This essay is a general discussion of the most important changes in Polish maritime civil law introduced by the Maritime Code of 19 September 2001. The new Code has been in force since 5 June 2002. The author discusses the scope of the modifications contained in the new Code in relation to the previous Code of 1961. In consideration of the fact that the majority of norms of former maritime law have remained in force under the new Code, the author defines the new legislation as a recodification, rather than a wholly new legal act. He emphasizes and discusses in detail the good points of the new systematization of the maritime Code. In his discussion of particular regulations of the new legislation the author points to a series of dubious or, indeed, mistaken solutions. An example of such is, perhaps, the introduction of a new institution - the Polish Yacht Register. The most important changes in maritime law include the modification of the system of realizing the mortgage of ships. Mainly modelled on British law, the modified system attempts to avoid difficulties stemming from the realization of a mortgage in the course of the execution of a court judgement. It introduces the possibility of seizure of a ship covered by a mortgage and even its sale by the mortgager. The final part of the essay is a list of executive acts added to the Maritime Code that should be swiftly published. The author makes a selection of these instruments, indicating the sequence of their introduction.
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