Performance and mechanism of Carrousel oxidation ditch and water Spinach wetland combined process in treating water hyacinth (Pontederia crassipes) biogas slurry

Journal title

Archives of Environmental Protection




vol. 49


No 1


Yu, Yaqin : Yancheng Institute of Technology, China ; Fang, Xueyou : Yancheng Institute of Technology, China ; Li, Lanying : Yancheng Institute of Technology, China ; Xu, Yumeng : Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, China



Pontederia crassipes ; biogas slurry ; Carrousel oxidation ditch ; water spinach wetland ; refractory organics

Divisions of PAS

Nauki Techniczne




Polish Academy of Sciences


  1. Appels, L., Lauwers, J., Degrève J., Helsen, L., Lievens, L., Willems, K., Van Impe, L. & Dewil, R. (2011). Anaerobicdigestion in global bio-energy production: Potential and research challenges. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 9, pp. 4295-4301. DOI:10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.121
  2. Ariffin, F. D., Halim, A. A., Hanafiah, M. M., Awang, N., Othman, M. S., Azman, S. A. A. & Bakri, N. S. M. (2019). The effects of african catfish, cltfish, clarias gariepinus pond farm's effluent on water quality of Kesang river in Malacca, Malaysia. Applied ecology and Environmental Research, 17, 2, pp. 1531-1545. DOI:10.15666/aeer/1702_15311545
  3. Bergier, T. & Wlodyka-Bergier, A. (2016). Semi-technical scale research on constructed wetland removal of aliphatic hydrocarbons C7-C40 from wastewater from a car service station. Destalnation and Water Treatment, 57, 3, pp. 1534-1542. DOI:10.1080/19443994.2015.1030122
  4. Carlini, M., Castellucci, S. & Mennuni, A. (2018). Water hyacinth biomass: Chemical and thermal pre-treatment for energetic utilization in anaerobic digestion process. Energy Procedia, 148, pp. 431-438. DOI:10.1016/j.egypro.2018.08.106
  5. Carnaje, N.P., Talagon, R.B., Peralta, J.P., Shah, K. & Paz-Ferreiro, J. (2018). Development and characterisation of charcoal briquettes from water hyacinth (Eichhomia crassipes)-molasses blend. PLOS One, 13, 11. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0207135
  6. China, S.E.P.A.O. (2004), National standard methods for water and wastewater quality analysis. China Environmental Science Press, Beijing, 2004
  7. Das, A., Ghosh, P., Tanmay, P., Ghosh, U., Pati, B.R. & Mondal, K.C. (2016). Production of bioethanol as useful biofuel through the bioconversion of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes). Biotech, 70, 6, pp. 69-77. DOI:10.1007/s13205-016-0385-y
  8. Das, B., Thakur, S., Chaithanya, M.S. &Biswas, P. (2019). Batch investigation of constructed wetland microbial fuel cell with reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate and wastewater mix as substrate. Biomass and Bioenergy, 122, pp. 231-237. DOI:10.1016/j.biombioe.2019.01.017
  9. Godin, B., Lamaudière, S., Agneessens, R., Schmit. T., Goffart. J-P., Stilmant, D., Gerin, P.A. & Delcarte, J. (2013). Chemical Composition and Biofuel Potentials of a Wide Diversity of Plant Biomasses. Energy Fuels, 27, 5, pp. 2588-2598. DOI: 10.1021/ef3019244
  10. Guragain, Y.N., Coninck, J., Husson, F., Durand, A. & Rakshit, S.K. (2011). Comparison of some new pretreatment methods for second generation bioethanol production from wheat straw and water hyacinth. Bioresource Technology, 102, 6, pp.4416-4424. DOI:10.1016/j.biortech.2010.11.125
  11. Jan, V., (2010). Constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment. Water, 2, 3, pp. 530-549. DOI:10.3390/w2030530
  12. Jin, P.K., Wang, X.B., Wang, X.C., Hgo, H.H. & Jin, X. (2015). A new step aeration approach towards the improvement of nitrogen removal in a full scale Carrousel oxidation ditch. Bioresource Technology. 198, pp. 23-30. DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2015.08.145
  13. Li, T.J., Jin, Y., Huang, Y., (2022). Water quality improvement performance of two urban constructed water quality treatment wetland engineering landscaping in Hangzhou, China. Water Science and Technology, 85, 5, pp.1454-1469. DOI:10.2166/wst.2022.063
  14. Li, X.L., Zhang, J., Zhang, X., Li, J., Liu, F. & Chen, Y. (2019). Start-up and nitrogen removal performance of CANON and SNAD processes in a pilot-scale oxidation ditch reactor. Process Biochemistry, 84, pp. 134-142. DOI: 10.1016/j.procbio.2019.06.010
  15. Li, X-N., Song, H-L., Li W., Lu, X-W. & Nishimura, O. (2010). An integrated ecological floating-bed employing plant, freshwater clam and biofilm carrier for purification of eutrophic water. Ecological engineering, 36, 4, pp. 382-390. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.11.004
  16. Liu, F., Sun, L., Wan, J.B., et al. (2020). Performance of different macrophytes in the decontamination of and electricity generation from swine wastewater via an integrated constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell process. Journal of Environmental Science, 89, pp. 252-262. DOI:10.1016/j.jes.2019.08.015.
  17. Patyal, V., Jaspal, D., Khare, K., (2021). Materials in constructed wetlands for wastewater remediation: A review. Water Environment Reserach, 93,12, pp.2853-2872. DOI:10.1002/wer.1648
  18. Ren, N.Q., Li, J.Z., (2004). Biological Technology in the Treatment of Environmental Pollution. Chemical Industry Press, Beijing 2004.
  19. Sierra, C.G., Hernández, M.G., Murrieta R. (2022). Alternative uses of water Hyacinth (Pontederia crassipes) from a sustainable perspective: a systematic literature review. Sustainability, 14, 7, pp. 3931. DOI:10.3390/su14073931
  20. Steinhoff-Wrześniewska, A., Strzelczyk, M., Helis, M., Paszkiewicz-Jasińska, A., Gruss, Ł., Pulikowski, K. & Skorulski, W. (2022). Identification of catchment areas with nitrogen pollution risk for lowland river water quality. Archives of Environmental Protection, 48, 2, pp. 53-64. DOI: 10.24425/aep.2022.140766.
  21. Tuszynska, A., Kolecka, K., Quant, B., (2013). The influence of phosphorus fractions in bottom sediments on phosphate removal in semi-natural systems as the 3rd stage of biological wastewater treatment, Ecological Engineering, 53, pp.321-328. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2012.12.068
  22. Vymazal, J., (2007). Removal of nutrients in various types of constructed wetlands. Science of the Total Environment, 380, 1, pp. 48-65. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2006.09.014
  23. Wang, J.., Li, A., Wang, Q., Zhou, Y., Fu, L. &Li, Y. (2010). Assessment of the manganese content of the drinking water source in Yancheng, China, Journal of Hazardous Materials, 182, 1-3, pp.259-65. DOI:10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.06.023
  24. Wu, L., Li, X.N., Song, H.L., (2013). Enhanced removal of organic matter and nitrogen in a vertical-flow constructed wetland with Eisenia foetida, Desalination and water treatment, 51,40-42, pp.7460-7468. DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2013.792140
  25. Wu, Y.F., (2013). Characteristics of DOM and Removal of DBPs Precursors across O-3-BAC Integrated Treatment for the Micro-Polluted Raw Water of the Huangpu River, Water, 5, 4, pp.1472-1486. DOI: 10.3390/w5041472
  26. Xia, S.B., Liu, J.X., (2004). An innovative integrated oxidation ditch with vertical circle for domestic wastewater treatment, Process Biochemistry. 39, 9, pp. 1111-1117. DOI:10.1016/S0032-9592(03)00216-4
  27. Xu, D., Liu, S., Chen, Q. & Ni, J. Xu, D., Liu, S., Chen, Q. & Ni, J. (2017). Microbial community compositions in different functional zones of Carrousel oxidation ditch system for domestic wastewater treatment, AMB Express, 7, 40. DOI:10.1186/s13568-017-0336-y
  28. Yang, G., Wang, B., Wang, H., He, Z., Pi, Z., Zhou, J., Liang, T., Chen, M., He, T. & Fu, T. (2022). Removal of organochlorine pesticides and metagenomic analysis by multi-stage constructed wetland treating landfill leachate. Chemosphere, 301, 134761. DOI:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2022.134761
  29. Yin, F.F., Guo, H.F., (2022). Influence of additional methanol on both pre- and post-denitrification processes in treating municipal wastewater. Water Science and Technology, 85, 5, pp.1434-1443. DOI:10.2166/wst.2022.060
  30. Yu, Y.Q., Lu, X.W., (2017). Start-up performance and granular sludge features of an improved external circulating anaerobic reactor for algae-laden water treatment. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 24, 5, pp.526-531. DOI:10.1016/j.sjbs.2014.09.011
  31. Zhai, X., Piwpuan, N., Arias, C.A., Headley, T. & Brix, H. (2013). Can root exudates from emergent wetland plants fuel denitrification in subsurface flow constructed wetland systems?. Ecological Engineering, 61, 19, pp. 555-563. DOI:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2013.02.014
  32. Zhang, C., Ye, H., Liu, F., He, Y., Kong, W. & Sheng, K. (2016). Determination and visualization of ph values in anaerobic digestion of water hyacinth and rice straw mixtures using hyperspectral imaging with wavelet transform denoising and variable selection. Sensors, 16, 2, pp.2-10. DOI:10.3390/s16020244
  33. Zhang, Q.Z., Weng, C., Huang, H., Achal, V. & Wang, D. (2016). Optimization of Bioethanol Production Using Whole Plant of Water Hyacinth as Substrate in Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation Process, Frontiers in Microbiology, 6 ,1411. DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2015.01411
  34. Zhang, Z., Li, B-I.., Xiang, X-Y.,Zhang, C. & Chai, H. (2012). Variation of biological and hydrological parameters and nitrogen removal optimization of modified Carrousel oxidation ditch process, Journal of Central South University, 19, 9, pp. 842-849. DOI:10.1007/s11771-012-1081-7
  35. Zhu, X., Campanaro, S., Trea, L., Kougias, P.G. & Angelidaki, I. (2019). Novel ecological insights and functional roles during anaerobic digestion of saccharides unveiled by genome-centric metagenomics. Water Research, 151, pp. .271-279. DOI:10.1016/j.watres.2018.12.041






DOI: 10.24425/aep.2023.144735



Abstracting & Indexing

Abstracting & Indexing

Archives of Environmental Protection is covered by the following services:

AGRICOLA (National Agricultural Library)




BIOSIS Citation Index





Engineering Village


Google Scholar

Index Copernicus

Journal Citation Reports™

Journal TOCs






Ulrich's Periodicals Directory


Web of Science