The „Academia” magazine was founded on the initiative of Professor
Andrzej B. Legocki, a President of the Polish Academy of Sciences in
2003 – 2006. In the beginning it was published only in English as a
reply to the growing demand for a current information on the Polish
Academy of Sciences` activities, expressed by foreign scientists and
Poles living abroad and interested in Polish science.
Since 2005 the magazine is published both in Polish and English.
The „Academia” is an exceptional - on the Polish market - scientific
magazine for the general public, propagating achievements of Polish
scientists here and abroad. Authors of articles in „Academia” explain
their subject in a way that is accessible not only for all sorts of
academics but also for students, pupils and all other readers interested
in scientific topics for the general public.
We talk to Dr. Wojciech Fortuna about a successful operation carried out in 2012 to regenerate a severed spinal column using transplanted cells, a collaborative effort by numerous Polish neurosurgeons and scientists in conjunction with a British team.
Dr. Jerzy Grygorczuk, head of the Space Mechatronics and Robotics Laboratory, led the team responsible for the construction of the MUPUS penetrator. We talk to him about the Rosetta mission, uncertainty, and patience.
The Earth has been home to many species of plants and animals. More than 99% of them are now extinct, though it seems all of them had at least some short period of evolutionary prosperity. How is it that we humans have enjoyed such success, rather than any of the other closely related species that occupied the same or a similar ecological niche?
It is quite common in nature for two different species to form a special relationship. In such symbiosis, they both thrive without harming one other, and even frequently benefit one another. One prominent type is known as mycorrhiza, in which plant roots and fungal hyphae work together for mutual gain.
The Hemiptera order, sometimes known as the "bugs;' includes herbivorous aphids and cicadas, as well as certain predatory species of true bugs that feed on the blood of humans and domestic animals (such as bedbugs). In evolutionary terms, Hemiptera are some of the most successful insects among all present-day fauna.
During the last decade of humankind's exploration of Mars, a succession of American and European missions have sent back vast volumes of data about the planet's surface and atmosphere. And yet many questions remain unanswered. This has provided the incentive to design an innovative mobile platform, called the Highland Terrain Hopper, being developed jointly by planetary geologists and engineers.
The energy sector is about more than just the electric power in our wall sockets and keeping our homes warm. It is the foundation on which the economy rests, and also a crucial part of the way we affect the environment. To better protect the natural environment, we need, for instance, to develop active catalysts that can change harmful chemical compounds into neutral, or even useful ones.
We discuss good ideas that sometimes tum out to be problematic in practice with Prof. Henryk Okarma (who studies the biology and ecology of large carnivores and ungulates, predator-prey interactions, invasive alien species, wildlife biology, and nature conservation).