Applied sciences

Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi - Mineral Resources Management

Content

Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi - Mineral Resources Management | 2021 | vol. 37 | No 1 |

Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

This paper first describes basic information on 13 mineral resource strategy reports issued by the world’s major mineral resource exploration countries and regions, including Australia, Canada, Europe, the U.S., Russia, and India. Through these strategic reports, we identified the problems facing current mineral exploration and development, such as mining issues, increased on land access and permitting, disincentives to obtain precompetitive geoscience information, and the urgent need to improve exploration technology to adapt to new demands. Then, by studying the visions and aims of the new mineral resource strategies, this paper found that the strategic goals have something in common: to display a new image of mining development. The new image of mining development is an image of advanced mining through green development, ecological protection, technology intensity, sustainability, and social acceptance, consolidating the primary position and foundational role of mineral resources and mining development in economic and social development. The new image creates a favorable development environment for the rational use and adequate protection of mineral resources. After that, a summary of the measures taken to achieve these objectives, which include strengthening domestic mineral exploration, increasing coordination between mineral exploration and ecological environmental protection, strengthening the life cycle management of the industrial chain, playing a significant role in scientific and technological innovation, and paying close attention to significant shifts in the focus on critical minerals, is provided.
Go to article

Bibliography

1. AAS 2018. Our Planet, Australia’s Future A decade of transition in Geoscience. Canberra: Australian Academy of Science (AAS), 54 pp.
2. AG 2019a. Australia’s Critical Minerals Strategy[R]. Commonwealth of Australia.
3. AG 2019b. National Resources Statement. Canberra: Australian Government (AG), 5 pp.
4. Bacon, A. and Pemberton, J. 2012. Mineral Exploration Code of Practice. Ed. 5. Hobart: Mineral Resources Tasmania, 21 pp.
5. Barakos, G. An outlook on the rare earth elements mining industry. [Online] https://www.ausimmbulletin.com/ feature/an-outlook-on-the-rare-earth-elements-mining-industry [Accessed: 2020-02-01].
6. BGS 2015. Risk list 2015. Nottingham: British Geological Survey (BGS), 2 pp.
7. BLM 2017. Secretarial Order 3355, Streamlining National Environmental Policy Act Reviews and Implementation of Executive Order 13807. Establishing Discipline and Accountability in the Environmental Review and Permitting Process for Infrastructure Projects. Washington: the U.S. Bureau of Land Management (BLM). 8. Cobalt Historical Society. The Cobalt Mining District National Historic Site of Canada. [Online] https://heritagesilvertrail. ca/10-00-hst.html [Accessed: 2020-11-15].
9. CSIRO 2017. Mining equipment, technology and services: a Roadmap for unlocking future growth opportunities for Australia. Canberra: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), 32 pp.
10. DISER 2020. Resources and Energy Quarterly March 2020. Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resource of Australia (DISER), 11 pp.
11. DOC 2019. A Federal Strategy to Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Minerals. Washington: the U.S. Department of Commerce (DOC).
12. DOE 2019. Energy Department Announces Battery Recycling Prize and Battery Recycling R&D Center. Washington: the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE).
13. DOI 2018. Final List of Critical Minerals 2018 (83 Fed. Reg. 23295). Washington: the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI).
14. EOP 2017. A Federal Strategy To Ensure Secure and Reliable Supplies of Critical Minerals (E.O. 13817 of Dec 20, 2017). Washington: Executive Office of the President (EOP).
15. Exploring for the Future. Introduce [Online] http://www.ga.gov.au/eftf [Accessed: 2020-11-15].
16. GI 2019. National Mineral Policy of India. Government of India (GI), 3 pp.
17. GWG 2017. Australia Minerals 2017–2022 National Mineral Exploration Strategy. Geoscience Working Group (GWG), 5 pp.
18. Hodgkinson, J.H. and Smith, M.H. 2018. Climate change and sustainability as drivers for the next mining and metals boom: The need for climate-smart mining and recycling. Resources Policy 172, pp. 274–286.
19. INFACT. Introduction. [Online] https://www.infactproject.eu/about-the-project/#introduction [Accessed: 2020-11-15].
20. Karl, N. and Wilburn, D. 2017. Global nonfuel mineral exploration trends 2001–2015. Mining Engineering 69, pp. 30–37.
21. LePan, N. 2018. The Base Metal Boom: The Start of a New Bull Market? [Online] https://www.visualcapitalist. com/base-metal-boom/ [Accessed: 2020-12-15].
22. Maennling, N. and Toledano, P. 2019. Seven trends shaping the future of the mining and metals industry. [Online] https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2019/03/seven-trends-shaping-the-future-of-the-mining-and-metals-sector/ [Accessed: 2020–12-15].
23. Manalo, P. 2018. Grassroots’ share of global budget at all-time low. S&P Global 22, p. 1.
24. Marina, S. The rush for cobalt in Cobalt, Ont: Mining companies snap up land in the north [Online] https://www. cbc.ca/news/canada/sudbury/cobalt-mining-resurgence-1.4030303 [Accessed: 2020-12-15].
25. MNRE 2019. On approval of the Action Plan for the implementation of the Strategy of development of the mineral resource base of the Russian Federation until 2035 (for 2019–2024 years) ( in Russian). The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of Russia (MNRE).
26. Netshitenzhe, J. 2019. Towards Mining Vision 2030. [In:] The Future of Mining in South Africa: Sunset or Sunrise? The Mapungubwe Institute for Strategic Reflection (MISTRA), pp. 17–65, DOI: 10.2307/j.ctvgc60w8.7
27. NRC 2017. The Minerals and Metals Policy of the Government of Canada. Alberta: Natural Resources Canada (NRC), 9 pp.
28. NRC 2018. Mining Ideas for the Canadian Minerals and Metals Plan: A Discussion Paper. Alberta: Natural Resources Canada (NRC), 15 pp.
29. NRC 2019. The Canadian Minerals and Metals Plan. Alberta: Natural Resources Canada (NRC), 13 pp.
30. Resources 2030 Taskforce 2018. Australian resources-providing prosperity for future generations. Resources 2030 Taskforce, 42 pp.
31. Richard, S. 2016. A decade of discoveries A good – news story driven by junior explorers, guided by artisanal workings. Mining Journal. January, p. 20 .
32. Richard, S. 2018a. The Strategic Benefits To Governments In Supporting Exploration. [Online] https://minexconsulting. com/the-strategic-benefits-to-governments-in-supporting-exploration-2/ [Accessed: 2020-12-15].
33. Richard, S. 2018b. Where, what, when and who? Highlighting key global exploration opportunities, trends and a perspective on the cycle of mineral exploration. International Mining and Resource Conference. 31st October 2018, Melbourne, pp. 22.
34. Sharma, R.K. 2017. Indian mining: vision 2030 and beyond. International Conference & Expo on Mining Industry Vision 2030 & Beyond. December 6–8, 2017, Nagpur.
35. Silveira, J.W. and Resende, M. 2017. Competition in the International niobium Market: An Econometric Study. CESifo Working Paper Series 6715, CESifo Group Munich.
36. SNL Metals & Mining, 2020. SNL Metals & Mining Database, Exploration Budget Trends. [Online] http://www.snl. com/ [Accessed: 2020-12-15].
37. The Mining Industry: From Bust to Boom. [Online] https://www.rba.gov.au/publications/confs/2011/connolly- -orsmond.html [Accessed: 2020-12-15].
38. UN 2014. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision. New York: United Nations (UN).
39. UNCOVER. Introduction. [Online] https://www.uncoveraustralia.org.au/ [Accessed: 2020-12-15].
40. USGS 2020. Mineral commodity summaries 2020. Virginia: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
41. Vale 2020. Vale. Biodiversity. [Online] http://www.vale.com/brasil/EN/sustainability/Pages/biodiversity.aspx [Accessed: 2020-12-15].
42. VERAM 2018. Research & Innovation Roadmap 2050: A Sustainable and Competitive Future for European Raw Materials. Brussels: Vision and Roadmap for European Raw Materials (VERAM).
43. Yun, Y. 2020. Assessing the criticality of minerals used in emerging technologies in China. Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 36, pp. 5–20, DOI: 10.24425/gsm.2020.132559.

Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Yu Yun
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. China Geological Survey Development and Research Center, China
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The stable supply of iron ore resources is not only related to energy security, but also to a country’s sustainable development. The accurate forecast of iron ore demand is of great significance to the industrialization development of a country and even the world. Researchers have not yet reached a consensus about the methods of forecasting iron ore demand. Combining different algorithms and making full use of the advantages of each algorithm is an effective way to develop a prediction model with high accuracy, reliability and generalization performance. The traditional statistical and econometric techniques of the Holt–Winters (HW) non-seasonal exponential smoothing model and autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model can capture linear processes in data time series. The machine learning methods of support vector machine (SVM) and extreme learning machine (ELM) have the ability to obtain nonlinear features from data of iron ore demand. The advantages of the HW, ARIMA, SVM, and ELM methods are combined in various degrees by intelligent optimization algorithms, including the genetic algorithm (GA), particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm and simulated annealing (SA) algorithm. Then the combined forecast models are constructed. The contrastive results clearly show that how a high forecasting accuracy and an excellent robustness could be achieved by the particle swarm optimization algorithm combined model, it is more suitable for predicting data pertaining to the iron ore demand.
Go to article

Bibliography

1. Al-Fattah, S.M. 2020. A new artificial intelligence GANNATS model predicts gasoline demand of Saudi Arabia. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering 194.
2. Al-Hnaity, B. and Abbod, M. 2016. Predicting Financial Time Series Data Using Hybrid Model. Intelligent Systems and Applications 650, pp. 19–41.
3. Bates, J.M. and Granger, C.W.J. 1969. The combination of forecasts. Journal of the Operational Research Society 20(4), pp. 451–468.
4. Bikcora et al. 2018 – Bikcora, C., Verheijen, L. and Weiland, S. 2018. Density forecasting of daily electricity demand with ARMA-GARCH, CAViaR, and CARE econometric models. Sustainable Energy Grids and Networks 13, pp. 148–156.
5. Box, G.E.P. and Jenkins, G.M. 1976. Time Series Analysis: Forecasting and Control. Holden-Day, San Francisco.
6. Davies, N.J.P. and Petruccelli, J.D. 1988. An Automatic Procedure for Identification, Estimation and Forecasting Univariate Self Exiting Threshold Autoregressive Models. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 37(2), pp. 199–204.
7. D’Amico et al. 2020 – D’Amico, A., Ciulla, G., Tupenaite, L. and Kaklauskas, A. 2020. Multiple criteria assessment of methods for forecasting building thermal energy demand. Energy and Buildings 224, 110220.
8. Eberhart, R. and Kennedy, J. 1995. A new optimizer using particle swarm theory. [In:] MHS’95. Proceedings of the Sixth International Symposium on Micro Machine and Human Science, pp. 39–43.
9. Holland, J.M. 1975. Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor.
10. Huang et al. 2006 – Huang, G.B., Zhu, Q.Y. and Siew, C.K. 2006. Extreme learning machine: theory and applications. Neurocomputing 70, pp. 489–501.
11. Jia, L.W. and Xu, D.Y. 2014. Analysis and Prediction of the Demand for Iron Ore: Using Panel, Grey, Co-Integration and ARIMA Models. Resources Science 36(7), pp. 1382–1391.
12. Kazemzadeh et al. 2020 – Kazemzadeh, M.R., Amjadian, A. and Amraee, T. 2020. A hybrid data mining driven algorithm for long term electric peak load and energy demand forecasting. Energy 204, 117948
13. Liu et al. 2016 – Liu, X.L., Moreno, B. and Garcia, A.S. 2016. A grey neural network and input-output combined forecasting model. Primary energy consumption forecasts in Spanish economic sectors. Energy 115, pp. 1042–1054.
14. Ma et al. 2013 – Ma, W.M., Zhu, X.X. and Wang, M.M. 2013. Forecasting iron ore import and consumption of China using grey model optimized by particle swarm optimization algorithm. Resources Policy 38, pp. 613–620.
15. Mi et al. 2018 – Mi, J., Fan, L., Duan, X. and Qiu, Y. 2018. Short-Term Power Load Forecasting Method Based on Improved Exponential Smoothing Grey Model. Mathematical Problems in Engineering 2018, pp. 1–11.
16. National Bureau of Statistics of China. Output of Industrial Products. [Online] https://data.stats.gov.cn/easyquery. htm?cn=C01&zb=A0E0H&sj=2019 [Accessed: 2020-12-30].
17. National Bureau of Statistics of China, 2018. Chinese Mining Yearbook. Beijing: China Statistics Press.
18. Song et al. 2018 – Song, J.J., Wang, J.Z. and Lu, H.Y.2018. A novel combined model based on advanced optimization algorithm for short-term wind speed forecasting. Applied Energy 215, pp. 643–658.
19. Vapnik, V.N. 1995. The Nature of Statistical Learning Theory. New York: Springer.
20. Wang et al. 2018 – Wang, J., Luo, Y.Y., Tang, T.Y. and Peng, G. 2018. Modeling a combined forecast algorithm based on sequence patterns and near characteristics: An application for tourism demand forecasting. Chaos, Solitons and Fractals 108, pp. 136–147.
21. Wang et al. 2012 – Wang, J.J., Wang, J.Z., Zhang, Z.G. and Guo, S.P. 2012. Stock index forecasting based on a hybrid model. Omega-International Journal of Management Science 40, pp. 758–766.
22. Wang et al. 2010 – Wang, J.Z., Zhu, S.L., Zhang, W.Y. and Lu, H.Y. 2010. Combined modeling for electric load forecasting with adaptive particle swarm optimization. Energy 35, pp. 1671–1678.
23. Wang et al. 2020 – Wang, Z.X., Zhao, Y.F. and He, L.Y. 2020. Forecasting the monthly iron ore import of China using a model combining empirical mode decomposition, non-linear autoregressive neural network, and autoregressive integrated moving average. Applied Soft Computing 94.
24. Winters, P.R. 1960. Forecasting sales by exponentially weighted moving averages. Management Science 6(3), pp. 324–42.
25. Zhang et al. 2019 – Zhang, S.H., Wang, J.Y. and Guo, Z.H. 2019. Research on combined model based on multi- -objective optimization and application in time series forecast. Soft Computing 23, pp. 11493–11521.
26. Zhang et al. 2017 – Zhang, Y., Li, C. and Li, L. 2017. Electricity price forecasting by a hybrid model, combining wavelet transform, ARMA and kernel-based extreme learning machine methods. Applied Energy 190, pp. 291–305.
27. Zhou et al. 2019 – Zhou, Z., Si, G.Q., Zheng, K., Xu, X., Qu, K. and Zhang, Y.B. 2019. CMBCF: A Cloud Model Based Hybrid Method for Combining Forecast. Applied Soft Computing 85, 105766.
28. Zhou, Z.H. 2016. Machine Learning. Beijing: Tsinghua University Press, 425 pp. ( in Chinese).

Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Min Ren
1
Jianyong Dai
2
Wancheng Zhu
3
Feng Dai
3
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Northeastern University, Shenyang, China
  2. University of South China, Hengyang, China
  3. Northeastern University, Shenyang
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

Two kaolin ores with the almost same fineness and purity of original kaolinite but possessing different kaolinite crystallinity (Hinckley Index) were selected to study the influence of crystallinity and calcination conditions on the pozzolanic activity of metakaolin after dehydroxylation. The different calcination conditions were conducted by altering the calcination temperature and holding time to obtain different metakaolin samples with different degrees of dehydroxylation. Then pozzolanic activities of metakaolin samples were tested by the modified Chapelle test, Frattini test and strength evaluations. Additionally, the apparent activation energies of two kaolin ores were calculated to study the thermal properties of kaolinite by isoconversional methods followed by iterative computations. The results showed that pozzolanic activities were dependent on the degree of dehydroxylation, except for the metakaolins calcined at 900℃ due to the fact that recrystallization and high pozzolanic activity was conducted by complete dehydroxylation (degree of dehydroxylation ≥ 90%). Moreover, the lower crystallinity of original kaolinite favored the removal of the structural hydroxyls, leading to a reduction of apparent activation energy and increase of pozzolanic activity, indicating that the higher calcination temperature or longer holding time was required during calcination to reach the same degree of dehydroxylation and finally highly ordered kaolinite converted into the less active metakaolinite, which was confirmed by the lower Ca(OH)2 consumption in the modified Chapelle test, higher [CaO] and [OH] in the Frattini test and weaker compressive strength.
Go to article

Bibliography

1. Akahira, T. and Sunose, T. 1969. Trans. Joint Convention of Four Electrical Institutes. Paper No. 246. Research Report, Chiba Institute of Technology (Science Technology) 16, pp. 22.
2. ASTM C618:2013. Standard Specification for Fly Ash and Raw or Calcined Natural Pozzolan for Use as a Mineral Admixture in Portland Cement Concrete.
3. Badogiannis et al. 2005 – Badogiannis, E, Kakali, G. and Tsivilis, S. 2005. Metakaolin as supplementary cementitious material: Optimization of kaolin to metakaolin conversion. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 81(2), pp. 49–79.
4. Bich et al. 2009 – Bich, C., Ambroise, J. and Péra, J. 2009. Influence of degree of dehydroxylation on the pozzolanic activity of metakaolin. Applied Clay Science 44(3), pp. 194–200.
5. Cao et al. 2016 – Cao, Z., Cao, Y., Dong, H., Zhang, J. and Sun, C. 2016. Effect of calcination condition on the microstructure and pozzolanic activity of calcined coal gangue. International Journal of Mineral Processing 146, pp. 23–28.
6. Cyr et al. 2006 – Cyr, M., Lawrence, P. and Ringot, E. 2006. Efficiency of mineral admixtures in mortars: quantification of the physical and chemical effects of fine admixtures in relation with compressive strength. Cement and Concrete Research 36, pp. 264–277.
7. Donatello et al. 2010 – Donatello, S., Freeman-Pask, A., Tyrer, M. and Cheeseman, C.R. 2010. Effect of milling and acid washing on the pozzolanic activity of incinerator sewage sludge ash. Cement and Concrete Composites 32, pp. 54–61.
8. EN 196-1:2005. Methods of Testing Cement. Part 1: Determination of strength.
9. EN 196-5:2005. Methods of Testing Cement. Part 5: Pozzolanicity Test for Pozzolanic Cement.
10. Ferraz et al. 2015 – Ferraz, E., Andrejkovičová, S., Hajjaji, W., Velosa, A.L., Silva, A.S. and Rocha, F. 2015. Pozzolanic activity of metakaolins by the french standard of the modified chapelle test: a direct methodology. Acta Geodynamica et Geomaterialia 179, pp. 289–298.
11. Frías et al. 2000 – Frías, M., Sánchez de Rojas, M.I. and Cabrera, J. 2000. The effect that the pozzolanic reaction of metakaolin has on the heat evolution in metakaolin-cement mortars. Cement and Concrete Research 30, pp. 209–216.
12. Galos, K. 2011. Composition and ceramic properties of ball clays for porcelain stoneware tiles manufacture in Poland. Appled Clay Science 51(1), pp. 74–85.
13. Gao et al. 2001 – Gao, Z., Nakada, M. and Amasaki, I. 2001. A consideration of errors and accuracy in the isoconversional methods. Thermochimica Acta 369, pp. 137–142.
14. Janotka et al. 2010 – Janotka, I., Puertas, F., Palacios, M., Kuliffayová, M. and Varga, C. 2010. Metakaolin sand- -blended-cement pastes: rheology, hydration process and mechanical properties. Construction and Building Materials 791, pp. 802–24.
15. Kakali et al. 2001 – Kakali, G., Perraki, T., Tsivilis, S. and Badogiannis, E. 2001. Thermal treatment of kaolin: the effect of mineralogy on the pozzolanic activity. Applied Clay Science 20, pp. 73–80.
16. Kissinger, HE. 1957. Reaction Kinetics in Differential Thermal Analysis. Analytical Chemistry 29(11), pp. 1702–1706.
17. Liu et al. 2000 – Liu, Q, Xu, H. and Zhang, P. 2000. Crystallinity difference for various origin of kaolinites in coal measures. Journal of China Coal Society 25(6), pp. 576–580 (in Chinese).
18. Murat, M. 1983. Hydration reaction and hardening of calcined clays and related minerals I. Preliminary investigation on metakaolinite. Cement and Concrete Research 13, pp. 259–266.
19. NF P18-513:2010. Metakaolin. Pozzolanic addition for concrete. Definitions, specifications and conformity criteria.
20. Ozawa, T. 1965. A New Method of Analyzing Thermogravimetric Data. Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan 38(11), pp. 1881–1886.
21. Qiu et al. 2014 – Qiu, X., Lei, X., Alshameri, A., Wang, H. and Yan, C. 2014. Comparison of the physicochemical properties and mineralogy of Chinese (Beihai) and Brazilian kaolin. Ceramics International 40, pp. 5397–5405.
22. Sabir et al. 2001 – Sabir, B.B., Wild, S. and Bai, J. 2001. Metakaolin and calcined clays as pozzolans for concrete: a review. Cement and Concrete Composites 23, pp. 441–454.
23. Saikia et al. 2002 – Saikia, N., Sengupta, P., Gogoi, P.K. and Borthakur, P.C. 2002. Kinetics of dehydroxylation of kaolin in presence of oil field effluent treatment plant sludge. Applied Clay Science 22, pp. 93–102.
24. Samet et al. 2007 – Samet, B., Mnif, T. and Chaabouni, M. 2007. Use of a kaolinitic clay as a pozzolanic material for cements: Formulation of blended cement. Cement and Concrete Composites 29(10), pp. 741–749.
25. Sinthaworn, S. and Nimityongskul, P. 2011. Effects of temperature and alkaline solution on electrical conductivity measurements of pozzolanic activity. Cement and Concrete Composites 33, pp. 622–627.
26. Tironi et al. 2012 – Tironi, A., Trezza, M.A., Irassar, E.F. and Scian, A.N. 2012. Thermal treatment of kaolin: effect on the pozzolanic activity. Procedia Materials Science 1, pp. 343–350.
27. Tironi et al. 2013 – Tironi, A., Trezza, M.A., Scian, A.N. and Irassar, E.F. 2013. Assessment of pozzolanic activity of different calcined clays. Cement and Concrete Composites 37, pp. 319–327.
28. Tironi et al. 2014 – Tironi, A., Trezza, M.A., Scian, A.N. and Irassar, E.F. 2014. Thermal analysis to assess pozzolanic activity of calcined kaolinitic clays. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry 117, pp. 547–556.
29. Wild et al. 1996 – Wild, S., Khatib, J.M. and Jones, A. 1996. Relative strength, pozzolanic activity and cement hydration in superplasticised metakaolin concrete. Cement and Concrete Research 26, pp. 1537–1544.
30. Zhang et al. 2015 – Zhang, Y., Xu, L., Seetharaman, S., Liu, L., Wang, X. and Zhang, Z. 2015. Effects of chemistry and mineral on structural evolution and chemical reactivity of coal gangue during calcination: towards efficient utilization. Materials and Structures 48, pp. 2779–2793.

Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Yuanyuan Liu
1
ORCID: ORCID
Qian Huang
1
Liang Zhao
1
Shaomin Lei
2

  1. Yangtze Normal University, Chongqing Engineering Research Center for Structure Full-Life-Cycle Health Detection and Disaster Prevention, China
  2. Wuhan University of Technology, China
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The article attempts to define issues related to sustainable development (SD) in the context of the mining industry. The purpose of this publication is to analyze the implementation of sustainable development goals by mining companies in Poland, including Lubelski Węgiel Bogdanka SA, KGHM Polska Miedź SA and the Górażdże HeidelbergCement Group. The work is based on a review of previous research, formulating the activities of the mining industry in accordance with each of the seventeen goals presented in the Agenda 2030. Non-financial reports were used to analyze the scope of implementation of SD goals in Poland, an expert assessment was used, which allowed the strengths and weaknesses of the industry in this particular area of interest to be formulated. A change in awareness towards SD in environmental, social and economic domains has undeniably taken place. Reports published by the companies inform about activities consistent with the particular SD objectives. The scope of their implementation varies across the analyzed entities. Increasing the exposure of the discussed topic improves the image of companies, but also allows to notice their efforts whilst indicating real actions that are deemed as good practices. Mining entrepreneurs struggle with limitations and difficulties in implementing changes. The main challenge is the environmental aspect. Undoubtedly, the means of persuasion (also in this regard) are legal regulations that require finalization, especially when it comes to the mining industry and the state’s raw materials policy.
Go to article

Bibliography

1. AA 2016. The Act of December 15, 2016 on the Amendment to the Accounting Act (Ustawa o zmianie ustawy o rachunkowości), Journal of Laws of 2017 item 61 (Dz.U. 2017.61) ( in Polish).
2. Agenda 2030, 2015. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development; A/RES/70/1; United Nations, Resolution adopted by the General Assembly on September 25, 2015. [Online] sustainabledevelopment. un.org [Accessed: 2019-05-02].
3. Bemke-Świtilnik et al. 2020 – Bemke-Świtilnik, M., Drabek, A., Kamińska, A.M. and Smoliński, A. 2020. Research Collaboration Patterns in Sustainable Mining – A Co-Authorship Analysis of Publications. Sustainability 12(11), 4756, DOI: 10.3390/su12114756.
4. Blachowski, J. and Buczyńska, A. 2020. Spatial and Multicriteria Analysis of Dimension Stones and Crushed Rocks Quarrying in the Context of Sustainable Regional Development: Case Study of Lower Silesia (Poland). Sustainability 12(7), 3022, DOI: 10.3390/su12073022.
5. Bluszcz, A. and Kijewska, A. 2015. Challenges of sustainable development in the mining and metallurgy sector in Poland. Metalurgija 54(2), pp. 441–444.
6. Bołoz, Ł. and Midor, K. 2019. The procedure of choosing an optimal offer for a conical pick as an element of realizing the sustainable development concept in mining enterprises. Acta Montanistica Slovaca 24(2), pp. 140–150.
7. CRP 1997 – Constitution of the Republic of Poland (Konstytucja Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej), Journal of Laws of 1997, No. 78, item 483, as amended (Dz.U.1997.78.483) (in Polish).
8. Constanza et al. 2016 – Costanza, R., Daly, L., Fioramonti, L., Giovannini, E., Kubiszewski, I., Fogh Mortensen, L., Pickett, K.E., Vala Ragnarsdottir, K., De Vogli, R. and Wilkinson, R. 2016. Modelling and measuring sustainable wellbeing in connection with the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Ecological Economics 130, pp. 350–355, DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.07.009.
9.CSR KGHM 2010–2011. Corporate Social Responsibility Report 2010–2011 KGHM PM SA. (Raport Społecznej Odpowiedzialności Biznesu 2010–2011). [Online] https://kghm.com/sites/kghm2014/files/document-attachments/raport_csr_kghm_2010-2011_pl.pdf
10. De Mesquita et al. 2017 – De Mesquita, R.F., Xavier, A., Klein, B. and Matos, F.R.N. 2017. Mining and the Sustainable Development Goals: A Systematic Literature Review. Geo-Resour. Environ. Eng. 2, pp. 29–34, DOI: 10.15273/gree.2017.02.006.
11. Dubiński, J. 2013. Sustainable Development of Mining Mineral Resources. Journal of Sustainable Mining 12(1), pp. 1–6, DOI: 10.7424/jsm130102.
12. Dziadul, J. 2017. How did it happen that the Polish mining began to bring gigantic profits? (Jak to się stało, że polskie górnictwo zaczęło przynosić gigantyczne zyski?) Polityka. [Online] https://www.polityka.pl/tygodnikpolityka/ kraj/1729918,1,jak-to-sie-stalo-ze-polskie-gornictwo-zaczelo-przynosic-gigantyczne-zyski.read [Accessed: 2020-03-05] (in Polish).
13. Dziennik Zachodni 2016. The interview with prof. Andrzej Barczak from University of Economics in Katowice. [Online] https://dziennikzachodni.pl/gornictwo-jest-wazne-ale-schylkowe-uwaza-profesor-barczak/ar/10139472, (in Polish) [Accessed: 2020-03-22].
14. EC 2016. Communication From The Commission To The European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic And Social Committee And The Committee Of The Regions, Next steps for a sustainable European future, European action for sustainability. COM/2016/0739. [Online] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/ EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52016DC0739&from=pl [Accessed 2018-09-02].
15. EC 2017. [Online] https://ec.europa.eu/growth/sectors/raw-materials/policy-strategy_en [Accessed: 2018- -09-02].
16. EC 2019. Communication from the Commission – Guidelines on non-financial reporting: Supplement on reporting climate-related information. 2019/C 209/01. [Online] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/ PDF/?uri=CELEX:52019XC0620(01)&from=EN [Accessed: 2020-12-31].
17. EL 1997. The Act of April 10, 1997 – Energy Law (Prawo Energetyczne). Journal of Laws of 1997, No. 54, item 348, as amended (Dz.U. 1997.54.348) ( in Polish).
18. Elkington, J. 1998. Partnerships from Cannibals with Forks: The Triple Bottom Line of 21st – Century Business. Environmental Quality Management 8(1), pp. 37–51.
19. Endl at al. 2019 – Endl, A., Tost, M., Hitch, M., Moser, P. and Feiel, S. 2019. Europe’s mining innovation trends and their contribution to the sustainable development goals: Blind spots and strong points. Resources Policy, DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2019.101440.
20. EPL 2001. The Act of April 27, 2001 – Environmental Protection Law (Prawo ochrony środowiska). Journal of Laws of 2001, No. 62, item 627, as amended (Dz.U. 2001.62.627) (in Polish).
21. Etteieb et al. 2020 – Etteieb, S., Magdouli, S., Zolfaghari, M. and Brar, S.K. 2020. Monitoring and analysis of selenium as an emerging contaminant in mining industry: A critical review. Science of The Total Environment 698, 134339, DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.134339.
22. EU Directive 2014. Directive 2014/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of October 22, 2014 amending Directive 2013/34/EU as regards disclosure of non-financial and diversity information by certain large undertakings and groups. [Online] https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX: 32014L0095&from=EN [Accessed: 2020-12-13]. Eurostat Database 2020. [Online] https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/ [Accessed: 2020-09-22].
23. Fonseca et al. 2014 – Fonseca, A., McAllister, M.L. and Fitzpatrick, P. 2014. Sustainability reporting among mining corporations: a constructive critique of the GRI approach. Journal of Cleaner Production 84(1), pp. 70–83, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2012.11.050.
24. Fugiel et al. 2017 – Fugiel, A., Burchart-Korol, D., Czaplicka-Kolarz, K. and Smoliński, A. 2017. Environmental impact and damage categories caused by air pollution emissions from mining and quarrying sectors of European countries. Journal of Cleaner Production 143, pp. 159–168.
25. Gawlik, L. and Soliński, J. 2004. Sustainable global energy development – the case of coal (Zrównoważony globalny rozwój energetyczny – przypadek węgla). Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 7(2), pp. 5–27 (in Polish).
26. Galos, K. 2009. New mineral policy of the European Union ( Nowa polityka surowcowa Unii Europejskiej). Górnictwo i Geoinżynieria 33(4), pp. 81–88 ( in Polish).
27. Gavriletea, M.D. 2017. Environmental Impacts of Sand Exploitation. Analysis of Sand Market. Sustainability 9(7), 1118, pp. 1–26, DOI: 10.3390/su9071118.
28. Hałasik, K.and Kulczycka, J. 2016. CSR, environment-friendly investments and innovations – the three elements necessary to build a modern and strong coal mining company? E3S Web of Conferences 10, 00051, pp. 1–8, DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/20161000051.
29.Hilson, G. 2000. Pollution prevention and cleaner production in the mining industry: an analysis of current issues. Journal of Cleaner Production 8(2), pp. 119–126, DOI: 10.1016/S0959-6526(99)00320-0.
30. Hilson, G. and Basu, A.J. 2003. Devising indicators of sustainable development for the mining and minerals industry: An analysis of critical background issues. The International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 10(4), pp. 319–331, DOI: 10.1080/13504500309470108.
31. Hilson, G. and Murck, B. 2000. Sustainable development in the mining industry: clarifying the corporate perspective. Resources Policy 26, pp. 227–238.
32. Holden et al. 2014 – Holden, E., Linnerud, K. and Banister, D. 2014. Sustainable development: Our Common Future revisited. Global Environmental Change 26, pp. 130–139, DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.04.006.
33. ICMM 2020. International Council on Mining and Metals. [Online] https://www.icmm.com/ [Accessed: 2020-09-22].
34. Integrated Report 2018 CK LW Bogdanka. Integrated Report 2018 Capital Group Lubelski Węgiel Bogdanka (Raport zintegrowany 2018 Grupa Kapitałowa Lubelski Węgiel Bogdanka). [Online] https://www.lw.com.pl/_up_ img/CSR/RaportZintegrowany2018.pdf [Accessed: 2020-04-15] ( in Polish).
35. KNF 2019. Consolidated Annual Report 2018 (Skonsolidowane sprawozdanie finansowe za 2018 rok), Komisja Nadzoru Finansowego. March 2019. [Online].
36. Kirsch, K. 2010. Sustainable Mining. Dialect Anthropol 34, pp. 87–93. DOI: 10.1007/s10624-009-9113-x.
37. Kulczycka, J. and Wirth, H. 2010. Corporate social responsibility in strategy of mining companies in Poland (Społeczna odpowiedzialność w strategiach firm górniczych w Polsce). Zeszyty Naukowe Instytutu Gospodarki Surowcami Mineralnymi i Energii PAN 79, pp. 147–157 ( in Polish).
38. Lange Salvia et al. 2019 – Lange Salvia, A., Leal Filho, W., Londero Brandli, L. and Sapper Griebeler, J. 2019. Assessing research trends related to Sustainable Development Goals: local and global issues. Journal of Cleaner Production 208, pp. 841–849, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.09.242.
39. Leal Filho et al. 2018 – Leal Filho, W., Azeiteiro, U., Alves, F., Pace, P., Mifsud, M., Brandli, L., Caeiro, S.S. and Disterheft, A., 2018. Reinvigorating the sustainable development research agenda: the role of the sustainable development goals (SDG). International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology 25(2), pp. 131–142, DOI: 10.1080/13504509.2017.1342103.
39. Lorenc, S. and Kustra, A. 2015. Increase in the market value of mining companies as a result of sustainable development policy (Wzrost wartości rynkowej przedsiębiorstw górniczych jako efekt prowadzenia polityki zrównoważonego rozwoju). Przegląd Górniczy 8, pp. 40–44 (in Polish).
40. Manowska et al. 2017 – Manowska, A., Tobór-Osadnik, K. and Wyganowska, M. 2017. Economic and social aspects of restructuring Polish coal mining: Focusing on Poland and the EU. Resources Policy 52, pp. 192–200, DOI: 10.1016/j.resourpol.2017.02.006.
41. MMtoSED 2016. Mapping Mining to the Sustainable Development Goals: An Atlas, July 2016 [Accessed: 2018- 09-15].
42. Monteiro et al. 2019 – Monteiro, N.B.R., Silva, E.A.and Moita Neto, J.M. 2019. Sustainable development goals in mining. Journal of Cleaner Production 228, pp. 509–520, DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.04.332.
43. Mwaanga et al. 2019 – Mwaanga, P., Silondwa, M., Kasali, G. and Banda, P.M., 2019. Preliminary review of mine air pollution in Zambia. Heliyon 5(9), e02485, DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02485.
44. Namysłowska-Wilczyńska, B. and Pyra, J. 2005. Spatial analysis of copper content in soil-water environment of Legnica-Głogów copper district (Analiza przestrzenna zawartości miedzi w środowisku gruntowo-wodnym Legnicko-Głogowskiego Okręgu Miedziowego). Polskie Towarzystwo Informacji Przestrzennej Roczniki Geomatyki III(4), pp. 137–149 ( in Polish).
45. Naworyta, W. 2009. The importance of environmental conditions for mining accessibility of lignite deposits in Poland (Wpływ uwarunkowań środowiskowych na możliwość racjonalnej gospodarki zasobami złóż węgla brunatnego w Polsce) Polityka Energetyczna – Energy Policy Journal 12(2/2), pp. 423–433 (in Polish).
46. Nieć et al. 2008 – Nieć, M., Pietrzyk-Sokulska, E., Gądek, R. and Lisner-Skórska, J. 2008. Mining helpful to environment protection and management – case of Kielce Mineral Mines Enterprise (KKSM) (Górnictwo wspomagające ochronę środowiska i jego kształtowanie – doświadczenia Kieleckich Kopalń Surowców Mineralnych). Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 24(4/4), pp. 251–266 (in Polish).



Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Katarzyna Pactwa
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wrocław, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The protection of copper and silver ore resources in the Polish Lubuskie Province requires certain steps to be taken, the suggestions for which are presented in this article. It addresses both known and newly discovered ore deposits, as well as prospective areas and places of ongoing exploration, which throughout the paper are collectively recognized as potential Cu-Ag mining areas. The example of Lubuskie Province was chosen as an exceptional region with multiple known areas of copper and silver ore potential, but no active mining operations until now. The study focuses on the nature and location of all potential mining areas in Lubuskie Province, and subsequently suggests the means of their protection which can be implemented today, as well as in the future. Such means should be introduced by way of new or amended legal regulations. Certain major changes to Polish law are necessary to provide sufficient protection of both currently known, as well as possible future deposits, against such use of land which would prevent the extraction of their resources. The study shows that the legal regulations effective in Poland today are insufficient or too vague, as they do not include any provisions concerning prospective resources, as well as areas of active mineral exploration, instead focusing solely on officially registered mineral deposits. Therefore, the proposals of new solutions providing better protection of all potential Cu-Ag mining areas are presented in this article.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Zieliński
1
ORCID: ORCID
Stanisław Speczik
2 1
ORCID: ORCID
Tomasz Bieńko
2 1
ORCID: ORCID
Alicja Pietrzela
2 1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Miedzi Copper Corporation, Warszawa, Poland
  2. University of Warsaw
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

In Polish mining enterprises, mining exploitation processes are often carried out in much more difficult geological and mining conditions. At the same time, underground operation must be carried out in accordance with the legal requirements concerning work safety and public safety. In these circumstances, taking into account the fact that hard coal mining is by nature a less competitive industry, it should be stated that in Poland managing a mining enterprise is a real challenge. Additionally, in the situation of the functioning of mining enterprises in the conditions of the market economy and constant changes in the economic situation for coal, both on the domestic and foreign markets, the degree of management difficulties, including planning and decision making, is constantly increasing. This is a result of not only the specificity of mining production processes, but also the need to conduct effective economic activity in a constantly and dynamically changing environment. During the implementation of changes in a mining enterprise, the variety of conditions often increases difficulties in the change forecasting system and generates a high risk of implementing adaptive measures. The changes may have a different scope – from gradual, aimed at improving the activities carried out or slowly adapting to changes in the environment, through changes in implemented processes, to radical changes in functioning, often associated with organizational changes.This article aims to present the method of managing a mining enterprise, Poland Grupa Górnicza SA, established during the period of significant changes that took place at that time, both in the company itself and in the hard coal mining industry.
Go to article

Bibliography

1. Bainbridge, C. 1996. Designing for Change: A Practical Guide to Business Transformation. Chichester: John Wiley & Son.
2. Bąk, P. 2018a. Production planning in a mining enterprises – selected problems and solutions. Gospodarka Surowcami Mineralnymi – Mineral Resources Management 34(2), pp. 97–116.
3. Bąk, P. 2018b. Technical and financial planning of mining production from a strategic perspective (Planowanie techniczno-ekonomiczne produkcji górniczej w ujęciu strategicznym). Kraków: AGH University of Science and Technology Press (in Polish).
4. Bijańska, J. 2017. Possibilities for development of a mining company in a crisis situation (Studium możliwości rozwojowych przedsiębiorstwa górniczego w sytuacji kryzysowej). Gliwice: Silesian University of Technology Press (in Polish).
5. Drucker, P. 2006. The Practice of Management. New York: Harper Business.
6. Dubiński, J. and Turek, M. 2014. Chances and threats of hard coal mining development in Poland – the results of experts research. Archives of Mining Sciences 59(2), pp. 395–411.
7. Gilbert et al. 2001 – Gilbert D.R., Stoner, J.A.F. and Freeman, E.R. 2001. Management (Kierowanie). tr. A. Ehrlich, Wyd. 2. Warszawa: PWE.
8. Jonek-Kowalska, I. 2017. Variability of market conditions as a source of risk in the planning of mining production and its economic results (Zmienność uwarunkowań rynkowych jako źródło ryzyka w planowaniu produkcji górniczej i jej ekonomicznych rezultatów). Journal of The Polish Mineral Engineering Society 2 (in Polish).
9. Jonek-Kowalska, I. 2018. How do turbulent sectoral conditions sector influence the value of coal mining enterprises? Perspective from the Central – Eastern Europe coal mining industry. Resources Policy 55(C), pp. 103–112.
10. Miller, P. 2003. Integrated Systems of Management (Zintegrowane systemy zarządzania). Studia i Prace Kolegium Zarządzania i Finansów, Zeszyt Naukowy 34, Warszawa: SGH (in Polish).
11. Online: https://businessinsider.com.pl/firmy/strategie/firma-jako-organizacja-uczaca-sie-co-to-znaczy/nnd1ljw [Accessed: 2020-11-20].
12. Repair plan for the Coal Company (Plan naprawczy dla Kompanii Węglowej SA) (dokument przyjęty przez Radę Ministrów 7 stycznia 2015 r.) ( in Polish).
13. Strategy of Polska Grupa Górnicza for 2017–2030 (Strategia Polskiej Grupy Górniczej na lata 2017–2030) (in Polish).
14. Tajduś, A. and Turek, M. 2019. The state and conditions of the future functioning of hard coal mining in Poland. Archives of Mining Sciences 64(3), pp. 547–559.
15. Turek, M. 2007. Technical and organizational restructuring of hard coal mines ( Techniczna i organizacyjna restrukturyzacja kopalń węgla kamiennego). Katowice: Publishing house GIG (in Polish).
16. Wodarski, K. 2009. Risk management in the strategic planning process in hard coal mining (Zarządzanie ryzykiem w procesie planowania strategicznego w górnictwie węgla kamiennego). Gliwice: Silesian University of Technology Press ( in Polish).
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Patrycja Bąk
1
ORCID: ORCID
Tomasz Rogala
2

  1. AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland
  2. Polska Grupa Górnicza SA, Katowice, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

A systematic increase in the demand for mineral raw materials combined with the difficulty of obtaining them from primary sources, made it necessary to use secondary ones including mineral waste. The effectiveness of the management of mineral waste stored in landfills and from current production depends on many factors. The most important ones include the legal regulations of this activity and the technical and organizational determinants of deposit exploitation, processing, and refining of minerals.
The paper analyzes the current waste (including mining waste) management regulations. The technological discrepancies in these regulations, as well as missing or inaccurate classifications, were demonstrated. The interchangeable use of notions: mining/mine and extractive/extraction is a primary source of problems. It also has to be noted that accompanying and joint minerals are not defined in appropriate legislation. Attention was also paid to the omission of important issues in these regulations, e.g. product structure, construction of anthropogenic deposits, etc. It was emphasized and demonstrated with examples that the comprehensive and rational exploitation of mineral deposits, combined with processing and refining of mineral raw materials is an effective way of using mineral waste. The obtained results allowed for formulating proposals regarding legal provisions regulating waste management and the recommendation of technical and organizational solutions for the activities of mining, processing, and refining of mineral raw materials.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Ryszard Uberman
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

The rational management of underground space, especially when used for various purposes, requires a comprehensive approach to the subject. The possibility of using the same geological structures (aquifers, hydrocarbon reservoirs, and salt caverns) for the storage of CH4, H2 and CO2 may result in conflicts of interest, especially in Poland. These conflicts are related to the use of the rock mass, spatial planning, nature protection, and social acceptance.
The experience in the field of natural gas storage can be transferred to other gases. The geological and reservoir conditions are crucial when selecting geological structures for gas storage, as storage safety and the absence of undesirable geochemical and microbiological interactions with reservoir fluids and the rock matrix are essential. Economic aspects, which are associated with the storage efficiency, should also be taken into account.
The lack of regulations setting priorities of rock mass development may result in the use of the same geological structures for the storage of various gases. The introduction of appropriate provisions to the legal regulations concerning spatial development will facilitate the process of granting licenses for underground gas storage. The provisions on area based nature protection should take other methods of developing the rock mass than the exploitation of deposits into account. Failure to do so may hinder the establishment of underground storage facilities in protected areas. Knowledge of the technology and ensuring the safety of underground gas storage should translate into growing social acceptance for CO2 and H2storage.
Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Radosław Tarkowski
1
ORCID: ORCID
Barbara Uliasz-Misiak
2
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Mineral and Energy Economy Research Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences, Kraków, Poland
  2. AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Drilling, Oil and Gas, Kraków, Poland
Download PDF Download RIS Download Bibtex

Abstract

Corporate social responsibility policy is widely used by mining companies as a tool for reliable operation. However, the application of CSR activities does not ensure gaining social acceptance, which is crucial for undisrupted minerals extraction and project development. In this article, the authors review tools used by mining companies to implement and measure corporate social responsibility and examines the level of social acceptance for mining operations by conducting a survey among 78 members of the local community in Legnica–Głogów Copper Basin. The research is based on: 1. Existing methods of measuring Social License to Operate; 2. Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method – proposed by the authors to verify its usefulness for defining factors that have an impact on the social acceptance for mining. The study, based on the case of one of the leading world’s copper producers, shows that despite the large financial outlays allocated to the development of the local community, mining companies struggle with achieving a full social license to operate. The hierarchization of factors influencing the perception of mining activity can help companies prioritize areas that require a deeper dialogue with the local community. The success of future extractive projects depends on proper recognition of local community attitudes towards mining. The findings show that the successful implementation of the CSR strategy should be preceded by a broad analysis of social conditions to meet the expectations of stakeholders.
Go to article

Bibliography

1. Bernatt, M. 2009. Corporate Social Responsibility. Constitutional and International Perspective, Warszawa, Centre of Antitrust and Regulatory Studies, Management Faculty, University of Warsaw, 192. [Online] https://cars. wz.uw.edu.pl/images/publikacje/podreczniki/116/Bernatt_odpowiedzialnosc.pdf [Accessed: 2019-06-06]
2. Boutilier, R. 2017. A Measure Of The Social License To Operate For Infrastructure And Extractive Projects. [Online] http://socialicense.com/publications.html. [Accessed 2020-06-06].
3. Boutilier, R. and Thomson, I. 2011. Modelling and measuring the social license to operate: fruits of a dialogue between theory and practice. Social Licence, pp. 1–10.
4. Carroll, A.B. 2016. Carroll’s pyramid of CSR: taking another look. International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 1, 3.
5. Cooney, J. 2017. Reflections on the 20th anniversary of the term ‘social licence’. Journal of Energy & Natural Resources Law 35, pp. 197–200.
6. Directive 2014/95/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 October 2014 amending Directive 2013/34/EU as regards disclosure of non-financial and diversity information by certain large undertakings and groups Text with EEA relevance. Official Journal of the European Union, L 330/1.
7. Dodd, E.M. 1932. For Whom Are Corporate Managers Trustees? Harvard Law Review 45, pp. 1145–1163.
8. Friedman, M. 2007. The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase Its Profits. [In:] Zimmerli, W.C., Holzinger, M. and Richter, K. (eds.) Corporate Ethics and Corporate Governance. Berlin: Heidelberg: Springer.
9. Harjoto, M.A. and Jo, H. 2011. Corporate governance and CSR nexus. Journal of Business Ethics 100, pp. 45–67.
10. Hitch, M. and Fidler, C.R. 2007. Impact and benefit agreements: A contentious issue for environmental and aboriginal justice. Environments Journal 35(2), pp. 45–69.
11. Hop, N. and Kudełko, J. 2013. Social responsibility of business as element of development policy of mining company ( Społeczna odpowiedzialność biznesu jako element strategii rozwoju przedsiębiorstwa górniczego) [In:]. Dzieje górnictwa − element europejskiego dziedzictwa kultury 5, pp. 85–110 ( in Polish).
12. Jarosławska-Sobór, S. 2014. Responsible mine. Corporate social responsibility in the Polish Hungarian mining industry – a sociological study ( Odpowiedzialna kopalnia. Społeczna odpowiedzialność biznesu w polskim górnictwie węgla kamiennego – studium socjologiczne). Uniwersytet Śląski, pp. 88–90 ( in Polish).
13. Jedynak, T. 2012. The effectiveness of the strategy of investment in socially responsible stocks – the case of Respect Index ( Efektywność strategii inwestycji w akcje spółek społecznie odpowiedzialnych na przykładzie Respect Index). Zeszyty Naukowe/Polskie Towarzystwo Ekonomiczne 12, pp. 161–172 ( in Polish).
14. Jendrośka, J. and Bar, M. 2005. Environmental protection law: textbook ( Prawo ochrony środowiska: podręcznik). Centrum Prawa Ekologicznego (in Polish).
15. Journal of Laws of 1980 No. 3, item 6, repealed. The Environmental Protection and Development Act of January 31, 1980.
16. Kwietniewska-Sobstyl, M. and Żelazna-Blicharz, A. 2014. Socially responsible human resource management: SA 8000 human rights-based workplace standards ( Odpowiedzialne społecznie zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi: standard miejsca pracy na przykładzie normy SA 8000). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Humanitas. Zarządzanie 1, pp. 247–256 (in Polish).
17. KGHM Polska Miedź SA, Sustainable Report of KGHM Polska Miedź SA for 2018. [Online] https://kghm.com/ sites/kghm2014/files/kghm-sustainable-report-2018_0.pdf [Accessed: 2019-06-06].
18. KGHM CSR Report 2012 – KGHM Polska Miedź SA, Corporate Social Responsibility Report for 2012. [Online] https://kghm.com/sites/kghm2014/files/raport_csr_kghm_2012_web_0.pdf [Accessed: 11.01.2021]
19. KGHM CSR Strategy 2014 – KGHM Polska Miedź SA, KGHM’s Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Strategy for 2015–2020. [Online] https://kghm.com/sites/kghm2014/files/strategia_csr_final.pdf [Accesed : 11.01.2021]
20. Moffat, K. and Zhang, A. 2014. The paths to social licence to operate: An integrative model explaining community acceptance of mining. Resources Policy 39, pp. 61–70.
21. Ostręga, A. 2004. Management of mineral workings and areas after exploitation of carbonate minerals based on the example of Krzemionki Podgórskie in Cracow ( Sposoby zagospodarowania wyrobisk i terenów po eksploatacji złóż surowców węglanowych na przykładzie Krzemionek Podgórskich w Krakowie). PhD thesis. Kraków: AGH.
22. Prno, J. and Slocombe, S.D. 2012. Exploring the origins of ‘social license to operate’ in the mining sector: Perspectives from governance and sustainability theories. Resources Policy 37, pp. 346–357.
23. Respect Index 2019. [Online] http://respectindex.pl [Accessed: 2019-12-10].
24. Satty, T.L. 2001. Decision Making for Leaders: The Analytic Hierarchy Process for Decisions in a Complex World (New Edition), Vol. II AHP series. Pittsburgh PA: RWS Publication.
25. SAAS 2019 – Social Accountability Accreditation Services. [Online] http://www.saasaccreditation.org [Accessed: 2019-12-10].
26. Sheehy, B. 2015. Defining CSR: Problems and Solutions. Journal of Business Ethics 131, pp. 625–648.
27. Zhang, A. and Moffat, K. 2015. A balancing act: The role of benefits, impacts and confidence in governance in predicting acceptance of mining in Australia. Resources Policy 44, pp. 25–34.

Go to article

Authors and Affiliations

Zuzanna Łacny
1
ORCID: ORCID
Anna Ostręga
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. AGH University of Science and Technology, Kraków, Poland

Additional info

The subject matter of the articles published in Mineral Resources Management covers issues related to minerals and raw materials, as well as mineral deposits, with particular emphasis on:

  • The scientific basis for mineral resources management,
  • The strategy and methodology of prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits,
  • Methods of rational management and use of deposits,
  • The rational exploitation of deposits and the reduction in the loss of raw materials,
  • Mineral resources management in processing technologies,
  • Environmental protection in the mining industry,
  • Optimization of mineral deposits and mineral resources management,
  • The rational use of mineral resources,
  • The economics of mineral resources,
  • The raw materials market,
  • Raw materials policy,
  • The use of accompanying minerals,
  • The use of secondary raw materials and waste,
  • Raw material recycling,
  • The management of waste from the mining industry.

This page uses 'cookies'. Learn more