Applied sciences

Archive of Mechanical Engineering

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Archive of Mechanical Engineering | 2022 | vol. 69 | No 2 |

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Abstract

Bridge crane is exposed to dynamic loads during its non-stationary operations (acceleration and braking). Analyzing these operations, one can determine unknown impacts on the dynamic behavior of bridge crane. These impacts are taken into consideration using selected coefficients inside the dynamic model. Dynamic modelling of a bridge crane in vertical plane is performed in the operation of the hoist mechanism. The dynamic model is obtained using data from a real bridge crane system. Two cases have been analyzed: acceleration of a load freely suspended on the rope when it is lifted and acceleration of a load during the lowering process. Physical quantities that are most important for this research are the values of stress and deformation of main girders. Size of deformation at the middle point of the main crane girder is monitored and analyzed for the above-mentioned two cases. Using the values of maximum deformation, one also obtains maximum stress values in the supporting construction of the crane.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mirsad Čolić
1
Nedim Pervan
1
ORCID: ORCID
Muamer Delić
1
ORCID: ORCID
Adis J. Muminović
1
ORCID: ORCID
Senad Odžak
2
ORCID: ORCID
Vahidin Hadžiabdić
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  2. Faculty of Science, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
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Abstract

Different configurations of journal bearings have been extensively used in turbomachinery and power generating equipment. Three-lobe bearing is used due to its lower film temperature and stable operation. In this study, static performance of such a bearing has been investigated at different eccentricity ratios considering lubricant compressibility and variable viscosity. The effect of variable viscosity was considered by taking the viscosity as a function of the oil film thickness while Dowson model is used to consider the effect of lubricant compressibility. The effect of such parameters was considered to compute the oil film pressure, load-carrying capacity, attitude angle and oil side leakage for a bearing working at (ε from 0.6 to 0.8) and (viscosity coefficient from 0 to 1). The mathematical model as well as the computer program prepared to solve the governing equations were validated by comparing the pressure distribution obtained in the present work with that obtained by EL-Said et al. A good agreement between the results has been observed with maximum deviation of 3%. The obtained results indicate a decrease in oil film pressure and load-carrying capacity with the higher values of viscosity coefficient while the oil compressibility has a little effect on such parameters.
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Authors and Affiliations

Mushrek A. Mahdi
1
ORCID: ORCID
Basim Ajeel Abbas
2

  1. University of Babylon, College of Engineering/Al-Musayab, Automobile Engineering Department, Babylon, Iraq
  2. University of Babylon, College of Engineering, Mechanical Engineering Department, Babylon, Iraq
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Abstract

Biogas, a renewable fuel, has low operational stability range in burners due to its inherent carbon-dioxide content. In cross-flow configuration, biogas is injected from a horizontal injector and air is supplied in an orthogonal direction to the fuel flow. To increase the stable operating regime, backward facing steps are used. Systematic numerical simulations of these flames are reported here. The comprehensive numerical model incorporates a chemical kinetic mechanism having 25 species and 121 elementary reactions, multicomponent diffusion, variable thermo-physical properties, and optically thin approximation based volumetric radiation model. The model is able to predict different stable flame types formed behind the step under different air and fuel flow rates, comparable to experimental predictions. Predicted flow, species, and temperature fields in the flames within the stable operating regime, revealing their anchoring positions relative to the rear face of the backward facing step, which are difficult to be measured experimentally, have been presented in detail. Resultant flow field behind a backward facing step under chemically reactive condition is compared against the flow fields under isothermal and non-reactive conditions to reveal the significant change the chemical reaction produces. Effects of step height and step location relative to the fuel injector are also presented.
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Authors and Affiliations

Alagani Harish
1
ORCID: ORCID
Vasudevan Raghavan
1

  1. Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, India
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Abstract

The aim of this research was to model the performances of energy and exergy on a Trombe wall system to enable an adequate thermal comfort. The main equations for the heat transfer mechanisms were developed from energy balances on subcomponents of the Trombe wall with the specification of the applicable initial and boundary conditions. During the incorporation of the PCM on the Trombe wall, the micro-encapsulation approach was adopted for better energy conservation and elimination of leakage for several cycling of the PCM. The charging and discharging of the PCM were equally accommodated and incorporated in the simulation program. The results of the study show that an enhanced energy storage could be achieved from solar radiation using PCM-augmented system to achieve thermal comfort in building envelope. In addition, the results correspond with those obtained from comparative studies of concrete-based and fired-brick augmented PCM Trombe wall systems, even though a higher insolation was used in the previous study.
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Authors and Affiliations

Benjamin O. Ezurike
1
ORCID: ORCID
Stephen A. Ajah
1
ORCID: ORCID
Uchenna Nwokenkwo
1
ORCID: ORCID
Chukwunenye A. Okoronkwo
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Department of Mechanical/Mechatronics Engineering, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu-Alike, Nigeria
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Abstract

This article proposes a method for grinding coal based on the use of the energy of a pulsed shock wave resulting from a spark electric discharge in a liquid. The main purpose of the scientific work is the development of an electric pulse device for producing coal powder, the main component of coal-water fuel. The diameter of the initial coal fraction averaged 3 mm, and the size of the resulting product was 250 μm. To achieve this goal, the dependence of the length of a metal rod electrode (positive electrode) on the length and diameter of its insulation is investigated. Various variants of the shape of the base (bottom) of the device acting as a negative electrode are considered, and an effective variant based on the results of coal grinding is proposed. An experimental electric pulse installation is described, the degree of coal grinding is determined depending on the geometric parameters. The optimal characteristics of the obtained coal powder have been established.
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Authors and Affiliations

Igor P. Kurytnik
1
ORCID: ORCID
Ayanbergen K. Khassenov
2
ORCID: ORCID
Ulan B. Nussupbekov
2
ORCID: ORCID
Dana Z. Karabekova
2
ORCID: ORCID
Bekbolat R. Nussupbekov
2
ORCID: ORCID
Madina Bolatbekova
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. The Witold Pilecki State Higher School, Oświęcim, Poland
  2. E.A.Buketov University of Karaganda, Kazakhstan
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Abstract

In recent years, manufacturing industries have demanded high-performance materials for structural components development due to their reduced weight, improved strength, corrosion, and moisture resistance. The outstanding performance of polymer nano-composites substitutes the use of conventional composites materials. This study is concerned with the machining of MWCNT and glass fiber-modified epoxy composites prepared by a cost-effective hand layup procedure. The investigations were carried out to estimate the generation of the thrust force (Th) and delamination factors at entry (DF entry) and exit (DF exit) side during the drilling of fiber composites. The effect of varying constraints on the machining indices was explored for obtaining an adequate quality of hole created in the epoxy nano-composites. The outcome shows that the feed rate (F) is the most critical factor influencing delamination at both entry and exit side, and the second one is the thrust force followed by wt. % of MWCNT. The statistical study shows that optimal combination of S (1650 Level-2), F (165 Level-2), and 2 wt. % of MWCNT (Level-2) can be used to minimize DF entry, DF exit, and Th. The drilling-induced damages were studied by means of a high-resolution microscopy test. The results reveal that the supplement of MWCNT substantially increases the machining efficiency of the developed nano-composites.
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[75] D. Kumar, K.K. Singh, and R. Zitoune. Experimental investigation of delamination and surface roughness in the drilling of GFRP composite material with different drills. Advanced Manufacturing: Polymer & Composites Science, 2(2):47–56, 2016. doi: 10.1080/20550340.2016.1187434.
[76] K. Palanikumar. Experimental investigation and optimisation in drilling of GFRP composites. Measurement, 44(10):2138–2148, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.measurement.2011.07.023.
[77] B. Latha and V.S. Senthilkumar. Modeling and analysis of surface roughness parameters in drilling GFRP composites using fuzzy logic. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 25(8):817-827, 2010. doi: 10.1080/10426910903447261.
[78] F. Ficici. Evaluation of surface roughness in drilling particle-reinforced composites. Advanced Composites Letters, 29:1–11, 2020. doi: 10.1177/2633366X20937711.
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Authors and Affiliations

Kuldeep Kumar
1
ORCID: ORCID
Rajesh Kumar Verma
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Materials and Morphology Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Madan Mohan Malaviya University of Technology, Gorakhpur, India
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Abstract

The numerical solutions are obtained for rotating beams; the inclusion of centrifugal force term makes it difficult to get the analytical solutions. In this paper, we solve the free vibration problem of rotating Rayleigh beam using Chebyshev and Legendre polynomials where weak form of meshless local Petrov-Galerkin method is used. The equations which are derived for rotating beams result in stiffness matrices and the mass matrix. The orthogonal polynomials are used and results obtained with Chebyshev polynomials and Legendre polynomials are exactly the same. The results are compared with the literature and the conventional finite element method where only first seven terms of both the polynomials are considered. The first five natural frequencies and respective mode shapes are calculated. The results are accurate when compared to literature.
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Bibliography

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Authors and Affiliations

Vijay Panchore
1

  1. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, Bhopal, India
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Abstract

In this paper, an adaptive sliding mode controller (ASMC) is proposed for an electromechanical clutch position control system to apply in the automated manual transmission. Transmission systems undergo changes in parameters with respect to the wide range of driving condition, such as changing in friction coefficient of clutch disc and stiffness of diaphragm spring, hence, an adaptive robust control method is required to guarantee system stability and overcome the uncertainties and disturbances. As the majority of transmission dynamics variables cannot be measured in a cost-efficient way, a non-linear estimator based on unscented Kalman filter (UKF) is designed to estimate the state valuables of the system. Also, a non-linear dynamic model of the electromechanical actuator is presented for the automated clutch system. The model is validated with experimental test results. Numerical simulation of a reference input for clutch bearing displacement is performed in computer simulation to evaluate the performance of controller and estimator. The results demonstrate the high effectiveness of the proposed controller against the conventional sliding mode controller to track precisely the desired trajectories.
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Bibliography

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Authors and Affiliations

Abbas Soltani
1
ORCID: ORCID
Milad Arianfard
2
Reza Nakhaie Jazar
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Buin Zahra Higher Education Centre of Engineering and Technology, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran
  2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical and Vocational University (TVU), Tehran, Iran
  3. School of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne, Australia

Instructions for authors

About the Journal
Archive of Mechanical Engineering is an international journal publishing works of wide significance, originality and relevance in most branches of mechanical engineering. The journal is peer-reviewed and is published both in electronic and printed form. Archive of Mechanical Engineering publishes original papers which have not been previously published in other journal, and are not being prepared for publication elsewhere. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. The journal accepts papers in English.

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Reviewers


The Editorial Board of the Archive of Mechanical Engineering (AME) sincerely expresses gratitude to the following individuals who devoted their time to review papers submitted to the journal. Particularly, we express our gratitude to those who reviewed papers several times.

List of reviewers of volume 68 (2021)
Ahmad ABDALLA – Huaiyin Institute of Technology, China
Sara ABDELSALAM – University of California, Riverside, United States
Muhammad Ilman Hakimi Chua ABDULLAH – Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia
Hafiz Malik Naqash AFZAL – University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Reza ANSARI – University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
Jeewan C. ATWAL – Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India
Hadi BABAEI – Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Sakthi BALAN – K. Ramakrishnan college of Engineering, Trichy, India
Leszek BARANOWSKI – Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
Elias BRASSITOS – Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon
Tadeusz BURCZYŃSKI – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland
Nguyen Duy CHINH – Hung Yen University of Technology and Education, Hung Yen, Vietnam
Dorota CHWIEDUK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Adam CISZKIEWICZ – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Meera CS – University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Duhradun, India
Piotr CYKLIS – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Abanti DATTA – Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, India
Piotr DEUSZKIEWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Dinesh DHANDE – AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune, India
Sufen DONG – Dalian University of Technology, China
N. Godwin Raja EBENEZER – Loyola-ICAM College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, India
Halina EGNER – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Fehim FINDIK – Sakarya University of Applied Sciences, Turkey
Artur GANCZARSKI – Cracow University of Technology, Poland
Peng GAO – Northeastern University, Shenyang, China
Rafał GOŁĘBSKI – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Andrzej GRZEBIELEC – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Ngoc San HA – Curtin University, Perth, Australia
Mehmet HASKUL – University of Sirnak, Turkey
Michal HATALA – Technical University of Košice, Slovak Republic
Dewey HODGES – Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, United States
Hamed HONARI – Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States
Olga IWASINSKA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Emmanuelle JACQUET – University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France
Maciej JAWORSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Xiaoling JIN – Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
Halil Burak KAYBAL – Amasya University, Turkey
Vladis KOSSE – Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
Krzysztof KUBRYŃSKI – Air Force Institute of Technology, Warsaw, Poland
Waldemar KUCZYŃSKI – Koszalin University of Technology, Poland
Igor KURYTNIK – State Higher School in Oswiecim, Poland
Daniel LESNIC – University of Leeds, United Kingdom
Witold LEWANDOWSKI – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Guolu LI – Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China
Jun LI – Xi’an Jiaotong University, China
Baiquan LIN – China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China
Dawei LIU – Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China
Luis Norberto LÓPEZ DE LACALLE – University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain
Ming LUO – Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China
Xin MA – Shandong University, Jinan, China
Najmuldeen Yousif MAHMOOD – University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
Arun Kumar MAJUMDER – Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India
Paweł MALCZYK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Miloš MATEJIĆ – University of Kragujevac, Serbia
Norkhairunnisa MAZLAN – Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia
Dariusz MAZURKIEWICZ – Lublin University of Technology, Poland
Florin MINGIREANU – Romanian Space Agency, Bucharest, Romania
Vladimir MITYUSHEV – Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland
Adis MUMINOVIC – University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Baraka Olivier MUSHAGE – Université Libre des Pays des Grands Lacs, Goma, Congo (DRC)
Tomasz MUSZYŃSKI – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Mohamed NASR – National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
Driss NEHARI – University of Ain Temouchent, Algeria
Oleksii NOSKO – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland
Grzegorz NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Iwona NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Samy ORABY – Pharos University in Alexandria, Egypt
Marcin PĘKAL – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Bo PENG – University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom
Janusz PIECHNA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Maciej PIKULIŃSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
T.V.V.L.N. RAO – The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, India
Andrzej RUSIN – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Artur RUSOWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Benjamin SCHLEICH – Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany
Jerzy SĘK – Lodz University of Technology, Poland
Reza SERAJIAN – University of California, Merced, USA
Artem SHAKLEIN – Udmurt Federal Research Center, Izhevsk, Russia
G.L. SHI – Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, China
Muhammad Faheem SIDDIQUI – Vrije University, Brussels, Belgium
Jarosław SMOCZEK – AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland
Josip STJEPANDIC – PROSTEP AG, Darmstadt, Germany
Pavel A. STRIZHAK – Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia
Vadym STUPNYTSKYY – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine
Miklós SZAKÁLL – Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany
Agnieszka TOMASZEWSKA – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland
Artur TYLISZCZAK – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland
Aneta USTRZYCKA – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland
Alper UYSAL – Yildiz Technical University, Turkey
Gabriel WĘCEL – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Marek WĘGLOWSKI – Welding Institute, Gliwice, Poland
Frank WILL – Technische Universität Dresden, Germany
Michał WODTKE – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland
Marek WOJTYRA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland
Włodzimierz WRÓBLEWSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Hongtao WU – Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China
Jinyang XU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China
Zhiwu XU – Harbin Institute of Technology, China
Zbigniew ZAPAŁOWICZ – West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland
Zdzislaw ZATORSKI – Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland
Wanming ZHAI – Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China
Xin ZHANG – Wenzhou University of Technology, China
Su ZHAO – Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, China

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