Humanities and Social Sciences

Wiadomości Numizmatyczne


Wiadomości Numizmatyczne | 2023 | Rok LXVII

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coin hoard discovered in an unknown locality east of Saint Petersburg in Russia in 2019 ( tpq 1008/9), contained three Polish coins issued by Bolesław I the Brave of hitherto unknown types (Mikhel’son 2023). One of them bears the inscription: +POZZNANI, the oldest record of Poznań’s name, the then-capital center (Fig. 1). The reverse of this coin, like the two others, was struck from a die that contains the inscription: AЯЄAHLAT (Figs 1–3). This die was already known from the first die-chain of Bolesław the Brave’s coinage. This makes it possible to include the newly discovered coins in the die-chain. As a consequence, die-chain no. 1 can be expanded, its chronology can be made more precise (ca. 998–1010), and can help establish that the linked die-chains were used in the Poznań mint.
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Authors and Affiliations

Stanisław Suchodolski

  1. Institute of Archaeology and Ethnology Polish Academy of Sciences
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This article discusses the use of small lead seals (seal tags) in early medieval Poland for commercial and customs control in the context of an economic crisis. The introduction of sealing goods by the Piasts is explained by its cultural transfer from Rus’. Polish commercial lead seals were in use synchronously with Hohlpfennigs from the middle of the 13th to the middle of the 14th century. Their design systematically reflected signs and symbols on bracteates and differed significantly from other small seals of Drohiczyn type from Rus’. The extraordinary number of small lead seals found at Drohiczyn possibly reflects a short- -term relocation of trade routes caused by military conflicts.
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Authors and Affiliations

Aleksandr Musin

  1. Centre Michel de Boüard-Centre de Recherches Archéologiques et Historiques anciennes et médiévales (CRAHAM), UMR 6273, CNRS/Université de Caen Normandie
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In the collection of Silesian kwartniks of the National Museum in Wrocław there is a unique, unidentified example of type Fbg 1109. Previous attempts to attribute this coin to the Duchies of Wrocław or Świdnica were based on unclear premises. Re-analysis of the coin dies allows for the presentation of a new attribution proposal.
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Authors and Affiliations

Dawid Maciejczuk

  1. Institute of ArchaeologyUniversity of Wrocław
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The article presents the interpretation of a coin found in the Kuyavian region, Central Poland a few years ago. According to the most plausible hypothesis, it is a cast barbarian copy of a barbarian imitation of a Roman denarius. In other words, the barbarians most likely made (by casting) a copy of an imitation previously made (presumably struck) by other barbarians using a Roman original as a model. Numerous barbarian copies and barbarian imitations of Roman denarii have been recorded in recent years. However, the author of the presented article is not aware of any cast copies of imitations, therefore, taking into account the current state of research, the artefact described in the article should be considered unique.
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Authors and Affiliations

Arkadiusz Dymowski

  1. University of Warsaw Faculty of Archaeology
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The collections of the Grodno State Historical and Archaeological Museum include a hoard of denarii of the Roman Empire found near the village of Tsiapy in the Shchuchyn district of the Grodno region. The museum received 28 denarii from the Nerva–Antonine dynasty, the youngest of which dates back to 191–192. The Shchuchyn district and adjacent territories are known for the largest number of finds of Roman coins, including hoards, in the Grodno region. Numerous Roman and Eastern German imports recorded in this region allow us to hypothesize the penetration of the Goths into the right bank of the Neman River or their powerful influence on local Baltic population.
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Authors and Affiliations

Vital Sidarovich
Tatsiana Sialverstava
Jan Lialievich

  1. Uniwersytet Warszawski Wydział Archeologii
  2. badacz niezależny
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Article concerns medal made by Johann Philip Holzhauesser and given in 1780 to Ignacy Krasicki by King Stanisław August. The circumstances of its realization and reception during the life of gifted and after 1801 were presented based on the written sources (i.a. archives, correspondence). Message that accompanied the medal was analyzed and related to Stanisław August’s medal-making policy.
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Authors and Affiliations

Magdalena Kinga Górska

  1. Instytut Badań Literackich Polska Akademia Nauk
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The article is about substitute coins issued by Jan Turno in his demesne in Słomowo. The author presents a short history of the Turno family and the short biography of Jan Turno, and then explains the circumstances of the issue of the substitute money from Słomowo in Greater Poland, Oborniki County.
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Authors and Affiliations

Bartłomiej Czyżewski

Authors and Affiliations

Przemysław Paruzel
Adam Jakub Jarych
Krzysztof Jarzęcki
Jerzy Piniński
Paweł Kaźmierczak
Dawid Maciejczuk
Borys Paszkiewicz
Agata Macionczyk

Instructions for authors

Submission guidelines for authors

We ask all authors to adhere to the following guidelines in preparing articles for publication:

We accept submissions in electronic form (electronic delivery or CDs) in a commonly used word processor format (such as MS Word or AbiWord).
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● Submissions (except those intended for the sections “Finds,” “Reviews,” or “Chronicles”) should include an abstract (describing the content of the article in no more than 1,000 characters) and a summary (approximately 10% of the volume of the article). Both texts should be in English or prepared for translation into English. At the end of your article, include the author’s affiliation and e-mail address for publication.

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● Citations are to be placed in footnotes at the bottom of the page (not within the text – this does not apply to catalogue references in coin descriptions). Whenever possible, footnotes should be used for bibliographic purposes; avoid using them for commentaries.

● Use the Oxford style of referencing for footnotes (the author’s name, year). If possible, use the same format for catalog citations in coin descriptions. The article should include a list of references at the end with bibliographic entries consistent with the format adopted in Wiadomości Numizmatyczne (examples can be found at

● For articles intended for publication in Polish, foreign alphabets should be transliterated in bibliographic entries in accordance with the Polish Standard (e.g. PN-ISO 9-2000 for Slavic alphabets; see For articles intended for publication in languages other than Polish, use the transliteration standards accepted in those languages – for English, this is the Library of Congress system, used depending on the options offered by the word processing software (

● For present-day facts, use current geographical names (as opposed to, for example, Russian names in post-Soviet countries outside Russia; this also applies to abstracts in foreign languages). However, for articles intended for publication in Polish, it is recommended to use accepted Polish transliteration and traditional transcription rules, but only in the main text (not in bibliographic entries). Also, remember that any lesser-known name should be explained once in transliterated form together with an indication of the administrative unit to which it belongs. In the description of historical facts, use historical names then in use (such as Królewiec and Rychbach, not Kaliningrad and Dzierżoniów).

● Illustrations should be supplied in separate files (as opposed to being embedded in the text):

- Photographs should be supplied as TIFF or JPG files at a minimum resolution of 300 dpi (preferably 600). Photographs of coins should be cut out from the background and properly scaled.
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- Illustrations should be captioned and described in the text as “Fig.”

Authors of articles in the “Finds” section are asked to tailor reports of coin finds to the following system whenever possible:

1. city/town/village, municipality, and county (within current administrative division!);
2. place found;
3. date found;
4. discovery circumstances and finder;
5. the archaeological context (including position within a grave);
6. the number of coins found, collectively or individually;
7. the method of preservation;
8. terminus post quem of the find;
9. the current location where the coins are held;
10. the list of the coins discovered and possible accompanying objects (remember to include metrological data, especially for ancient and medieval coins, identify the mint – if it may be different – and provide a catalogue references);
11. a brief commentary, if any.

Brevity is appreciated, and illustrations of coins and site plans are always welcome.
Compliance with the above rules will speed up the publication of the article in a form that is clear and satisfactory to authors.

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Principles of publication ethics

The editorial board of Wiadomości Numizmatyczne follows the principles of accountability and ethics recommended by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for all those involved in the publication process and makes every possible effort to prevent any misconduct.


Fairness and impartiality: Submissions are evaluated on the merits of their content alone, without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, citizenship, or political ideology.

Publication decisions: The editor-in-chief is responsible for deciding which of the submitted articles should or should not be published. Decisions on the acceptance of an article for publication or its rejection are made by the editor-in-chief based on reviews that evaluate the article’s content, originality, clarity, and relevance to the scope of the journal. In making decisions, the editor-in-chief consults subject editors. The editor-in-chief is required to observe applicable provisions on defamation, copyright infringement, and plagiarism, and to take full responsibility for decisions on the publication of articles.

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Retractions of published articles:
The journal’s editors will consider retracting a published article if:
- we have clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, as a result of either misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental errors);
- the results were previously published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission, or justification (cases of redundant publication);
- the article constitutes plagiarism or reports unethical research.
Notices of retraction should be linked to the retracted article (by including the title and authors in the retraction heading), clearly identify the retracted article, and state who is retracting the article. Notices of retraction should always include the reason(s) for the retraction, so as to distinguish honest error from misconduct. Retracted articles will be retained in the journal’s print copies and electronic archives, but their retracted status will be marked as prominently as possible.


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Acknowledgement of sources: Authors should ensure the proper acknowledgement of the results of the work of other researchers. For this reason, they should cite publications they have used as sources of information and hypotheses when writing their articles.

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Contribution to editorial decisions: Peer reviews assist editors in making editorial decisions and may assist authors in improving their articles.

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Standards of objectivity: Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Reviewers should express their views clearly, using appropriate supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources: Any substantial similarity or overlap between the article under review and any other published article should be reported to the editor. Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.

Disclosure and conflict of interest: Information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and must not be used for the reviewer’s personal advantage. Reviewers should not agree to review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from collaborative or other relationships with any of the authors, companies, or institutions involved in writing the article. Authors have the right to respond to the critical remarks of reviewers.

Peer-review Procedure

Review procedure

- All scientific articles submitted to the editorial board of Wiadomości Numizmatyczne are subject to a double-blind review.

- Every scientific article is peer-reviewed by independent experts in the relevant specialization.

- The editorial board will make every effort to select reviewers with no professional or private relationship with the author of the text being reviewed.

- Reviewers are required to provide an objective review of the submitted article.

- Reviewers are required to disclose any irregularities that they discover, in particular any forms of plagiarism.

- Reviews must be made in writing and must include a clear evaluation of the submitted article.

- Reviewers evaluate whether or not the article is eligible for publication. The evaluation is based on the following criteria: whether the topic is approached in an innovative manner, whether the article takes into account the most recent subject literature, whether appropriate methodology has been used, and what impact the article will have on the current state of research in the field.

- The articles under review are treated as confidential.

- The reviewers remain anonymous.

- Authors are required to participate in the review process, in particular to incorporate or respond to suggested corrections and to remove identified errors.

- Once a year, the editorial board of Wiadomości Numizmatyczne publishes a list of reviewers collaborating with the journal on a specific issue. The list is published in the journal’s print issue and on the journal’s website.

Plagiarism Policy

The journal observes the principles of scientific transparency and integrity.
We therefore accept no forms of plagiarism, ghostwriting, or honorary authorship. In order to prevent these, relevant provisions have been included into the agreements signed with authors.
All the articles intended for publication in the journal are screened for plagiarism using the iThenticate software.

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