Humanities and Social Sciences

Slavia Orientalis

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Slavia Orientalis | 2019 | vol. LXVIII | No 3 |

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Abstract

The article is devoted to contemporary studies on the nineteenth century memoirs written by Russian women. In the nineteenth century women’s memoirs were underestimated and neglected by researchers. Recently, there has been a signifi cant increase in research interest in memoirs written by women. This subject has been taken up by literary scholars, historians, experts on cultural studies and anthropologists. A. Bielova, I. Savkina, W. Laszczak, K. Kosowska, N. Pushkariova, A. Fieduta, W. Ponomarieva, L. Khoroshilova, J. Prikazchikova, A. Stankewich, J. Samofalova, O. Mamaieva, S. Tatarkina are among those who are interested in it. Memoirs are a valuable source of information about the epoch, historical events, outstanding leaders, event-making fi gures, Russian intellectual elites, aristocracy as well as the everyday life of the Russian gentry. They also provide some insight into the way female memoirists expressed themselves in their writings, their views on femininity and the role of women in society.

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Authors and Affiliations

Daria Ambroziak
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Abstract

Pilgrimages to the Holy Land have been an old tradition in the Russian culture. For believers, places related to the life and passion of Christ have been an important element of history and geography of salvation since the beginnings of Christianity in Ruthenia. The paper is an attempt to present the fi rst pilgrimage of Andrey Muraviev (1806–1874), a religious writer, theologian, poet, playwright, church and state activist, to Palestine as a personal religious experience and its refl ection in a literary work of art. The pilgrimage to the East became a breakthrough moment in Muraviev’s life and resulted in the writing of "A journey to Holy places in 1830" (Путешествие ко Святым местам в 1830 году), which initiated the religious stage of his writings and became a great success. Although the poet did not call his journey a pilgrimage, such was indeed its nature. Visiting places important to the history of salvation, he participated in services and sacramental life of the Church.

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Authors and Affiliations

Anna Kościołek
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Abstract

Stefan Żeromski and Florian Znaniecki, perceived by many of their contemporaries as undisputed moral authorities, warned in the fi rst period of the existence of the Second Polish Republic against the danger of infl uence of Bolshevik ideology. They undertook issues of fundamental importance for the understanding of mutual relations and conditions between the socio-economic world, art, material prosperity, revolution and progress in the period after the First World War (1914–1918), when the power of the Bolsheviks had strengthened in Russia, and the Poles formed the foundations independent homeland. This text is an attempt to approximate the position of Żeromski and Znaniecki in this matter.

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Authors and Affiliations

Piotr Koprowski
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Abstract

On the example of selected works by Oksana Zabuzhko, Volodymyr Lys, and Vasyl Shklar, I discuss the narrations of memory and ways of writing about history in Ukrainian contemporary prose. Historical topics concerning the traumatic experiences of the twentieth century appear in Ukrainian prose along with the regaining of independence and develop after 2000. The authors refer primarily to those issues which in the Soviet era were silenced, erased, censored. An important place in literary narratives of memory is occupied by the threads of OUN-UPA fi ghts, the Ukrainian-Bolshevik war, UNR times, Soviet terror, Great Hunger, the demythologization of World War II is also important, as well as an uncensored description of post-war Soviet reality. In the text, I do not carry out a detailed analysis of selected novels, but only highlight the main problems and ways in which authors write about history.

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Authors and Affiliations

Marta Zambrzycka
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Abstract

Bogumił Jasinowski (1883–1969), a Polish philosopher and specialist in Russian culture, was also interested in the issues of Gnosticism and Manichaeism. Although he had dealt with this subject for around forty years, however he did not devote any separate publication to it. For this reason, the author of this paper has to reconstruct Jasinowski’s views on mentioned issue on the basis of his texts on Russian and philosophical topics. The Polish philosopher regarded Gnosticism and Manichaeism as one of the most important phenomena in the history of religion, and particularly in the history of Christianity. Jasinowski, using the original method, juxtaposed Gnosticism with Neoplatonism and with Indian philosophical and religious systems; he also proposed his own characteristics of Gnosticism. For the Polish philosopher, the Gnostic and Manichaean worldview was the important factor in interpreting Russian spirituality and culture, and even such a phenomenon as the Bolshevik Revolution. This interpretation caused a polemic on the part of Marian Zdziechowski and Nikolay Lossky.

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Authors and Affiliations

Mariusz Dobkowski
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Abstract

In the article an attempt is made to analyze the aspects of non-dogmatic spirituality of characters in the prose works of Ukrainian postm odernists (including Yuriy Andrukhovych, Oksana Zabuzhko, Yuriy Izdryk, Natalia Sniadanko). The theoretical aspects of problem are considered in the context of analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung. The following concepts play an important role in the study: religious position, father complex, conflict and some others.

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Authors and Affiliations

Irena Betko
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Abstract

The article is a presentation of the subject of a lawyer in the Russian literature of two eras – the second half of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twenty-first century. The object of comparative analysis are two literary texts: the first is the story by Leo Tolstoy – “Father Sergius” (1911), the second is a novel by the modern Russian writer – Evgeny Vodolazkin, which entitled “Laurus” (2012). The author of the article concludes that the multifariousness of the life of lawyers in both writers underlines their life experience on the way to holiness. An important element of the characters’ description is their sinfulness, in particular the fi ght against their own pride and human passion. In the case of Leo Tolstoy, the image of his literary right-wing was influenced by the writer’s views on the essence of holiness and the complex human-God relationship. In their portraits of heroes striving for spiritual perfection, both Tolstoy and Vodolazkin show a connection with the genre of hagiography.

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Authors and Affiliations

Magdalena Wojciechowska
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Abstract

The author analyses neologisms of M. Sholokhov in relation to their translation into the German language. Then the quality of the translation is determined. In order to evaluate the translations three criteria are adopted: the degree of semantic closeness between the newly created units and their translation equivalents, their expressiveness and vividness. Based on these criteria the author evaluates the accuracy of the German translations.

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Authors and Affiliations

Marek Marszałek
ORCID: ORCID
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Abstract

The officials behind the Soviet onomasticon development campaign chose desktop calendars, a publicly available and widely circulated printed medium, to serve as a vehicle for the propagation of the new revolutionary anthroponomy. The paper looks into the masculine names recommended for general use by Universal Desktop Calendars issued by the State Publishing House in 1924–29. Mimicking the Russian Orthodox Church Calendars, its editors proposed their readers from up to six (in 1924–1926) to three (in 1927–1929) masculine names for each day. Based on a comprehensive analysis of the total body of the existing calendar material, the paper proceeds to classify the proper names by their actual source, including: Orthodox Church calendars, Catholic canons, antique mythology, later world literature and folklore sources, celebrated names of the past, toponyms, the Slavic name corpus, and, of course, ideologized sovietisms. The general picture of the sovietisized name list is accompanied with a description of its five-year dynamics refl ecting annually introduced modifications.

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Authors and Affiliations

Władimir Miakiszew

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A. Nowak, Z dziejów piśmiennictwa, [w:] Historia cywilizacji, Warszawa 1987, s. 98.
Ibidem, s.13.
A. Nowak, Z dziejów..., s. 135.


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L. Nowacka, Teoria aktów mowy, „Przegląd Językoznawczy” 1963, nr 7, s. 45.

Internet sources:
I. Yazykova, Obraz Bogurodzicy w ruskiej ikonografii, [w:] https://www.ortodox.ru (28.03.2011).

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The Slavia Orientalis quarterly adheres to the principles presented in the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The rules of conduct concern in particular:

I. Duties of Authors
1. Authors are obliged to diligently prepare the articles for publication in the Slavia Orientalis, in accordance with the rules in force.
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II. Rules of the Editorial Board
1. The Slavia Orientalis quarterly accepts manuscripts that have not been published previously. Any form of plagiarism, self-plagiarism, ghostwriting and guest authorship will be treated as an act of research misconduct. Editorial Board will document all forms of ethical violations and scientific misconduct and shall notify appropriate institutions about them. In the event of a confirmed scientific misconduct, disclosed after the publication of the text, the Editorial Board will provide relevant information.
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Reviewers

Recenzenci (2015-2019)

Bartwicka, Halina, dr hab., prof. UKW, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego

Bacewicz, Florij, prof., Uniwersytet Lwowski

Bednarczyk, Anna, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Łódzki

Betko, Iryna, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski

Bezwiński, Adam, prof. zw. dr hab., Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego

Cymborska-Leboda, Maria, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej

Chlebda, Wojciech, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Opolski

Charciarek, Andrzej, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Śląski

Czyżewski, Feliks, prof. zw., dr hab. UMCS w Lublinie

Diec, Joachim, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Dudek, Andrzej, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Fałowski, Adam, prof. zw., dr hab. Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Fast, Piotr, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Śląski

Głuszkowski, Michał, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika

Gołębiowska-Suchorska, Agnieszka, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego

Grzybowski, Stefan, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika

Kiklewicz, Aleksander, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski

Kowalska-Stus, Hanna, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Korytkowska, Małgorzata, prof. zw., dr hab., Instytut Slawistyki PAN

Kościołek, Anna, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika

Kowalczyk, Witold, dr hab., prof. UMCS, Uniwersytet Marii Curie -Skłodowskiej

Ksenicz, Andrzej, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Zielonogórski

Laszczak, Wanda, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Opolski

Łucewicz, Ludmiła, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski

Malej, Izabella, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Wrocławski

Małek, Eliza, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Łódzki

Marszałek, Marek, dr hab. prof. uczelni Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego

Mędelska, Jolanta, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego

Mikiciuk, Elżbieta, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Gdański

Mozer, Michael, prof., Instytut Slawistyki, Uniwersytet w Wiedniu

Nikołajew, Siergiej, prof., Instytut Literatury Rosyjskiej (Dom Puszkinowski)

Orłowski, Jan, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej

Pluskota, Teresa, dr hab., prof. UKW, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego

Przebinda, Grzegorz, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Ranczin, Andriej, prof., Moskiewski Uniwersytet im. M. Łomonosowa

Raźny, Anna, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Rieger, Janusz, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski

Stawarz, Barbara, dr hab., prof. UP, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie

Suchanek, Lucjan, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Jagielloński

Trojanowska, Beata, dr hab. Prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego

Waligórska-Olejniczak, Beata, dr hab., prof. uczelni, Uniwersytet Adama Mickiewicza

Wawrzyńczyk, Jan, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski

Wołodźko-Butkiewicz, Alicja, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski

Woźniak, Anna, prof. zw., dr hab., Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski


Recenzenci (2012-2014)
Bartwicka, Halina, dr hab., prof. UKW, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
Bednarczyk, Anna, dr hab., prof. UŁ, Uniwersytet Łódzki
Cymborska-Leboda, Maria, prof. zw., dr hab. Uniwersyey Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej
Chlebda, Wojciech, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Opolski
Czyżewski, Feliks, prof. dr hab. UMCS w Lublinie
Diec, Joachim, dr hab., prof. UJ, Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Duda, Katarzyna, dr hab., prof. UJ, Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Dudek, Andrzej, dr hab., Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Fałowski, Adam, prof.dr hab. Uniwersyetet Jagielloński
Fast, Piotr, prof. zw., dr hab., Wyższa Szkoła Lingwistyczna w Częstochowie
Kiklewicz, Aleksander, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski
Korytkowska, Małgorzata, prof. zw., dr hab., Instytut Slawistyki PAN
Kościołek, Anna, dr hab., prof. UMK, Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika
Kowalczyk, Witold, dr hab., prof. UMCS, Uniwersytet Marii Curie -Skłodowskiej
Kozak, Stefan, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski
Laszczak, Wanda, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Opolski
Łucewicz, Ludmiła, prof.zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski
Majmieskułow, Anna, dr hab., prof. UKW, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
Malej, Izabella, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Wrocławski
Małek, Eliza, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Łódzki
Mędelska, Jolanta, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
Mianowska, Joanna, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
Mikiciuk, Elżbieta, dr hab., prof. UG, Uniwersytet Gdański
Mozer, Michael, prof., Instytut Slawistyki, Uniwersytet w Wiedniu
Orłowski, Jan, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej
Pluskota, Teresa, dr hab., prof. UKW, Uniwersytet Kazimierza Wielkiego
Ranczin, Andriej, prof., Moskiewski Uniwersytet im. M. Łomonosowa
Raźny, Anna, prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Rieger, Janusz, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski
Stawarz, Barbara, dr hab., prof. UP, Uniwersytet Pedagogiczny w Krakowie
Suchanek, Lucjan, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Jagielloński
Wawrzyńczyk, Jan, em. prof. zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski
Wołodźko-Butkiewicz, Alicja, prof.zw., dr hab., Uniwersytet Warszawski

 

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