Applied sciences

Opto-Electronics Review

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Opto-Electronics Review | 2021 | 29 | 3 |

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Abstract

The compositional graded quaternary barriers (GQBs) instead of ternary/conventional quantum barriers (QBs) have been used to numerically enhance the efficiency of AlGaN-based ultraviolet light-emitting diode (LED). The performance of LED with GQBs is examined through carrier concentrations, energy band diagrams, radiative recombination, electron and hole flux, internal quantum efficiency (IQE), and emission spectrum. As a function of the operating current density, a considerable reduction in efficiency droop is observed in the device with composition-graded quaternary barriers as compared to the conventional structure. The efficiency droop in case of a conventional LED is ~77% which decreased to ~33% in case of the proposed structure. Moreover, the concentration of electrons and holes across the active region in case of the proposed structure is increased to ~156% and ~44%, respectively.
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Authors and Affiliations

S. Malik
M. Usman
M. Hussain
M. Munsif
S. Khan
S. Rasheed
S. Ali
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Abstract

Universal filtered multi-carrier (UFMC) is being studied as the favourable waveforms supporting the visible light communication broadcasting systems. However, the UFMC system faces a serious performance degradation on the transmitter side due to its high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR). High PAPR of the signal is an analytical intention parameter for mobile networks, and it is necessary to minimize it as much as possible. This paper focuses on the PAPR reduction of the UFMC scheme. An efficient hybrid method of the PAPR reduction has been proposed and analysed through the Matlab™ simulation. The proposed hybrid scheme consists of a mixture of the selected-mapping method and the discrete Hartley transform precoding for a UFMC system (SLM-DHT-P-UFMC). The simulation results show that the proposed hybrid system has a better PAPR reduction performance compared to traditional SLM-UFMC and DHT-P-UFMC systems. Hence, SLM-DHT-P-UFMC is considered to be the suggested scheme in visible light communication broadcasting systems.
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Authors and Affiliations

E. Mansour Shalaby
E. Dessouky
S. Hussin

Instructions for authors

Additional info

Opto-Electronics Review was established in 1992 for the publication of scientific papers concerning optoelectronics and photonics materials, system and signal processing. This journal covers the whole field of theory, experimental verification, techniques and instrumentation and brings together, within one journal, contributions from a wide range of disciplines. Papers covering novel topics extending the frontiers in optoelectronics and photonics are very encourage. The main goal of this magazine is promotion of papers presented by European scientific teams, especially those submitted by important team from Central and Eastern Europe. However, contributions from other parts of the world are by no means excluded.

Articles are published in OPELRE in the following categories:

-invited reviews presenting the current state of the knowledge,

-specialized topics at the forefront of optoelectronics and photonics and their applications,

-refereed research contributions reporting on original scientific or technological achievements,

-conference papers printed in normal issues as invited or contributed papers.

Authors of review papers are encouraged to write articles of relevance to a wide readership including both those established in this field of research and non-specialists working in related areas. Papers considered as “letters” are not published in OPELRE.

Opto-Electronics Review is published quarterly as a journal of the Association of Polish Electrical Engineers (SEP) and Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS) in cooperation with the Military University of Technology and under the auspices of the Polish Optoelectronics Committee of SEP.

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The editors of the journal place particular emphasis on compliance with the following principles:

Authorship of the paper: Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study.

Originality and plagiarism: The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

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