Applied sciences

Archives of Thermodynamics

Content

Archives of Thermodynamics | 2018 | vol. 39 | No 2 |

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Abstract

This study examines the pyrolysis of a single cylindrical wood particle using particle image velocimetry (PIV). The pyrolysis was conducted inside a pyrolysis reactor designed for this purpose. The experimental setup presented in this paper is capable of effectively characterizing the intensity of pyrolysis based on velocity distribution in the vicinity of wood particles. The results of the gas velocity distribution show that evaporation of moisture has as a major impact on the formation of the gas cushion as devolatilization.
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Authors and Affiliations

Dariusz Kardaś
Jacek Kluska
Karol Ronewicz
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Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to depict the effect of diffusion and internal heat source on a two-temperature magneto-thermoelastic medium. The effect of magnetic field on two-temperature thermoelastic medium within the three-phase-lag model and Green-Naghdi theory without energy dissipation i discussed. The analytical method used to obtain the formula of the physical quantities is the normal mode analysis. Numerical results for the field quantities given in the physical domain are illustrated on the graphs. Comparisons are made with results of the two models with and without diffusion as well as the internal heat source and in the absence and presence of a magnetic field.
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Authors and Affiliations

Othman Mohamed I.
Said Samia M.
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Abstract

The paper presents the results of the design analysis and experimental investigations of the microturbine set consisting of the microturbine with partial admission and permanent magnet generator. The microturbine was designed for operation with the vapour of ethanol as a working fluid. Microturbine unit was tested for different parameters of the working fluid and varying the electrical load. The examples and the comparison between experiment results and numerical simulations are shown and discussed in the paper.
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Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Kosowski
Marian Piwowarski
Robert Stępień
Wojciech Włodarski
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Abstract

The present work focuses on analyses of the autoignition delay time predicted by the large eddy simulation (LES) method by applying different subgrid scales (SGS) models and two different discretization schemes. The analysed flow configuration is a two-phase chemically reacting turbulent flow with monodispersed evaporating fuel droplets. The impact of numerical procedure is investigated in a 3D flow domain with a temporally evolving mixing layer that constituted between the streams of fuel and oxidizer that moved in opposite directions. The upper stream of cold gas carries a dispersed fuel spray (ethanol at 300 K). The lower stream is a hot air at 1000 K. Three commonly used in LES, SGS models are investigated, namely: classical Smagorinsky model, model proposed by Vreman and the -model proposed by Nicoud. Additionally, the impact of two discretization schemes, i.e., total variation diminishing (TVD) and weighted essentially nonoscillatory (WENO) is analysed. The analysis shows that SGS model and discretization scheme can play a crucial role in the predictions of the autoignition time. It is observed that for TVD scheme the impact of SGS model is rather small. On the contrary, when the WENO scheme is applied the results are much more dependent on the SGS model.
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Authors and Affiliations

Jakub Stempka

Abstract

In this study a cooling ejector cycle coupled to a compression heat pump is analyzed for simultaneous cooling and heating applications. In this work, the influence of the thermodynamic parameters and fluid nature on the performances of the hybrid system is studied. The results obtained show that this system presents interesting performances. The comparison of the system performances with hydrofluorocarbons (HFC) and natural fluids is made. The theoretical results show that the a low temperature refrigerant R32 gives the best performance.
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Abstract

The work deals with the heat analysis of generalized Burgers nanofluid over a stretching sheet. The Rosseland approximation is used to model the non-linear thermal radiation and incorporated non-uniform heat source/sink effect. The governing equations reduced to a set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations under considering the suitable similarity transformations. The obtained ordinary differential equations equations are solved numerically by Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg order method. The effect of important parameters on velocity, temperature and concentration distributions are analyzed and discussed through the graphs. It reveals that temperature increases with the increase of radiation and heat source/sink parameter.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ganesh Kumar K.
B.J. Gireesha
G.K. Ramesh
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Abstract

The paper describes issues related to pressure drop that accompanies the phenomenon of maldistribution of working fluid between the channels of a model minichannel plate heat exchanger. The research concerns a single exchanger’s plate containing 51 (in every geometry) parallel rectangular minichannels of hydraulic diameters 461 μm, 571 μm, 750 μm, and 823 μm. In addition, more complex geometry has been investigated, equipped with additional diagonal channels (so called extended geometry). The moment of the liquid phase transition through the heat exchanger was recorded at the flow rates ranging from 0.83 g/s to 13.33 g/s in the inlet manifold. The paper discusses the total pressure drop as a function of the flow rate and the characteristic dimension of minichannels, as well as the pressure drop as a function of the time of the fluid passage through the main part of the measuring section in which measurements were done. The resulting profiles correlate with the images of the flow distribution between channels recorded using the fast shutter speed camera, that allows to draw a further conclusions about the specifics of the maldistribution process. The impact of the total pressure drop on the actual range of optimum operating conditions of the heat exchanger was analyzed.
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Authors and Affiliations

Michał Klugmann
Paweł Dąbrowski
Dariusz Mikielewicz

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