Tytuł artykułu

A hybrid active fault-tolerant control scheme for wind energy conversion system based on permanent magnet synchronous generator

Tytuł czasopisma

Archives of Electrical Engineering




vol. 67


No 3

Autorzy publikacji

Słowa kluczowe

wind energy conversion system ; active fault-tolerant control ; permanent magnet synchronous generator ; sensor fault diagnosis ; sliding mode observer

Wydział PAN

Nauki Techniczne




ARCHIVES OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (AEE) (previously Archiwum Elektrotechniki), quarterly journal of the Polish Academy of Sciences is OpenAccess (PAN Electronic Library, publishing original scientific articles and short communiques from all branches of Electrical Power Engineering exclusively in English. The main fields of interest are related to the theory & engineering of the components of an electrical power system: switching devices, arresters, reactors, conductors, etc. together with basic questions of their insulation, ampacity, switching capability etc.; electrical machines and transformers; modelling & calculation of circuits; electrical & magnetic fields problems; electromagnetic compatibility; control problems; power electronics; electrical power engineering; nondestructive testing & nondestructive evaluation.

Scoring assigned by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education: 15 points

CiteScore metrics from Scopus, CiteScore 2017: 0.86

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.233

Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.661

ICI Journal Master List 2016, Index Copernicus Value: 121.43


Wind energy has achieved prominence in renewable energy production. There fore, it is necessary to develop a diagnosis system and fault-tolerant control to protect the system and to prevent unscheduled shutdowns. The presented study aims to provide an experimental analysis of a speed sensor fault by hybrid active fault-tolerant control (AFTC) for a wind energy conversion system (WECS) based on a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMSG). The hybrid AFTC switches between a traditional controller based on proportional integral (PI) controllers under normal conditions and a robust backstepping controller system without a speed sensor to avoid any deterioration caused by the sensor fault. A sliding mode observer is used to estimate the PMSG rotor position. The proposed controller architecture can be designed for performance and robustness separately. Finally, the proposed methodwas successfully tested in an experimental set up using a dSPACE 1104 platform. In this experimental system, the wind turbine with a generator connection via a mechanical gear is emulated by a PMSM engine with controled speed through a voltage inverter. The obtained experimental results show clearly that the proposed method is able to guarantee service production continuity for the WECS in adequate transition.


Polish Academy of Sciences




Artykuły / Articles


eISSN: 2300-2506 ; ISSN: 1427-4221