The Effect of Reclaim Primary Quality on Moulding Sand Parameters and Quality of Ductile Iron Casting Surface Layer

Journal title

Archives of Foundry Engineering




vol. 22


No 2


Kamińska, J. : Łukasiewicz Research Network – Krakow Institute of Technology, Poland ; Angrecki, M. : Łukasiewicz Research Network – Krakow Institute of Technology, Poland ; Puzio, S. : Łukasiewicz Research Network – Krakow Institute of Technology, Poland ; Stachowicz, M. : Wroclaw University of Technology, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Poland



Foundry industry ; Furfuryl resin ; Reclaim ; Self-hardening moulding sand ; Surface quality

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




The Katowice Branch of the Polish Academy of Sciences


[1] Lewandowski, J.L. (1997). Materials for foundry moulds. Kraków: WN Akapit. ISBN: 83-7108-21-2 (in Polish).
[2] Kamińska, J., Puzio, S., Angrecki, M., Stachowicz, M. & Łoś, A. (2019). Preliminary tests of innovative eco-friendly furfuryl resins and foundry sand mixtures based on these resins. Journal of Ecological Engineering. 20(9), 285-292, DOI: 10.12911/22998993/112510.
[3] Acharya, S.G., Vadher, J.A. & Kanjariya, P.V. (2016). Identification and quantification of gases releasing from furan no bake binder. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 16(3), 5-10. DOI: 10.1515/afe-2016-0039.
[4] Chate, G.R., Patel, GC M., Deshpande, A.S. & Parappagoudar, M.B. (2018). Modeling and optimization of furan moulding sand system using design of experiments and particle swarm optimization. Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering. 232(5), 1-20. DOI: 10.1177/0954408917728636.
[5] Sappinen, T., Orkas, J. & Konqvist, T. (2018). Thermal Reclamation of Foundry Sands Using Repurposed Sand Dryer Equipment. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 18(4), 99-102. DOI: 10.24425/afe.2018.125176.
[6] Kamińska, J., Puzio, S., Angrecki, M. & Łoś, A. (2020). Effect of reclaim addition on the mechanical and technological properties of moulding sands based on pro-ecological furfuryl resin. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials. 65(4), 1425-1429. DOI: 10.24425/amm.2020.133709.
[7] Yan-lei, L., Guo-hua, W., Wen-cai, L., An-tao, C., Liang, Z. & Ying-xin Wang, W. (2017). Effect of reclaimed sand additions on mechanical properties and fracture behavior of furan no-bake resin sand. China Foundry. 14(2), 128-137. DOI: 10.1007/s41230-017-6024-3.
[8] Holtzer, M., Dańko, R., Kmita, A., Drożyński, D., Kubecki, M., Skrzyński, M. & Roczniak, A. (2020). Environmental impact of the reclaimed sand addition to moulding sand with furan and phenol-formaldehyde resin—A comparison, Materials. 13(19), 4395; DOI:
[9] Holtzer, M., Dańko, R. & Kmita, A. (2016). Influence of a reclaimed sand addition to moulding sand with furan resin on its impact on the environment. Water Air and Soil Pollution. 227(16), 1-12. DOI: 10.1007/s11270-015-2707-9.
[10] Hosadyna, M. (2012). The effect of sulphur contained in self-hardening moulding sands on the structure of surface layer in ductile iron castings. Doctoral dissertation, Kraków. (in Polish).
[11] Holtzer, M., Zych, J. & Retel, K. (1996). The effect of mould-liquid cast iron interaction on the surface quality of castings. Przegląd Odlewnictwa. 6(1996), 129-134. (in Polish).
[12] Riposan, I., Chisamera, M., Stan, S., Skaland, T. (2008). Surface graphite degeneration in ductile iron castings for resin molds. Tsinghua Science and Technology. 13(2), 157-163.
[13] Linke, T., Sluis, J.R. (1993). The influence of coatings on the graphite structure in the rim-zone of ductile iron castings. 60th World Foundry Congress, The Netherlands
[14] Hosadyna, M., Dobosz, St.M. & Jelinek, P. (2009). The diffusion of sulphur from moulding sand to cast and methods of its elimination. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 9(4), 73-76.
[15] Sheladiya, M.V., Acharya, S.G., Mehta, K., Acharya, G.D. (2019). Evaluate sulphur diffusion at mould-metal interface in no-bake mould system. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 19(1), 63-70. DOI: 10.24425/afe.2018.125193.
[16] Anca, D., Stan, I., Chisamera, M., Riposan, I. & Stan, S. (2021). Experimental study regarding the possibility of blocking the diffusion of sulfur at casting-mold interface in ductile iron castings. Coatings. 11(673), 1-10. DOI:
[17] Dańko, J., Dańko, R. & Łucarz, M. (2007). Processes and devices for the matrix regeneration of spent molding sands. Kraków: WN Akapit. ISBN: 978-83-89541-88-8 (in Polish).
[18] Holtzer, M., Bobrowski, A., Drożyński, D., Isendorf, B., Mazur, (2012). Influence of the reclaim on the properties of moulding sands with furfuryl resin applied for moulds for manganese steel castings. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 12(1), 57-62.
[19] Dańko, R., Górny, M., Holtzer, M., Żymankowska-Kumon, S. (2014). Effect of the quality of furan moulding sand on the skin layer of ductile iron castings. ISIJ International. 54(6), 1288-1293. DOI:
[20] Pałyga, Ł., Stachowicz, M., Granat, K. (2015). Evaluation of 2D and 3D surface roughness of die castings from alloy AlSi9Cu3. Archives of Foundry Engineering. 15(1), 75-80.






DOI: 10.24425/afe.2022.140229

Open Access Policy

Archives of Foundry Engineering is an open access journal with all content available with no charge in full text version.

The journal content is available under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (