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ACADEMIA - The magazine of the Polish Academy of Sciences

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ACADEMIA - The magazine of the Polish Academy of Sciences | 2021 | No 1 (69) Energy Transtion |

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Abstract

Transforming the energy sector is necessary but not sufficient to prevent a climate catastrophe.
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Authors and Affiliations

Jan Kozłowski
1

  1. Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland
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Abstract

Humanity is being forced to alter how we use energy sources, to move away from fossil fuels and focus instead on renewable, especially solar energy. This transformation may prove to be the long sought-after “holy grail” of energy.
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Authors and Affiliations

Jan Kiciński
1

  1. PAS Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery in Gdańsk, Poland
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Abstract

The social consequences of coal mine closures in Silesia.
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Authors and Affiliations

Łukasz Trembaczowski
1

  1. Institute of Sociology, University of Silesia, Katowice, Poland
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Abstract

On ecological economics and its diagnosis of environmental and social challenges and threats.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ewa Bińczyk
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Abstract

The concept of a socially “just transition” should not only guide the redevelopment of coal mining regions, opening up the way to technological progress. It is also a chance for the rest of Poland to improve the quality of life and attain carbon neutrality.
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Authors and Affiliations

Adam Drobniak
1

  1. Faculty of Strategic and Regional Studies at the University of Economics in Katowice, Poland
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Abstract

The climate as we know it is a natural resource that is becoming depleted due to the rising demand for energy. The most emission-intensive sectors are those providing for our comfort and welfare. We discuss these issues with Prof. Mirosław Miętus from the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mirosław Miętus
1

  1. Instituteof Meteorology and Water Management– National Research Institute (IMiGW-PIB), Warsaw, Poland
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Abstract

A country’s “energy mix” typically evokes varying opinions among different groups within society. It also changes over time, at a pace that most energy consumers fail to appreciate. It is shifting even in Poland – certainly not a leader in the energy transition.
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Authors and Affiliations

Jan Kozłowski
1

  1. Institute of Environmental Sciences, Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland
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Abstract

Energy storage, as a flexible resource that comprehensively supports network operation, will grow increasingly indispensable as the share of renewables increases.
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Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Rafał
Paweł Grabowski
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Abstract

Geothermal energy is renewable and clean. Moreover, new geothermal technology offers the added environmental benefit of geological storage of CO2.
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Authors and Affiliations

Anna Sowiżdżał
1

  1. AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków, Poland
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Abstract

Prof. Anna-Katharina Hornidge of the German Development Institute (DIE) draws on a systems-theory perspective to show how politicians, voters, companies and countries can be addressed to take climate change and environmental challenges of the future seriously.
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Authors and Affiliations

Anna-Katharina Hornidge
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Abstract

Is climate neutrality an attainable goal for Poland? What does the term mean, and what challenges does it pose to human civilization? These and other questions are addressed by Prof. Bolesław Zaporowski of the Institute of Electric Power Engineering, Poznań University of Technology.
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Authors and Affiliations

Bolesław Zaporowski
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Institute of Electric Power Engineering, Poznań University of Technology, Poznan, Poalnd
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Abstract

On power generation and the future of Polish offshore wind farms.
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Authors and Affiliations

Paweł Flaszyński
1
Karol Mitraszewski
2
Joanna Markowska Cerić
2

  1. PAS Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdańsk, Poland
  2. PGE Baltica sp. z o.o., Warsaw, Poland
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Abstract

Is the burning of woody biomass climate friendly?
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Authors and Affiliations

Rafał Chudy
1
Kacper Szulecki
2
Jacek Siry
3
Robert Grala

  1. FOROS/FBA/Forest Monitor, Norway
  2. Department of Political Science, University of Oslo, Center for Energy Research, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs
  3. Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, United States
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Abstract

A transition fuel on the path from coal to hydrogen.
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Authors and Affiliations

Janusz Lewandowski
1

  1. Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
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Abstract

Is hydrogen the answer, and if so, which technologies? Here we present an overview of “everything you need to know” about this promising new global energy source.
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Authors and Affiliations

Tadeusz Chmielniak
1

  1. Faculty of Environmental and Power Engineering, Silesian University of Technology in Gliwice, Poland
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Abstract

Nuclear power was one of the factors underpinning the post-war success of the Euro-Atlantic region. The world is now in great need of a similar step forward
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Authors and Affiliations

Ludwik Pieńkowski
1

  1. Faculty of Energy and Fuels, AGH University of Science and Technology in Kraków, Poland
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Abstract

Renewable energy aims at reducing greenhouse emissions, supplying the growing demand for electricity, and diminishing consumption of fossil fuels – these are the basic elements of the New Green Deal, heading towards carbon neutrality. However, renewables have negative impacts on the electricity network’s operation, leading to reduced power system stability.
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Authors and Affiliations

Władysław Mielczarski
1

  1. Institute of Electrical Power Engineering, Łódź University of Technology, Poland
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Abstract

In view of the need to transform the Polish energy sector from a coal-based to a low-emissions industry, can wind and solar power alone provide enough of an alternative?
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Authors and Affiliations

Andrzej Strupczewski
1

  1. National Centre for Nuclear Research in Świerk, Poland
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Abstract

Where did early dinosaurs get their energy from? Studying fossilized feces reveals certain secrets of herbivore evolution during the Jurassic period.
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Authors and Affiliations

Maria Barbacka
1 2
Grzegorz Pacyna
3
Jadwiga Ziaja
1
Grzegorz Niedźwiedzki
4

  1. PAS Władysław Szafer Institute of Botany in Kraków, Poland
  2. Botanical Department at the Hungarian Natural History Museum in Budapest, Hungary
  3. Institute of Botany, Faculty of Biology, Jagiellonian University in Kraków, Poland
  4. Evolutionary Biology Centre in Uppsala, Sweden
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Abstract

What do biological powerhouses look like? How do they work? Why does generating a single “dose of energy” demand a highly complicated process? Why do seeds age? Answers to all these questions are to be found in one of the most complex cellular organelles: the mitochondrion.
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Authors and Affiliations

Joanna Kijowska-Oberc
1
Ewelina Ratajczak
1
Hanna Fuchs
1
Aleksandra Maria Staszak
2

  1. Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences in Kórnik, Poland
  2. Department of Biology and Plant Ecology, University of Bialystok, Poland
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Abstract

Digging deeper into the history and symbolism of Dutch art.
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Authors and Affiliations

Anna Cirocka
1

  1. Institute of Art History, University of Gdańsk, Poland

Abstract

The Polish Wind Energy Association (PWEA) is Poland’s largest organization promoting alternative energy sources, mainly onshore and offshore wind power. It is actively involved in consultations on strategic documents and acts of legislation related to the market of renewable energy sources, alternative fuels, and the energy transition. By working together with decision-makers at the EU, national, and local government levels, it aligns various interests to promote Poland’s sustainable development. It organizes events bringing together representatives of the sector and decision-makers, including the annual PWEA Conference – the largest such event in Central and Eastern Europe ( http://konferencjapsew.pl/en/) devoted to prospects for the development of onshore and offshore wind energy in Poland. The Association initiated the establishment of the RE-Source Poland Hub Foundation ( http://resourcepoland.pl/en/), which shows businesses how they can become part of the trend towards the green transition and sustainable development. It promotes pro-environmental attitudes and knowledge of the environmental, economic, and social benefits of wind energy in the media, on social media (such as https://www.facebook.com/psew.pwea and https://twitter.com/PSEW_PWEA), and during the “Summer with the Wind” family summer picnics (Lato z wiatrem) held at the Baltic Sea.
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