A thermoelastic boundary value problem of a hollow circular disc made of functionally graded materials with arbitrary gradient is analysed. The steady-state temperature distribution is assumed to be the function of the radial coordinate with prescribed temperature at the inner and outer cylindrical boundary surfaces. The material properties are assumed to be arbitrary smooth functions of the radial coordinate. A coupled system of ordinary differential equations containing the radial displacement and stress function is derived and used to get the distribution of thermal stresses and radial displacements caused by axisymmetric mechanical and thermal loads. General analytical solutions of functionally graded disc with thermal loads are not available. The results obtained by the presented numerical method are verified by an analytical solution. The considered analytical solution is valid if the material properties, except the Poisson ratio, are expressed as power functions of the radial coordinate.

[1] A. Valera-Medina, A. Giles, D. Pugh, S. Morris, M. Pohl, and A. Ortwein. Investigation of combustion of emulated biogas in a gas turbine test rig. *Journal of Thermal Science*, 27:331–340, 2018. doi: 10.1007/s11630-018-1024-1.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.*Bulletin of JSME*, 13(64):1210–1231, 1970. doi: 10.1299/jsme1958.13.1210.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.*Energy*, 163:1050–1061, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.191.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.*AIP Conference Proceedings*, 1440:889–893, 2012. doi: 10.1063/1.4704300.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.*Applied Energy*, 80(3):261–272, 2005. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2004.04.007.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)*Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment*. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-76694-0_9.

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*, 3:141–149, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.tsep.2017.07.004.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 214:243–255, 2000. doi: 10.1243/0954406001522930.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:*Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B*. pages 491–501. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. doi: 10.1115/GT2006-90516.

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 45(1):15–26, 2004. doi: 10.1016/S0196-8904 (03)00125-0.

[11] Z. Wang.*1.23 Energy and air pollution*. In I. Dincer (ed.): *Comprehensive Energy Systems*, pp. 909–949. Elsevier, 2018. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809597-3.00127-9.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.*International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control*, 49:343–363, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.03.007.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 172:619–644, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.07.038.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.*Mechanika*, 23(2):18110, 2017. doi: 10.5755/j01.mech.23.2.18110.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.*Energy*, 168:1217–1236, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.12.008.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.*Applied Energy*, 78(2):179–197, 2004. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2003.08.002.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*. 15:100450, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.tsep.2019.100450.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*. 144:821–834, 2021. doi: 10.1007/s10973-020-09550-w.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.*Energy and Power Engineering*, 3(4):517–524, 2011. doi: 10.4236/epe.2011.34063.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 136:431–443, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.03.023.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.*International Journal of Energy Research*, 37(3):211–227, 2013. doi: 10.1002/er.1901.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.*Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering*, 37(4):1177–1188, 2013. doi: 10.1139/tcsme-2013-0099.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.*Procedia Engineering*, 15:4216–4223, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.791.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.*Case Studies in Thermal Engineering*. 12:166–175, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.csite.2018.04.001.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.*Mechanical Engineering Research*. 5(2):89–113, 2015. doi: 10.5539/mer.v5n2p89.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.*Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy*, 5(2):021409, 2013. doi: 10.1063/1.4798486.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 86:209–220, 2015. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.084.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 64:182–198, 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2012.05.006.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 115:977–985, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.032.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 72:599–607, 2014. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.085.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 42:4547–4558, 2017. doi: 10.1007/s13369-017-2549-4.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 220:113066, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113066.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 79:459–474, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.060.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 45:5895–5905, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s13369-020-04600-9.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 107:603–611, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.055.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.*Energy*, 36(1):294–304, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.040.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.*Energy Reports*, 4:497–506, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2018.07.007.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 192:443–452, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.272.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 43(9-12):1311–1322, 2002. doi: 10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00017-1.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.*Journal of Energy Resources Technology*, 137(6):061601, 2015. doi: 10.1115/1.4030447.

Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
high-pressure closure
metal wave-ring gasket
experimental investigations
finite element method
FEM

The paper deals with experimental investigations of a set of metal wave-ring gaskets of different thickness and different assembly interference. The gaskets were examined under assembly conditions, i.e. pressed in their seats with no operating pressure applied. The electric resistance wire strain gauges were used to measure the circumferential and axial strains at the inner surface of the gaskets. The traces of contact at the working surface of the gaskets were measured after disassembly the gaskets from their seats. The material tests were carried out to determine the real mechanical properties of materials applied for the gaskets and the seats. The results of experiment were verified by FEM calculations and compared with the analytical approach based on the simplified shell model proposed for the gasket.

[1] A. Valera-Medina, A. Giles, D. Pugh, S. Morris, M. Pohl, and A. Ortwein. Investigation of combustion of emulated biogas in a gas turbine test rig. *Journal of Thermal Science*, 27:331–340, 2018. doi: 10.1007/s11630-018-1024-1.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.*Bulletin of JSME*, 13(64):1210–1231, 1970. doi: 10.1299/jsme1958.13.1210.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.*Energy*, 163:1050–1061, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.191.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.*AIP Conference Proceedings*, 1440:889–893, 2012. doi: 10.1063/1.4704300.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.*Applied Energy*, 80(3):261–272, 2005. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2004.04.007.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)*Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment*. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007. doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-76694-0_9.

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*, 3:141–149, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.tsep.2017.07.004.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 214:243–255, 2000. doi: 10.1243/0954406001522930.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:*Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B*. pages 491–501. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. doi: 10.1115/GT2006-90516.

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 45(1):15–26, 2004. doi: 10.1016/S0196-8904 (03)00125-0.

[11] Z. Wang.*1.23 Energy and air pollution*. In I. Dincer (ed.): *Comprehensive Energy Systems*, pp. 909–949. Elsevier, 2018. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-809597-3.00127-9.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.*International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control*, 49:343–363, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.03.007.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 172:619–644, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2018.07.038.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.*Mechanika*, 23(2):18110, 2017. doi: 10.5755/j01.mech.23.2.18110.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.*Energy*, 168:1217–1236, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2018.12.008.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.*Applied Energy*, 78(2):179–197, 2004. doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2003.08.002.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*. 15:100450, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.tsep.2019.100450.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*. 144:821–834, 2021. doi: 10.1007/s10973-020-09550-w.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.*Energy and Power Engineering*, 3(4):517–524, 2011. doi: 10.4236/epe.2011.34063.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 136:431–443, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.03.023.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.*International Journal of Energy Research*, 37(3):211–227, 2013. doi: 10.1002/er.1901.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.*Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering*, 37(4):1177–1188, 2013. doi: 10.1139/tcsme-2013-0099.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.*Procedia Engineering*, 15:4216–4223, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.791.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.*Case Studies in Thermal Engineering*. 12:166–175, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.csite.2018.04.001.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.*Mechanical Engineering Research*. 5(2):89–113, 2015. doi: 10.5539/mer.v5n2p89.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.*Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy*, 5(2):021409, 2013. doi: 10.1063/1.4798486.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 86:209–220, 2015. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.084.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 64:182–198, 2012. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2012.05.006.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 115:977–985, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.032.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 72:599–607, 2014. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.085.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 42:4547–4558, 2017. doi: 10.1007/s13369-017-2549-4.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 220:113066, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113066.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 79:459–474, 2017. doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.060.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 45:5895–5905, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s13369-020-04600-9.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 107:603–611, 2016. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.055.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.*Energy*, 36(1):294–304, 2011. doi: 10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.040.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.*Energy Reports*, 4:497–506, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.egyr.2018.07.007.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 192:443–452, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.272.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 43(9-12):1311–1322, 2002. doi: 10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00017-1.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.*Journal of Energy Resources Technology*, 137(6):061601, 2015. doi: 10.1115/1.4030447.

Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
box wing
joined wing
optimization
conceptual design

The box wing system is an unconventional way to connect the lifting surfaces that the designers willingly to use in prototypes of new aircrafts. The article present a way to quickly optimize the wing structure of box wing airplane that can be useful during conceptual design. At the beginning, there is presented theory and methods used to code optimization program. Structure analysis is based on FEM beam model, which is sufficient in conceptual design. Optimization is performed using hybrid method, connection of simple iteration and gradient descent methods. Finally, the program is validated by case study.

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Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

In multi-stage wire drawing machines productivity growth can be achieved at higher drawing speeds by preventing wire breakage during the process. One disadvantage of high-speed wire drawing is the requirement imposed by machine dynamics in terms of its stability and reliability during operation. Tensile forces in the wire must maintained by fast synchronization of all capstans speed. In this process, the displacement sensors play the main role in providing the control system with feedback information about the wire condition. In this study, the influences between the sensors and actuator driven capstans have been studied, and tuner roll concept of a wire drawing machine was experimentally investigated. To this aim, measurements were carried out on two drawing stages at different drawing speeds and obtained results were presented. These results clearly show the fast changes of the capstans speed and the angular displacements of the rollers that tighten the wire, which only confirms the high dynamics of the wire drawing machine.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
terminal ballistics
penetration
perforation
FEM
finite element method
adaptive method
ballistic composites

The aim of the study is to identify the relevant aspects of numerical analysis of impact of projectiles with soft cores into a package composed of thin flexible plies located on the plastic backing. In order to illustrate the problem, normal impact of 7.62 mm TT projectile into an unclamped package comprising 36 plies of Dyneema SB71 supported on the plastic backing was selected. The problem was solved with the use of the finite element method (FEM) with the explicit integration scheme (central difference method) of motion equations in the matrix form. Based on the conducted numerical computations, it was revealed that obtaining the extreme deformations of a projectile soft core and the backing material in Lagrangian description requires employment of adaptive methods. The proposed R-adaptive method performs its role but must be used carefully due to the mass loss which may appear during calculations.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

The paper presents a solution of the control system for fatigue test stand MZGS-100 PL, comprising the integrated Real-Time controller based on FPGA (Field-Programmable Gate Array) technology with LabVIEW software. The described control system performs functions such as continuous regulation of speed induction motor, measuring strain of the lever machine and the test specimen, displacement of the polyharmonic vibrator, as well as the elimination of interferences, overload protection and emergency stop of the machine. The fatigue test stand also allows to set the pseudo-random history of energy parameter W(t).

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

The rigid finite element method (RFEM) has been used mainly for modelling systems with beam-like links. This paper deals with modelling of a single set of electrodes consisting of an upper beam with electrodes, which are shells with complicated shapes, and an anvil beam. Discretisation of the whole system, both the beams and the electrodes, is carried out by means of the rigid finite element method. The results of calculations concerned with free vibrations of the plates are compared with those obtained from a commercial package of the finite element method (FEM), while forced vibrations of the set of electrodes are compared with those obtained by means of the hybrid finite element method (HFEM) and experimental measurements obtained on a special test stand.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

The paper focuses on the influence of the longitudinal and lateral suspension damping in correlation with the velocity upon the vibration behaviour of the railway vehicles while moving on a tangent track. The numerical simulations are developed based on a linear model of a 17-degree of freedom vehicle that allows the evaluation of the dynamic behaviour of the vehicle in a sub-critical velocity. Based on the response frequency functions of the vehicle in a harmonic and in a random behaviour, a series of basic properties of the stable behaviour of the forced lateral vibrations has been made evident, as well as the opportunities to lower the level of the carbody vibrations by changing the suspension damping.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

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Sara I. ABDELSALAM – University of California Riverside, United States

M. ARUNA – Liwa College of Technology, United Arab Emirates

Krzysztof BADYDA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Nathalie BÄSCHLIN – Kunstmuseum Bern, Germany

Joanna BIJAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Tomas BODNAR – The Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic

Dariusz BUTRYMOWICZ – Białystok University of Technology, Poland

Suleyman CAGAN – Mechanical Engineering, Mersin University, Turkey

Claudia CASAPULLA – University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Peng CHEN – Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China

Yao CHENG – Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

Jan de JONG – University of Twente, Netherlands

Mariusz DEJA – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Jerzy EJSMONT – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

İsmail ESEN – Karabuk University, Turkey

Pedro Javier GAMEZ-MONTERO – Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Spain

Aman GARG – National Institute of Technology, Kurukshetra, India

Michał HAĆ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Satoshi ISHIKAWA – Kyushu University, Japan

Jacek JACKIEWICZ – Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Krzysztof JAMROZIAK – Wrocław University of Technology, Poland

Hong-Lae JANG – Changwon National University, Korea (South)

Łukasz JANKOWSKI – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, PAS, Gdansk, Poland

Albizuri JOSEBA – University of the Basque Country, Spain

Łukasz KAPUSTA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Dariusz KARDAŚ – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, PAS, Gdansk, Poland

Panagiotis KARMIRIS-OBRATAŃSKI – AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland

Sivakumar KARTHIKEYAN – SRM Nagar

Tarek KHELFA – Hunan University of Humanities Science and Technology, China

Sven-Joachim KIMMERLE – Universität der Bundeswehr München, Germany

Thomas KLETSCHKOWSKI – HAW Hamburg, Germany

Piotr KLONOWICZ – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, PAS, Gdansk, Poland

Vladis KOSSE – Queensland University of Technology, Australia

Mariusz KOSTRZEWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Maria KOTELKO – Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Michał KOWALIK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Zbigniew KRZEMIANOWSKI – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdańsk, Poland

Slawomir KUBACKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Mieczysław KUCZMA – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Waldemar KUCZYŃSKI – The Koszalin University of Technology, Poland

Rafał KUDELSKI – AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland

Rajesh KUMAR – Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology, India

Mustafa KUNTOĞLU – Selcuk University, Turkey

Anna LEE – Pohang University of Science and Technology, South Korea, Korea (South)

Guolong LI – Chongqing University, China

Luxian LI – Xi'an Jiaotong University, China

Yingchao LI – Ludong University, Yantai, China

Xiaochuan LIN – Nanjing Tech University, China

Zhihong LIN – HuaQiao University, China

Yakun LIU – Massachusetts Institute of Technology, United States

Jinjun LU – Northwest University, Xiʼan, China

Paweł MACIĄG – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Paweł MALCZYK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Emil MANOACH – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

Mihaela MARIN – “Dunărea de Jos” University of Galati, Romania

Miloš MATEJIĆ – University of Kragujevac, Serbia

Krzysztof MIANOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Tran MINH TU – Hanoi University of Civil Engineering, Viet Nam

Farhad Sadegh MOGHANLOU – University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran

Mohsen MOTAMEDI – University of Isfahan, Iran

Adis MUMINOVIC – University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mohamed NASR – National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Huu-That NGUYEN – Nha Trang University, Viet Nam

Tan-Luy NGUYEN – Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology, Viet Nam

Viorel PALEU – Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania

Nicolae PANC – Technical University of Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Marcin PĘKAL – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Van Vinh PHAM – Le Quy Don Technical University, Hanoi, Viet Nam

Vaclav PISTEK – Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic

Paweł PYRZANOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Lei QIN – Beijing Information Science & Technology University, China

Milan RACKOV – University of Novi Sad, Serbia

Yuriy ROMASEVYCH – National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine, Kiev, Ukraine

Artur RUSOWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Andrzej SACHAJDAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Mirosław SEREDYŃSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Maciej SUŁOWICZ – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Biswajit SWAIN – National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India

Tadeusz SZYMCZAK – Motor Transport Institute, Warsaw, Poland

Reza TAHERDANGKOO – Institute of Geotechnics, Freiberg, Germany

Rulong TAN – Chongqing University of Technology, China

Daniel TOBOŁA – Łukasiewicz Research Network - Cracow Institute of Technology, Poland

Milan TRIFUNOVIĆ – University of Niš, Serbia

Duong VU – Duy Tan University, Viet Nam

Shaoke WAN – Xi’an Jiaotong University, China

Dong WEI – Northwest A&F University, Yangling , China

Marek WOJTYRA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Mateusz WRZOCHAL – Kielce University of Technology, Poland

Hugo YAÑEZ-BADILLO – TecNM: Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Tianguistenco, Mexico

Guichao YANG – Nanjing Tech University, China

Xiao YANG – Chongqing Technology and Business University, China

Yusuf Furkan YAPAN – Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Luhe ZHANG – Chongqing University, China

Xiuli ZHANG – Shandong University of Technology, Zibo, China

Isam Tareq ABDULLAH – Middle Technical University, Baghdad, Iraq

Ahmed AKBAR – University of Technology, Iraq

Nandalur AMER AHAMMAD – University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia

Ali ARSHAD – Riga Technical University, Latvia

Ihsan A. BAQER – University of Technology, Iraq

Thomas BAR – Daimler AG, Stuttgart, Germany

Huang BIN – Zhejiang University, Zhoushan, China

Zbigniew BULIŃSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Onur ÇAVUSOGLU – Gazi University, Turkey

Ali J CHAMKHA – Duy Tan University, Da Nang , Vietnam

Dexiong CHEN – Putian University, China

Xiaoquan CHENG – Beihang University, Beijing, China

Piotr CYKLIS – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Agnieszka DĄBSKA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Raphael DEIMEL – Berlin University of Technology, Germany

Zhe DING – Wuhan University of Science and Technology, China

Anselmo DINIZ – University of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Paweł FLASZYŃSKI – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdańsk, Poland

Jerzy FLOYRAN – University of Western Ontario, London, Canada

Xiuli FU – University of Jinan, China

Piotr FURMAŃSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Artur GANCZARSKI – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Ahmad Reza GHASEMI– University of Kashan, Iran

P.M. GOPAL – Anna University, Regional Campus Coimbatore, India

Michał GUMNIAK – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Bali GUPTA – Jaypee University of Engineering and Technology, India

Dmitriy GVOZDYAKOV – Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

Jianyou HAN – University of Science and Technology, Beijing, China

Tomasz HANISZEWSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Juipin HUNG – National Chin-Yi University of Technology, Taichung, Taiwan

T. JAAGADEESHA – National Institute of Technology, Calicut, India

Jacek JACKIEWICZ – Kazimierz Wielki University, Bydgoszcz, Poland

JC JI – University of Technology, Sydney, Australia

Feng JIAO – Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China

Daria JÓŹWIAK-NIEDŹWIEDZKA – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Rongjie KANG – Tianjin University, China

Dariusz KARDAŚ – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdansk, Poland

Leif KARI – KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden

Daria KHANUKAEVA – Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas, Russia

Sven-Joachim KIMMERLE – Universität der Bundeswehr München, Germany

Yeong-Jin KING – Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia

Kaushal KISHORE – Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India

Nataliya KIZILOVA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Adam KLIMANEK – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Vladis KOSSE – Queensland University of Technology, Australia

Maria KOTEŁKO – Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Roman KRÓL – Kazimierz Pulaski University of Technology and Humanities in Radom, Poland

Krzysztof KUBRYŃSKI – Airforce Institute of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Mieczysław KUCZMA – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Paweł KWIATOŃ – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Lihui Lang – Beihang University, China

Rafał LASKOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Guolong Li – Chongqing University, China

Leo Gu LI – Guangzhou University, China

Pengnan LI – Hunan University of Science and Technology, China

Nan LIANG – University of Toronto, Mississauga, Canada

Michał LIBERA – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Wen-Yi LIN – Hungkuo Delin University of Technology, Taiwan

Wojciech LIPINSKI – Austrialian National University, Canberra, Australia

Linas LITVINAS – Vilnius University, Lithuania

Paweł MACIĄG – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Krishna Prasad MADASU – National Institute of Technology Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India

Trent MAKI – Amino North America Corporation, Canada

Marco MANCINI – Institut für Energieverfahrenstechnik und Brennstofftechnik, Germany

Piotr MAREK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Miloš MATEJIĆ – University of Kragujevac, Serbia

Phani Kumar MEDURI – VIT-AP University, Amaravati, India

Fei MENG – University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China

Saleh MOBAYEN – University of Zanjan, Iran

Vedran MRZLJAK – Rijeka University, Croatia

Adis MUMINOVIC – University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Mohamed Fawzy NASR – National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Paweł OCŁOŃ – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Yusuf Aytaç ONUR – Zonguldak Bulent Ecevit University, Turkey

Grzegorz ORZECHOWSKI – LUT University, Lappeenranta, Finland

Halil ÖZER – Yıldız Technical University, Turkey

Muthuswamy PADMAKUMAR – Technology Centre Kennametal India Ltd., Bangalore, India

Viorel PALEU – Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Romania

Andrzej PANAS – Warsaw Military Academy, Poland

Carmine Maria PAPPALARDO – University of Salerno, Italy

Paweł PARULSKI – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Antonio PICCININNI – Politecnico di Bari, Italy

Janusz PIECHNA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Vaclav PISTEK – Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic

Grzegorz PRZYBYŁA – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Paweł PYRZANOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

K.P. RAJURKARB – University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States

Michał REJDAK – Institute of Chemical Processing of Coal, Zabrze, Poland

Krzysztof ROGOWSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Juan RUBIO – University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil

Artur RUSOWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Wagner Figueiredo SACCO – Universidade Federal Fluminense, Petropolis, Brazil

Andrzej SACHAJDAK – Silesian University of Technology, Poland

Bikash SARKAR – NIT Meghalaya, Shillong, India

Bozidar SARLER – University of Lubljana, Slovenia

Veerendra SINGH – TATA STEEL, India

Wieńczysław STALEWSKI – Institute of Aviation, Warsaw, Poland

Cyprian SUCHOCKI – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Maciej SUŁOWICZ – Cracov University of Technology, Poland

Wojciech SUMELKA – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Tomasz SZOLC – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Oskar SZULC – Institute of Fluid-Flow Machinery, Gdansk, Poland

Rafał ŚWIERCZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Raquel TABOADA VAZQUEZ – University of Coruña, Spain

Halit TURKMEN – Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Daniel UGURU-OKORIE – Federal University, Oye Ekiti, Nigeria

Alper UYSAL – Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Yeqin WANG – Syndem LLC, United States

Xiaoqiong WEN – Dalian University of Technology, China

Szymon WOJCIECHOWSKI – Poznan University of Technology, Poland

Marek WOJTYRA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Guenter WOZNIAK – Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany

Guanlun WU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Xiangyu WU – University of California at Berkeley, United States

Guang XIA – Hefei University of Technology, China

Jiawei XIANG – Wenzhou University, China

Jinyang XU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University,China

Jianwei YANG – Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, China

Xiao YANG – Chongqing Technology and Business University, China

Oguzhan YILMAZ – Gazi University, Turkey

Aznifa Mahyam ZAHARUDIN – Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia

Zdzislaw ZATORSKI – Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland

S.H. ZHANG – Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Yu ZHANG – Shenyang Jianzhu University, China

Shun-Peng ZHU – University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, China

Yongsheng ZHU – Xi’an Jiaotong University, China

Ahmad ABDALLA – Huaiyin Institute of Technology, China

Sara ABDELSALAM – University of California, Riverside, United States

Muhammad Ilman Hakimi Chua ABDULLAH – Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia

Hafiz Malik Naqash AFZAL – University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Reza ANSARI – University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

Jeewan C. ATWAL – Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India

Hadi BABAEI – Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Sakthi BALAN – K. Ramakrishnan college of Engineering, Trichy, India

Leszek BARANOWSKI – Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Elias BRASSITOS – Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon

Tadeusz BURCZYŃSKI – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Nguyen Duy CHINH – Hung Yen University of Technology and Education, Hung Yen, Vietnam

Dorota CHWIEDUK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Adam CISZKIEWICZ – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Meera CS – University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Duhradun, India

Piotr CYKLIS – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Abanti DATTA – Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, India

Piotr DEUSZKIEWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Dinesh DHANDE – AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune, India

Sufen DONG – Dalian University of Technology, China

N. Godwin Raja EBENEZER – Loyola-ICAM College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, India

Halina EGNER – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Fehim FINDIK – Sakarya University of Applied Sciences, Turkey

Artur GANCZARSKI – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Peng GAO – Northeastern University, Shenyang, China

Rafał GOŁĘBSKI – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Andrzej GRZEBIELEC – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Ngoc San HA – Curtin University, Perth, Australia

Mehmet HASKUL – University of Sirnak, Turkey

Michal HATALA – Technical University of Košice, Slovak Republic

Dewey HODGES – Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, United States

Hamed HONARI – Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States

Olga IWASINSKA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Emmanuelle JACQUET – University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Maciej JAWORSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Xiaoling JIN – Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Halil Burak KAYBAL – Amasya University, Turkey

Vladis KOSSE – Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

Krzysztof KUBRYŃSKI – Air Force Institute of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Waldemar KUCZYŃSKI – Koszalin University of Technology, Poland

Igor KURYTNIK – State Higher School in Oswiecim, Poland

Daniel LESNIC – University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Witold LEWANDOWSKI – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Guolu LI – Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China

Jun LI – Xi’an Jiaotong University, China

Baiquan LIN – China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China

Dawei LIU – Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China

Luis Norberto LÓPEZ DE LACALLE – University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain

Ming LUO – Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China

Xin MA – Shandong University, Jinan, China

Najmuldeen Yousif MAHMOOD – University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq

Arun Kumar MAJUMDER – Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India

Paweł MALCZYK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Miloš MATEJIĆ – University of Kragujevac, Serbia

Norkhairunnisa MAZLAN – Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia

Dariusz MAZURKIEWICZ – Lublin University of Technology, Poland

Florin MINGIREANU – Romanian Space Agency, Bucharest, Romania

Vladimir MITYUSHEV – Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland

Adis MUMINOVIC – University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Baraka Olivier MUSHAGE – Université Libre des Pays des Grands Lacs, Goma, Congo (DRC)

Tomasz MUSZYŃSKI – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland

Mohamed NASR – National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Driss NEHARI – University of Ain Temouchent, Algeria

Oleksii NOSKO – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland

Grzegorz NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Iwona NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Samy ORABY – Pharos University in Alexandria, Egypt

Marcin PĘKAL – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Bo PENG – University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom

Janusz PIECHNA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Maciej PIKULIŃSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

T.V.V.L.N. RAO – The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, India

Andrzej RUSIN – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Artur RUSOWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Benjamin SCHLEICH – Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

Jerzy SĘK – Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Reza SERAJIAN – University of California, Merced, USA

Artem SHAKLEIN – Udmurt Federal Research Center, Izhevsk, Russia

G.L. SHI – Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, China

Muhammad Faheem SIDDIQUI – Vrije University, Brussels, Belgium

Jarosław SMOCZEK – AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland

Josip STJEPANDIC – PROSTEP AG, Darmstadt, Germany

Pavel A. STRIZHAK – Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

Vadym STUPNYTSKYY – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine

Miklós SZAKÁLL – Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany

Agnieszka TOMASZEWSKA – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland

Artur TYLISZCZAK – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Aneta USTRZYCKA – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Alper UYSAL – Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Gabriel WĘCEL – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Marek WĘGLOWSKI – Welding Institute, Gliwice, Poland

Frank WILL – Technische Universität Dresden, Germany

Michał WODTKE – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Marek WOJTYRA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Włodzimierz WRÓBLEWSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Hongtao WU – Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China

Jinyang XU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Zhiwu XU – Harbin Institute of Technology, China

Zbigniew ZAPAŁOWICZ – West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland

Zdzislaw ZATORSKI – Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland

Wanming ZHAI – Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

Xin ZHANG – Wenzhou University of Technology, China

Su ZHAO – Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, China