Science and earth science

Acta Geologica Polonica

Content

Acta Geologica Polonica | 2021 | vol. 71 | No 4 |

Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The taxonomy of simply deformed paradoxidids from the Miaolingian (Cambrian) of Słowiec Hill, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland, is revised based on morphometric analysis. The material represents two species: Acadoparadoxides slowiecensis (Czarnocki in Orłowski, 1965) and Hydrocephalus? polonicus (Czarnocki in Orłowski, 1965). A new assemblage zone based on the combined although not precisely known ranges of these two taxa is suggested replacing the previous Paradoxides polonicus Zone of Orłowski (1975, 1988, 1992a). The Acadoparadoxides slowiecensis–Hydrocephalus? polonicus Assemblage Zone corresponds to the middle and upper part of the Wuliuan Stage (lower Miaolingian).
Go to article

Bibliography

Adams, D.C., Collyer, M., Kaliontzopoulou, A. and Baken, E. 2016. Package ‘geomorph’. Software for geometric morphometric analyses for 2D/3D landmark data. Available at: http://cran.r-project.org/packages/geomorph/index.html.
Adams, D.C. and Otárola-Castillo, E. 2013. geomorph: an R Package for the collection and analysis of geometric morphometric shape data. Methods in ecology and evolution, 4, 393–399.
Aleksandrowski, P. and Mazur, S. 2017. On the new tectonic solutions in ‘Geological Atlas of Poland’. Przegląd Geologiczny, 65, 1499–1510. [In Polish with English abstract]
Angelin, N.P. 1854. Palaeontologia Scandinavica. Pars I: Crustacea Formationis Transitionis. Fasc. II, 21–92. T.O. Weigel; Leipzig (“Lipsiae”).
Angielczyk, K.D. and Sheets, H.D. 2007. Investigation of simulated tectonic deformation in fossils using geometric morphometrics. Paleobiology, 33, 125–148.
Asklund, B. and Thorslund, P. 1935. Fjällkedjerandens bergbyggnad i norra Jämtland och Ångermanland. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning C, 382, 1–110.
Axheimer, N. and Ahlberg, P. 2003. A core drilling through Cambrian strata at Almbacken, Scania, S. Sweden: trilobites and stratigraphical assessment. GFF, 125, 139–156.
Barrande, J. 1846. Notice Préliminaire sur le Systême Silurien et les Trilobites de Bohême, 97 pp. C.L. Hirschfeld; Leipzig (“Leipsic”).
Barrande, J. 1852. Systême Silurien du Centre de la Bohême, 935 pp. Private edition by J. Barrande; Prague, Paris.
Bednarczyk, W., Lendzion, K. and Orłowski, S. 1990. Rodzina Paradoxididae Hawle et Corda, 1847. In: Pajchlowa, M. (Ed.), Budowa geologiczna Polski. Tom III. Atlas skamieniałości przewodnich i charakterystycznych. Część 1a. Paleozoik starszy (z proterozoikiem górnym). Ryfej, Wend, Kambr, 58–61. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne; Warszawa.
Belka, Z., Valverde-Vaquero, P., Dörr, W., Ahrendt, H., Wemmer, K., Franke, W. and Schäfer, J. 2002. Accretion of first Gondwana- derived terranes at the margin of Baltica. In: Winchester, J.A., Pharaoh, T.C. and Verniers, J. (Eds), Palaeozoic Amalgamation of Central Europe. Special Publications of the Geological Society of London, 201, 19–36.
Berg-Madsen, V. 1981. The Middle Cambrian Kalby and Borregård Members of Bornholm, Denmark. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 103, 215–231.
Berthelsen, A. 1992. From Precambrian to Variscan Europe. In: Blundell, D., Freeman, R. and Müller, S. (Eds), A Continent Revealed: The European Geotraverse, 153–164. Cambridge University Press; Cambridge.
Boeck, C.P.B. 1827. Notizer til Læren om trilobiterne. Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne, 8 (1), 11–44.
Brøgger, W.C. 1878. Om paradoxidesskiferene ved Krekling. Nyt Magazin for Natursvidenskaberne, 24, 18–88.
Brongniart, A. 1822. Les Trilobites. In: Brongniart, A. and Desmarest A.-G., Histoire naturelle des crustacés fossiles, sous les rapports zoologiques et géologiques, 1–65. F.-G. Levrault; Paris.
Czarnocki, J. 1919. Stratygrafja i tektonika Gór Świętokrzyskich. Prace Towarzystwa Naukowego Warszawskiego, 28, 1–172.
Czarnocki, J. 1927a. Kambr i jego fauna w środkowej części Gór Świętokrzyskich. Sprawozdania Państwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 4 (1/2), 189–208.
Czarnocki, J. 1927b. Le Cambrien et la faune cambrienne de la partie moyenne du massif de Swiety Krzyz (Ste Croix). Congrès Geológique International, Compte-rendue de la XIVe session, en Espagne, 1926, Madrid, 735–750.
Czarnocki, J. 1933. Odsłonięcia kambru okolic Ociesęk i Orłowin jako zabytek w znaczeniu naukowem. Zabytki Przyrody Nieożywionej, 2, 78–85.
Dean, W.T. and Rushton, A.W.A. 1997. Superfamily Paradoxidoidea Hawle and Corda, 1847. In: Kaesler, R.L. (Ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part O, Arthropoda 1, Trilobita, Revised, volume 1: Introduction, Order Agnostida, Order Redlichiida, 470–481. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press; Boulder and Lawrence.
Fletcher, T.P. 2007. Correlating the zones of ‘Paradoxides hicksii’ and ‘Paradoxides davidis’ in Cambrian Series 3. Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, 33, 35–56.
Geyer, G. 1998. Intercontinental, trilobite-based correlation of the Moroccan early Middle Cambrian. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 35, 374–401.
Geyer, G. 2019. A comprehensive Cambrian correlation chart. Episodes, 42 (4), 321–332.
Geyer, G. and Landing, E. 2001. Middle Cambrian of Avalonian Massachusetts: stratigraphy and correlation of the Braintree trilobites. Journal of Paleontology, 75, 116–135.
Geyer, G., Nowicki, J., Żylińska, A. and Landing, E. 2019. Comment on: Álvaro, J.J., Esteve, J. & Zamora, S. 2019. Morphological assessment of the earliest paradoxidid trilobites (Cambrian Series 3) from Morocco and Spain [Geological Magazine]. Geological Magazine, 156, 1691–1707.
Geyer, G. and Vincent, T. 2015. The Paradoxides puzzle resolved: the appearance of the oldest paradoxidines and its bearing on the Cambrian Series 3 lower boundary. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, 89, 335–398.
Green, J. 1834. Descriptions of some new North American trilobites. American Journal of Science, 25, 334–337.
Gürich, G. 1892. Ueber eine cambrische Fauna von Sandomir in Russisch-Polen. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1892 (1), 69–70.
Haber, A. 2011. OSymm. Available at: http://life.bio.sunysb.edu/morph/morphmet/OSymm.R.
Hawle, I. and Corda, A.J.C. 1847. Prodrom einer Monographie der böhmischen Trilobiten, Königliche Böhmische Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften, Abhandlungen, 5, 1–176.
Henningsmoen, G. 1952. Early Middle Cambrian fauna from Rogaland, SW Norway (Paradoxides oelandicus stage = 1c a). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 30, 13–32.
Hughes, N.C. and Jell, P.A. 1992. A statistical/computer-graphic technique for assessing variation in tectonically deformed fossils and its application to Cambrian trilobites from Kashmir. Lethaia, 25, 317–330.
Jendryka-Fuglewicz, B. 1992. Comparative analysis of brachiopods from the Cambrian deposits of the Holy Cross Mountains and the Precambrian Platform in Poland. Przegląd Geologiczny, 40, 150–155. [In Polish]
Klingenberg, C.P., Barluenga, M. and Meyer, A. 2002. Shape analysis of symmetric structures: quantifying variation among individuals and asymmetry. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution, 56, 1909–1920.
Kobayashi, T. 1935. The Cambro-Ordovician formations and faunas of South Chosen. Palaeontology. Part III. Cambrian fauna of South Chosen with a special study of the Cambrian trilobite genera and families. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo, section 2, 4, 49–344.
Konon, A. 2008. Tectonic subdivision of Poland: Holy Cross Mountains and adjacent areas. Przegląd Geologiczny, 56, 921–926. [In Polish with English abstract]
Kordule, V. 1990. Rejkocephalus, a new paradoxidid genus from the Middle Cambrian of Bohemia (Trilobita). Věstník Ústředního Ústavu Geologického, 65, 55–60.
Kowalczewski, Z., Żylińska, A. and Szczepanik, Z. 2006. Kambr w Górach Świętokrzyskich. In: Skompski, S. and Żylińska, A. (Eds), 77 Zjazd Naukowy Polskiego Towarzystwa Geologicznego, Ameliówka k. Kielc 28–30 czerwca 2006 r., 14–27. Wydawnictwa Geologiczne; Warszawa.
Liñán, E. and Gozalo, R. 1986. Trilobites del Cámbrico inferior y medio de Murero (Cordillera Ibérica). Memorias del Museo Paleontológico de la Universidad de Zaragoza, 2, 1–104.
Linnarsson, J.G.O. 1869. Om Vestergötlands cambriska och siluriska aflagringar. Kungliga Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 8 (2), 1–89.
Linnarsson, J.G.O. 1876. On the Brachiopoda of the Paradoxides Beds of Sweden. Bihang till Kungliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar, 3 (12), 1–34.
Masiak, M. and Żylińska, A. 1994. Burgess Shale-type fossils in Cambrian sandstones of the Holy Cross Mountains. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 39, 329–340.
Matthew, G.F. 1887. Illustrations of the fauna of the St. John Group. No. IV. On the smaller-eyed trilobites of Division I, with a few remarks on the species of the higher divisions of the group. Canadian Record of Science, 2, 357–363.
Minchin, P.R. 1987. An evaluation of the relative robustness of techniques for ecological ordination. Vegetatio, 69, 89–107.
Nawrocki, J., Dunlap, J., Pecskay, Z., Krzemiński, L., Żylińska, A., Fanning, M., Kozłowski, W., Salwa, S., Szczepanik, Z. and Trela, W. 2007. Late Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic palaeogeography of the Holy Cross Mountains (Central Europe): an integrated approach. Journal of the Geological Society, London, 164, 405–423.
Nielsen, A.T. and Ahlberg, P. 2019. The Miaolingian, a new name for the ‘Middle’ Cambrian (Cambrian Series 3): identification of lower and upper boundaries in Baltoscandia. GFF, 141, 162–173.
Nielsen, A.T. and Schovsbo, N.H. 2006. Cambrian to basal Ordovician lithostratigraphy in southern Scandinavia. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, 53, 47–92.
Nowicki, J. 2015. morphoutils – utility functions for geometric morphometrics. Available at: https://github.com/jakubnowicki/morphoutils.
Nowicki, J. 2016. Taxonomic revision of the Cambrian trilobite family Paradoxididae Hawle et Corda, 1847 from the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland) with the application of morphometric analysis, 192 pp. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, University of Warsaw. [In Polish]
Nowicki, J. and Żylińska, A. 2019. The first occurrence of the earliest species of Acadoparadoxides outside Gondwana (Cambrian; Holy Cross Mountains, Poland). Geological Magazine, 156, 1027–1051.
Oksanen, J., Blanchet, F.G., Friendly, M., Kindt, R., Legendre, P., McGlinn, D., Minchin, P.R., O’Hara, R.B., Simpson, G.L., Solymos, P., Stevens, M.H.H., Szoecs, E. and Wagner, H. 2016. vegan: Community Ecology Package. Available at: https://cran.r-project.org/web/packages/vegan/ index.html.
Orłowski, S. 1957. On the presence of Paradoxides ölandicus Beds in the Holy Cross Mountains. Bulletin de l’Académie Polonaise des Sciences, Série des sciences chimiques, géologiques et géographiques, 5, 769–772.
Orłowski, S. 1959a. Paradoxidae from lower Middle Cambrian Strata in the vicinity of Sandomierz (Central Poland). Bulletin de l’Académie Polonaise des Sciences, Série des sciences chimiques, géologiques et géographiques, 7, 441–446.
Orłowski, S. 1959b. Ellipsocephalidae from the Lower Beds of the Middle Cambrian in the Vicinity of Sandomierz (Central Poland). Bulletin de l’Académie Polonaise des Sciences, Série des sciences chimiques, géologiques et géographiques, 7, 515–520.
Orłowski, S. 1964. Middle Cambrian and its fauna in the eastern part of the Holy Cross Mts. Studia Geologica Polonica, 16, 5–94. [In Polish with English abstract]
Orłowski, S. 1965. A revision of the Middle Cambrian fauna from the Słowiec Hill (Holy Cross Mountains). Biuletyn Geologiczny UW, 6, 136–146. [In Polish with extensive English abstract]
Orłowski, S. 1975. Cambrian and Upper Precambrian lithostratigraphic units of the Holy Cross Mts. Acta Geologica Polonica, 25, 431–448. [In Polish with English abstract]
Orłowski, S. 1985. New data on the Middle Cambrian trilobites and stratigraphy in the Holy Cross Mts. Acta Geologica Polonica, 35, 251–263.
Orłowski, S. 1988. Stratigraphy of the Cambrian system in the Holy Cross Mts. Kwartalnik Geologiczny, 32, 525–532.
Orłowski, S. 1989. Trace fossils in the Lower Cambrian sequence in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains, Central Poland. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 34, 211–231.
Orłowski, S. 1992a. Cambrian stratigraphy and stage subdivision in the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Geological Magazine, 129, 471–474.
Orłowski, S. 1992b. Trilobite trace fossils and their stratigraphical significance in the Cambrian sequence of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Geological Journal, 27, 15–34.
Özdikmen, H. 2009. Nomenclatural changes for twenty trilobites genera. Munis Entomology & Zoology, 4, 155–171. R Core Team, 2016. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. Available at: http://www.r-project.org.
Richter, R. 1932. Crustacea (Paläontologie). In: Dittler, R., Joos, G., Korschelt, E., Linck, G., Oltmanns, F. and Schaum, K. (Eds), Handwörterbuch der Naturwissenschaften, Zweite Auflage, 840–864. Gustav Fischer; Jena.
Rohlf, F.J. 2016. TPS software series. Available at: http://life.bio.sunysb.edu/morph/.
Rushton, A.W.A. 2006. Revision of the middle Cambrian trilobite Paradoxides jemtlandicus. Geological Magazine, 143, 771–776.
Rushton, A.W.A. and Weidner, T.R. 2007. The Middle Cambrian paradoxidid trilobite Hydrocephalus from Jämtland, central Sweden. Acta Geologica Polonica, 57, 391–401.
Rushton, A.W.A., Weidner, T. and Ebbestad, J.O.R. 2016. Paradoxidid trilobites from a mid-Cambrian (Series 3, stage 5) limestone concretion from Jämtland, central Sweden. Bulletin of Geosciences, 91, 515–552.
Salter, J.W. 1865. A monograph of the British trilobites from the Cambrian, Silurian and Devonian formations. Monographs of the Palaeontolographical Society, 81–128. The Palaeontographical Society; London.
Samson, S., Palmer, A.R., Robison, R.A. and Secor Jr., D.T. 1990. Biogeographical significance of Cambrian trilobites from the Carolina slate belt. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 102, 1459–1470.
Schlotheim, E.F. 1823. Nachträge zur Petrefactenkunde, 114 pp. Becker’sche Buchhandlung; Gotha. Sdzuy, K. 1958. Neue Trilobiten aus dem Mittelkambrium von Spanien. Senckenbergiana lethaea, 39, 235–253.
Sjögren, A. 1872. Om några försteningar i Ölands Kambriska lager. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 1 (5), 67–80.
Šnajdr, M., 1957. O nových trilobitech z českého kambria. Věstnik Ústředniho Ústavu Geologického, 32, 235–244.
Šnajdr, M. 1958. Trilobiti českého středního kambria. Rozpravy Ústředniho Ústavu Geologického, 24, 1–280.
Šnajdr, M. 1986. Two new paradoxid trilobites from the Jince Formation (Middle Cambrian, Czechoslovakia). Věstnik Ústředniho Ústavu Geologického, 61, 169–174.
Srivastava, D.C. and Shah, J. 2006. Digital method for strain estimation and retrodeformation of bilaterally symmetric fossils. Geology, 34, 593–596.
Strand, T. 1929. The Cambrian beds of the Mjøsen district in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 10, 308–366.
Sundberg, F.A., Geyer, G., Kruse, P.D., McCollum, L.B., Pegel’, T.V., Żylińska, A. and Zhuravlev, A.Yu. 2016. International correlation of the Cambrian Series 2–3, Stages 4–5 boundary interval. Australasian Paleontological Memoirs, 49, 83–124.
Szczepanik, Z. and Żylińska, A. 2016. The oldest rocks of the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland – biostratigraphy of the Cambrian Czarna Shale Formation in the vicinity of Kotuszów. Acta Geologica Polonica, 66, 267–281.
Thorslund, P. 1949. Notes on Kootenia sp. n. and associated Paradoxides species from the lower Middle Cambrian of Jemtland, Sweden. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, ser. C, 410, 3–8.
Wahlenberg, G. 1818. Petrifacta telluris Svecanae. Acta Societas Regiae Scientiarum, 8, 1–116. [for 1921]
Walch, J.E.I. 1771. Die Naturgeschichte der Versteinerungen zur Erläuterung der Knorrischen Sammlung von Merkwürdigkeiten der Natur, 250 pp. Felßecker; Nürnberg.
Walczak, A. and Belka, Z. 2017. Fingerprinting Gondwana versus Baltica provenance: Nd and Sr isotopes in Lower Paleozoic clastic rocks of the Małopolska and Łysogóry terranes, southern Poland. Gondwana Research, 45, 138–151.
Webster, M. and Hughes, N.C. 1999. Compaction-related deformation in Cambrian olenelloid trilobites and its implications for fossil morphometry. Journal of Paleontology, 73, 355–371.
Westergård, A.H. 1936. Paradoxides oelandicus Beds of Öland. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning C, 394, 1–66.
Żelaźniewicz A., Aleksandrowski, P., Buła, Z., Karnkowski, P.H., Konon, A., Oszczypko, N., Ślączka, A., Żaba, J. and Żytko, K. 2011. Regionalizacja tektoniczna Polski, 60 pp. Komitet Nauk Geologicznych PAN; Wrocław.
Żelaźniewicz, A., Buła, Z., Fanning, M., Seghedi, A. and Żaba, J. 2009. More evidence on Neoproterozoic terranes in Southern Poland and southeastern Romania. Geological Quarterly, 53, 93–124.
Żylińska, A., Kin, A. and Nowicki, J. 2013. Application of morphometric techniques for taxonomic revision of Berabichia oratrix (Orłowski, 1985) (Trilobita, Cambrian) from the Holy Cross Mountains, Poland. Geodiversitas, 35, 505–528.
Żylińska, A. and Szczepanik, Z. 2009. Trilobite and acritarch assemblages from the Lower–Middle Cambrian boundary interval in the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 59, 413–458.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Jakub Nowicki
1
Anna Żylińska
1

  1. Faculty of Geology, University of Warsaw, Żwirki i Wigury 93, PL-02-089 Warsaw, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The Lower Devonian (Emsian) and Middle Devonian of Belarus contain assemblages of biostratigraphically useful faunal and floral microremains. Surface deposits are few, with most material being derived from borehole cores. Acanthodian scales are particularly numerous and comparison with scales from other regions of the Old Red Sandstone continent (Laurussia), specifically the Orcadian Basin of Scotland, the Baltic Region, Spitsbergen, and Severnaya Zemlya have demonstrated a lot of synonymy of acanthodian species between these areas. This is especially the case between Belarus, the Orcadian Basin and the Baltic Region, which has allowed us to produce an interregional biostratigraphic scheme, as well as to postulate marine connection routes between these areas. The acanthodian biostratigraphy of Belarus is particularly important as it is associated with spores and marine invertebrates, so giving the potential of more detailed correlations across not only the Old Red Sandstone continent, but elsewhere in the Devonian world. We also demonstrate that differences in preservation (e.g., wear and how articulated a specimen is) is one of the main reasons for synonymy.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Dmitry P. Plax
1
Michael Newman
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Belarusian National Technical University (BNTU), Nezavisimosti Avenue 65, 220013 Minsk, Republic of Belarus
  2. Vine Lodge, Vine Road, Johnston, Haverfordwest, SA62 3NZ Pembrokeshire, United Kingdom
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

Inconsistency in the approach to the corals included by different authors in the families Tachylasmatidae Grabau, 1928 and Pentaphyllidae Schindewolf, 1942 are discussed in the context of their relationship vs homeomorphy to the Family Plerophyllidae Koker, 1924. Following Schindewolf (1942), the pentaphylloid or cryptophylloid early ontogeny, typical of the former two families, is contrasted with the zaphrentoid ontogeny typical of the latter family. Comprehensive analysis proves the independent taxonomic position of the Suborder Tachylasmatina Fedorowski, 1973. The taxa described herein support this idea. The relationship of the two families: Tachylasmatidae and Pentaphyllidae within the framework of this suborder are suggested. A new genus left in open nomenclature (represented by a single specimen) and three new species, Pentaphyllum sp. nov. 1, ?Pentaphyllum sp. nov. 2 and Gen. et sp. nov. 1 are described from lower Bashkirian deposits.
Go to article

Bibliography

Aizenverg, D.E., Astakhova, T.V., Berchenko, O.I., Brazhnikova, N.E., Vdovenko, M.V., Dunaeva, N.N., Zernetskaya, N.V., Poletaev, V.I. and Sergeeva, M.T. 1983. Upper Serpukhovian Substage in the Donets Basin, 160 pp. Akademia Nauk Ukrainskoi SSR. Institut Geologicheskikh Nauk. Naukova Dumka; Kyiv.
Carruthers, R.G. 1919. A remarkable Carboniferous coral. The Geological Magazine, 56, 436–441.
Dana, J.D. 1846. Genera of fossil corals of the family Cyathophyllidae. American Journal of Sciences and Arts, 1, 178–189.
Easton, W.H. 1944. Corals from the Chouteau and related formations of the Mississippi Valley Region. State Geological Survey. Report of Investigations, 97, 1–93.
Ezaki, Y. 1991. Permian corals from Abadeh and Julfa, Iran, West Tethys. Journal of the Faculty of Sciences, Hokkaido University, 23, 53–146.
Fan, Y.N., Yu, X.G., He, Y.X., Pan, Y.T., Li, X., Wang, F.Y., Tang, D.J., Chen, S.J., Zhao, P.R. and Liu, J.J. 2003. The late Palaeozoic rugose corals of Xizang (Tibet) and adjacent regions and their palaeobiogeography, 679 pp. National Science Foundation of China. Hunan Science and Technology Press; Hunan. Fedorowski, J. 1973. Rugose corals Polycoelaceae and Tachylasmatina subord. n. from Dalnia in the Holy Cross Mts. Acta Geologica Polonica, 23, 89–135.
Fedorowski, J. 1981. Carboniferous corals: distribution and sequence. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 26 (2), 87–160.
Fedorowski, J. 1997. Remarks on the paleobiology of Rugosa. Geologos, 2, 5–58.
Fedorowski, J. 2009a. On Pentamplexus Schindewolf, 1940 (Anthozoa, Rugosa) and its possible relatives and analogues. Palaeontology, 52 (2), 297–322.
Fedorowski, J. 2009b. Revision of Pentaphyllum De Koninck (Anthozoa, Rugosa). Palaeontology, 52 (3), 569–591.
Fedorowski, J. 2009c. Early Bashkirian Rugosa (Anthozoa) from the Donets Basin, Ukraine. Part. 1. Introductory considerations and the genus Rotiphyllum Hudson, 1942. Acta Geologica Polonica, 59, 1–37.
Fedorowski, J. 2010. Does similarity in rugosan characters and their functions indicate taxonomic relationship? Palaeoworld, 19 (3–4), 374–381.
Fedorowski, J. 2012. On three rugose coral genera from Serpukhovian strata in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin, Poland. Acta Geologica Polonica, 62, 1–33.
Fedorowski, J. and Bamber, E.W. 2001. Guadalupian (Middle Permian) solitary rugose corals from the Degerbols and Trold Fiord formations, Ellesmere and Melville Islands, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Acta Geologica Polonica, 51, 31–79.
Flügel, H.W. 1968. Rugose Korallen aus den Oberen Nesen-Formation (Dzhulfa Stufe, Perm) des Zentralen Elburz (Iran). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 130, 275–304.
Flügel, H.W. 1972. Die paläozoischen Korallenfunde Ost-Irans. 2. Rugosa und Tabulata der Jamal-Formation (Darwasian?, Perm), Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 115, 49–102.
Flügel, H.W. 1973. Rugose Korallen aus dem oberen Perm Ost-Grönlands. Verhandlungen der geologischen Bundesanstalt, 1, 1–57.
Flügel, H.W. 1991. Rugosa aus dem Karbon der Ozbak-Kuh- Gruppe Ost-Irans. Jahrbuch der geologischen Bundesanstalt, 134 (4), 657–688.
Flügel, H.W. 1997. Korallen aus dem Perm von S-Tunesien, W-Iran und NW-Thailand. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sitzungsberiche Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. Abteilung 1. Biologische Wissenschaften und Erdwissenschaften, 204, 79–109.
Frech, F. and Arthaber, G.A. 1900. Über das Paläozoikum in Hocharmenien und Persien mit einem Anhang über die Kreide von Sirab in Persien. Beiträge zur Paläontologie und Geologie der Österreich-Ungarns, 12, 161–308.
Fromentel, E. de 1861. Introduction à l’étude des éponges fossils. Mémoires de la Société Linnéense de Normandie, 11, 1–150.
Gerth, H. 1921. Die Anthozoën der Dyas von Timor. Palaeontologie von Timor, 9 (16), 65–147.
Gervais, P. 1840. Astrée, Astraea. In: Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles Paris, Supplement, v. 1, 481–487. F.G. Levrault; Paris, Strasbourg.
Grabau, A.W. 1922. Palaeozoic corals of China. Part I. Tetraseptata. Palaeontologia Sinica, Series B, 2 (1), 1–76.
Grabau, A.W. 1928. Palaeozoic corals of China. Part I. Tetraseptata II. Second contribution to our knowledge of the streptelasmoid corals of China and adjacent territories. Palaeontologia Sinica, Series B, 2 (2), 1–175.
Hill, D. 1981. Coelenterata, Supplement 1, Rugosa and Tabulata. In: Teichert, C. (Ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part F, F1–F762. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press; Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence, Kansas.
Hinde, G.J. 1890. Notes on the Palaeontology of Western Australia 2. Corals and Polyzoa. The Geological Magazine, Series 3, 7, 194–204.
Hudson, R.G.S. 1936a. On the Lower Carboniferous corals: Rhopalolasma gen. nov. and Cryptophyllum Carr. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 23, 1–12.
Hudson, R.G.S. 1936b. The development and septal notation of the Zoantharia Rugosa (Tetracoralla). Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 23, 68–78.
Ilina, T.G. 1965. Late Permian and Early Triassic Tetracorals from Transcaucasus. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, Akademia Nauk SSSR, 107, 1–104. [In Russian]
Ilina, T.G. 1984. Historical development of corals. Suborder Polycoeliina. Trudy Paleontologicheskogo Instituta, Akademia Nauk SSSR, 198, 1–184. [In Russian]
Koker, E.M.J. 1924. Anthozoen uit het Perm van het Eiland Timor. 1. Zaphrentidae, Plerophyllidae, Cystiphyllidae, Amphiastraeidae. Jaarboek van het Mijnwezen in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië, 51, 1–50.
Koninck, L.G. de. 1872. Nouvelles recherches sur les animaux fossils du terrain carbonifère de la Belgique. Part. 1. Bulletin de l’Academie Royalle des Sciences des Letters et des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, 39, 1–178.
Kullmann, J. 1965. Rugose Korallen der Cephalopoden Facies und ihre Verbreitung im Devon des südöstlichen Kantabrischen Gebirges (Nordspanien). Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur. Abhandlungen der mathematisch- wissenschaftliche Klasse, 2, 1–136.
Lavrusevich, A.I. 1968. Rugosa of the post-Ludlovian deposits of the Zeravshan River Valley (Central Tadzhikistan), 102–130. In: Sokolov, B.S. and Ivanovsky, A.B. (Eds), Biostratigraphy of the boundary deposits of the Silurian and Devonian. Nauka; Moscow. [In Russian]
Milne Edwards, H. and Haime, J. 1850–1852. A monograph of the British fossil corals. Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, 1850 (1–71), 1851 (72–146), 1852 (147–210). Palaeontographical Society; London.
Počta, F. 1902. Anthozoaires et Alcyonaires. In: Barrande, J., Systême Silurien du centre de la Bohême, part 1, vol. 8, pt. 2, i–viii + 1–347. The author; Prague, Paris.
Poletaev, V.I., Vdovenko, M.V., Shchoglev, O.K., Boyarina, N.I. and Makarov, I.A. 2011. The stratotypes of the regional subdivisions of Carboniferous and Lower Permian Don-Dneper Depression and their biostratigraphy, 236 pp. Logos; Kyiv. [In Ukrainian]
Poty, E. 1981. Recherches sur les tétracoralliaires et les hétérocoralliaires du Viséen de la Belgique. Mededelingen rijks geologische dienst, 35-1, 1–161.
Rodríguez, S. and Said, I. 2009. Descripción de los corales from Peñarroya-Pueblonuevo (Córdoba) y El Casar (Badajos). Colloquios de Paleontologia, 59, 7–27.
Rothpletz, A. 1892. Die Perm-, Trias- und Jura-Formationen auf Timor und Rotti im indischen Archipel. Palaeontographica, 39, 57–106.
Rowett, C.L. 1969. Upper Paleozoic stratigraphy and corals from the east-central Alaska Range, Alaska. Arctic Institute of North America, Technical Paper, 23, 1–120.
Schindewolf, O.H. 1940. “Konwergenzen” bei Korallen und bei Ammoneen. Forschrift für Geologie und Palaeontologie, 12, 389–392.
Schindewolf, O.H. 1942. Zur Kenntnis der Polycoelien und Plerophyllen. Eine Studie über den Bau der “Tetracorallen” ind ihre Beziehungen zu den Madreporarien. Abhandlungen des Reichsamtes für Bodenforschung, 204, 1–324.
Schindewolf, O.H. 1952. Korallen der Oberkarbon (Namur) des oberschlesischen Steinkohlen-Becken. Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Abhandlungen der matematisch- naturwissenschaftlichen Klasse, 4, 143–227.
Sokolov, B.S. 1960. Permian corals of the southwestern part of the Omolon Massif (with special attention to plerophyllid Rugosa). Trudy Vsesoyuznogo Neftianogo Nauchno-Geologicheskogo Instituta (VNIGRI), 154, 38–77. [In Russian]
Soshkina, E.D., Dobroljubova, T.A. and Porfiriev, G.S. 1941. Permian Rugosa of the European part of the USSR. In: Likcharev, B.K. (Ed.), Palaeontology of the USSR, vol. 5, pt. 3, no. 1. Paleontologicheskiy Institut; Moskva, Leningrad. [In Russian]
Sowerby, J. 1814. The mineral conchology of Great Britain, vol. 1, pt. 13, 153–168. B. Meredith; London.
Stuckenberg, A.A. 1904. Corals and bryozoans from the lower division of the central Russian Carboniferous limestone. Trudy Geologicheskogo Komiteta, 14, I–IV + 1–109. [In Russian with German summary]
Vassilyuk, N.P. 1960. Lower Carboniferous corals from the Donets Basin. Akademia Nauk Ukrainskoi SSR. Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk. Seria Stratigrafia i Paleontologia, 13, 1–179. [In Russian]
Verrill, A.E. 1865. Classification of polyps (Extract condensed from a synopsis of the polypi of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under captains Ringgold and Rogers, U.S.N.). Proceedings of the Essex Institute, 4, 145–149.
Wang, X.D., Sugiyama, T. and Zhang, F. 2004. Individual variation in a new solitary rugose coral Commutia exsoleta from the Lower Carboniferous of the Baoshan Block, Southwest China. Journal of Paleontology, 78, 77–83.
Weyer, D. 1972. Zur Morphologie der Rugosa (Pterocorallia). Geologie, 21, 710–737.
Weyer, D. 1973. Einige rugose Korallen aus der Erblochsgrauwacke (Unterdevon des Unterharzes). Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften, 1, 45–65.
Weyer, D. 1975. Korallen aus dem Obertournai der Insel Hiddensee. Zeitschrift für geologische Wissenschafen, 3, 927–949.
Weyer, D. 1977. Review of the rugose coral faunas of the Lower Namurian Ostrava Formation (Upper Silesian Coal Basin). In: Holub, V.M and Wagner, R.H. (Eds), Symposium on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, 459–468. Praha.
Weyer, D. 1994. Korallen im Untertournai-Profil von Drewer (Rheinische Schiefergebirge). Geologie und Paläontologie in Westfalen, 29, 177–221.
Weyer, D. and Ilina, T.G. 1979. Die Permischen Rugosa-Genera Pleramplexus und Pentamplexus. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften, 11, 1315–1341.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Jerzy Fedorowski
1

  1. Institute of Geology, Adam Mickiewicz University, Bogumiła Krygowskiego 12, PL 61-680 Poznań, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

In Butkov Quarry, ammonites of the families Holcodiscidae Spath, 1923 and Barremitidae Breskovski, 1977 occur in the pelagic Lower Cretaceous pelagic deposits of the Manín Unit. This contribution discusses the taxonomy of both families and presents their distribution in the layered sequences of the quarry. The genus Spitidiscus Kilian, 1910 classified as a member of the Superfamily Perisphinctoidea Steinmann in Steinmann and Döderlein, 1890 is an important representative of the Holcodiscidae from a stratigraphic point of view. In areas where the zonal index Acanthodiscus radiatus (Bruguière, 1789) does not occur, as in Butkov Quarry, the first representatives of Spitidiscus indicate the base of the Hauterivian. The genus Plesiospitidiscus Breistroffer, 1947 was long regarded as a member of the Superfamily Desmoceratoidea Zittel, 1895. This superfamily was based on its type species, Eodesmoceras celestini (Pictet and Campiche, 1860), which is not Valanginian in age, as now clearly proven. As a consequence, this superfamily is considered invalid. Vermeulen and Lahondère (2011) proposed an alternative by selecting a suitable initial genus, namely Plesiospitidiscus, for the Family Barremitidae, Superfamily Barremitoidea Breskovski, 1977 ( nom. transl. Vermeulen and Lahondère, 2011).
Go to article

Bibliography

Aguirre Urreta, M.B. and Rawson, P.F. 2003. Lower Cretaceous ammonites from the Neuquén Basin, Argentina: the Hauterivian genus Holcoptychites. Cretaceous Research, 24, 589–613.
Arkell, W.J., Kummel, B. and Wright, C.W. 1957. Mesozoic Ammonoidea. In: Moore, R.C. (Ed.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, part L, Mollusca 4, Cephalopoda, Ammonoidea, 80–437. The Geological Society of America & The University of Kansas Press; New York & Lawrence.
Avram, E. 1995. Representantives of the family Holcodiscidae Spath, 1924 (Ammonitina) in Rumania. Memoire descrittive della Carta Geologica d’Italia, 51, 11–45.
Avram, E. and Grădinaru, E. 1993. A peculiar Upper Valanginian cephalopod fauna from the Carpathian Bend (Codlea Town Area), Romania): biostratigraphic and paleobistratigraphic implications. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, 136, 665–700.
Besaire, H. 1936. Recherches géologiques à Madagascar 1. La geologie du Nord-Ouest. Mémoires de l’Academie Malgache, 21, 1–259.
Borza, K., Michalík, J. and Vašíček, Z. 1987. Lithological, biofacial and geochemical characterization of the Lower Cretaceous pelagic carbonate sequence of Mt. Butkov (Manín Unit, Western Carpathians). Geologický Zborník Geologica Carpathica, 38, 323–348.
Breistroffer, M. 1947. Sur les zones d’ammonites de l’Albien de France et d’Angleterre. Travaux du Laboratoire de Géologie de la Faculté des Sciences de l’Université de Grenoble, 26, 17–104.
Breskovski, S. 1977. Sur la classification de la famille Desmoceratidae Zittel, 1895 (Ammonoidea, Crétacé). Comptes Rendu de l’Académie bulgare des Sciences, 30 (6), 891–894.
Bruguière, J.G. 1789. Histoire naturelle des Vers et des Mollusques. Encyclopédie méthodique, part 1, 344 pp. Panckoucke; Paris.
Bulot, L.G., Thieuloy, J.-P., Blanc, E. and Klein, J. 1993. Le cadre stratigraphique du Valanginien supérieur et de l’Hauterivien du Sud-Est de la France: Définition des biochronozones et caracterisation de nouveaux biohorizons. Géologie Alpine, 68 (1992), 13–56.
Busnardo, R., Charollais, J.-J., Weidmann, M. and Clavel, B. 2003. Le Crétacé inférieur de la Veveyse de Châtel (Ultrahelvétique des Préalpes externes; canton de Fribourg, Suisse). Revue de Paléobiologie, 22, 1–174.
Busnardo, R. and Thieuloy, J.-P. 1989. Les ammonites de l’Hauterivien Jurassien: révision des faunes de la region de l’étage Hauterivien. Mémoires de la Société Neuchâteloise des Sciences Naturelles, 11, 101–147.
Cecca, F., Faraoni, P. and Marini, A. 1998. Latest Hauterivian (Early Cretaceous) ammonites from Umbria-Marche Apennines (Central Italy). Palaeontographia Italica, 85, 61–110.
Cooper, M.R. 1981. Revision of the late Valanginian Cephalopoda from the Sundays River Formation of South Africa, with special reference to the genus Olcostephanus. Annals of the South African Museum, 83, 147–366.
Dimitrova, N. 1967. Les fossils de Bulgarie IV. Crétacé in férieur, Cephalpoda (Nautiloidea et Ammonoidea), 124 pp. B’lgarska Akademiya na Naukite; Sofia. [In Bulgarian]
Duraj, M., Filák, P. and Vašíček, Z. 1990. Ammoniten des Desmoceratentyps aus Ablagerungen der Hauterive-Barréme- Grenze von der Lokalität Lietavská Lúčka bei Žilina (Westkarpaten, Krížna-Decke). Knihovnička Zemního plynu a nafty, 9a, 55–68.
Fallot, P. and Termier, H. 1923. Ammonites nouvelles des Iles Baléares. Trabajos del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, Madrid, Serie Geológica, 32, 1–85.
Fischer, J.-C. and Gauthier, H. (Eds). 2006. Révision critique de la Paléontologie française d’Alcide d’Orbigny, incluant la réedition de l’original, vol. IV – Céphalopodes Crétacés, 35 pp. Backhuys Publishers; Leiden.
Főzy, I. and Janssen, N.N.M. 2006. The stratigraphic position of the ammonites bearing limestone bank of the Márvány-bánya quarry (Zirc, Bakony Mts, Hungary) and these of the Borzavár Limestone Formations. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte, 2006 (1), 41–64.
Gorn, N.K. 1969. Almella almensis – new ammonite from the Barremian deposits of Crimea. Vestnik Leningradskogo Univerziteta, Geologiya – Geografiya, 12, 84–90. [In Russian]
Haug, E. 1889. Beitrag zur Kenntniss der oberneocomen Ammonitenfauna der Puezalpe bei Corvara (Südtirol). Beiträge zur Paläontologie und Geologie Österreich-Ungarns und des Orients, 7, 193–321.
Hoedemaeker, Ph.J. 1995. Ammonite desitribution around the Hauterivian–Barremian boundary along Río Argos (Caravaca, SE Spain). Géologie Alpine, Mémoire Hors Série, 20 (for 1994), 219–277.
Honnorat-Bastide, É.F. 1891. Sur une forme nouvelle ou peu connue de Céphalopodes du Crétacé inférieur des Basses Alpes (Ammonites Julianyi, nov. sp.). L’association scientifique de France, Compte Rendu de la 19me Session, Limoges 1890, second partie, Notes et Memoires, 387–389. Imprimerie Chaix; Paris.
Hyatt, A. 1900. Cephalopoda. In: Zittel, K.A. von, Textbook of Paleontology, 1st English edition, translated by C.R. Eastman, 502–592. Macmillan; London & New York.
Immel, H. 1987. Die Kreideammoniten der nördlichen Kalkalpen. Zitteliana, 15, 3–163.
Karakasch, N.I. 1907. Le Crétacé inférieur de la Crimée et sa faune. Trudy imperatorskago S.-Peterburskago obshchestva estestvoispytatelei, Otdelenie Geologii i Mineralogii, 32 (5), 1–482. [In Russian]
Kemper, E., Rawson, P.F. and Thieuloy, J.-P. 1981. Ammonites of Tethyan ancestry in the early Lower Cretaceous of northwest Europe. Palaeontology, 24, 251–311.
Kilian, W. 1910. Erste Abteilung: Unterkreide (Palaeocretacicum). Lieferung 2: Das bathyale Palaeocretacicum im südostlichen Frankreich; Valendis-Stufe; Hauterive-Stufe; Barreme-Stufe; Apt-Stufe. In: Frech, F. (Ed.), Lethaea Geognostica, II. Das Mesozoikum, Band 3 (Kreide), 169–288. Schweitzerbart; Stuttgart.
Kilian, W. and Reboul, P. 1915. Contribution à l’étude des faunes paléocrétacés du Sud-Est de la France. II. Sur quelques ammonites de l’Hauterivien de la Bégude (La Begüe) (Basses Alpes). Matériaux pour l’étude de la faune de l’Hauterivien des environs de Moustiers-Sainte-Marie, La Palud et Châteauneuf-les-Moustiers (Basses Alpes). Mémoires pour servir a l’éxplication de la carte géologique détaillée de la France, 225–296. Imprimerie Nationale; Paris.
Klein, J. 2005. Lower Cretaceous Ammonites I, Perisphinctaceae 1 – Himalayitidae, Olcostephanitidae, Holcodiscidae, Neocomitidae, Oosterellidae. Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia, pars 139, pp. 484. Backhuys Publishers; Leiden.
Klein, J. and Vašíček, Z. 2011. Lower Cretaceous Ammonites V, Desmoceratoidea. Fossilium Catalogus, I: Animalia, pars 148, 311 pp. Backhuys Publishers, Margraf Publishers; The Netherlands.
Mandov, G.K. 1976. L’étage Hauterivien dans les Balkanides occidentales (Bulgarie de l’ouest) et sa faune d’ammonites. Annuaire de l’Université de Sofia, Livre 1, Géologie, 67, 11–99.
Michalík, J. and Vašíček, Z. 1987. Geology and stratigraphy of the Lower Cretaceous limestone deposists (Manín Unit, Middle Váh Valley, Western Slovakia). Mineralia Slovaca, 19, 115–134. [In Slovakian]
Michalík, J., Vašíček, Z. (Eds), Boorová, D., Golej, M., Halásová, E., Hort, P., Ledvák, P., Lintnerová, O., Reháková, D., Schlögl, J., Skupien, P., Smrečková, M., Soták, J., Šimo, V., Šimonová, V. and Zahradníková, B.B. 2013. The Butkov Hill – a stone archive of Slovakian mountains and the Mesozoic sea life history, 164 pp. Veda; Bratislava.
Mutterlose, J., Rawson, P., Reboulet, S., Baudin, F., Bulot, L., Emmanuel, L., Gardin, S., Martinez, M. and Renard, M. 2020. The Global Boundary Stratotype and Point (GSSP) for the base of the Hauterivian Stage (Lower Cretaceous), La Charce, southeast France. Episodes, doi: 10.18814/epiiugs/2020/020072.
Nagy, I. 1968. Unterkretazische Cephalopoden aus dem Gerecse-Gebirge II. Annales historico-naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 60, 41–59.
Nikolov, T.G. and Breskovski, S. 1969. Abrytusites – nouveau genre d’ammonites Barrémiennes. Bulletin of the Geological Institute (série Palaeontology), 18, 91–96.
Orbigny, A. d’. 1840–1842. Paléontologie française. Description zoologique et géologique de tous les animaux mollusques et rayonnés fossiles de France. Terrain Crétacés, vol. 1, Céphalopodes, 121–430 (1841). Masson; Paris.
Paquier, V.L. 1900. Recherches géologiques dans le Diois et les Baronnies orientales. Bulletin de la Société de Statistique des Sciences Naturelles et des Arts Industriels de Departement de l’Isere, Grenoble (series 4), 5, 77–476. (Appendice paléontologique I–VII).
Pictet, F.J. and Campiche, G. 1860. Description des fossiles du terrain Crétacé des environs de Sainte Croix, part 1. Matériaux pour la Paleontologie Suisse (series 2), 209– 380. J. Kessmann & H. Georg; Genève.
Rawson, P.F. and Aguirre-Urreta, M.B. 2012. Lower Cretaceous ammonites from the Neuquén Basin, Argentina: The Hauterivian genus Spitidiscus. Cretaceous Research, 33, 97–105.
Reboulet, S. 1996. L’évolution des ammonites du Valanginien– Hauterivien inférieur du bassin vocontien et de la plateforme provençale (Sud-Est de la France): relations avec la stratigraphie séquentielle et implications biostratigraphiques. Documents des Laboratoires de Géologie Lyon, 137 (for 1995), 1–371.
Reboulet, S., Szives, O., Aguirre-Urreta, B., Barragán, R., Company, M., Frau, C., Kakabadze, M.V., Klein, J., Moreno- Bedmar, J.A., Lukender, A., Pictet, A., Ploch, I., Raisossadat, S.N., Vašíček, Z., Baraboshkin, E.J. and Mitta, V.V. 2018. Report on the 6th International Meeting of the IUGS Lower Cretaceous Ammonite Working Group, the Kilian Group (Vienna, Austria, 20th August 2017). Cretaceous Research, 91, 100–110.
Rodighiero, A. 1919. Il sistena Cretaceo del Veneto occidentale compreso fra l’Adige e il Piave, con speciale riguardo al Neocomiano dei Sette Comuni. Palaentographia Italica, Memoire di Paleontologia, 25, 39–125. Salfeld, H. 1921.
Kiel- und Furchenbildung auf der Schalenaussenseite der Ammonoideen in ihrer Bedeutung für die Systematik und Festlegung von Biozonen. Zentralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1921, 343–347.
Sarasin, Ch. and Schöndelmayer, Ch. 1901. Étude monographique des ammonites du Crétacique inférieur de Chatel-Saint- Denis. Mémoires de la Société Paléontologique Suisse, 28, 1–91.
Sowerby, J. de C. 1827. The Mineral Conchology of Great Britain, part 98. In: Sowerby, J. and Sowerby, J. de C. (1812– 1846), The Mineral Conchology of Great Britain, vol. 6, 133–140. Meredith; London.
Spath, L.F. 1922. On the Senonian ammonite fauna of Pondoland. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa, 10, 113–148. Spath, L.F. 1923. A Monograph of the Ammonoidea of the Gault. Part 1, 72 pp. Palaeontographical Society; London.
Spath, L.F. 1930. On the Cephalopoda of the Uitenhage Beds. Annals of the South African Museum, 28, 131–157. Steinmann, G. 1890. Cephalopoda. In: Steinmann, G. and Döderlein, L. (Eds), Elemente der Paläontolologie, 848 pp. Wilhelm Engelmann; Leipzig.
Thieuloy, J.-P. 1972. Biostratigraphie des lentilles a peregrinelles (brachiopodes) de l’Hauterivien de Rottier (Drome, France). Géobios, 5 (1), 5–53.
Thomel, G. 1980. Ammonites, 227 pp. Serre; Nice. Tzankov, V. and Breskovski, S. 1985. Ammonites des familles Holcodiscidae Spath, 1924 et Astieridiscidae Tzankov et Breskovski, 1982, II. Description paléontologique. Geologica Balcanica, 15 (5), 3–51.
Vašíček, Z. 2002. Lower Cretaceous Ammonoidea in the Podbranč quarry (Pieniny Klippen Belt, Slovakia). Bulletin of the Czech Geological Survey, 77 (3), 187–200.
Vašíček, Z. 2006. A remarkable assemblage of Early Barremian ammonites in the Central Western Carpathians (Butkov Quarry, Slovakia). Acta Geologica Polonica, 56, 421–440.
Vašíček, Z. 2010. Early Cretaceous ammonites from the Butkov Quarry (Manín Unit, Central Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Acta Geologica Polonica, 60 (3), 393–415.
Vašíček, Z. 2020a. Tescheniceras gen. nov. (Ammonoidea) and the definition of the Valanginian/Hauterivian boundary in Butkov Quarry (Central Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Acta Geologica Polonica, 70, 569–584.
Vašíček, Z. 2020b. Early Cretaceous ammonites of the superfamily Bochianitoidea from the Butkov Quarry (Central Western Carpathains, Slovakia). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 298 (1), 78–85.
Vašíček, Z. and Michalík, J. 1986. The Lower Cretaceous ammonites of the Manín Unit (Mt. Butkov, West Carpathians). Geologický Zborník Geologica Carpathica, 37 (4), 449–481.
Vašíček, Z. and Michalík, J. 1999. Early Cretaceous ammonoid paleobiogeography of the West Carpathian part of the Paleoeuropean shelf margin. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 212 (1–3), 241–262.
Vašíček, Z., Michalík, J. and Reháková, D. 1994. Early Cretaceous stratigraphy, palaeogeography and life in the Western Carpathians. Beringeria, 10, 3–169.
Vašíček, Z., Rabrenović, D., Radulović, V.J., Radulović, B.V. and Mojsić, I. 2013. Ammonoids (Desmoceratoidea and Silesitoidea) from the Late Barremian of Boljetin, eastern Serbia. Cretaceous Research, 41, 39–54.
Vermeulen, J. 2005. Sur quatre espèces particulières d’ammonites du Barrémien du sud-est de la France. Annales du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Nice, 20, 1–24.
Vermeulen, J. 2007a. Boundaries, ammonite fauna and main subdivisions of the stratotype of the Barremian. Géologie Alpine, 2005 (Corrected reprint), série spéciale “Colloques et excursions”, 7, 147–173.
Vermeulen, J. 2007b. Nouvelles données sur l’évolution et la classification des Holcodiscidae Spath, 1923 (Ammonitida, Ammonitina, Silesitoidea). Annales du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Nice, 22, 87–100.
Vermeulen, J., Clement, A. and Autran, G. 1999. Un nouveau repère biostratigraphique dans l’Hauterivien supérieur du Sud-Est de la France: l’horizon à Subsaynella begudensis. Riviéra Scientifique, 1999 (1), 71–78.
Vermeulen, J. and Lahondère, J.-C. 2011. Sur quelques espèces d’ammonites du Barremien utra-tellien de la région de Constantine, Algérie. II. Holcodiscidae et Astieridiscidae (Ammonitina). Annales du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle de Nice, 26, 17–46.
Vermeulen, J., Lazarin, P., Lépinay, P., Leroy, L. and Mascarelli, E. 2014. Ammonites du Barrémien du Sud-Est de la France (Ammonitina, Ancyloceratina, Turrilitina). Strata, série 2, mémoires, 50, 1–95.
Vermeulen, J., Lazarin, P., Lépinay, P., Leroy, L. and Mascarelli, E. 2017. Sur quelques Holcodiscidae (Ammonitina, Barremitoidea) du Barrémien du Sud-Est de la France. Riviéra Scientifique, 101, 65–80.
Vermeulen, J. and Thieuloy, J.-P. 1999. Conceptions nouvelles de l’évolution et de la classification de la famille Holcodiscidae Spath, 1923 (Ammonoidea, Desmocerataceae). Comptes Rendus Académie des Sciences Paris, Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 329, 363–367.
Weber, E. 1942. Beitrag zur Kentniss der Rossfeldschichten und ihrer Fauna. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Beilage Band, B 86, 247–281.
Winkler, G.G. 1868. Versteinerungen aus dem bayerischen Alpengebiet mit geognostischen Erläuterungen. I. Die Neocomformation der Urschlauerachenthales bei Traunstein mit Rücksicht auf ihre Grenzschichten, 48 pp. Verlag der J. Lindauer’schen Buchhandlung; München.
Wippich, M.G.E. 2001. Die tiefe Unter-Kreide (Berrias bis Unter- Hauterive) im südwestmarokkanischen Becken: Ammonitenfauna, Bio- und Sequenzstratigraphie, 142 pp. Unpublished Thesis, Universität Bochum.
Wright, C.W. 1955. Notes on Cretaceous ammonites – II. The phylogeny of the Desmocerataceae and the Hoplitidae. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (twelfth series), 92, 561–575.
Wright, C.W., Callomon, J.H. and Howarth, M.K. 1996. Cretaceous Ammonoidea. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, part L, Mollusca 4 Revised, 362 pp. The Geological Society of America & The University of Kansas Boulder; Colorado & Lawrence, Kansas.
Wright, C.W. and Kennedy, W.J. 1984. The Ammonoidea of the Lower Chalk, Part 1. Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society, 137 (1983), 1–126.
Zittel, K.A. von 1895. Grundzüge der Paläontologie, 971 pp. Oldenburg; München, Leipzig.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Zdeněk Vašíček
1
Jaap Klein
2

  1. Institute of Geonics of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Studentská 1768, CZ-708 00 Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic
  2. Demmerik 12, NL-3645 EC Vinkeveen, The Netherlands
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The uppermost Albian and lowermost Cenomanian succession at Abouda Plage, north of Agadir, in the Agadir Basin, western Morocco, is described in detail, and ammonites, microcrinoids and planktonic foraminifera are recorded and illustrated. The lower part of the Aït Lamine Formation yields ammonites indicative of the Pervinquieria (Subschloenbachia) rostrata and P. (S.) perinflata ammonite zones, and the Thalmanninella appenninica planktonic foraminiferan Zone. The base of the Cenomanian is identified at 42.2 m above the base of the Aït Lamine Formation, based on the lowest occurrence of the planktonic foraminiferan Thalmanninella globotruncanoides Sigal, 1948. Lower Cenomanian ammonites of the Graysonites adkinsi Zone enter 3 m higher in the succession. Microcrinoid zones AlR11 and AlR12 are identified in the Upper Albian, and the base of the CeR1 Zone coincides with the lowest occurrence of Cenomanian ammonites. The ammonite and microcrinoid occurrences and detailed distributions are very similar to those found in north central Texas, which, in the Cenomanian, was 5,300 km to the west. The new records suggest that the G. adkinsi Zone is equivalent to the uppermost (Lower Cenomanian) part of the Pleurohoplites briacensis Zone of the Global Stratotype Section for the base of the Cenomanian stage. An hiatus, of global extent, immediately underlies the base of the G. adkinsi Zone and is represented in the Agadir Basin by an erosion surface containing bored and encrusted hiatus concretions.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Andrew Scott Gale
1 2
William James Kennedy
3 4
Maria Rose Petrizzo
5

  1. School of the Environment, Geography and Geological Sciences, University of Portsmouth, Burnaby Building, Burnaby Road, Portsmouth PO13QL UK
  2. Earth Science Department, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London SW75BD, UK
  3. Oxford University Museum of Natural History, Parks Road, Oxford, OX13PW
  4. Department of Earth Sciences, South Parks Road, OX13AN UK
  5. Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra ‘A. Desio’, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Mangiagalli 34, 1-20133 Milano, Italy
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The Oligocene (Rupelian) Byram Formation (Vicksburg Group) in Alabama, USA, is divided into three members, including (in ascending order) the Glendon Limestone, unnamed marl, and the Bucatunna Clay. The Oligocene marine units in Alabama have been historically under-investigated, but bulk samples recently obtained from Glendon Limestone Member exposures at site AWa-9 in Washington County yielded 20 unequivocal elasmobranch and teleost taxa. This surprisingly diverse paleofauna, based on isolated teeth, bones and otoliths, includes the new taxon, Gobiosoma? axsmithi sp. nov., as well as “Aetomylaeus” sp., Albula sp., Aplodinotus gemma Koken, 1888, Ariosoma nonsector Nolf and Stringer, 2003, Balistidae indet., Citharichthys sp., Myliobatoidei indet., Diretmus? sp., Hemipristis sp., Negaprion aff. N. gilmorei (Leriche, 1942), Pachyscyllium sp., Paralbula sp., Physogaleus sp., Preophidion meyeri (Koken, 1888), Sciaena pseudoradians (Dante and Frizzell in Frizzell and Dante, 1965), Sciaenops? sp., Sparus? elegantulus Koken, 1888, Sphyraena sp., and Syacium sp. Additional remains were recovered but could not be identified beyond undetermined Elasmobranchii or Teleostei. All these taxa represent first occurrences within the Glendon Limestone Member in Alabama, and the “Aetomylaeus” sp., Pachyscyllium sp., Paralbula sp., and Sciaenops? sp. specimens represent the first occurrences of each in the Oligocene of the Gulf Coastal Plain of the USA. We also report the first record of Oligocene Paralbula Blake, 1940 teeth, and the first occurrence of an Oligocene member of the Balistidae in the Western Hemisphere. This marine vertebrate assemblage indicates that the Glendon Limestone Member at site AWa-9 represented a subtropical to temperate, middle shelf paleoenvironment with a paleowater depth interpreted as 30–100 m.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Jun A. Ebersole
1
David J. Cicimurri
2
Gary L. Stringer
3

  1. McWane Science Center, 200 19th Street North, Birmingham, AL 35203, USA
  2. South Carolina State Museum, 301 Gervais Street, Columbia, SC 29201, USA
  3. Museum of Natural History, 708 University Avenue, University of Louisiana at Monroe, Monroe, LA 71209, USA
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

Many geological problems have not been convincingly explained so far and are debatable, for instance the origin and changes of the Neogene depositional environments in central Poland. Therefore, these changes have been reconstructed in terms of global to local tectonic and climatic fluctuations. The examined Neogene deposits are divided into a sub-lignite unit (Koźmin Formation), a lignite-bearing unit (Grey Clays Member), and a supra-lignite unit (Wielkopolska Member). The two lithostratigraphic members constitute the Poznań Formation. The results of facies analysis show that the Koźmin Formation was deposited by relatively high-gradient and well-drained braided rivers. Most likely, they encompassed widespread alluvial plains. In the case of the Grey Clays Member, the type of river in close proximity to which the mid-Miocene low-lying mires existed and then were transformed into the first Mid-Miocene Lignite Seam (MPLS-1), has not been resolved. The obtained results confirm the formation of the Wielkopolska Member by low-gradient, but mostly well-drained anastomosing or anastomosing-to-meandering rivers. The depositional evolution of the examined successions depended on tectonic and climatic changes that may be closely related to the mid-Miocene great tectonic remodelling of the Alpine-Carpathian orogen. This resulted in palaeogeographic changes in its foreland in the form of limiting the flow of wet air and water masses from the south and vertical tectonic movements.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Marek Widera
1
Tomasz Zieliński
1
Lilianna Chomiak
1
Piotr Maciaszek
2
Robert Wachocki
3
Achim Bechtel
4
Barbara Słodkowska
5
Elżbieta Worobiec
6
Grzegorz Worobiec
6

  1. Adam Mickiewicz University, Institute of Geology, Krygowskiego 12, 61-680 Poznań, Poland
  2. Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Marine Geology Branch, Kościerska 5, 80-328 Gdańsk, Poland
  3. Konin Lignite Mine, 600-lecia 9, 62-540 Kleczew, Poland
  4. Montanuniversitaet Leoben, Austria, Department of Applied Geosciences and Geophysics, Peter-Tunner-Str. 5, A-8700 Leoben, Austria
  5. Polish Geological Institute – National Research Institute, Rakowiecka 4, 00-975 Warszawa, Poland
  6. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, 31-512 Kraków, Poland

This page uses 'cookies'. Learn more