Estimating solid contaminant levels in beach sands through petrographic analysis, screening evaluation, and optical imaging

Journal title

Archives of Environmental Protection




vol. 49


No 3


Kuś, Sebastian : University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland ; Jelonek, Zbigniew : University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland ; Jelonek, Iwona : University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland ; Sierka, Edyta : University of Silesia in Katowice, Poland



beach ; optical analysis ; petrographic analysis ; solid pollution

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences


  1. Badyda, A., Rogula-Kozłowska, W., Majewski, G., Bralewska, K., Widziewicz-Rzońca, K., Piekarska, B., Rogulski, M. & Bihałowicz, J. (2022). Inhalation risk to PAHs and BTEX during barbecuing: The role of fuel/food type and route of exposure, Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 440, 129635, ISSN 0304-3894. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.129635.
  2. Cesia, J. Cruz, J., Muñoz-Perez, Maribel I., Carrasco-Braganza, Poullet, P., Lopez-Garcia, P., Contreras, A. & Rodolfo Silva, R. (2020). Beach cleaning costs, Ocean & Coastal Management, 188, 105118, ISSN 0964-5691. DOI:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2020.105118.
  3. Claisse, D. (1989). Chemical contamination of French coasts. The results of a ten years mussel watch. Marine Pollution Bulletin. 20. No. 10, pp. 523-528.
  4. Contreras-de-Villar, F., García, FJ., Muñoz-Perez, JJ., Contreras-de-Villar, A., Ruiz-Ortiz, V., Lopez, P., Garcia-López, S. & Jigena, B. (2021). Beach leveling using a Remote Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS): Problems and Solutions. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 9(1), 19. DOI:10.3390/jmse9010019
  5. Działo, J., Niedźwiedzka-Rystwej, P., Mȩkal, A. & Deptuła, W. (2010). Characteristics of mucosal lymphatic tissue associated with gastrointestinal tract and respiratory system. Alergia Astma Immunologia. 15(4). pp. 197-202.
  6. Frolik, A., Gzyl, G. & Kura, K. (2007). Revitalization concepts for sand mine pit in southern Poland: preliminary assessment of impact on aquatic environment. IMWA Symposium 2007: Water in Mining Environments, Cidu, R. & F. Frau (Eds), Cagliari, Italy
  7. García-Morales, G., Arreola-Lizárraga, J.A., Mendoza-Salgado, R.A., García-Hernández, J., Rosales-Grano, P. & Ortega-Rubio, A. (2018). Evaluation of beach quality as perceived by users. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 61(1), pp. 161-175. DOI:10.1080/09640568.2017.1295924
  8. Halliday, E. & Gast, R.J. (2011). Bacteria in Beach Sands: An Emerging Challenge in Protecting Coastal Water Quality and Bather Health. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45, 2, pp. 370–379. DOI:10.1021/es102747s
  9. Holman, M. & Bennett, J. (1973). Determinants of use of water-based recreational facilities. Water Resources Research, 238. DOI:10.1029/WR009i005p01208
  10. ISO 8036, 2015. Microscopes - immersion fluids for light microscopy. (in Polish)
  11. Labikon, software KS Run nr 0500324, Ihnatowicz J., Manufacture of computers and peripherals - 6310106641.
  12. Li, J. & Zhang, X. (2019). Beach Pollution Effects on Health and Productivity in California. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 1987, 16. DOI:10.3390/ijerph16111987
  13. Marina, V. & Popa, F. (2020). An unusual case of leg wound made by a Sea Shell (Scapharca inaequivalis). International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. 67. pp. 127-129. DOI:10.1016/j.ijscr.2020.01.039
  14. McLaughlin, E. (2017). Dealing with Marine and Saltwater Infections. World Extreme Medicine. (accessed 3 April 2022)
  15. Moran, K. & Webber, J. (2014). Leisure-related injuries at the beach: An analysis of lifeguard incident report forms in New Zealand, 2007–12. International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 21,1, pp. 68-74. DOI: 10.1080/17457300.2012.760611)
  16. Nowak B. (2019). Threats and water protection of Lake Powidzkie, [in:] Nowak, B. (ed.), Jezioro Powidzkie wczoraj i dziś, IMGW-PIB, Warszawa: 137-150. (in Polish)
  17. Rzętała M. (2008). The functioning of water reservoirs and the course of limnic processes in conditions of various anthropopressure on the example of the Upper Silesian region. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego, Katowice ISSN 0208-6336, (accessed on 28.03.2022)
  18. Sabino, R., Rodrigues, R., Costa, I., Carneiro, C., Cunha, M., Duarte, A., Faria, N., Ferreira, F.C., Gargaté, M.J., Júlio, C., Martins, M.L., Nevers, M.B., Oleastro, M., Solo-Gabriele, H., Veríssimo, C., Viegas, C., Whitman, R.L. & Brandão, J. (2014). Routine screening of harmful microorganisms in beach sands: Implications to public health. Science of The Total Environment. 472. pp. 1062-1069. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.11.091
  19. Şanlıtürk, G. & Güran M. (2021). Monitoring of microbiological dynamics in beach sand and seawater samples from recreational and non-recreational beaches over a two-year period. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. pp.1-13. DOI:10.1080/09603123.2021.1931049
  20. Spichler-Moffarah, A., Mohajer, M.A., Hurwitz, B.L. & Armstrong, D.G. (2016). Skin and Soft Tissue Infections. Microbiol Spectr. 4(4). DOI:10.1128/microbiolspec.DMIH2-0014-2015
  21. Stachowski, P., Kraczkowska, K., Liberacki, D. & Oliskiewicz-Krzywicka, A. (2018). Water reservoirs as an element of shaping water resources of post-mining areas. Journal of Ecological Engineering. 19(4), pp. 217-225. DOI:10.12911/22998993/89658
  22. Suárez-Ruiz, I., Luis, D. & Tomillo, P. (2023). Application of organic petrography as a forensic tool in environmental studies to investigate the source of coal pollution on beaches in Gijón (Northern Spain), International Journal of Coal Geology, 265, 104154. DOI:10.1016/j.coal.2022.104154.
  23. Tomenchok, L.E., Gidley, M.L., Mena, K.D., Ferguson, A.C. & Solo-Gabriele, H.M. (2020). Children’s abrasions in recreational beach areas and a review of possible wound infections. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 17(11), 4060. DOI:10.3390/ijerph17114060
  24. WHO (2003). Guidelines for safe recreational water environments: Coastal and fresh waters (Vol. 1). pp. 128-129. World Health Organization
  25. WHO (2021). Guidelines on recreational water quality. Volume 1 Coastal and Fresh Waters. pp. 3. World Health Organization
  26. Wufuer, R., Duo, J., Li, W., Fan, J. & Pan, X. (2021). Bioremediation of uranium- and nitrate-contaminated groundwater after the in situ leach mining of uranium. Water 13, 3188. DOI:10.3390/w13223188
  27. Wulai, X., Qingyang, R., Xuwei, D., Jun, Ch. & Ping, X. (2020). Rainfall is a significant environmental factor of microplastic pollution in inland waters, Science of The Total Environment, 732, 139065. DOI:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.139065.
  28. Zielinski, S., Botero, C.M. & Yanes, A. (2019). To clean or not to clean? A critical review of beach cleaning methods and impacts. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 139. pp. 390-401. DOI:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.12.027






DOI: 10.24425/aep.2023.147328



Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting & Indexing

Archives of Environmental Protection is covered by the following services:

AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)




BIOSIS Citation Index





Engineering Village


Google Scholar

Index Copernicus

Journal Citation Reports™

Journal TOCs






Ulrich's Periodicals Directory


Web of Science