this study, a comparison of seven kinds of Gabor pairs is carried out. This Gabor pair being compared applies using original images, PCA dimension reduction, and the Euclidean method. From the research that has been done, the pair of Gabor orientation scale [8 × 7] or image expansion of 56 will have the most significant impact compared to other pairs. Suppose the result of this Gabor pair is [8×7] by using other improvement systems, namely the 3W filter instead of the original image, KPCA to replace the PCA, and the cosine method in the matching method. In that case, it will increase the verification value by 99.611%. The trial value obtained can be an alternative method of choice for improving palmprint recognition.
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Authors and Affiliations

Muhammad Kusban
1

  1. Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Pabelan, Indonesia
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Abstract

On 2-3 May 2022 ARIES – Accelerator Research and Innovation for European Science and Society held its last annual conference in CERN summarizing 6 year long effort on the smart development of particle accelerator infrastructures in Europe. The whole series of Integrating Activities on accelerator infrastructures started in 2003 with preparations of CARE, then followed by EuCARD, TIARA, EuCARD2 and culminating with ARIES.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ryszard S. Romaniuk
1

  1. Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

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