Life Sciences and Agriculture

Journal of Water and Land Development

Content

Journal of Water and Land Development | 2021 | No 50 |

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Abstract

This research examines the relationship between urban planning and environmental conditions. As urb-anisation processes increase the density of the built-up tissue of cities, this process puts a lot of pressure on land and natural resources such as rivers and soil. This article aims to verify whether environmental risks (e.g. flooding) and land protection from them is sufficiently addressed in the examined spatial policies and strategies.
This problem can be observed in the Powiśle district of Warsaw where buildings are constructed in the proximity of the unregulated Vistula River and that is why there is the direct risk of flooding. It is done despite the lack of legally binding Master plans which would consider the natural risk.
The literature research on the Municipality-led spatial planning policies and documents was completed with qualitative interviews with key actors in this process (planners: the authors of Master plans under construction, regarding the area of Powiśle South and North). Main designers and team members were asked about the priorities of these plans as well as their dynamics (taking more than ten years to establish those plans).
An environmental analysis was conducted in the GIS mapping system of many databases. The comparison of both aspects of current development, formal urban planning and environmental protection was made in an interdisciplinary approach. The study presents an analysis of the situation for urban planning along with flood maps and other environmental conditions. The results show the lack of necessary alignment of environmental issues with the planning documentation and strategies.
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Authors and Affiliations

Joanna Koszewska
1 2 3
ORCID: ORCID
Łukasz Kuzak
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Sorbonne Université – Faculté des Lettres, Ecole Doctorale de la Géographie de Paris, Institut de Géographie, 191, Saint Jacques, 75005, Paris, France
  2. Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture, Warszawa, Poland
  3. Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Geodesy and Cartography, Plac Politechniki 1, 00-661 Warszawa, Poland
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Abstract

Water and wind erosion are the most powerful factors in the decrease of soil fertility and a threat to food security. The study was conducted on the steppe zone in Ukraine (total area of 167.4 thous. km2), including agricultural land (131.6 thous. km2). At the first stage, the modeling of spatial differentiation of water and wind erosion manifestations was carried out to calculate losses of soil (Mg·ha–1) and to determine their degradation. At the second stage, soil-climatic bonitet of zonal soils (points) is carried out to determine their natural fertility (Mg·ha–1). At the third stage, the spatial adjustment of the natural soil fertility to the negative effect of erosion was carried out. This made it possible to calculate crop losses and total financial losses due to water and wind erosion. The integrated spatial modeling showed that about 68.7% of arable land was constantly affected by the combined erosion, in particular the area of low eroded arable land (16.8%), and medium and highly eroded land (22.1%). Due to erodibility of soil, about 23.3% of agricultural land transferred from the category of high and medium quality to medium, low and very low quality, which is caused by the loss of soil fertility of up to 70%, crop losses of up to 1.93 Mg·ha–1 ha–1 and eduction of agricultural income up to 390 USD·ha–1. In the steppe region under the research, gross crop losses from erosion were up to 15.11 thous. Mg·ha–1 (3.05 mln USD). In order to protect soils, improve fertility and increase crop yields in the steppe zone in Ukraine, the following measures were suggested: adaptive and landscape erosion control design with elements of conservation farming in accordance with the spatial differentiation of soil quality and extent of water erosion deflation danger.
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Authors and Affiliations

Nataliia Dudiak
1
ORCID: ORCID
Vitalii Pichura
1
ORCID: ORCID
Larisa Potravka
1
ORCID: ORCID
Natalia Stratichuk
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Kherson State Agrarian and Economic University, Faculty of Fisheries and Nature Management, Stritens'ka str. 23, Kherson, 73006, Ukraine
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Abstract

The springs of the Taoura region flow from a syncline shaped structure. All resources in the region were mobilized as a result of increased demand. However, the development of anthropic activities and population growth in the area pose risk for groundwater. Analytical results obtained from a series of samplings in November 2017–April 2018, express the quality of water suitable for the irrigation of agricultural land. The highest values are recorded in April 2018 at 20.5 to 21.6°C and pH of 8.0 to 8.2. The study recorded high electrical conductivity from 1390 to 1495 μS·cm–1 and TDS from 1270 to 1500 mg·dm–3 in November 2017, which shows important mineralization that characterizes spring water. Physical parameters were measured in situ using a HORIBA multi-parameter probe. Chemical analyses were carried out using NFT 90-005 titration, and nitrogen parameters by DIN 38405-D92 spectrophotometry. Maximum levels of nitrates and phosphates were recorded at 228 and 18.4 mg·dm–3 respectively. The principal component analysis (PCA) showed a good correlation of the November 2017 period with mineralization parameters. Moreover, there is a strong correlation between the wet period and pollution factors. The two methods of analysis has allowed to distinguish three groups of geochemical water types: a bicarbonate calcium group typical for waters having transited in carbonate horizons. A second chloride calcium group shows basic exchange between water and clay levels, and the third chloride bicarbonate calcium group reveals an enrichment in calcium and chloride, which reflects water circulation with an exchange of the carbonated and evaporitic sedimentary rock matrix.
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Authors and Affiliations

Fatma Bouhafs
1
ORCID: ORCID
Abdelaziz Laraba
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Badji Mokhtar Annaba University, Department of Geology, Geological Researches Laboratory, 17 Hassen Chaouche, Annaba, 23000, Algeria
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Abstract

Over the past two decades, artificial neural networks (ANN) have exhibited a significant progress in predicting and modeling non-linear hydrological applications, such as the rainfall-runoff process which can provide useful contribution to water resources planning and management. This research aims to test the practicability of using ANNs with various input configurations to model the rainfall-runoff relationship in the Seybouse basin located in a semi-arid region in Algeria. Initially, the ANNs were developed for six sub-basins, and then for the complete watershed, considering four different input configurations. The 1st (ANN IP) considers only precipitation as an input variable for the daily flow simulation. The 2nd (ANN II) considers the 2nd variable in the model input with precipitation; it is one of the meteorological parameters (evapotranspiration, temperature, humidity, or wind speed). The third (ANN IIIP,T,HUM) considers a combination of temperature, humidity, and precipitation. The last (ANN VP,ET,T,HUM,Vw) consists in collating different meteorological parameters with precipitation as an input variable. ANN models are made for the whole basin with the same configurations as specified above. Better flow simulations were provided by (ANN IIP,T) and (ANN IIP,Vw) for the two stations of Medjez-Amar II and Bordj-Sabath, respectively. However, the (ANN VP,ET,T,HUM,Vw)’s application for the other stations and also for the entire basin reflects a strategy for the flow simulation and shows enhancement in the prediction accuracy over the other models studied. This has shown and confirmed that the more input variables, as more efficient the ANN model is.
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Authors and Affiliations

Yamina Aoulmi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nadir Marouf
1
ORCID: ORCID
Mohamed Amireche
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Larbi-Ben-M’hidi, Faculty of Sciences and Applied Sciences, Department of Hydraulic, Laboratory of Ecology and Environment, PO Box 358, 04000 Oum El Bouaghi, Algeria
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Abstract

Land use land cover change (LULC) has become part of the global science agenda and the understanding of LULC change is vital for planning sustainable management of natural resources. The study has employed multi- temporal satellite imagery to examine the LULC change in the Abbottabad District from 1989 to 2019. Images from Landsat-5, Landsat-7, and Landsat-8 Thematic Mapper (TM) for the same season were acquired from the USGS for the years of 1989, 1999, 2009 and 2019. The images were pre-processed by atmospheric correction, extraction of the study area and band composite. The supervised image classification using Maximum Likelihood Classifier and accuracy assessment were applied to prepare LULC maps of the Abbottabad District. In the last three decades, the study area witnessed number of changes in the pattern of LULC due to population growth, rapid urbanization and increased development of infrastructure, which cumulatively led to the emergence of new patterns being employed for land use. Results of the analysis involving the classified maps show that agricultural land and bare land have decreased, respectively 15.73% and 3.81%, whereas water resources have decreased significantly by 0.58%. This study reveals that GIS can be used as an informative tool to detect LULC changes. However, for planning and management, as well as to gain better insight into the human dynamics of environmental variations on the regional scale, it is crucial to have information about temporal LULC transformation patterns in the study area.
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Authors and Affiliations

Zartashia Anwar
1
ORCID: ORCID
Arif Alam
1
ORCID: ORCID
Noor Elahi
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Department of Development Studies, University Road, Tobe Camp, Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 22060, Pakistan
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Abstract

This paper aims to analyse the flood discharge based on the Synthetic Unit Hydrograph (SUH), using the Soil Conservation Service method (SCS), the SUH of Nakayasu method, and the SUH of Gama I method. Modelling formed the basis of the research conducted on the Bengawan Solo River, Indonesia. The embankment construction on the Dengkeng–Pusur Section was designed as a method of flood control in 1988. The problem was that around its location are densely populated cities, industrial areas, and agricultural areas. In order to measure the risk of embankment failure and water structure planning in general, it is necessary to analyse the maximum flood discharge. There are several methods for analysing maximum flood discharge, so finding a suitable method is essential due to the lack of measuring tools to calculate flood discharge in some areas. The calculation is compared with the observation data at the Serenan AWLR station, which is in the Dengkeng–Pusur section. The observation rainfall data was covered a 20 year period (1999–2018). According to the method used, the analysis is based on series data on four rainfall stations, the watershed characteristics, and other parameters. Furthermore, the maximum flood discharge from the calculation is compared with the observational data at the Serenan station. The result shows that the best SUH is Gama I method compared to the observation maximum flood discharge in AWLR Serenan Station, with an 8.0% error. The other method, the SUH Nakayasu method with a 16.6% error, and the SUH SCS method with a 39.5% error.
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Authors and Affiliations

Nova D. Sirait
1
Sobriyah
1
Rintis Hadiani
1
Cahyono Ikhsan
1

  1. Sebelas Maret University, Faculty of Engineering, Ir. Sutami Street 36A, Solo, 57126, Center of Java, Indonesia
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Abstract

Biochar was prepared from corn ( Zea mays) stalks and impregnated with sulfuric acid. The biomass was impregnated for 24 h with a 50% solution of H2SO4 with impregnation ratios 1:2 (B 1:2) and 1:3 p/v (B 1:3); then, it was carbonized in a muffle furnace at 520°C for 30 min with a 10°C per min ramp. The adsorption capacity to remove anions (nitrate, sulfate, and phosphate) in an aqueous solution was evaluated by varying the temperature. The adsorption mechanism was studied by determining the thermodynamic parameters: Gibbs free energy (ΔGº), enthalpy (ΔHº) and entropy (ΔSº) standard. The biochars were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) analysis and were found to exhibit a heterogeneous surface and porous nature, with C, O, S, and Si. The experiments in the batch system showed the best performance of B 1: 2 in the removal of the three anions occurred at 303 K, while B 1: 3 had the best performance at 298 K. From the thermodynamic parameters, it was found that the removal processes are endothermic, their mechanism is by chemisorption. It is concluded that synthesized biochar is an excellent alternative to removing nutrient anions present in the solution.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ángel Villabona-Ortiz
1
Candelaria Tejada-Tovar
1
ORCID: ORCID
Rodrigo Ortega-Toro
2

  1. Universidad de Cartagena, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Chemical Engineering, Cartagena de Indias, Colombia
  2. Universidad de Cartagena, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food Engineering, Avenida Del Consulado 48-152, Cartagena 130014, Colombia
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Abstract

The accumulation of moisture from autumn and winter precipitation in poorly draining soil for plants in arid conditions during the initial stage of the vegetation period in the northern region of Kazakhstan was a severe production problem. Research methods included theoretical and experimental studies. In theoretical studies, the area of the treated surface by a chain harrow is determined. Then, the design of an improved harrow is proposed, including how the tooth chain tillage tools are positioned. Either as a “single action disc harrow” type with mounting four teeth on each chain link, or as a serial harrow with the tooth chain tillage tools located in a “diamond-shaped” double-action scheme with two teeth on each chain link. Experimental studies show that an improved harrow steadily performs the early spring harrowing process with a quality that meets normative requirements. In doing, so the working capacity is 4–5% higher than a serial harrow with a 4–5% lower fuel consumption. Furthermore, it is revealed that the early spring soil harrowing performed by tooth chain harrows allows the loss of productive moisture in the spring pre-sowing period by 1.8–1.9 times to be reduced compared to the untreated background.
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Authors and Affiliations

Vladimir L. Astafyev
1
ORCID: ORCID
Alexandr A. Kurach
1
ORCID: ORCID
Maxat A. Amantayev
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Kostanay Branch of “Scientific Production Center of Agricultural Engineering” LLC, 110011, Abai Avenue, 34, Kostanay, 110011, Kazakhstan
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Abstract

The article discusses the option for the application of the methodology for the solution of boundary value problems on the conformal mapping for the calculation of filtration process in the horizontal systematic drainage, provided that the drain is installed at a different depth. In particular, the case of methods combining fictitious areas and quasiconformal mappings for solving nonlinear boundary conditions problems for calculating filtration regimes in soils with free sections of boundaries (depression curves) and intervals of the “drainage” type. As an example, the authors designed a hydrodynamic flow grid, determined the values of the flows to the drain, established a section line and elicited other process characteristics. The algorithm for the numerical solution of model nonlinear boundary conditions problems of quasiconformal reflection in areas bounded by two equipotential lines and two flow lines, when for one of the sections, the boundary is an unknown (free) curve with fixed and free ends. The conducted numerical calculations prove that the problems and algorithms of their numerical solution, with a relatively small iterations number (k = 141) suggested in the paper, can be applied in the simulation of nonlinear filtration processes that arise in horizontal drainage systems. Total filtration flow obtained Q = 0.9 dm3·s–1; flow for drains Q1 = 0.55 dm3·s–1 and Q2 = 0.35 dm3·s–1 are quite consistent with practically determined values.
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Authors and Affiliations

Volodymyr Havryliuk
1
ORCID: ORCID
Andrii Bomba
2
ORCID: ORCID
Oleg Pinchuk
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ievgenii Gerasimov
2
ORCID: ORCID
Serhii Klimov
2
ORCID: ORCID
Mykola Tkachuk
2
ORCID: ORCID
Vasyl Turcheniuk
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Rivne State University of Humanities, Rivne, Ukraine
  2. National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, 11 Soborna St., 33028, Ukraine
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Abstract

The article discusses the spatial development of non-urban areas based on the use of local peat resources. Creating a methodology for the advanced spatial development of non-urban areas has peat resources based on multi- criteria optimisation of production and social infrastructures. The industrial and social infrastructure of the non-urban areas having reserves of peat, associated mineral, and industrial raw materials. Regularities, trends, and features of formation and functioning of the productive and social infrastructure of the natural and man-made complex in the development of peat reserves, associated mineral, and industrial raw materials. To achieve this goal, it is necessary to conduct interdisciplinary research and solve the following specific objectives: (1) the scientific justification of new technological processes and equipment for peat and mineral raw materials processing for obtaining new composite materials for multiple purposes; (2) the feature analysis of the use of local peat resources to provide the development of non-urban areas based on a set of scientific approaches; (3) the development of the methodology for project management of the natural and man-made complex to ensure multi-criteria optimisation of productive and social infrastructure. The example of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug – Yugra development selected results of confronting the existing “big grand” and national challenges through the mechanisms of rational use of local peat resources non-urban areas are illustrated. The results indicated that by 2030 there would be a 3.8-fold increase in mineral extraction and a 5.9-fold increase in processing industries.
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Authors and Affiliations

Alexander N. Semin
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nikolay V. Grevtsev
2
ORCID: ORCID
Natalya Yu. Antoninova
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural State Mining University, Faculty of Economics, Department of Strategic and Industrial Management, ul. Kuybysheva, 30, Yekaterinburg, Sverdlovsk Oblast, 620144, Russia
  2. Ural State Mining University, Faculty of Engineering and Economics, Department of Environmental Engineering and Water Management, Yekaterinburg, Russia
  3. Institute of Mining, Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Laboratory of Ecology of Mining, Yekaterinburg, Russia
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Abstract

Hydrological models are widely used for runoff simulation throughout the world. The objective of this study is to check the performance of the HEC-HMS model for continuous runoff simulation of Gilgel Gibe watershed. It includes sensitivity analysis, calibration, and validation. The model calibration was conducted with data from the year 1991 to 2002 and validated for the year 2003 to 2013 period using daily observed stream flow near the outlet of the watershed. To check the consistency of the model, both the calibration and validation periods were divided into two phases. The sensitivity analysis of parameters showed that curve number (CN) and wave travel time (K) were the most sensitive, whereas channel storage coefficient (x) and lag time (tlag) were moderately sensitive. The model performance measured using Nash–Sutcliff Efficiency (NSE), Percentage of Bias (PBIAS), correlation coefficient (R2), root mean square error (RMSE), and Percentage Error in Peak (PEP). The respective values were 0.795, 8.225%, 0.916, 27.105 m3 s–1 and 7.789% during calibration, and 0.795, 23.015%, 0.916, 29.548 m3 s–1 and –19.698% during validation. The result indicates that the HEC-HMS model well estimated the daily runoff and peak discharge of Gilgel Gibe watershed. Hence, the model is recommended for continuous runoff simulation of Gilgel Gibe watershed. The study will be helpful for efficient water resources and watershed management for Gilgel Gibe watershed. It can also be used as a reference or an input for any future hydrological investigations in the nearby un-gauged or poorly gauged watershed.
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Authors and Affiliations

Sewmehon Sisay Fanta
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tolera Abdissa Feyissa
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Jimma University, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institute of Technology, Jimma, Ethiopia
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Abstract

This study attempts to find a fuzzy logic system for assessing the quality of water in water treatment plants (WTPs) providing water for irrigation purposes in the Basrah Governorate (South of Iraq). Each month, samples are taken in each of six major WTPs to measure electrical conductivity ( EC), and the content of sodium, magnesium and calcium. The calculated value which is the sodium adsorption ratio ( SAR) is plotted with EC on the Richard diagram. SAR and EC values are combined together in a fuzzy inference system (FIS) to find out a quality number called the fuzzy irrigation water quality index number ( FIWQI) which ranges from zero to one. The higher the value of the index, the better water quality. The Richard diagram, which helps to classify irrigation water, is used to adjust FIS components. Results show that the FIWQI for all WTPs changes depending on location and season. It ranges between 0.114–0.170, 0.120–0.190, 0.114–0.170, 0.114–0.202, 0.118–0.500 and 0.46–0.500 for Al-Bradhaia 1, Al-Jubaila 1, Shatt Al-Arab, Garmmah 1, Al-Rebat, and Old Shauaibah WTPs, respectively. The results indicate that WTPs effluent drawn from the Shatt Al-Arab River has poor water quality for irrigation purposes, except for an Old Shauaibah which receives water from another source called a sweet water canal. FIS results are compared with values obtained from the Richard diagram and 96% degree of compatibility between the two methods is attained. This indicates that FIS is an acceptable method for water quality classification.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ahmed N.A. Hamdan
1
ORCID: ORCID
Zainb A.A. Al Saad
1
ORCID: ORCID
Saad Abu-Alhail
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Basrah, Engineering College, Civil Engineering Department, Basrah 61004, Iraq
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Abstract

Despite many studies on the hydrological responses to forest cover changes in micro and mesoscale watersheds, the hydrological responses to forest cover alterations and associated mechanisms through the large spatial scale of the river watershed have not been comprehensively perceived. This paper thus reviews a wide range of available scientific evidence concerning the impacts exerted by the forest removal on precipitation, water yield, stream flow, and flow regimes. It is concluded that there is no statistical correlation between forest cover and precipitation and water yield at the micro and mesoscale. In contrast, there is a relative correlation coefficient ( r = 0.77, p < 0.05) between forest cover and water yield at large scales (>1000 km2). These findings help our understanding of the hydrological response to forest disturbance at large and regional scale and provide a scientific perception to future watershed management in the context of human activities and natural hazards.
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Authors and Affiliations

Hadi H. Muhammed
1
ORCID: ORCID
Andam M. Mustafa
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tomasz Kolerski
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Gdańsk Unversity of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 11/12 Gabriela Narutowicza Street, 80-233 Gdańsk, Poland
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Abstract

Because of hydraulic jump, the scour downstream a stepped spillway is the most confusing issue that endangers the overall stability of the spillway. In this paper, thirty-six exploratory runs are described to explore the impact of utilizing submerged water jets fixed in the stilling basin of a stepped spillway on the downstream scour measurements under various flow conditions. A smooth apron where the water jets are disabled is incorporated to characterize the impact of adjustments studied. Trials are performed utilizing different upstream discharges, jets arrangements, and tailwater depths. The results are analyzed and graphically presented. The experimental data are contrasted to a scour formulae developed by other specialists. Outcomes indicated that by utilizing submerged floor water jets, the maximum scour depth is decreased between 14.3 and 36.0%. Additionally, the maximum scour length is reduced by 9.7 to 42.3%. Finally, involving regression analysis, simple formulas are developed to estimate different scour parameters.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mohamed M. Ibrahim
1
ORCID: ORCID
Al Sayed Ibrahim Diwedar
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ahmed Mahmoud Ibraheem
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Benha University, Shoubra Faculty of Engineering, PO box 11629 Shoubra, Egypt
  2. National Water Research Center, Hydraulics Research Institute, P.O.Box 74, Shoubra El-Kheima 13411, Egypt
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Abstract

Baseflow is the primary source of water for irrigation and other water needs during prolonged dry periods; accurate and rapid estimation of baseflow is therefore crucial for water resource allocation. This research aims to estimate baseflow contribution during dry periods in three small watersheds in East Java: Surabaya-Perning (114 km2), Lamong-Simoanggrok (235 km2), and Bangsal-Kedunguneng (26 km2). Six recursive digital filters (RDFs) algorithms are explored using a procedure consisting of calibration, validation, evaluation and interpretation. In this study, the period of July to September is considered as the peak of the dry season. Moreover, data for the period 1996 to 2005 is used to calibrate the algorithms. By yearly averaging, values are obtained for the parameters and then used to test performance during the validation period from 2006 to 2015. Statistical analysis, flow duration curves and hydrographs are used to evaluate and compare the performance of each algorithm. The results show that all the filters explored can be applied to estimate baseflow in the region. However, the Lyne–Hollick (with RMSE = 0.022, 0.125, 0.010 and R2 = 0.951, 0.968, 0.712) and exponentially weighted moving average or EWMA (with RMSE = 0.022, 0.124, 0.009 and R2 = 0.957, 0.968, 0.891) for the three sub-watersheds versions give the best performance.
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Authors and Affiliations

Indarto Indarto
1
ORCID: ORCID
Mujiono Hardiansyah
1
Mohamad Wawan Sujarwo
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Jember, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Jl kalimantan No. 37 Kampus Tegalboto, 68121, Jember, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
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Abstract

The production of biofuels using wastewater as a microalgae culture medium is a little explored technology, but with potential for success. In order to contribute to the knowledge of these technologies and their technical feasibility for microalgae growth, in this work the Chlorella sp. strain was cultivated in two types of effluents generated in an experimental farm located in eastern Colombia, before and after a biological treatment process. The consumption of the main nutrients that regulate growth and lipid production was evaluated, in order to extract, quantify, characterize and convert them into biodiesel. The results showed that Chlorella sp. growth and lipid production is more favourable in R2 medium of treated water than in R1 medium of raw water, mainly due to phosphorus limitation and higher N-NO3 concentration in R2 compared to R1. In the R2 medium culture, a percentage of 42.54% of long-chain fatty acids was found, which is necessary to obtain a high quality biodiesel. Finally, the best transesterification experiment allowed reaching a fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) percentage of 90.1 ± 2.7%. In general, the results demonstrated the potential viability of using the wastewater generated in the San Pablo farm to produce biomass with lipid content to obtain biodiesel, finding that where the concentration of nutrients, mainly nitrogen, has a great influence on the microalgal metabolism for lipid accumulation.
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Authors and Affiliations

Nestor Andres Urbina-Suarez
1
ORCID: ORCID
Andres Fernando Barajas-Solano
1
ORCID: ORCID
Janet Bibiana Garcia-Martinez
1
ORCID: ORCID
German Luciano Lopez-Barrera
1
ORCID: ORCID
Angel Dario Gonzalez-Delgado
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Francisco de Paula Santander University, Cúcuta, Colombia
  2. University of Cartagena, Avenida del Consulado Calle 30 No. 48-152, Cartagena, Bolívar, Colombia
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Abstract

In this work, nickel adsorption onto low Jordanian zeolite dose is being investigated. Natural zeolite doses were stirred continuously with nickel solutions in batch reactors at 180 RPM for 24 hours, where the temperature was set to 20°C. The pH was initially 4.5 and reached 5.2 at equilibrium. The removal efficiency of nickel reaches maximum value when the initial nickel concentration is around 1 ppm and then tends to decrease when the initial nickel concentration increases above 1 ppm. The optimal nickel removal reaches 65% when the initial nickel concentration is 1 ppm and the zeolite dose is 26 mg·dm–3. This study investigates the behaviour of nickel removal and modelling isotherms below and above this critical peak point. At this level of zeolite dose, the adsorption does not follow either Freundlich or Langmuir isotherms, but rather, it follows Freundlich for the data plot just below the peak point with the highest coefficient of determination (R2) equals (0.98) when the zeolite dose is (26 mg·dm–3), whereas it follows Langmuir for the data plot just above the peak point with the highest coefficient of determination (R2) equals (0.99) when the zeolite dose is (10 mg·dm–3). These findings clarify the theory behind each isotherm and can be used to find new information for efficient treatment techniques.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ziad Al-Ghazawi
1
Ahmad Qasaimeh
1
Bilal Al-Bataina
2

  1. Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, 22110, 00962-2-7201000 22139; Jordan
  2. Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, University of Western Ontario, Canada
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Abstract

Soil loss is a major problem for watersheds management in semi-arid environments. The objective of the present study is to analyze the annual and seasonal patterns of suspended loads and quantify the specific sediment yields in a semi-arid environment of the Mazafran Watershed in central Algeria. The obtained information of water discharge and suspended sediment load, recorded during 19 years, was confronted with precipitation data in order to establish the relationships between theforcing agents and erosive processes. The specific sediment yield was estimated by assessing rating curve data under two types of identified responses. The obtained results allowedconfirming the seasonality on suspended sediment transport in the studied basin, which accounts for 56% of the total suspended sediment load estimated in winter. The mean annual suspended sediment is estimated at 17.52 Mg·ha–1·y–1. The results highlighted that the type 2 event dominates the production of sediment in the study area in comparison with type 1 event. The analysis of the variability of rainfall erosivity index showed that there is a strong correlation between the annual precipitation and modified Fournier index ( MFI), and a weak correlation with the monthly precipitation concentration index ( PCI). Moreover, the spatial distribution of the modified Fournier index at the basin scale showed the highest precipitation aggressiveness in the Southern part of the study region for both type of events, whereas the precipitation aggressiveness low to moderate in the remaining part of the study region.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mosbah Rabah
1
ORCID: ORCID
Hamad Bouchelkia
1
ORCID: ORCID
Fadila Belarbi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Agustin Millares
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Abou Bekr Belkaïd, Faculty of Technology, Department of Hydraulics, Rue Abi Ayad Abdelkrim Fg Pasteur, 22, BP 119, 13000, Tlemcen, Algeria
  2. Andalusian Inter-University Institute for Earth System Research (IISTA-CEAMA), Environmental Fluid Dynamic Group, Granada, Spain
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Abstract

In Algeria, modern agriculture was introduced in the Saharan region through the implementation of the law n° 83–18 of August 13, 1983, relating to access to agricultural land ownership (Fr. Accession à la Propriété Foncière Agricole (APFA) in French). This law was hugely successful and sparked a real enthusiasm for this type of activity, which resulted in an expansion of agricultural areas at the M’Zab level, similar to that observed in other Saharan regions. Over the past decades, the agricultural area has declined markedly (–0.4%), which was due to multiple causes, including ecological problems, such as urban discharges and the rise in the water level. So far, little research has been done to assess the agricultural situation and irrigation in this region. The objective of this work is to analyse and discuss the constraints and impacts of water and agricultural management on sustainability of the ecosystem in the Saharan environment. This work is based on extensive research, which has been carried out in the M’Zab region on the oasis system and its evolution. It was enriched with dozens of direct surveys, performed among farmers working in agricultural areas. The results show that agricultural development and the sustainability of farms in this region face several technical and social constraints, the most important of which are the workforce-related problems and water management. Several measures have been recommended to be taken not only to preserve the ecosystem but also to give significance to the large investments made by the public authorities.
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Authors and Affiliations

Rachid Zegait
1
ORCID: ORCID
Hocine Bensaha
2
ORCID: ORCID
Tayeb Addoun
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Djelfa, Faculty of Science and Technology, Hydraulic Department, Algeria
  2. Applied Research Unit in Renewable Energies, URAER, Algeria
  3. Oran 2 University, Faculty of Earth and Universe Sciences, Geography Department, Algeria
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Abstract

The development of transport infrastructure strengthens the technogenic burden on the environment. Waste, thaw and rain waters from vehicle transport enterprises, such as car-washing installations, petrol stations, and car service stations may pollute ground and surface waters, and adjacent landscapes. The article presents quality parameters and suggests a number of measures permitting to minimize the harmful impact on the environment. The purpose is to improve the reagent treatment technology applicable to surface runoff from vehicle transport enterprises and the reuse of circulating waters by improving well-known methods with original technological procedures and chemical reagents. Research methods include the use of potentiometry, titrometry, and gravimetry. The investigation has shown the possibility to increase the efficiency of runoff treatment and removal of suspended particles and dissolved organic matter by 20–30%. This can be achieved by the application of a permanent magnetic field of 30–40 mT and the subsequent processing by the solution of aluminum chlorohydrate. Optimum parameters have been determined regarding magnetic field and processing conditions. It has been proven that the use of aluminum chlorohydrate in combination with polyhexamethyleneguanidine hydrochloride simplifies substantially the technological cycle. A better treatment can be achieved in comparison with the usual coagulant by 25%. Heavy metal ions are removed from water and the method includes microbiological disinfection and preservation of water in storage reservoirs. The improved technological scheme suggests the reagent treatment of storm and circulating waters for their repeated use.
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Authors and Affiliations

Oleksandr Kvartenko
1
ORCID: ORCID
Andriy Lysytsya
2
ORCID: ORCID
Nataliya Kovalchuk
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ihor Prysiazhniuk
2
ORCID: ORCID
Oksana Pletuk
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Educational and Scientific Institute of Construction and Architecture, Rivne 11 Soborna St., 33028, Ukraine
  2. Rivne State University of Humanities, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Plastova St, 31, Rivne, 33000, Ukraine
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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to develop mathematical models based on artificial intelligence: Models based on the support vectors regression (SVR) for drought forecast in the Ansegmir watershed (Upper Moulouya, Morocco). This study focuses on the prediction of the temporal aspect of the two drought indices (standardized precipitation index – SPI and standardized precipitation-evapotranspiration index – SPEI) using six hydro-climatic variables relating to the period 1979–2013. The model SVR3-SPI: RBF, ε = 0.004, C = 20 and γ = 1.7 for the index SPI, and the model SVR3-SPEI: RBF ε = 0.004, C = 40 and γ = 0.167 for the SPEI index are significantly better in comparison to other models SVR1, SVR2 and SVR4. The SVR model for the SPI index gave a correlation coefficient of R = 0.92, MSE = 0.17 and MAE = 0.329 for the learning phase and R = 0.90, MSE = 0.18 and MAE = 0.313 for the testing phase. As for the SPEI index, the overlay is slightly poorer only in the case of the SPI index between the observed values and the predicted ones by the SVR model. It shows a very small gap between the observed and predicted values. The correlation coefficients R = 0.88 for the learning, R = 0.86 for testing remain higher and corresponding to a quadratic error average MSE = 0.21 and MAE = 0.351 for the learning and MSE = 0.21 and MAE = 0.350 for the testing phase. The prediction of drought by SVR model remain useful and would be extremely important for drought risk management.
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Authors and Affiliations

My Hachem Bekri
1
ORCID: ORCID
Abdellah El Hmaidi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Habiba Ousmana
1
ORCID: ORCID
El Mati El Faleh
1
ORCID: ORCID
Mohamed Berrada
1
ORCID: ORCID
Kamal El Aissaoui
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ali Essahlaoui
1
ORCID: ORCID
Abdelhadi El Ouali
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of Sciences, B.P. 11201, Zitoune, 50070, Meknes, Morocco
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Abstract

This article examines the short- and long-run effects of water price, system input, income, temperature on domestic water demand for Amman area over the period of 1980–2012. An empirical, dynamic autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model for water demand is developed on a yearly basis. This approach is capable of testing and analysing the dynamic relationship with time series data using a single equation regressions. Results show the ability of the model to predicting future trends (short- and long-run association). The main results indicate that water demand in limited water environment is partially captured in the long-run by the amount of water reaching the customer. The short- and long-run elasticities of water price (–0.061, –0.028) and high temperature (0.023, 0.054) indicate inelastic behaviour on water demand both in short- and long-run, while the lagged water price has a significant effect on demand. Income represented by gross domestic product (GDP) slightly affects water consumption in the long-run and insignificantly in the short-run (0.24, 0.24). Water consumption is strongly linked to consumption habits measured by lagged billed amount 0.35, and is strongly linked to amount of supplied water both in short- and long-run (0.47, 0.53). These results suggest that water needs should be satisfied first to allow controlling water demand through a good pricing system.
Moreover, the association identified between demand and water system input, and the lesser elasticities of water price and other explanatory variables confirm the condition of water deficit in Amman area and Jordan. The results could be rolled out to similar cities suffering scarce water resources with arid and semi-arid weather conditions.
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Authors and Affiliations

Duaa B. Telfah
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nawal Louzi
1 2
ORCID: ORCID
Tala M. AlBashir
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Yarmouk University, Hijjawi Faculty of Engineering Technology, P.O. Box 566 ZipCode 21163, Irbid, Jordan
  2. Al-Ahliyya Amman University Al-Saro, Faculty of Engineering, Amman, Jordan
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Abstract

In the current study, it was tried to investigate the medicinal plants of the native flora of the Northern Tien Shan to bring them into domestication. The study was carried out on the territory of a botanical garden located at an altitude of 880 m a.s.l., in the foothill steppe zone of the Zailiysky Alatau ridge, People’s Republic of China on light chestnut loamy soils. In 2018–2019, more than 90 samples of 51 species of medicinal plants of the Northern Tien Shan flora was selected from 17 families for introduction tests. The families Compositae (10 genera, 12 species) and Lamiaceae (12 genera, 13 species) were represented by the largest numbers of genera and species. The family Leguminosae was represented by four species from four genera; the families Polygonaceae and Ranunculaceae, by three species each; the family Rosaceae, by two species; and the remaining 11 families, by one species each. The results suggested that the majority of medicinal plants of the Northern Tien Shan tested can be successfully cultivated in the foothill zone of the Zailiysky Alatau. The results indicated that when propagated by seed, the laboratory germination varied from 2 to 30%, and the mass of seeds was 0.21 g. When sown in spring, the field germination was 8%, and when sown in autumn, 42% from 50 to 70% of seedlings survived until the end of the growing season. The massive flowering was observed in the third year, and the plants vegetated until the end of the growing season.
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Authors and Affiliations

Gulnara Sitpayeva
1
ORCID: ORCID
Svetlana Yerekeyeva
2
ORCID: ORCID
Lyudmila Grudzinskaya
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nadejda Gemejieva
1
ORCID: ORCID
Gulshat Anarbekova
2
ORCID: ORCID
Bakytzhan Saikenov
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Institute of Botany and Phytointroduction of the Committee for Forestry and Wildlife of the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan
  2. Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, 8 Abai Avenue, 050010, Republic of Kazakhstan
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Abstract

A field survey has been conducted for the study area using the Global Positioning System (GPS) and geological and geomorphological maps of the area. The study area is one of the important areas in Iraq characterized by scarce water resources. The purpose of the study is to determine the hydro-chemical processes and their relationship to groundwater quality carried out in the southwestern desert region of Iraq, where the region lacks extensive studies of water resources. Twenty-eight groundwater samples were collected from wells distributed between the eastern borders of Saudi Arabia and the West Bank of the Euphrates River. For the purpose of hydrogeochemical analyses, the Fetter method was used to collect and examine samples. A large part of the recharge area is located in Saudi Arabia, where the groundwater bearing aquifer represented by the Dammam formation extends to Iraq and Saudi Arabian International borders. The analysis determined the order of cations (Na+ > Ca2+ > Mg2+ > K+) and anions (Cl– > SO42– > HCO3–). High values of the variation coefficient (CV) correspond to the concentration of potassium, sodium and chloride ions (CV: 68.7, 64.7 and 64 respectively). To identify the hydrochemical water facies, the Piper diagram was used. It was found that 53% of the water samples belong to the Na-Cl type and 40% are of the Ca-Mg-Cl type, while the rest of the samples are the Ca-Cl type. To identify geochemical processes, it was found that ion exchange processes via chloroalkaline indices 1 and 2 are prevalent between Ca2+, Mg2+ in the groundwater and Na+, K+ in water bearing rocks. To learn more about the processes that led to the concentration of certain ions, such as sodium, it was found that they tend to be of silicate minerals related to surface runoff of water in recharge areas and carbonic rocks. It was also found that rock / soil-groundwater interaction and evaporation processes were the formal processes in the saturated zone and evaporation in the unsaturated zone are prevalent processes of groundwater ion concentration.
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Authors and Affiliations

Kareem Ghafel Al-Mutawqi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Salam Hussein Ewaid
2
ORCID: ORCID
Salwan Ali Abed
1
ORCID: ORCID
Nadhir Al-Ansari
3
ORCID: ORCID
Mudhafar A. Salim
4
ORCID: ORCID
Ameer J. Kadhim
5
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Al-Qadisiyah, College of Science, Iraq
  2. Technical Institute of Shatra, Southern Technical University, Basra, Iraq
  3. Luleå University of Technology, Laboratorievägen 14, 971 87 Luleå, Sweden
  4. Arab Regional Center for World Heritage, Manama, Bahrain
  5. Ministry of Water Resources, General Commission of Groundwater, Baghdad, Iraq
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Abstract

A multiple regression model approach was developed to estimate buffering indices, as well as biogas and methane productions in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor treating coffee wet wastewater. Five input variables measured (pH, alkalinity, outlet VFA concentration, and total and soluble COD removal) were selected to develop the best models to identify their importance on methanation. Optimal regression models were selected based on four statistical performance criteria, viz. Mallow’s Cp statistic (Cp), Akaike information criterion ( AIC), Hannan– Quinn criterion ( HQC), and Schwarz–Bayesian information criterion ( SBIC). The performance of the models selected were assessed through several descriptive statistics such as measure of goodness-of-fit test (coefficient of multiple determination, R2; adjusted coefficient of multiple determination, Adj-R2; standard error of estimation, SEE; and Durbin–Watson statistic, DWS), and statistics on the prediction errors (mean squared error, MSE; mean absolute error, MAE; mean absolute percentage error, MAPE; mean error, ME and mean percentage error, MPE). The estimated model reveals that buffering indices are strongly influenced by three variables (volatile fatty acids (VFA) concentration, soluble COD removal, and alkalinity); while, pH, VFA concentration and total COD removal were the most significant independent variables in biogas and methane production. The developed equation models obtained in this study, could be a powerful tool to predict the functionability and stability for the UASB system.
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Authors and Affiliations

Yans Guardia-Puebla
1
ORCID: ORCID
Edilberto Llanes-Cedeño
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ana Velia Domínguez-León
3
Quirino Arias-Cedeño
1
ORCID: ORCID
Víctor Sánchez-Girón
4
ORCID: ORCID
Gert Morscheck
5
Bettina Eichler-Löbermann
5
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Granma, Study Center for Applied Chemistry, Cuba
  2. Faculty of Architecture and Engineering, International SEK University, Quito, Ecuador
  3. Language Center, University of Granma, Cuba
  4. College of Agricultural, Food and Biosystems Engineering, Technical University of Madrid, Spain
  5. Faculty of Agronomy and Crop Science, University of Rostock, Germany
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Abstract

From a management perspective, water quality is determined by the desired end use. Water intended for leisure, drinking water, and the habitat of aquatic organisms requires higher levels of purity. In contrast, the quality standards of water used for hydraulic energy production are much less important.
The main objective of this work is focused on the development of an evaluation system dealing with supervised classification of the physicochemical quality of the water surface in the Moulouya River through the use of artificial intelligence. A graphical interface under Matlab 2015 is presented. The latter makes it possible to create a classification model based on artificial neural networks of the multilayer perceptron type (ANN-MLP).
Several configurations were tested during this study. The configuration [9 8 3] retained gives a coefficient of determination close to the unit with a minimum error value during the test phase.
This study highlights the capacity of the classification model based on artificial neural networks of the multilayer perceptron type (ANN-MLP) proposed for the supervised classification of the different water quality classes, determined by the calculation of the system for assessing the quality of surface water (SEQ-water) at the level of the Moulouya River catchment area, with an overall classification rate equal to 98.5% and a classification rate during the test phase equal to 100%.
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Authors and Affiliations

Imad Manssouri
1
ORCID: ORCID
Abdelghani Talhaoui
2
Abdellah El Hmaidi
2
ORCID: ORCID
Brahim Boudad
3
Bouchra Boudebbouz
1
Hassane Sahbi
4

  1. Moulay Ismail University, National School of Arts and Crafts, Laboratory of Mechanics, Mechatronics, and Command, Team of Electrical Energy, Maintenance and Innovation, Meknes, Marjane 2, BP: 298 Meknes 50050, Morocco
  2. Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of Sciences, Water Sciences and Environmental Engineering team, Meknes, Morocco
  3. Moulay Ismail University, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Geology, Laboratory of Geo-Engineering and Environment, Meknes, Morocco
  4. Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
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Abstract

Using microorganisms in eliminating or reducing the impacts of harmful remnants is very ancient manner. The current study was conducted to explore the potential of utilizing some fungi species that isolated from the main sewage treatment plant in Al-Muamirah area, Babylon-Iraq, in reducing some pollutants. Six fungi taxa Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. terrues, Candida albicans, C. krusei, and Penicillium digitatum were identified before any treatment process, whereas only four fungi species A. flavus 20%, A. niger 20%, A. terrues 10%, and P. digitatum 18% were recognized after completing the physical and chemical treatment stages. Only three taxa A. niger, A. terrues, and P. digitatum were employed to reveal their capability in treating the sewage water, which represent the biological treatment stage as the final step of the treatment processes. The results showed a considerable capability of these fungi species in decreasing many variables values such as pH, total soluble solids (TSS), electrical conductivity (EC), salinity, total alkalinity, chlorides, nitrite, and phosphate. Where, slightly low reduction was detected in TSS value in all experiments (1.1–5.9%), similarly, both EC and salinity which were decreased with low ratios (6.6%, 3.9%, respectively). Taxon A. terrues exhibited high ability in reducing the total alkalinity and chloride ions in the treated water (30.9%, 43%, respectively) in comparison with the other two fungi species. Furthermore, all three fungi species were posed high capability in decreasing nutrients, where both nitrite and phosphate ions were highly reduced (87–97% and 22.8–32.1%, respectively). Based on these findings, we suggest using other microorganisms and exploring their capacity in removing the pollutants, and revealing the ability of the above fungi taxa in removing other pollutants.
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Authors and Affiliations

Nuha F. Kadhim
1
Wathiq J. Mohammed
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ibtihal M. Al Hussaini
1
Hala M.N. Al-Saily
1
Rasha N. Ali
1

  1. The University of Babylon, College of Science, Department of Biology, PO Box: 4 Iraq – Babylon – Hillah, Babilon, Iraq
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Abstract

The problem of flood vulnerability has been reviewed in several studies, however, the reviews focused exclusively either on the social or on the physical component of the problem. The components of flood vulnerability are interdependent and each of them makes an equally important contribution to the flood vulnerability index. This study identifies and evaluates the integrated flood vulnerability index ( FVI) of an area by considering its multiple components (social, economic, and environmental). The Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method was applied to evaluate the weight of each component. The evaluation was based on the judgements of experts working at local government policy- making agencies. The input data for the AHP were acquired through a questionnaire survey. Eleven indicators that delivered significant results were then selected. The FVI results show high flood vulnerability at the local scale. The FVI provides the basis for the identification of villages with high vulnerability indices. The results provide essential information about pluvial flood vulnerability at the local scale, about the area with the highest vulnerability index, and the most vulnerable villages. The results also show that the components that have a significant impact on the flood vulnerability index include environmental components (43.4%), social components (28.5%), and physical components (28.1%).
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Authors and Affiliations

Entin Hidayah
1
ORCID: ORCID
Retno Utami Agung Wiyono
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ageng Dwi Wicaksono
1

  1. University of Jember, Faculty of Engineering, Jl. Kalimantan No. 37, Tegalboto Sumbersari, Kec. Sumbersari, Kabupaten Jember, Jawa Timur 68121, Indonesia
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Abstract

Changes in land use as a result of human activities may generate the alteration of hydrometeorological disasters. Erosion, sedimentation, floods and landslides frequently occur in the Sanenrejo watershed (±292 km2), located in East Java, Indonesia. In this paper, the soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) model is used to evaluate the hydrological processes in this small watershed. The digital elevation model (DEM) is used as the primary input for deriving the topographic and physical properties of the watershed. Other input data used for the modelling processes include soil type, land use, observed discharge data and climate variables. These data are integrated into the SWAT to calculate discharge, erosion and sedimentation processes. The existing observed discharge data used to calibrate the SWAT output at the watershed outlet. The calibration results produce Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency ( NSE) of 0.62 and determination coefficient (R2) of 0.75, then the validation result of 0.5 (NSE) and 0.63 (R2). The middle area faced the highest erosion and sedimentation that potentially contribute to hydrometeorological disasters.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mohamad Wawan Sujarwo
1
ORCID: ORCID
Indarto Indarto
1
ORCID: ORCID
Marga Mandala
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Jember, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Jl kalimantan No. 37 Kampus Tegalboto, 68121, Jember, Jawa Timur, Indonesia
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Abstract

The present study aimed to assess groundwater quality according to the water quality index (WQI) in Ali Al- Gharbi district of the Maysan Governorate in eastern Iraq. For this purpose, 10 physical parameters such as pH, total hardness ( TH), magnesium (Mg2+), calcium (Ca2+), potassium (K+), sodium (Na+), sulphate (SO42–), chloride (Cl–), nitrate (NO3–), and total dissolved solids ( TDSs) were examined since 2019 from 16 different locations (viz. wells). The analysis results indicated that 18.75% of the water samples were of good quality, 56.25% of them had low quality, and 25% of such samples were very poor. The WQI also varied from 69.67 and 297.6. Therefore, prior to water use, there is a dire need for some treatments, as protecting this district from pollution is significant.
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Authors and Affiliations

Sarteel Hamid Enad Al-Shammary
1
ORCID: ORCID
Sattar Obaid Maiws Al-Mayyahi
1

  1. Wasit University, College of Science, Department of Geology, Al-Kut city, Wasit Province, Iraq
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Abstract

Gauging stations of meteorological networks generally record rainfall on a daily basis. However, sub-daily rainfall observations are required for modelling flood control structures, or urban drainage systems. In this respect, determination of temporal distribution of daily rainfall, and estimation of standard duration of rainfall are significant in hydrological studies. Although sub-daily rainfall gauges are present at meteorological networks, especially in the developing countries, their number is very low compared to the gauges that record daily rainfall.
This study aims at developing a method for estimating temporal distribution of maximum daily rainfall, and hence for generating maximum rainfall envelope curves. For this purpose, the standard duration of rainfall was examined. Among various regression methods, it was determined that the temporal distribution of 24-hour rainfall successfully fits the logarithmic model. The logarithmic model’s regression coefficients (named a and b) were then linked to the geographic and meteorological characteristics of the gauging stations. The developed model was applied to 47 stations located at two distinct geographical regions: the Marmara Sea Region and Eastern Black Sea Region, Turkey. Various statistical criteria were used to test the method's accuracy, and the proposed model provided successful results. For instance, the RMSE values of the regression coefficients a and b in Marmara Regions are 0.004 and 0.027. On the other hand, RMSE values are 0.007 and 0.02 for Eastern Black Sea Region.
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Authors and Affiliations

Cahit Yerdelen
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ömer Levend Asikoglu
1
ORCID: ORCID
Mohamed Abdelkader
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ebru Eris
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Ege University, Faculty of Engineering, 35100, Bornova – İZMİR, Turkey

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1. "Journal of Water and Land Development” is published four times a year in English, articles are followed by a short (not exceeding 200 words) summary in Polish.
2. Conciseness of style is a prequisite, avoid verbose phrases and abvious statements. Manuscript should not exceed 1 printing sheet (20 standard pages of 1800 characters per page). Tables, figures and short summary should be typed at the end of the paper on separate pages.
3. Each article should contain the following elements: title, name and surname of the author(s), authors' affiliation, short abstract no longer than 150–200 words, key words, text of the paper divided into Introduction, Material and Methods, Results and Discussion, References (arranged in alphabetic order as shown below) and summary in Polish BENCALA K.E., WALTERS R.A. 1983. Simulation of solute transport in mountain pool-and riffle stream: a transient storage model. Water Resources Research. Vol. 19 p. 718–724. GÓRECKI A. 1987. Rozpoznanie i opis sztucznych pól odniesień przestrzennych [Recognition and description of the artificial plots of spatial relations]. Manuscript. Wrocław. Uniwersytet Wrocławski pp. 18. JANKOWSKI M. 2006. Elementy grafiki komputerowej [Elements of the computer graphics]. Warszawa. WNT. ISBN 8320431638 pp. 220. STRZELECKI T. 1994. Rola systemów informacji geograficznej w zarządzaniu państwem, województwem i gminą. W: Komputerowe wspomaganie badań naukowych [The role of GIS in the management of the state, voivodship and community. In: Computer aided research]. I Konferencja Środowiskowa. Wrocław. Wrocławskie Towarzystwo Naukowe p. 19–25. Papers referred to should be quoted in the text as KOWALSKI [1997], [KOWALSKI, NOWAK 1997]. If there are more than two authors, please add et al. after the first name i.e. NOWAK et al. [1997]. English version of the non-congress language title should be added in brackets.
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Editors of the "Journal of Water and Land Development" pay attention to maintain ethical standards in scientific publications and undertake any possible measure to counteract neglecting the standards. Papers submitted for publication are evaluated with respect to reliability, conforming to ethical standards and the advancement of science. Principles given below are based on COPE's Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, which may be found at:
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Authors’ duties

Authorship
Authorship should be limited to persons, who markedly contributed to the idea, project, realization and interpretation of results. All of them have to be listed as co-authors. Other persons, who affected some important parts of the study should be listed or mentioned as co-workers. Author should be certain that all co-authors were enlisted, saw and accepted final version of the paper and agreed upon its publication.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Author should disclose all sources of financing of his/her study, the input of scientific institutions, associations and other subjects and all important conflicts of interests that might affect results and interpretation of the study.

Standards in reporting
Authors of papers based on original studies should present precise description of performed work and objective discussion on its importance. Source data should be accurately presented in the paper. The paper should contain detailed information and references that would enable others to use it. False or intentionally not true declarations are not ethical and are not accepted by the editors.

Access to and storage of data
Authors may be asked for providing raw data used in the paper for editorial assessment and should be prepared to store them within the reasonable time period after publication.

Multiple, unnecessary and competitive publications
As a rule author should not publish papers describing the same studies in more than one journal or primary publication. Submission of the same paper to more than one journal at the same time is not ethical and prohibited.

Confirmation of sources
Author should cite papers that affected the creation of submitted manuscript and every time he/she should confirm the use of other authors’ work.

Important errors in published papers
When author finds an important error or inaccuracy in his/her paper, he/she is obliged to inform Editorial Office about this as soon as possible.

Originality and plagiarism
Author may submit only original papers. He/she should be certain that the names of authors referred to in the paper and/or fragments of their texts are properly cited or mentioned.

Ghostwriting
Ghost writing/guest authorship are manifestation of scientific unreliability and all such cases will be revealed including notification of appropriate subjects. Signs of scientific unreliability, especially violation of ethical principles in science will be documented by the Editorial Office.


Duties of the Editorial Office


Editors’ duties
Editors know the rules of journal editing including the procedures applied in case of uncovering non-ethical practices.

Decisions on publication
Editor-in Chief is obliged to apply present legal status as to defamation, violation of author’s rights and plagiarism and bears the responsibility for decisions. He/she may consult thematic editors and/or referees in that matter.

Selection of referees
Editorial Office provides appropriate selection of referees and takes care about appropriate course of peer –reviewing (the review has to be substantive).

Confidentiality
Every member of editorial team is not allowed to disclose information about submitted paper to any person except its author, referees, other advisors and editors.

Discrimination
To counteract discrimination the Editorial Office obeys the legally binding rules.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Not published papers or their fragments cannot be used in the studies of editorial team or ref-erees without written consent of the author.


Referees' duties

Editorial decisions

Referee supports Editor-in-Chief in taking editorial decisions and may also support author in improving the paper.

Back information
In case a selected referee is not able to review the paper or cannot do it in due time period, he/she should inform secretary of the Editorial Office about this fact.

Objectivity standards
Reviews should be objective. Personal criticism is inappropriate. Referees should clearly ex-press their opinions and support them with proper arguments.

Confidentiality
All reviewed papers should be dealt with as confidential. They should not be discussed or revealed to persons other than the secretary of the Editorial Office.

Anonymity
All reviews should be made anonymously and the Editorial Office does not disclose names of the authors to referees.

Disclosure and conflict of interests
Confidential information or ideas resulting from reviewing procedure should be kept secret and should not be used to gain personal benefits. Referees should not review papers, which might generate conflict of interests resulting from relationships with the author, firm or institution involved in the study.

Confirmation of sources
Referees should indicate publications which are not referred to in the paper. Any statement that the observation, source or argument was described previously should be supported by appropriate citation. Referee should also inform the secretary of the Editorial Office about significant similarity to or partial overlapping of the reviewed paper with any other published paper and about suspected plagiarism.

Peer-review Procedure

Reviewing procedure

Procedure of reviewing submitted papers agrees with recommendations of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education published in a booklet: „Dobre praktyki w procedurach recenzyjnych w nauce”.
http://www.nauka.gov.pl/g2/oryginal/2014_02/307f933b1a75d6705a4406d5452d6dbf.pdf

Reviewing form may be downloaded from the Journal’s web page.

1.Papers submitted to the Editorial Office are primarily verified by editors withrespect to merit and formal issues. Texts with obvious errors (formatting other than requested, missing references, evidently low scientific quality) will be rejected at this stage.
2.Primarily accepted papers are sent to the two independent referees from outside the author’s institution, who:
  • have no conflict of interests with the author,
  • are not in professional relationships with the author,
  • are competent in a given discipline and have at least doctor’s degree and respective scientific achievements,
  • have unblemished reputation as reviewers.
3.In case of papers written in foreign language, at least one referee is affiliated in a foreign institution other than the author’s nationality.
4.Reviewing proceeds in the double blind process (authors and reviewers do notknow each other’s names) recommended by the Ministry.
5.A number is attributed to the paper to identify it in further stages of editorial procedure.
6.Potential referee obtains summary of the text and it is his/her decision upon accepting/rejecting the paper for review within a given time period.
7.Referees are obliged to keep opinions about the paper confidential and to not use knowledge about it before publication.
8.Review must have a written form and end up with an explicit conclusion about accepting or rejecting the paper from publication. Referee has a possibility to conclude his/her opinion in a form:
  • accept without revision;
  • accept with minor revision;
  • accept after major revision,
  • re-submission and further reviewing after complete re-arrangement of the paper,
  • reject.
9.Referee sends the review to the journal “Woda-Środowisko-Obszary Wiejskie”and “Problemy Inżynierii Rolniczej”by e-mail and in the printed undersigned form to the Editorial Office. Referee sends the review to the “Journal of Water and Land Development”by Editorial System. The review is archived there for 5 years.
10.Editors do not accept reviews, which do not conform to merit and formal rules of scientific reviewing like short positive or negative remarks not supported by a close scrutiny or definitely critical reviews with positive final conclusion and vice versa. Referee’s remarks are presented to the author. Rational and motivated conclusions are obligatory for the author. He/she has to consider all remarks and revise the text accordingly. Referee has the right to verify so revised text.
11.Author of the text has the right to comment referee’s conclusions in case he/she does not agree with them.
12.Editor-in Chief (supported by members of the Editorial Board) decides upon publication based on remarks and conclusions presented by referees, author’s comments and the final version of the manuscript.
13.Rules of acceptation or rejection of the paper and the review form are available at the web page of the Editorial House or the journal.
14.Once a year Editorial Office publishes present list of cooperating reviewers.
15.According to usual habit, reviewing is free of charge.
16.Papers rejected by referees are archived at the Editorial Office for 5 years.

Reviewers

Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2020

Prof. Aminuddin Ab Ghani - River Engineering and Urban Drainage Research Centre (REDAC), Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Abdelaziz Abdallaoui - Moulay Ismail University, Morocco
Assoc. Prof. Fahmy Abdelhaleem - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Dr. Yahiaoui Abdelhalim - Institute of Technology, University of Bouira, Algeria
Prof. Khaldi Abdelkrim - University of Science and Technology of Oran, Algeria
Dr. Jazuli Abdullahi - Near East University, Nicosia Cyprus
Prof. Taleb M. Abu-Sharar - University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
Prof. Bachir Achour - University of Biskra, Algeria
Dr. Mariusz Adynkiewicz – Piragas Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - National Research Institute, Poland
Prof. Mukhtar Ahmed - PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Washington State University, Pullman, USA; Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden
Dr. Hayder Alalwan - Technical of Petrochemical, Middle Technical University, Iraq
Dr. Arif Alam - COMSATS University Islamabad, Abbottabad Campus, Pakistan
Dr. Hudhaifa maan Al-Hamndi - Tikrit University, Iraq
Assoc. Prof. Ali Al-Hillo - University of Wasit, Iraq
Dr. Ammar Ali - Wageningen University, The Netherlands
Dr. Sayed Sabab Ali - Hanyang University South Korea, Korea (South)
Prof. Mehush Aliu - University of Mitrovica, Albania
Dr. Miran Al-Rammahi - University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
Assoc. Prof. Abdalrahman Alsulaili - Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
Dr. Raid Al-Tahir - University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago
Dr. Mohd Anees - Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Jacek Antonkiewicz - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Nadjadji Anwar - Institut Teknologi Surabaya, Indonesia
Prof. Younas Aouine - Ibn Zohr University, Cité Dakhla, Agadir, Morocco
Prof. Klaus Appenroth - Friedrich Schiller University, Jena, Germany
Dr. Maria Adelaide Araujo Almeida - Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal
Dr. Ozan Artun - Cukurova University in Adana, Turkey
Dr. Kentaka Aruga - Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Saitama City, Japan
Prof. Atilgan Atilgan - Isparta University of Applied Sciences, Turkey
Dr. Imen Ayadi - Higher Institute of Water Sciences and Techniques of Gabes, Tunisia
Assoc. Prof. Neveen Badawy - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Dr. Attoui Badra - Laboratory of Geology Badji Mokhtar University-Annaba, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Hutaf Baker - Al al-Bayt University, Mafraq, Jordan
Dr. Monika Balawejder - PWSTE The Bronisław Markiewicz State University of Technology and Eco-nomics in Jarosław, Poland
Prof. Ildefonso Baldiris-Navarro - Universidad de Cartagena, Colombia
Dr. Andres Barajas-Solano - Universidad Francisco de Paula Santander, Colombia
Prof. Icela Barcecó-Qiuntal- Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City, Mexico
Dr. Arash Barjasteh - Khuzestan Water & Power Authority (KWPA), Iran
Prof. Erum Bashir - University of Karachi, Karach, Pakistan
Assoc. Prof. Łukasz Bąk - Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Mohamed Salah Belksier - University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Master Al-Amin Bello - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Lahcen Benaabidate - University of Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, Fès, Morocco
Dr. Aziz Benhamrouche - Ferhat Abbas University of Setif, Algeria
Master Ali Berghout - University of Bejaia, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Nka Nnomo Bernadette - Institute of Geological and Mining Research, Yaounde, Cameroon
Master Suraj Bhagat - Ton Duc Thang University, Viet Nam
Prof. Vijaya S. Bhaskara Rao - Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati, India
Assoc. Prof. Muhammad Binbakar - Universiti Utara Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Sumantra Biswas - Jawaharlal Nehru University/ Sukumar Sengupta Mahavidyalaya, New Delhi, India
Prof. Inga Bochoidze - Akaki Tsereteli State University, Kutaisi, Georgia
Assoc. Prof. Ilirjana Boci - University of Tirana, Albania
Prof. Andrzej Bogdał - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Nikolay I. Bogdanovich - Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Arkhangelsk, Russia
Dr. Gokcen Bombar - Izmir Katip Celebi University, Turkey
Prof. Ognjen Bonacci - Split University, Croatia
Assoc. Prof. Małgorzata Bonisławska - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Dariusz Borowiak - University of Gdańsk, Poland
Dr. Frits Bos - CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis, The Hague, Netherlands
Prof. Hamid Bouchelkia - University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Master Mourad Boussekine - Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Housseyn Bouzeria - Abou Bakr Belkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria.
Dr. Andrzej Brandyk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Assoc. Prof. John Buchanan - University of Tennessee, United States
Prof. Piotr Bugajski - University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Ewa Burszta-Adamiak - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Erni Butar-Butar - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia
Prof. Javier Cancela - University of Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Dr. Miguel Cañedo-Argüelles - University of Barcelona, Spain
Dr. Rushan Ceka - South East European University, Skopje, North Macedonia
Assoc. Prof. Peter Cepuder - University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Prof. Simona Ceschin - Università Degli Studi Roma Tre, Rome, Italy
Assoc. Prof. Cem Polat Cetinkaya - Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir, Turkey
Prof. Kwok-Wing Chau - Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Assoc. Prof. Abdelbaki Chérifa - Abou Bakr Belkaid, University, Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Younghyun Cho - K-water Research Institute, Daejeon, Korea (South)
Master Susan Cooper - King’s College London, United Kingdom
Dr. Agnieszka Cupak - Uniwersytet Rolniczy, Poland
Prof. Isa Curebal - Balıkesir University, Turkey
Prof. Stanisław Czaban - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Justyna Czajkowska - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Wojciech Czekała - Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Przemyslaw Czerniejewski - Westpomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski - Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Dr. Ammar Dawood - University of Basrah, Iraq
Dr. Paweł Dąbek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rutger de Graaf - University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Loris Deirmendjian - Paul Sabatier University - Toulouse III, France
Assoc. Prof. Tamene Demissie - Jimma University, Ethiopia
Dr. Gustavo Díaz - University of Concepción, Chile
Assoc. Prof. Alsayed Dowidar - Hydraulics Research Institute - National Water Research Center, Shoubra El-Kheima, Egypt
Prof. Krzysztof Dragon - Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Sniazhana Dubianok - Central Research Institute for Complex Use of Water Resources (CRICUWR), Minsk, Belarus
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Anarbekova Gulshat Dzhumabaevna - Kazakh National Agrarian University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
Dr. Hefni Effendi - Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia
Prof. Youssef El Guamri - Regional Centre for Careers of Education and Training, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Mokhtari Elhadj - University of Hassiba Ben Bouali Chlef, Algeria
Dr. Alaa El-Hazek - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt
Assoc. Prof. Abdeslam El-Jouni - Centre regional des Métiers de l’Education et de la Formation : CRMEF Tanger, Morocco
Prof. Mahmoud El-Tokhy - Benha University, Cairo, Egypt.
Prof. Evens Emmanuel - Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Dr. María Esper Angillieri - Universidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ), Argentina
Prof. Alisher Fatxulloev - Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Uzbekistan
Assoc. Prof. Daniel Fomina - Kazan National Research Technological University, Russia
Dr. Mattias Gaglio - University of Ferrara, Italy
Dr. Małgorzata Gałczyńska - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili - Georgian Technical University, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dr. Paweł Gełesz - Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk, Poland
Dr. Yevheniy Gerasimov - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Said Ghabayen - Natural Resources Conservation, Princeton, United States
Dr. Abbas Gholami - Shoaml University, Amol, Iran
Prof. Daniela Gogoase Nistoran - Politehnica University of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Dora Gomez - Universidad Pedagogica Nacional, Colombia
Dr. Ganzorig Gonchigsumlaa - Mongolian University of Life Sciences, Zaisan, Mongolia
Prof. Andrzej Greinert - University of Zielona Gora, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Antoni Grzywna - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. M.H.J.P. Gunarathna - Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Mihintale, Sri Lanka
Assoc. Prof. Robert Gwiazda - Institute of Nature Conservation of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Mohamed Habi - Tlemcen University, Algeria
Dr. Major Habiba - Badji Mokhtar University – Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Peter Halaj - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Master Wiktor Halecki - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Dr. Abderrahmane Hamimed - Mascara University, Algeria
Prof. Lahoucine Hanich - Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Donny Harisuseno - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Jakub Heciak - Kielce University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Henny Herawati - Tanjungpura University, Indonesia
Dr. Chaffai Hicham - Badji Mokhtar University – Annaba University, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Saeed Hoodfar - Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Prof. larbi Houichi - University of Batna 2, Algeria
Prof. Lyudmyla Hranovska - Institute of Irrigated Agriculture of NAAS, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Věra Hubačíková - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Katarzyna Ignatowicz - Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Masango Ilunga - University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Master Zhuldyzay Iskakova - Institute of Hydrogeology and Geoecology named after U.M. Ahmedsafina, Al-maty, Kazakhstan
Dr. Mateusz Jakubiak - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Grzegorz Janik - Wrocław University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Anna Januchta-Szostak - Poznan University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Elżbieta Jasińska - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Joanna Jaskuła - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Bartosz Jawecki - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Sabrine Jemai University of Sfax, Tunisia
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Raimundo Jiménez-Ballesta - Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Csaba Juhász - University of Debrecen, Hungary
Dr. Grzegorz Kaczor - Uniwersytet Rolniczy w Krakowie, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Grzegorz Kaczor - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Mohammed Kadaoui - University Mohammed Premier, Oujda, Morocco
Master Sharad Kadbhane - Maratha Vidya Prasarak Samaj's, Karmaveer Adv. Baburao Ganpatrao Thakare College of Engineering, Nashik, India
Dr Dariusz Kayzer - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tomasz Kałuża - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Joanna Kamińska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ibrahim Kane - Umaru Musa Yar'adua University, Katsina, Nigeria
Dr. Vasyl Karabyn - Lviv State University of Life Safety, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Agnieszka Karczmarczyk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Robert Kasperek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kiyonori Kawasaki - Kagawa University, Japan
Dr. Mina Khosravi - Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
Dr. Borys Khrystyuk - Ukrainian Hydrometeorological Institute, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Marianne Koller-Peroutka - University of Vienna, Austria
Prof. Anna Kołodziejczak - Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz - AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland
Dr. Tomasz Kotowski - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Zile Alex Kouadio - Université Jean Lorougnon Guédé, Daloa, Ivory Coast
Prof. Victor Kovalchuk - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko - Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of NAAS of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Adam Kozioł - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Piotr Krajewski - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Irina Krish - Vladimir State University, Russia
Prof. Natalia Kuczyńska-Kippen - Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Poland
Dr. Deepak Kumar - G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar, India
Dr. Karolina Kurek - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Dr. Stanisław Lach - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Lenka Lackóová - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra; Slovak Republic
Prof. László Lakatos - Eszterhazy Karoly University (The University of Eger), Hungary
Assoc. Prof. Maciej Lasocki - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Niharika Lata - National Institute of Technology Patna, India
Dr. Okanlade Lawal-Adebowale - Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
Dr. Jeffrey León Pulido - EAN University, Bogota, Colombia
Dr. Jaakko Leppänen - University of Helsinki, Finland
Assoc. Prof. Jacek Leśny - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Han Lijian - Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Prof. Lily Limantara - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Prof. Fedor Lisetskii - Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod, Russia
Prof. Jurik Lubos - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Jaafar Maatooq - University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Master Mohd Mahamud - Universiti Sains Malaysia, George Town, Malaysia
Prof. Myroslav Malovanyy - Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Dr. Eduardo Martínez-Gomariz - Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, Spain
Costantino Masciopinto - National Research Council, Rome, Water Research Institute, Bari, Italy
Dr. Natalya Matvienko - Institute of Fisheries of the National Academyof Agrarian Sciences, Kyiv 03164, Ukraine
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Bruno Mazzorana - Universidad Austral de Chile
Dr. Agnieszka Mąkosza - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Lakhdar Mebarki - University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Mohamed Meddi - Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Hydraulique, Blida, Algeria
Dr. Ali Mehran - University of North Georgia, United States
Dr. José Alberto Herrera Melián - University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
Dr. Orest Melnichuk - Institute of Ecology and Geography, Academy of Sciences, Kishinev, Moldova
Prof. Leopoldo Mendoza-Espinosa - Autonomous University of Baja California, Ensenada, Mexico
Dr. Gabriel Minea - National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Małgorzata Mirecka - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Dorota Mirosław-Świątek - Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Dariusz Młyński - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Dariusz Młyński - University of Agriculture in Kraków, Poland
Prof. Djidel Mohamed - Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Dr. Amir Molajou - Iran University of Science & Technology, Iran
Prof. Changho Moon - Kunsan National University, Korea (South)
Assoc. Prof. Matthew Morris - Ambrose University, Calgary, Canada
Prof. Józef Mosiej - Warsaw University of Life Scieces -SGGW, Poland
Prof. Jacek Motyka - AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Dounia Mrad - University Badji Mokhtar Annaba, Algeria
Dr. Basil Mugonola - Gulu University (GU), Uganda
Prof. Zainal Muktamar - University of Bengkulu, Indonesia
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi - University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Magdalena Myszura - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Marco Napoli - University of Florence, Italy
Dr. Arkadiusz Nędzarek - West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Jacek Niedźwiecki - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Constantin Nistor - University of Bucharest, Romania
Prof. Ainin Niswati - Lampung University, Indonesia
Dr. Tomasz Noszczyk - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Vahid Nourani - University of Tabriz, Iran
Prof. Laftouhi Noureddine - Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Washington Nyabeze - WR Nyabeze and Associates, Johannesburg, South Africa
Dr. Clement Nyamekye - Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
Prof. Ryszard Oleszczuk - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Amal Omer - Desert Research Center, Cairo, Egypt., Egypt
Prof. El-Sayed Omran - Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt
Dr. David Onu - Federal College of Education, Zaria
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Petra Oppeltová - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Mehmet Ali Ozler - Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Turkey
Assoc. Prof. Carmen Palau - Universitat Politècnica de València, Spain
Prof. Zuzana Palkova - Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Avinash Pandey - Metahelix Life Science Ltd., Bangalore, India
Assoc. Prof. Ghanshyam Patle - Central Agricultural University Imphal, India
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Zbigniew Piepiora - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski - Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Oleg Pinchuk - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Santosh Pingale - National Institute of Hydrology Roorkee, India
Dr. Mikołaj Piniewski - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Agatha Piranti - Jenderal Soedirman University, Indonesia
Assoc. Prof. Karol Plesiński - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Ryszard Pokładek - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec - University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Master Katja Polotzek - Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden, Germany
Dr. BVG Prasad - DR Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Andhra Pradesh, India
Dr. Michaela Prescott - Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
Dr. Wiesław Ptach - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Antonio Pulido Bosch - University of Almeria, Spain
Assoc. Prof. Doni Putra - Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Dr. Erik Querner - Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Assoc. Prof. Kinga Racoń-Leja - Cracow University of Technology, Kraków, Poland
Dr. Koteswara K. Rao - Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune, India
Dr. Iwan Ridwansyah - Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Anatoliy Rokochinsky - National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Joanna Rodziewicz - University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Roman Rolbiecki - UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Stanislav Ruman - University of Ostrava, Czech Republic
Dr. Holger Rupp - Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Halle, Germany
Dr. Katarzyna Rymuza - University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Poland
Prof. Andrii Safonyk National University for Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Carlos Salazar-Briones - Universidad Autónoma de Baja California, Mexicali, Mexico
Assoc. Prof. Luqmon Samiev - Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Agricultural Mechanization Engineers, Uzbekistan
Dr. Abba Sani Isah - Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano, Nigeria, Nigeria
Dr. Veronica Sarateanu - Agriculture Faculty, Banat's University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine "King Michael I of Romania", Timisoara, Romania
Prof. Miklas Scholz - Lund University, Sweden
Prof. Moosa Sedibe - Central University of Technology, Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa
Dr. Joanna Sender - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Marcus Senra - Unversidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Dr. Artur Serafin - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Muhammad Setiawan - Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Abdol Aziz Shahraki - Regional Studies, The Royal Institute of Technology, KTH, Stockholm, Sweden
Dr. Andrzej Shatkowski - Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Dr. Abdrabbo Shehata AbouKheira - Water Management Research Institute, El Qanater El Khayreya, Egypt
Dr. Rituraj Shukla - University of Guelph, Canada
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec - Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Sergiy Snizhko - Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Chen Soo - Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Kota Samarahan, Malaysia,
Dr. Marcin Spychała - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rafał Stasik - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tatyana Stefanovska - National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Dr. Radosław Stodolak - Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ery Suhartanto - University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Lagudu Surinaidu - National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, India
Prof. Dwita Sutjiningsih - University of Indonesia, Depok , Indonesia
Assoc. Prof. Serhiy Syrotyuk - Lviv National Agrarian University, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Sandor Szalai - Szent István University, Godollo, Hungary
Dr. Jan Szatyłowicz - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulc - Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski - Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kassa Tadele - Arba Minch University, Ethiopia
Dr. Kassahun Tadesse - University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Dr. Samuel Takele - National Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Seogwipo-si, Jeju-doKorea (South)
Prof. Fatima Zohra Tebbi - University of Batna, Algeria
Prof. Alo Tito - Department of Water Engineering and Chemistry, Italy
Prof. Mukesh Tiwari - Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
Dr. Katarzyna Tokarczyk-Dorociak - Wrocław Universiy of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rachid Touir - Centre Régional des Métiers de l’Éducation et de la Formation (CRMEF), Rabat, Morocco
Le Tu - Nong Lam University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
Prof. Serghiy Vambol - Kharkiv National Technical University of Agriculture after P. Vasilenko, Ukraine
Dr. Iryna Vaskina - Sumy State University, Ukraine
Prof. Magdalena Vaverková - Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Dr. Ileana Vera-Reyes - Centro de Investigación en Química Aplicada, Mexico, Mexico
Prof. Aliaksandr Volchak - Brest State Technical University, Belarus
Prof. Jan Vymazal - Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Czech Republic
Dr. Tong Wang - Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Rafal Wawer - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Master Wessam Wessam - Agricultural Engineering Research Institute, Giza, Egypt
Dr. Ewa Wiśniowska - Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Woch - Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Małgorzata Wojtkowska - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Lu Xiwu - Southeast University, Nanjing, China
Prof. Mamuye Yusuf - Jimma University, Ethiopia
Prof. Mariusz Zadworny - Czestochowa University of Technology (CUT) Faculty of Civil Engineering, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Liliana Zaharia - University of Bucarest, Romania
Dr. Kateb Zakaria - Tlemcen University, Algeria
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki - Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Aziez Zeddouiri - University of Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Bakenaz A. Zeidan - Tanta University, Egypt
Dr. Noureddine Zenati - University of Messaadia Med Cherif, Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Hamsa Zubaidi - Oregon State University, Corvallis, United States
Dr. Tomasz Zubala - University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik - University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski - UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland


Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2019

Prof. Yahiaoui Abdelkrim – University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Habib Abida – University of Sfax, Tunesia Tjahyo Adji – Univesitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Prof. Klaus Appenroth – Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
Dr Maria Adelaide Araujo Almeida – Polytechnic Institute of Beja, Portugal
Dr Eli Argaman – Soil Erosion Research Station, Ministry of Agriculture, Rishon Lezion, Israel
Dr John Awu – National Centre for Agricultural Mechanization, Ilorin, Nigeria
Prof. Aleksandra Badora – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Arturas Bautrenas – Vilnius Unversity, Vilnius, Lituania
Dr. Aleksanda Bawiec – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Łukasz Bąk – Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland
Prof. Bourhane Belabed – Badji Mokhtar – Annaba University, Algeria
Dr. Tomasz Bergel – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Ramon Bienes –Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural Agrario y Alimentario, Madrid, Spain
Dr. Małgorzata Biniak-Pieróg – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Bogdał – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Alaba Boluwade – McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Prof. Hamid Bouchelkia – University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Andrzej Brandyk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Dr. Piotr Bugajski – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr Ewa Burszta-Adamiak – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Irena Burzyńska – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr Agnieszka Bus – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Hazir Çadraku – University for Business and Technology, Pristina, Kosovo
Prof. Bogdan Chojnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrea Cominola – Technische Universität Berlin, Germany
Dr. Agnieszka Cupak – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Dr. Justyna Czajkowska – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Czerwionka – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Ewa Dacewicz – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Jacek Dach – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jan Damicz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski – Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Dr Paweł Dąbek – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Poland
Prof. Halina Dąbkowska-Naskręt – University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Oussama Derdous – Université Kasdi Merbah Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Jean Diatta – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jean-Christophe Diepart – Université de Liège, Belgium
Dr Bujar Durmishi – University of Tetova, North Macedonia
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Mahmoud El-Tokhy – Benha University, Egypt
Prof. Evens Emmanuel – Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Dr. Tomasz Falkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Fernando Fan – Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
Prof. Janos Fehér – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Dr. Beata Fortuna-Antoszkiewicz – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Junior Garcia – Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, Brazil
Prof. Wiesław Gądek – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili – Georgian Water Managment Institute, Tbilisi, Georgia
Assoc. Prof. Małgorzata Gałczyńska – West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Poland
Dr Paweł Gełesz – Academy of Fine Arts in Gdańsk, Poland
Dr Jakub Gołębiewski – West Pomeranian University of Technology Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Renata Graf – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Rutger de Graaf – Hogeschool Rotterdam, Netherlands
Dr. Antoni Grzywna – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Adam Górecki – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Górecki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Asssoc. Prof. Burak Gürel – Koç University,Istanbul, Turkey
Prof. Mohamed Habi – University of Tlemcen, Algeria
Dr. Peter Halaj – Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Younes Hamed – Gafsa University, Tunisia
Dr. Mateusz Hammerling – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. prof. Paweł Hanus – AGH University of Science and Technology in Krakow, Poland
Dr Henny Herawati – Tanjungpura University, Pontianak, Indonesia
Dr Edyta Hewelke – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Nur Islami – Universitas Riau, Pekanbaru, Indonesia
Assoc. prof. Darja Istenič – University of Ljubljana, Slovenia
Assoc. prof. Mohammad Hossein Jahangir – University of Tehran, Iran
Prof. Anna Januchta-Szostak – Poznan University of Technology, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Anna Jaroszewicz – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. prof. Bartosz Jawecki – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Csaba Juhász – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Prof. Pierre Y. Julien – Colorado State University, Fort Collins, United States
Prof. Edmund Kaca – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Kaczor – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Assoc. prof. Eliza Kalbarczyk – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Kałuża – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Agnieszka Karczmarczyk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr Ignacy Kardel – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Cezary Kaźmierowski – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Kamel Khanchoul – Badji Mokhtar – Annaba University, Algeria
Dr. Adam Kiczko – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Kisiel – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Oleksandr Klimenko – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Apoloniusz Kodura – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Silvia Kohnová – Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Prof. Tomasz Kolerski – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Dr Katarzyna Kołecka – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz – AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Assoc. prof. Radovan Kopp – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Ján Koščo – University of Presov, Slovak Republic
Prof. Viktor Kovalchuk – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko – Ukrainian Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Land Reclamation, Kiev, Ukraine
Assoc. prof. Tomasz Kowalczyk – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Alina Kowalczyk-Juśko – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Michał Kozłowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Kozyra – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation, Puławy, Poland
Dr Piotr Krajewski – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Katarzyna Krężałek – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Mykhailo Kropyvko – Natsional′nyy Naukovyy Tsentr "Instytut Ahrarnoyi Ekonomiky", Kiev, Ukraine
Prof. Zygmunt Kruczek – University of Physical Education in Cracow, Poland
Dr. Michł Kubrak – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Bogdan Kulig – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Karolina Kurek – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Kustamar Kustamar – Institut Teknologi Nasional Malang, Indonesia
Prof. Marek Kułażyński – Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Poland
Dr. Stanisław Lach –AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Prof. László Lakatos – Eszterhazy Karoly University, Eger, Hungary
Prof. Krzysztof Lejcuś – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Przemysław Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland,
Dr Jaakko Leppänen – Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo
Prof. Daniel Liberacki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Lily Limantara – University of Brawijaya, Indonesi
Dr. Wiesława Lizińska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Imed Loukam – Mohamed-Cherif Messaadia University, Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Prof. Jurik Lubos – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Andrzej Łachacz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Michał Łopata – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Chandra Madramootoo – McGill University, Montreal, Canada
Prof. Boutiba Makhlouf – University of Science and Technology Houari Boumediene, Algeria
Prof. Małgorzata Makowska – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Myroslav Malovanyy – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Assoc. Prof. Andrii Martyn – National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev,Ukraine
Dr. Michał Marzec –University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Jakub Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Constantine Mbajiorgu – University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria
Assoc. Prof. Monika Mika – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Gabriel Minea – National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Romania
Dr. Małgorzata Mirecka – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Dariusz Młyński – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Prof. Changho Moon – Kunsan National University, South Korea
Prof. Viktor Moshynskyi – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Ukraine
Prof. Józef Mosiej – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Rachedi Mounira – Université Chadli Bendjedid -El Tarf, Algeria
Dr. Dounia Mrad – Badji Mokhtar - Annaba University, Algeria
Dr Somphinith Muangthong – Rajamangala University of Technology Isan, Nakorn Ratchasima, Thailand
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi – University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Reinhard Nolz – Institute of Hydrology, Slovak Academy of Sciences (IH SAS), Slovakia, Slovak Republic
Dr. Michael Nones – Institute of Geophysics Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Lucyna Nyka – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Hanna Obarska-Pempkowiak – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Oleniacz – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ednah Onyari –University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Petra Oppeltová – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Zuzana Palkova – Slovak University of Agriculture, Nitra, Slovak Republic
Assoc. Prof. Jana Pařílková – Brno University of Technology, Brno, Czech Republic
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof. Parylak – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Anna Pawlikowska-Piechotka – Józef Piłsudski University of Physical Education, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Grzegorz Pęczkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Roman Petrus – Ignacy Łukasiewicz Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Janina Piekutin – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski – Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Dr. Santosh Pingale – Arba Minch University, Ethiopia
Dr. Karol Plesiński – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr Sandra Poikane – European Commission, Joint Research Cenre, Brussles, Belgium
Prof. Ryszard Pokładek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Popek – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Dorota Porowska – Warsaw University, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Brbara Prus – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Wioletta Przystaś – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Dr. Erik Querner – Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Dr. Kinga Racoń-Leja – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Anatoliy Rokochinskyi – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Roman Rolbiecki – UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Giovanna Rossato – Progetto CMR, Milan, Italy
Dr. James Roumasset – University of Hawaii at Mānoa, Hawaii, United States
Dr. Oleksandr Rudik – Kherson State Agrarian University, Ukraine
Dr. Holger Rupp – Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research, Leipzig, Germany
Dr. Kamila Rybczyńska-Tkaczyk – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Dr. Katarzyna Rymuza – University of Natural Sciences and Humanities in Siedlce, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Anrzej Samborski – The State School of Higher Education in Zamość, Poland
Dr. Artur Serafin – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Lublin, Poland
Prf. Abdelkader Seyd – Université Kasdi Merbah de Ouargla, Algeria
Dr. Tamara Shevchenko –O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine
Prof. Vasil Simeonov – University of Sofia „St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria"
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Zdzisław Skutnik – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Karolina Smarzyńska – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Sobota – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Sojka – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Reza Sokouti – West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Training Center, AREEO, Uromieh, Iran
Prof. Joaquín Solana-Gutiérrez – Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain
Prof. Krystyna Solarek – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tatiana Solovey – Polish Geological Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Dr Piotr Sołowiej – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr Urszula Somorowska – University of Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Cristina Sorana Ionescu– Polytechnic University of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Marcin Spychała – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Piotr Stachowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Radosław Stodolak – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr Jan Szatyłowicz – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Tomasz Szymczak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Anna Tofiluk – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Iryna Vaskina – Sumy State University, Sumy, Ukraine
Prof. Jan Vymazal – Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
Dr. Rafał Wawer – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Mirosław Wiatkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Joanna Wibig – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Dr. Joanna Wicher-Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ewelina Widelska – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr Paweł Wilk – Polish Institute of Meteorology and Water Management, Warsaw, Poland
Dr. Justyna Wójcik-Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Krishna Yadav – Bundelkhand University Jhansi, India
Assoc. Prof. Işil Yildirim – Beykent Üniversitesi, Istanbul, Turkey
Dr. Ewa Zabłocka-Godlewska – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Zadworny – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Ewelina Zając – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jan Zarzycki – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dr. Paweł Zawadzki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Bakenaz A. Zeidan – Tanta University, Egypt
Dr. Tomasz Zubala – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Zwoliński – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski – University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Miroslaw Żelazny – Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Żyromski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland

Journal of Water and Land Development – List of reviewers – 2018

Prof. Aminuddin Ab Ghani – Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia
Prof. Yahiaoui Abdelkrim – University of Bechar, Algeria
Prof. Habib Abida – University of Sfax, Tunisia
Prof. Mehush Aliu – University of Mitrovica, Albania
Dr. B. Boudad – Moulay Ismail University, Meknes, Morocco
Dr. Sofia Bahroun – Badji Mokhtar University of Annaba, Algeria
Assoc. Prof. Sławomir Bajkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Łukasz Bąk – Kielce University of Technology, Kielce, Poland
Prof. Kazimierz Banasik – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Dr. Aliyu Salisu Barau – Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria
Prof. Icela Barcecó-Qiuntal – Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City, Mexico
Dr. Kirk L. Barnett – Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Australia
Prof. Moussa Benhamza – Badji Mokhtar University, Annaba, Algeria
Prof. Tomasz Bergel – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Małgorzata Biniak-Pieróg – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jan Bondaruk – Central Mining Institute, Katowice, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Brodziński – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krystyna Bryś – Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Science, Wrocław, Poland
Prof. Teresa Brzezińska-Wójcik – Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Lublin, Poland
Prof. Piotr Bugajski – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Bykowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Vincent Chaplot – Pierre and Marie Curie Unversity – Paris 6, France
Prof. Bogdan Chojnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wojciech Czekala – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Robert Czerniawski – University of Szczecin, Poland
Prof. Przemyslaw Czerniejewski – West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Assoc. Prof. Krzysztof Czerwionka – Gdańsk Uniwersity of Technology, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Czyżyk – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences. Falenty, Poland
Dr. Paweł Dąbek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Jolanta Dąbrowska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ralf Dannowski – Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Land Use Research, Germany
Prof. Bożena Dębska – UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Dr. Yousfi Djaffar – National Center for Space Technology, Algeria
Prof. Wojciech Dobicki – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Rebecca S. Dodder – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, North Carolina, United States
Dr. Tomasz Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Evens Emmanuel – Quisqueya University, Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Prof. Andrzej Eymontt – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Falkowski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Krzysztof Fortuniak – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Gądek – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Magdalena Gajewska – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Renata Gamrat – West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland
Dr. Givi Gavardashvili – Georgian Water Managment Institute, Tbilisi, Georgia
Dr. Yevheniy Gerasimov – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Dr. Abbas Gholami – Shoaml University, Amol, Iran
Prof. Daniela Gogoase Nistoran – University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Iurii Golubinka – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Dr. Roopali V. Goyal – Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Institute of Technology, Vasad, India
Prof. Ryszard Gołdyn – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Jolanta Grochowska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Jacek Grzyb – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Antoni Grzywna – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Younes Hamed – Gafsa University, Tunisia
Prof. Eko Handayanto – University of Brawijaya, Indonesia
Dr. Helvi Heinonen-Tanski – University of Eastern Finland, Joensuu, Finland
Dr. Leszek Hejduk – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Beata Hejmanowska – AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
Prof. Piotr Ilnicki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jerzy Jeznach – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Krzysztof Jóżwiakowski – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Prof. Csaba Juhász – University of Debrecen, Hungary
Prof. Tibangayuka Kabanda – North West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
Prof. Edmund Kaca – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Kałuża - Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Andrzej Kapusta – Inland Fisheries Institute, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Nouha Kaouachi – Mouhamed Sherif Messaadia University of Souk-Ahras, Algeria
Dr. Willia Khati – University of Chadli Ben Djedid, El-Tarf, Algeria
Prof. Abdul Khan – University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan
Dr. Adam Kiczko – Warsaw University of Life Sciences - SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Kisiel – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Dr. Małgorzata Kleniewska – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Iwona Kłosok-Bazan – Opole University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Silvia Kohnová – Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava, Slovak Republic
Prof. Tomasz Kolerski – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Marek Kopacz – AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Prof. Pyotr Kovalenko – Ukrainian Academy of Agricultural Engineering and Land Reclamation, Kiev, Ukraine
Dr. Agnieszka Kowalczyk – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Krasiński – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Janusz Kubrak – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Karolina Kurek – University of Agriculture of Krakow, Poland, Poland
Dr. Rekha Kushwaha – University of Kentucky, Lexington, United States
Dr. Stanisław Lach –AGH University of Science and Technology, Krakow, Poland
Dr. Lenka Lackóová – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Dr. Günter Langergraber – University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
Prof. Krzysztof Lejcuś – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Przemysław Leń – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland,
Prof. Jacek Leśny – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Daniel Liberacki – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Zhaoewei Liu – Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
Prof. Wiesława Lizińska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Jurik Lubos – Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Slovak Republic
Prof. Andrzej Łachacz – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Carmen Maftei – Ovidius University of Constanta, Romania
Prof. Artur Magnuszewski – University of Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Grzegorz Majewski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Małgorzata Makowska – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Krystyna Malińska – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Jacky Mania – Lille 1 University, France
Prof. Petro Martynyuk – National University of Water and Environmental Engineering, Rivne, Ukraine
Prof. Viktor Maxin – National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Prof. Małgorzata Mazurek – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Jakub Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Mazurkiewicz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Stanisław Mejza – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Maria Teresa Melis – University of Cagliari, Italy
Prof. Marta Menéndez Fernández –University of León, Spain
Prof. Monika Mika – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Dr. Gabriel Minea –National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest, Romania
Prof. Sevastel Mircea – University of Agronomic Science and Veterinary Medicine, Bucharest, Romania
Dr. El-Hadj Mokhtari – University of Hassiba Ben Bouali, Chlef, Algeria
Dr. Piotr Moniewski – Regional Inspectorate of Environmental Protection in Lodz, Poland
Prof. Józef Mosiej – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Amitouche Mourad – M’Hamed Bouguerra University of Boumerdes, Algeria
Prof. Ismet Mulliqi – University of Mitrovica "Isa Boletini", Albania
Dr. Tommaso Musner –University of Padua, Italy
Prof. Fulbert Namwamba – Southern University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, United States
Prof. Abdelazim Mohamed Abdelhamid Negm – Zagazig University, Egypt
Prof. Irena Niedźwiecka-Filipiak – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Kamil Nieścioruk – University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Poland
Dr. Witold Nocoń – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Prof. Laftouhi Noureddine – Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, Morocco
Dr. Mojtaba Noury – Islamic Azad University, Malard Branch, Malard, Iran
Dr. Eugeniusz Nowocień – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Oleniacz – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Beata Olszewska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Ednah Onyari –University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
Dr. Agnieszka Operacz – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Bogdan Ozga-Zieliński – Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - State Research Institute, Warsaw, Poland
Prof. Katarzyna Pawęska – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Jan Pawełek – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jan Pawlak – Institute of Technology and Life Sciences, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Grzegorz Pęczkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Velta Persova – Latvian Agricultural University, Jelgava, Latvia
Prof. Edward Pierzgalski – Forest Research Institute, Sękocin, Poland
Prof. Stefan Pietrzak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Dr. Iwona Pińskwar – Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Karol Plesiński – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Ryszard Pokładek – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Agnieszka Policht-Latawiec – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Popek – Warsaw University of Life Scieces – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Prakash D. Porey – Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat; Indian Society for Hydraulics, Khadakwasla; Indian Society for Wind Engineering, India
Dr. Erik Querner – Querner Consult, Wageningen, Netherlands
Dr. S. Abdul Rahaman – Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, India
Prof. Tomasz Rozbicki – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Prof. Roman Rolbiecki - University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Master Suhaila Sahat – Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Parit Raja, Malaysia
Dr. Roberto Serrano-Notivoli – University of Zaragoza, Spain
Prof. Abdol Aziz Shahraki – The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden
Dr. Tamara Shevchenko –O.M. Beketov National University of Urban Economy in Kharkiv, Ukraine
Dr. Sergey Shevchuk – Institute of Water Problems and Land Reclamation of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
Master Kodicherla Shiva Prashanth Kumar – Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China
Prof. Vasil Simeonov – University of Sofia „St. Kliment Ohridski”, Bulgaria"
Prof. Umesh Singh – Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Prof. Tadeusz Siwiec – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Mirosław Skorbiłowicz – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Izabela Skrzypczak – Rzeszow University of Technology, Poland
Dr Andrzej Skwierawski – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Mariusz Sojka – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Adam Sokołowski – University of Gdansk, Poland
Dr. Marcin Spychała – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Sroka – Wrocław University of Science and Technology, Poland
Prof. Piotr Stachowski – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Rafał Stasik – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Ruzica Stricevic – University of Belgrade, Serbia
Prof. Bagong Suyanto – Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
Prof. Lech Szajdak – Institute for Agricultural and Forest Environment, Polish Academy of Sciences, Poznań, Poland
Prof. Szymon Szewrański – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Wiesław Szulczewski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Maciej Szwast – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Tomasz Szymczak – Institute of Technology and Life Science, Falenty, Poland
Prof. Edmund Tomaszewski – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Prof. Waldemar Treder – Research Institute of Horticulture, Skierniewice, Poland
Dr. Krzysztof Ukalski – Warsaw University of Life Sciences – SGGW, Poland
Dr. Andrés Vargas – Pontifical Xavierian University, Bogota, Colombia
Prof. Magdalena Vaverková – Mendel University in Brno, Czech Republic
Prof. Liana Vuta – University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania
Dr. Raphael Wambua – Egerton University, Kenya
Dr. Rafał Wawer – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Prof. Mirosław Wiatkowski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Joanna Wibig – University of Lodz, Łódź, Poland
Dr. Joanna Wicher-Dysarz – Poznań University of Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Barbara Wiśniowska-Kielian – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Franciszek Woch – Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute, Puławy, Poland
Dr. Nurul hila Zainuddin – Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia
Prof. Jarosław Zawadzki – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Prof. Aziez Zeddouiri – University of Ouargla, Algeria
Prof. Abdel Razik Ahmed Zidan – Mansoura University, Egypt
Prof. Agnieszka Zwirowicz-Rutkowska – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Prof. Zbigniew Zwolinski – Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań, Poland
Dr. Tymoteusz Zydroń – University of Agriculture in Krakow, Poland
Prof. Jacek Żarski –UTP University of Science and Technology, Bydgoszcz, Poland
Prof. Miroslaw Żelazny – Jagiellonian University, Cracow, Poland
Prof. Romuald Żmuda – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Prof. Andrzej Żyromski – Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Poland
Dr. Anna Źróbek-Sokolnik – University of Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland

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