Nauki Ścisłe i Nauki o Ziemi

Polish Polar Research

Zawartość

Polish Polar Research | Accepted article - Special Issue: Processes controlling the development of periglacial and paraglacial landscapes in rapidly changing polar regions – 50th anniversary of the Stanislaw Baranowski Polar Station of the University of Wroclaw. Guest Editors: Matt C. Strzelecki, Marek Kasprzak, Piotr Owczarek and Łukasz Stachnik

Abstrakt

Studying the reaction of glaciers to climate warming and the interactions of ice masses with the atmosphere is cognitively highly significant and contributes to understanding the climate change. The results from the modelling of glacier surface ablation by the temperature–index and energy balance models as well as the results of meteorological and glaciological studies on Werenskioldbreen (south Spitsbergen, Svalbard) in 2011 have been analysed to improve the understanding of the glacier system’s functioning in the High Arctic. The energy balance modelling results showed that the radiation balance (58%) and sensible heat (42%) are the main factors influencing surface ablation on the glacier. The energy balance model offers a better fit to the measured ablation than the temperature–index model. These models have to be validated and calibrated with data from automatic weather stations, which provide the relevant gradient and calibration and validation. Presented models are highly suited for calculating ablation in Svalbard and other areas of the Arctic.
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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Dariusz Ignatiuk
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. University of Silesia in Katowice, Bankowa 12, 40-007 Katowice, Poland

Abstrakt

Spitsbergen is the largest island in the Svalbard Archipelago (Norway) that has been permanently populated. The harsh Arctic climate prevents development of large vascular plants such as trees. A two-year aerobiological survey was conducted within the framework of two consecutive polar expeditions (2014 and 2015) in Spitsbergen (Calypsobyen, Bellsund). The air quality was measured continuously from June/July to August using a 7-day volumetric air sampler, Tauber trap and moss specimens. Collected air samples and gravimetric pollen deposits were processed following transfer to sterile laboratory conditions and analyzed with the aid of light microscopy. Days when pine pollen grains were detected in the air were selected for further analysis. Clusters of back-trajectories, computed using the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory model in combination with ArcGIS software as well as the Flextra trajectory model, showed the movement of air masses to the sampling location at Hornsund, and thus indicated the likely origin of pollen grains. The GlobCover 2009 and CORINE Land Cover 2012 datasets were employed to establish the distribution of coniferous forests in the areas of interest. Conclusions were drawn based on the analyses of the circulation of air masses, using visualization of global weather conditions forecast to supercomputers. For the first time we have demonstrated that pine pollen grains occurring in pine-free Spitsbergen, could originate from numerous locations, including Scandinavia, Iceland, Siberia and northern Canada. Pollen grains were transported via air masses for distances exceeding ~2000 km. Both air samples and gravimetric pollen deposits revealed the same pattern of Pinus pollen distribution.
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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Małgorzata Jędryczka
1
ORCID: ORCID
Beata Żuraw
2
ORCID: ORCID
Piotr Zagórski
3
Jan Rodzik
3
Karolina Mędrek
3
Irena Agnieszka Pidek
3
ORCID: ORCID
Weronika Haratym
4
ORCID: ORCID
Joanna Kaczmarek
1
ORCID: ORCID
Magdalena Sadyś
5
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Institute of Plant Genetics, Polish Academy of Science, Strzeszyńska 34, 60-479 Poznań, Poland
  2. Department of Hydrobiology and Protection of Ecosystems, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Dobrzańskiego 37, 20-295 Lublin, Poland
  3. Institute of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, al. Kraśnicka 2D, 20-718 Lublin, Poland
  4. Paderewski Private Grammar School, Symfoniczna 1, 20-853 Lublin, Poland
  5. Rothamsted Research, West Common, Harpenden, AL5 2JQ, UK

Abstrakt

The objective of this work is to demonstrate for the first time the results of hydrogeochmical studies carried out in the Steinvik River catchment, in order to provide detailed information regarding the chemical composition of groundwater in the Hornsund region, SW Spitsbergen. The water chemistry in the non-glaciated Steinvik River catchment is largely controlled by hydrological processes related to thaw of the near surface permafrost. Groundwater runoff is generated from the fast flow through well-permeable active layer. Recharge from melting snow, permafrost and rain, together with short residence time of groundwater, favors the forming of low-mineralized water, reaching 41 and 50 μS/cm for surface and groundwater, respectively, with the dominance of HCO3−, Cl−, Mg2+, Ca2+ and Na+ ions. In some water samples, increased concentrations of aluminum (up to 268 μg/L ) were found. The highest concentrations of phosphate, nitrite and ammonium in water seem to be related to the presence of bird colonies. Groundwater of active layer in the studied catchment belongs to young meteoric water with the age limited to one summer season.
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Autorzy i Afiliacje

Michał Rysiukiewicz
1
ORCID: ORCID
Henryk Marszałek
1
ORCID: ORCID
Mirosław Wąsik
1
ORCID: ORCID

  1. Department of Applied Hydrogeology, Institute of Geological Sciences, Wrocław University, Pl. Maksa Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland

Instrukcja dla autorów


The quarterly Polish Polar Research invites original scientific papers dealing with all aspects of polar research. The journal aims to provide a forum for publication of high-quality research papers, which are of international interest.

We warmly welcome review papers and proposals for thematic Special Issues.

Articles must be written in English. Authors are requested to have their manuscript read by a person fluent in English before submission. They should not be longer than 30 typescript pages, including tables, figures and references. However, upon request, longer manuscripts may be considered for publication. All papers are peer-reviewed. With a submitted manuscript, authors should provide e-mail addresses of at least three suggested reviewers.


Submission of the manuscript should be supported with a declaration that the work described has not been published previously nor is under consideration by another journal.

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The journal does not have article processing charges (APCs) nor article submission charges. No honorarium will be paid to authors for publishing papers.





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