The „Academia” magazine was founded on the initiative of Professor
Andrzej B. Legocki, a President of the Polish Academy of Sciences in
2003 – 2006. In the beginning it was published only in English as a
reply to the growing demand for a current information on the Polish
Academy of Sciences` activities, expressed by foreign scientists and
Poles living abroad and interested in Polish science.
Since 2005 the magazine is published both in Polish and English.
The „Academia” is an exceptional - on the Polish market - scientific
magazine for the general public, propagating achievements of Polish
scientists here and abroad. Authors of articles in „Academia” explain
their subject in a way that is accessible not only for all sorts of
academics but also for students, pupils and all other readers interested
in scientific topics for the general public.
What exactly is a planet? Back when mankind only knew five roaming celestial bodies visible to the naked eye, the answer was simple. But the recent discovery of more and more planets circling our own Sun as well as distant stars has made it necessary to reconsider the meaning of the term .
Only a small minority of Poles surveyed believe that the prevailing social order is valid and fair. A clear majority believe that the wealthy must have come into their affluence via dishonest means, at the expense of those who are worse off.
Over thousands of years, amber has been used for decoration and as a kind of currency, magical substance, and medical cure. Coveted to this very day, amber has now become more than just a pretty stone - it holds sensational secrets for biologists.
There can be no greater challenge for modem science than the discovery of how life began on Earth and whether suitable conditions for the existence and development of life may be found across the Universe.
One of the options for reducing the rate of CO2 release, in order to stabilize its concentration in the atmosphere at some level, is the capture of carbon dioxide and its subsequent storage in either geological formations or in the ocean.
DNA polymerase is a kind of protein that performs an important function in copying genetic material - a fundamental process in the life of the cell. The high accuracy achieved in replication is only made possible by a wide diversity of polymerase types.
After vast deposits of oil were discovered under the North Sea, Norway was transformed from a poor country into a very rich one nearly overnight: this demonstrates how individual countries' affluence is still frequently determined by what riches await discovery under their soil.
Ancient counterfeiters did not just copy coins of high denominations, made of gold and silver, but also forged "pennies;' i.e. low-value coins made of bronze, on a large scale. How were such imitations produced in late Roman Egypt, and did such forgers get away scot-free?
Lactic acid bacteria, utilized by mankind for millennia, are now earning a new place for themselves in the modern world in view of their vast diversity. They are beginning to be valued not only for their probiotic properties, but also intensively studied for potential applications in biotechnology, medicine, and pharmacology.
Early 20th century Polish social movements took great pains to preserve Poland's cultural heritage during the times when the Polish lands were under foreign partition. One such organization, known as the Polish Society for Preserving Relics of the Past, gathered together an impressive collection of photographs of historical objects. To mark the 100th year anniversary of these outstanding efforts, the Polish Academy of Sciences has launched a project to digitize the collection.
The Szewalski Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery was established in 1956 to conduct research into the fundamentals of the performance, design, construction and development of machines and devices used for energy conversion in flows, to provide education and to implement new solutions in this area.