Applied sciences

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

Content

Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2013 | vol. 60 | No 2 |

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Abstract

In this paper, the problem of concentric pervious spheres carrying a fluid sink at their centre and rotating slowly with different uniform angular velocities Ω1. Ω2 about a diameter has been studied. The analysis reveals that only azimuthal component of velocity exists and the torque, rate of dissipated energy is found analytically in the present situation. The expression of torque on inner sphere rotating slowly with uniform angular velocity Ω1, while outer sphere also rotates slowly with uniform angular velocity Ω2, is evaluated. The special cases like, (i) inner sphere is fixed (i.e. Ω1 = 0), while outer sphere rotates with uniform angular velocity Ω2, (ii) outer sphere is fixed (i.e. Ω2 = 0), while inner sphere rotates with uniform angular velocity Ω1, (iii.) inner sphere rotates with uniform angular velocity Ω1, while outer rotates at infinity with angular velocity Ω2; have been deduced. The corresponding variation of torque with respect to sink parameter has been shown via figures. AMS subject classification – 76 D07.

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Authors and Affiliations

Deepak Kumar Srivastava
Raja Ram Yadav
Supriya Yadav
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Abstract

The problem of the optimal driving technique during the fuel economy competition is reconsidered. The vehicle is regarded as a particle moving on a trace with a variable slope angle. The fuel consumption is minimized as the vehicle covers the given distance in a given time. It is assumed that the run consists of two recurrent phases: acceleration with a full available engine power and coasting down with the engine turned off. The most fuel-efficient technique for shifting gears during acceleration is found. The decision variables are: the vehicle velocities at which the gears should be shifted, on the one hand, and the vehicle velocities when the engine should be turned on and off, on the other hand. For the data of students’ vehicle representing the Faculty of Power and Aeronautical Engineering it has been found that such driving strategy is more effective in comparison with a constant speed strategy with the engine partly throttled, as well as a strategy resulting from optimal control theory when the engine is still active.

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Authors and Affiliations

Paweł Sulikowski
Ryszard Maroński
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Abstract

This paper presents results of numerical investigation on a controllable airfoil flow separation phenomena practically applied in Formula One racing by a device called the F-duct. Separation is forced by air jets from slots located at different positions on the profile of the dual element wing and is intended to reduce aerodynamic drag. Slot position and the air jet velocity are the main parameters controlling the flow separation. The flow structure, surface pressure distribution, and the generated downwards lift and drag forces were investigated in this study. Two different flow separation structures have been recognised. Typically, wing stall is correlated with an increase in aerodynamic drag force. However, in the case of the finite wing with low aspect ratio, the induced drag is dominant and is proportional to the downforce. Therefore, flow separation on the wing increases the profile drag while simultaneously reducing the induced drag, resulting in a decrease in the total aerodynamic drag.

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Authors and Affiliations

Paulina Pietrzak
Janusz Piechna
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Abstract

This article investigates identification of aircraft aerodynamic derivatives. The identification is performed on the basis of the parameters stored by Flight Data Recorder. The problem is solved in time domain by Quad-M Method. Aircraft dynamics is described by a parametric model that is defined in Body-Fixed-Coordinate System. Identification of the aerodynamic derivatives is obtained by Maximum Likelihood Estimation. For finding cost function minimum, Lavenberg-Marquardt Algorithm is used. Additional effects due to process noise are included in the state-space representation. The impact of initial values on the solution is discussed. The presented method was implemented in Matlab R2009b environment.

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Authors and Affiliations

Piotr Lichota
Maciej Lasek
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Abstract

In this paper, we present the general governing equations of electrodynamics and continuum mechanics that need to be considered while mathematically modelling the behaviour of electromagnetic acoustic transducers (EMATs). We consider the existence of finite deformations for soft materials and the possibility of electric currents, temperature gradients, and internal heat generation due to dissipation. Starting with Maxwell’s equations of electromagnetism and balance laws of nonlinear elasticity, we present the governing equations and boundary conditions in incremental form in order to solve wave propagation problems of boundary value type.

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Authors and Affiliations

Prashant Saxena
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Abstract

In the present theoretical analysis, the combined effects of slider curvature and non-Newtonian pseudoplastic and dilatant lubricants (lubricant blended with viscosity index improver) on the steady and dynamic characteristics of pivoted curved slider bearings have been investigated for Rabinowitsch fluid model. The modified Reynolds equations have been obtained for steady and damping states of bearing. To solve the modified Reynolds equations, perturbation theory has been adopted. The results for the steady state characteristics (steady state film pressure, load carrying capacity and centre of pressure) and dynamic characteristics (dynamic damping and dynamic stiffness) have been calculated numerically for various values of viscosity index improver using Mathematica. In comparison with the Newtonian lubricants, higher values of film pressure, load carrying capacity, dynamic damping and dynamic stiffness have been obtained for dilatant lubricants, while the case was reversed for pseudoplastic lubricants. Significant variations in the bearing characteristics have been observed for even small values of pseudoplastic parameter, that is, with the non-Newtonian dilatant and pseudoplastic behaviour of the fluid.

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Authors and Affiliations

Udaya Pratap Singh
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Abstract

This paper presents a study on flowmeters oscillatory motion when subjected to periodical, enforced vibrations induced by vortex-shedding. The proposed mathematical modelling of flow was compared to corresponding numerical simulation, in form of modal analysis. The frequencies of vortices generation and detachment were calculated for a number of flow velocities in two different flowmeter profile variants. The performed modal evaluation enabled estimating their natural frequencies, and in consequence the acquired data helped us to determine flow velocity for which the analyzed structures were prone to resonant vibrations.

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Authors and Affiliations

Mirosław Kabaciński
Cyprian T. Lachowicz
Janusz Pospolita

Instructions for authors

About the Journal
Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. Archive of Mechanical Engineering publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.

Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an Open Access journal. The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges.

Original high quality papers on the following topics are preferred:

  • Mechanics of Solids and Structures,
  • Fluid Dynamics,
  • Thermodynamics, Heat Transfer and Combustion,
  • Machine Design,
  • Computational Methods in Mechanical Engineering,
  • Robotics, Automation and Control,
  • Mechatronics and Micro-mechanical Systems,
  • Aeronautics and Aerospace Engineering,
  • Heat and Power Engineering.

All submissions to the AME should be made electronically via Editorial System - an online submission and peer review system at: https://www.editorialsystem.com/ame

More detailed instructions for Authors can be found there.

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