By the use of different distribution methods of dynamical characteristics in the form of slowness function, mechatronic discrete systems have been synthesized. Each model consists of mechanical discrete part and a piezostack actuator connected to LxRxCx external network that has to comply with dynamical requirements in the form of poles and zeros. External network can work within different configurations. In this paper, one investigates the influence of negative parameters of stiffness in mechanical replacement models and capacitance in final mechatronic structures, after dimensionless transformations and retransformations.

[1] A. Valera-Medina, A. Giles, D. Pugh, S. Morris, M. Pohl, and A. Ortwein. Investigation of combustion of emulated biogas in a gas turbine test rig.
*Journal of Thermal Science*, 27:331–340, 2018. doi:
10.1007/s11630-018-1024-1.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.*Bulletin of JSME*, 13(64):1210–1231, 1970. doi:
10.1299/jsme1958.13.1210.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.*Energy*, 163:1050–1061, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.191.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.*AIP Conference Proceedings*, 1440:889–893, 2012. doi:
10.1063/1.4704300.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.*Applied Energy*, 80(3):261–272, 2005. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2004.04.007.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)*Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment*. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007. doi:
10.1007/978-3-540-76694-0_9.

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*, 3:141–149, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2017.07.004.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 214:243–255, 2000. doi:
10.1243/0954406001522930.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:*Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B*. pages 491–501. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. doi:
10.1115/GT2006-90516.

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 45(1):15–26, 2004. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904 (03)00125-0.

[11] Z. Wang.*1.23 Energy and air pollution*. In I. Dincer (ed.):
*Comprehensive Energy Systems*, pp. 909–949. Elsevier, 2018. doi:
10.1016/B978-0-12-809597-3.00127-9.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.*International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control*, 49:343–363, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.03.007.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 172:619–644, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2018.07.038.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.*Mechanika*, 23(2):18110, 2017. doi:
10.5755/j01.mech.23.2.18110.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.*Energy*, 168:1217–1236, 2019. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.12.008.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.*Applied Energy*, 78(2):179–197, 2004. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2003.08.002.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*. 15:100450, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2019.100450.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*. 144:821–834, 2021. doi:
10.1007/s10973-020-09550-w.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.*Energy and Power Engineering*, 3(4):517–524, 2011. doi:
10.4236/epe.2011.34063.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 136:431–443, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.03.023.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.*International Journal of Energy Research*, 37(3):211–227, 2013. doi:
10.1002/er.1901.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.*Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering*, 37(4):1177–1188, 2013. doi:
10.1139/tcsme-2013-0099.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.*Procedia Engineering*, 15:4216–4223, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.791.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.*Case Studies in Thermal Engineering*. 12:166–175, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.csite.2018.04.001.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.*Mechanical Engineering Research*. 5(2):89–113, 2015. doi:
10.5539/mer.v5n2p89.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.*Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy*, 5(2):021409, 2013. doi:
10.1063/1.4798486.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 86:209–220, 2015. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.084.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 64:182–198, 2012. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2012.05.006.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 115:977–985, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.032.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 72:599–607, 2014. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.085.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 42:4547–4558, 2017. doi:
10.1007/s13369-017-2549-4.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 220:113066, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113066.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 79:459–474, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.060.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 45:5895–5905, 2020. doi:
10.1007/s13369-020-04600-9.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 107:603–611, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.055.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.*Energy*, 36(1):294–304, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.040.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.*Energy Reports*, 4:497–506, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.egyr.2018.07.007.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 192:443–452, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.272.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 43(9-12):1311–1322, 2002. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00017-1.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.*Journal of Energy Resources Technology*, 137(6):061601, 2015. doi:
10.1115/1.4030447.

Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

This paper presents a numerical investigation of fracture criterion influence on perforation of high-strength 30PM steel plates subjected to 7.6251 mm Armour Piercing (AP) projectile. An evaluation of four ductile fracture models is performed to identify the most suitable fracture criterion. Included in the paper is the Modified Johnson-Cook (MJC) constitutive model coupled separately with one of these fracture criteria: the MJC fracture model, the Cockcroft-Latham (CL), the maximum shear stress and the constant failure strain models. A 3D explicit Lagrangian algorithm that includes both elements and particles, is used in this study to automatically convert distorted elements into meshless particles during the course of the computation. Numerical simulations are examined by comparing with the experimental results. The MJC fracture model formulated in the space of the stress triaxiality and the equivalent plastic strain to fracture were found capable of predicting the realistic fracture patterns and at the same time the correct projectile residual velocities. However, this study has shown that CL one parameter fracture criterion where only one simple material test is required for calibration is found to give good results as the MJC failure criterion. The maximum shear stress fracture criterion fails to capture the shear plugging failure and material fracture properties cannot be fully characterized with the constant fracture strain.

[1] A. Valera-Medina, A. Giles, D. Pugh, S. Morris, M. Pohl, and A. Ortwein. Investigation of combustion of emulated biogas in a gas turbine test rig.
*Journal of Thermal Science*, 27:331–340, 2018. doi:
10.1007/s11630-018-1024-1.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.*Bulletin of JSME*, 13(64):1210–1231, 1970. doi:
10.1299/jsme1958.13.1210.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.*Energy*, 163:1050–1061, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.08.191.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.*AIP Conference Proceedings*, 1440:889–893, 2012. doi:
10.1063/1.4704300.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.*Applied Energy*, 80(3):261–272, 2005. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2004.04.007.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)*Challenges of Power Engineering and Environment*. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007. doi:
10.1007/978-3-540-76694-0_9.

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*, 3:141–149, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2017.07.004.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 214:243–255, 2000. doi:
10.1243/0954406001522930.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:*Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2006: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 3: Heat Transfer, Parts A and B*. pages 491–501. Barcelona, Spain. May 8–11, 2006. doi:
10.1115/GT2006-90516.

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 45(1):15–26, 2004. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904 (03)00125-0.

[11] Z. Wang.*1.23 Energy and air pollution*. In I. Dincer (ed.):
*Comprehensive Energy Systems*, pp. 909–949. Elsevier, 2018. doi:
10.1016/B978-0-12-809597-3.00127-9.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.*International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control*, 49:343–363, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.ijggc.2016.03.007.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 172:619–644, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2018.07.038.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.*Mechanika*, 23(2):18110, 2017. doi:
10.5755/j01.mech.23.2.18110.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.*Energy*, 168:1217–1236, 2019. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2018.12.008.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.*Applied Energy*, 78(2):179–197, 2004. doi:
10.1016/j.apenergy.2003.08.002.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.*Thermal Science and Engineering Progress*. 15:100450, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.tsep.2019.100450.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*. 144:821–834, 2021. doi:
10.1007/s10973-020-09550-w.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.*Energy and Power Engineering*, 3(4):517–524, 2011. doi:
10.4236/epe.2011.34063.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 136:431–443, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.03.023.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.*International Journal of Energy Research*, 37(3):211–227, 2013. doi:
10.1002/er.1901.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.*Transactions of the Canadian Society for Mechanical Engineering*, 37(4):1177–1188, 2013. doi:
10.1139/tcsme-2013-0099.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.*Procedia Engineering*, 15:4216–4223, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.proeng.2011.08.791.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.*Case Studies in Thermal Engineering*. 12:166–175, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.csite.2018.04.001.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.*Mechanical Engineering Research*. 5(2):89–113, 2015. doi:
10.5539/mer.v5n2p89.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.*Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy*, 5(2):021409, 2013. doi:
10.1063/1.4798486.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 86:209–220, 2015. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.08.084.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 64:182–198, 2012. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2012.05.006.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 115:977–985, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.01.032.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 72:599–607, 2014. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2014.05.085.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 42:4547–4558, 2017. doi:
10.1007/s13369-017-2549-4.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 220:113066, 2020. doi:
10.1016/j.enconman.2020.113066.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 79:459–474, 2017. doi:
10.1016/j.rser.2017.05.060.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.*Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering*, 45:5895–5905, 2020. doi:
10.1007/s13369-020-04600-9.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.*Energy*, 107:603–611, 2016. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2016.04.055.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.*Energy*, 36(1):294–304, 2011. doi:
10.1016/j.energy.2010.10.040.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.*Energy Reports*, 4:497–506, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.egyr.2018.07.007.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.*Journal of Cleaner Production*, 192:443–452, 2018. doi:
10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.272.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 43(9-12):1311–1322, 2002. doi:
10.1016/S0196-8904(02)00017-1.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.*Journal of Energy Resources Technology*, 137(6):061601, 2015. doi:
10.1115/1.4030447.

Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
Navier solution
simply supported plate
two-variable refined plate theory
Winkler elastic foundation

The two-variable refined plate theory is used in this paper for the analysis of thick plates resting on elastic foundation. This theory contains only two unknown parameters and predicts parabolic variation of transverse shear stresses. It satisfies the zero traction on the plate surfaces without using shear correction factor. Using the principle of minimum potential energy, the governing equations for simply supported rectangular plates resting on Winkler elastic foundation are obtained. The Navier method is adopted for solution of obtained coupled governing equations, and several benchmark problems under various loading conditions are solved by present theory. The comparison of obtained results with other common theories shows the excellent efficiency of this theory in modeling thick plates resting on elastic foundation. Also, the effect of foundation modulus, plate thickness and type of loading are studied and the results show that the deflections are decreased by increasing the foundation modulus and plate thickness.

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[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.*Energy Conversion and Management*, 43(9-12):1311–1322, 2002. doi:
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[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.*Journal of Energy Resources Technology*, 137(6):061601, 2015. doi:
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Go to article
[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

In this paper we propose an original configuration of a compliant mini-gripper for handling chemicals. The compliant mini-gripper is 3D modeled and analyzed with finite element method. To use it in a wider range of containers designed for laboratories we made several variants of fasteners. In order to obtain a functional prototype in a scale appropriate to characterize the system, we determined the material properties of the gripper and developed an experimental stand for characterizing the system with mini-gripper. Finally, we compared the movements of the experimental grip, made according to the movement of the bellows type actuator, determined based on, analytical and numerical results.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
XFEM
extended finite element method
composite laminate
fracture processing zone
crack opening displacement

Nominal strength reduction in cross ply laminates of [0/90]2s is observed in tensile tests of glass fiber composite laminates having central open hole of diameters varying from 2 to 10 mm. This is well known as the size effect. The extended finite element method (XFEM) is implemented to simulate the fracture process and size effect (scale effect) in the glass fiber reinforced polymer laminates weakened by holes or notches. The analysis shows that XFEM results are in good agreement with the experimental results specifying nominal strength and in good agreement with the analytical results based on the cohesive zone model specifying crack opening displacement and the fracture process zone length.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
hard turning
tool vibration
magnetorheological (MR) damper
tool condition monitoring
acoustic emission
skewness
kurtosis

In recent times, the concept of hard turning has gained awareness in metal cutting as it can apparently replace the traditional process cycle of turning, heat treating, and finish grinding for assembly of hard, wear-resistant steel parts. The major apprehension in hard turning is the tool vibration, which affects the surface finish of the work piece, has to be controlled and monitored. In order to control tool vibration in metal cutting, a magnetorheological fluid damper which has received great attention in suppressing tool vibration was developed and used. Also an attempt has been made in this study to monitor tool vibration using the skewness and kurtosis parameters of acoustic emission (AE) signal for the tool holder with and without magnetorheological damper. Cutting experiments were conducted to arrive at a set of operating parameters that can offer better damping characteristics to minimize tool vibration during turning of AISI4340 steel of 46 HRC using hard metal insert with sculptured rake face. From the results, it was observed that the presence of magnetorheological damper during hard turning reduces tool vibration and there exist a strong relationship between tool vibration and acoustic emission (AERMS) signals to monitor tool condition. This work provides momentous understanding on the usage of magnetorheological damper and AE sensor to control and monitor the tool condition during turning of hardened AISI4340 steel.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

Keywords:
vibroinsulation
dynamic absorber
optimal synthesis

Attempts to perform synthesis of a passive vibroinsulation two-mass system intended for the simultaneous reduction of machine frame vibrations and forces transmitted to foundations by supporting elements were undertaken in the study. In view of the variable frequency of the machine operation, it was necessary for the frequency interval, encompassed by the vibroinsulation system operation, to be within given limits. On the grounds of properties of the linear massive-elastic system formulated in the works of Genkin and Ryaboy (1998), the problem of vibroinsulation system synthesis was formulated in the parametric type optimisation approach with equality and inequality limitations. For piston compressor vibroinsulation, the mass and elasticity matrices of the vibroinsulating system, as well as its physical structure, were determined. Its operation was verified on the basis of simulation investigations, taking into account the system loss and transient states.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

The primary importance of the paper is the application of the efficient formulation for the simulation of open-loop lightweight robotic manipulator. The framework employed in the paper makes use of the spatial operator algebra and the associated equations are expressed in joint space. This compact representation of the manipulator dynamics makes it possible to solve the robot forward and inverse dynamics problems in a recursive and fast manner. In the current form, the presented algorithm can be applied for the dynamics simulation of an open-loop chain system possessing any number of joints. Specifically, the formulation has been successfully applied for the analysis of the 7DOF KUKA LWR robot. Results from a number of test cases for the robot demonstrate the verification of the calculations.

[2] K. Tanaka and I. Ushiyama. Thermodynamic performance analysis of gas turbine power plants with intercooler: 1st report, Theory of intercooling and performance of intercooling type gas turbine.

[3] H.M. Kwon, T.S. Kim, J.L. Sohn, and D.W. Kang. Performance improvement of gas turbine combined cycle power plant by dual cooling of the inlet air and turbine coolant using an absorption chiller.

[4] A.T. Baheta and S.I.-U.-H. Gilani. The effect of ambient temperature on a gas turbine performance in part load operation.

[5] F.R. Pance Arrieta and E.E. Silva Lora. Influence of ambient temperature on combined-cycle power-plant performance.

[6] M. Ameri and P. Ahmadi. The study of ambient temperature effects on exergy losses of a heat recovery steam generator. In: Cen, K., Chi, Y., Wang, F. (eds)

[7] M.A.A. Alfellag: Parametric investigation of a modified gas turbine power plant.

[8] J.H. Horlock and W.A. Woods. Determination of the optimum performance of gas turbines.

[9] L. Battisti, R. Fedrizzi, and G. Cerri. Novel technology for gas turbine blade effusion cooling. In:

[10] F.J. Wang and J.S. Chiou. Integration of steam injection and inlet air cooling for a gas turbine generation system.

[11] Z. Wang.

[12] Z. Khorshidi, N.H. Florin, M.T. Ho, and D.E. Wiley. Techno-economic evaluation of co-firing biomass gas with natural gas in existing NGCC plants with and without CO$_2$ capture.

[13] K. Mohammadi, M. Saghafifar, and J.G. McGowan. Thermo-economic evaluation of modifications to a gas power plant with an air bottoming combined cycle.

[14] S. Mohtaram, J. Lin, W. Chen, and M.A. Nikbakht. Evaluating the effect of ammonia-water dilution pressure and its density on thermodynamic performance of combined cycles by the energy-exergy analysis approach.

[15] M. Maheshwari and O. Singh. Comparative evaluation of different combined cycle configurations having simple gas turbine, steam turbine and ammonia water turbine.

[16] A. Khaliq and S.C. Kaushik. Second-law based thermodynamic analysis of Brayton/Rankine combined power cycle with reheat.

[17] M. Aliyu, A.B. AlQudaihi, S.A.M. Said, and M.A. Habib. Energy, exergy and parametric analysis of a combined cycle power plant.

[18] M.N. Khan, T.A. Alkanhal, J. Majdoubi, and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of regenerative gas turbine: air bottoming combined cycle using bypass valve and heat exchanger—energy and exergy analysis.

[19] F. Rueda Martínez, A. Rueda Martínez, A. Toleda Velazquez, P. Quinto Diez, G. Tolentino Eslava, and J. Abugaber Francis. Evaluation of the gas turbine inlet temperature with relation to the excess air.

[20] A.K. Mohapatra and R. Sanjay. Exergetic evaluation of gas-turbine based combined cycle system with vapor absorption inlet cooling.

[21] A.A. Alsairafi. Effects of ambient conditions on the thermodynamic performance of hybrid nuclear-combined cycle power plant.

[22] A.K. Tiwari, M.M. Hasan, and M. Islam. Effect of ambient temperature on the performance of a combined cycle power plant.

[23] T.K. Ibrahim, M.M. Rahman, and A.N. Abdalla. Gas turbine configuration for improving the performance of combined cycle power plant.

[24] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. New advancement of high performance for a combined cycle power plant: Thermodynamic analysis.

[25] S.Y. Ebaid and Q.Z. Al-hamdan. Thermodynamic analysis of different configurations of combined cycle power plants.

[26] R. Teflissi and A. Ataei. Effect of temperature and gas flow on the efficiency of an air bottoming cycle.

[27] A.A. Bazmi, G. Zahedi, and H. Hashim. Design of decentralized biopower generation and distribution system for developing countries.

[28] A.I. Chatzimouratidis and P.A. Pilavachi. Decision support systems for power plants impact on the living standard.

[29] T.K. Ibrahim, F. Basrawi, O.I. Awad, A.N. Abdullah, G. Najafi, R. Mamat, and F.Y. Hagos. Thermal performance of gas turbine power plant based on exergy analysis.

[30] M. Ghazikhani, I. Khazaee, and E. Abdekhodaie. Exergy analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[31] M.N. Khan, I. Tlili, and W.A. Khan. thermodynamic optimization of new combined gas/steam power cycles with HRSG and heat exchanger.

[32] N. Abdelhafidi, İ.H. Yılmaz, and N.E.I. Bachari. An innovative dynamic model for an integrated solar combined cycle power plant under off-design conditions.

[33] T.K. Ibrahim, M.K. Mohammed, O.I. Awad, M.M. Rahman, G. Najafi, F. Basrawi, A.N. Abd Alla, and R. Mamat. The optimum performance of the combined cycle power plant: A comprehensive review.

[34] M.N. Khan. Energy and exergy analyses of regenerative gas turbine air-bottoming combined cycle: optimum performance.

[35] A.M. Alklaibi, M.N. Khan, and W.A. Khan. Thermodynamic analysis of gas turbine with air bottoming cycle.

[36] M. Ghazikhani, M. Passandideh-Fard, and M. Mousavi. Two new high-performance cycles for gas turbine with air bottoming.

[37] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Innovative thermodynamic parametric investigation of gas and steam bottoming cycles with heat exchanger and heat recovery steam generator: Energy and exergy analysis.

[38] M.N. Khan and I. Tlili. Performance enhancement of a combined cycle using heat exchanger bypass control: A thermodynamic investigation.

[39] M. Korobitsyn. Industrial applications of the air bottoming cycle.

[40] T.K. Ibrahim and M.M. Rahman. optimum performance improvements of the combined cycle based on an intercooler–reheated gas turbine.

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- MS Word, either as standard DOCUMENT (.doc, .docx) or RICH TEXT FORMAT (.rtf).

If you experience difficulties with the manuscript submission website, please contact the Assistant to the Editor of the AME (ame.eo@meil.pw.edu.pl).

Papers (including tables and figures) should not exceed in length 25 pages of size 12.6 cm x 19.5 cm (printing area) with a font size of 11 pt. For manuscript preparation, the Authors should use the templates for Word or LaTeX available at the journal webpage.

- List of keywords (separated by commas),
- Full Name(s) of Author(s), Affiliation(s), Corresponding Author e-mail address,
- Title,
- Abstract,
- Main text,
- Appendix,
- Acknowledgments (if applicable),
- References.

We suggest the title should be as short as possible but still informative.

An abstract should accompany every article. It should be a brief summary of significant results of the paper and give concise information about the content of the core idea of the paper. It should be informative and not only present the general scope of the paper, but also indicate the main results and conclusions. An abstract should not exceed 200 words.

Please follow the general rules for writing the main text of the paper:

- use simple and declarative sentences, avoid long sentences, in which the meaning may be lost by complicated construction,
- divide the main text into sections and subsections (if needed the subsections may be divided into paragraphs),
- be concise, avoid idle words,
- make your argumentation complete; use commonly understood terms; define all nonstandard symbols and abbreviations when you introduce them;
- explain all acronyms and abbreviations when they first appear in the text;
- use all units consistently throughout the article;
- be self-critical as you review your drafts.

You may use line diagrams and photographs to illustrate theses from your text. The figures should be clear, easy to read and of good quality (300 dpi). The figures are preferred in a vector format (bitmap formats are acceptable, but not recommended). The size of the figures should be adequate to their contents. Use 8-9pt font size of the text within the figures.

You should use tables only to improve conciseness or where the information cannot be given satisfactorily in other ways. Tables should be numbered consecutively and referred to within the text by numbers. Each table should have an explanatory caption which should be as concise as possible. The figures and tables should be inserted in the text file, where they are mentioned.

Displayed equations should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numbers in parentheses. They should be centered, leaving a small space above and below to separate it from the surrounding text.

We encourage authors to restrict the use of footnotes. Information concerning research grant support should appear in a separate Acknowledgements section at the end of the paper. Acknowledgements of the assistance of colleagues or similar notes of appreciation should also appear in the Acknowledgements section.

References should be numbered and listed in the order that they appear in the text. References indicated by numerals in square brackets should complete the paper in the following style:

[1] R.O. Author.

[2] D.F. Author, B.D. Second Author, and P.C. Third Author. Title of the article.

[3] W. Author.

[4] H. Author. Title of the paper. In Proc.

When revision of a manuscript is requested, authors are expected to deliver the revised version of the manuscript as soon as possible. The manuscript should be uploaded directly to the Editorial System as an answer to the Editor's decision, and not as a new manuscript. If it is the 1st revision, the authors are expected to return revised manuscript within 60 days; if it is the 2nd revision, the authors are expected to return revised manuscript within 14 days. Additional time for resubmission must be requested in advance. If the above mentioned deadlines are not met, the manuscript may be treated as a new submission.

Once an article has been accepted for publication, the manuscript is transferred into our production system to be language-edited and formatted. Language/technical editors reserve the privilege of editing manuscripts to conform with the stylistic conventions of the journal. Once the article has been typeset, PDF proofs are generated so that authors can approve all editing and layout.

Proofreading should be carried out once a final draft has been produced. Since the proofreading stage is the last opportunity to correct the article to be published, the authors are requested to make every effort to check for errors in their proofs before the paper is posted online. Authors may be asked to address remarks and queries from the language and/or technical editors. Queries are written only to request necessary information or clarification of an unclear passage. Please note that language/technical editors do not query at every instance where a change has been made.

The Editorial Board of the Archive of Mechanical Engineering (AME) sincerely expresses gratitude to the following individuals who devoted their time to review papers submitted to the journal. Particularly, we express our gratitude to those who reviewed papers several times.

Ahmad ABDALLA – Huaiyin Institute of Technology, China

Sara ABDELSALAM – University of California, Riverside, United States

Muhammad Ilman Hakimi Chua ABDULLAH – Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Malaysia

Hafiz Malik Naqash AFZAL – University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia

Reza ANSARI – University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran

Jeewan C. ATWAL – Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India

Hadi BABAEI – Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Sakthi BALAN – K. Ramakrishnan college of Engineering, Trichy, India

Leszek BARANOWSKI – Military University of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Elias BRASSITOS – Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon

Tadeusz BURCZYŃSKI – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Nguyen Duy CHINH – Hung Yen University of Technology and Education, Hung Yen, Vietnam

Dorota CHWIEDUK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Adam CISZKIEWICZ – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Meera CS – University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Duhradun, India

Piotr CYKLIS – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Abanti DATTA – Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, India

Piotr DEUSZKIEWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Dinesh DHANDE – AISSMS College of Engineering, Pune, India

Sufen DONG – Dalian University of Technology, China

N. Godwin Raja EBENEZER – Loyola-ICAM College of Engineering and Technology, Chennai, India

Halina EGNER – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Fehim FINDIK – Sakarya University of Applied Sciences, Turkey

Artur GANCZARSKI – Cracow University of Technology, Poland

Peng GAO – Northeastern University, Shenyang, China

Rafał GOŁĘBSKI – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Andrzej GRZEBIELEC – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Ngoc San HA – Curtin University, Perth, Australia

Mehmet HASKUL – University of Sirnak, Turkey

Michal HATALA – Technical University of Košice, Slovak Republic

Dewey HODGES – Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, United States

Hamed HONARI – Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, United States

Olga IWASINSKA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Emmanuelle JACQUET – University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France

Maciej JAWORSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Xiaoling JIN – Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China

Halil Burak KAYBAL – Amasya University, Turkey

Vladis KOSSE – Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia

Krzysztof KUBRYŃSKI – Air Force Institute of Technology, Warsaw, Poland

Waldemar KUCZYŃSKI – Koszalin University of Technology, Poland

Igor KURYTNIK – State Higher School in Oswiecim, Poland

Daniel LESNIC – University of Leeds, United Kingdom

Witold LEWANDOWSKI – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Guolu LI – Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China

Jun LI – Xi’an Jiaotong University, China

Baiquan LIN – China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, China

Dawei LIU – Yanshan University, Qinhuangdao, China

Luis Norberto LÓPEZ DE LACALLE – University of the Basque Country, Bilbao, Spain

Ming LUO – Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an, China

Xin MA – Shandong University, Jinan, China

Najmuldeen Yousif MAHMOOD – University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq

Arun Kumar MAJUMDER – Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, India

Paweł MALCZYK – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Miloš MATEJIĆ – University of Kragujevac, Serbia

Norkhairunnisa MAZLAN – Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia

Dariusz MAZURKIEWICZ – Lublin University of Technology, Poland

Florin MINGIREANU – Romanian Space Agency, Bucharest, Romania

Vladimir MITYUSHEV – Pedagogical University of Cracow, Poland

Adis MUMINOVIC – University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Baraka Olivier MUSHAGE – Université Libre des Pays des Grands Lacs, Goma, Congo (DRC)

Tomasz MUSZYŃSKI – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland

Mohamed NASR – National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Driss NEHARI – University of Ain Temouchent, Algeria

Oleksii NOSKO – Bialystok University of Technology, Poland

Grzegorz NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Iwona NOWAK – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Samy ORABY – Pharos University in Alexandria, Egypt

Marcin PĘKAL – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Bo PENG – University of Huddersfield, United Kingdom

Janusz PIECHNA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Maciej PIKULIŃSKI – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

T.V.V.L.N. RAO – The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, India

Andrzej RUSIN – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Artur RUSOWICZ – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Benjamin SCHLEICH – Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany

Jerzy SĘK – Lodz University of Technology, Poland

Reza SERAJIAN – University of California, Merced, USA

Artem SHAKLEIN – Udmurt Federal Research Center, Izhevsk, Russia

G.L. SHI – Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, China

Muhammad Faheem SIDDIQUI – Vrije University, Brussels, Belgium

Jarosław SMOCZEK – AGH University of Science and Technology, Cracow, Poland

Josip STJEPANDIC – PROSTEP AG, Darmstadt, Germany

Pavel A. STRIZHAK – Tomsk Polytechnic University, Russia

Vadym STUPNYTSKYY – Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine

Miklós SZAKÁLL – Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Germany

Agnieszka TOMASZEWSKA – Gdansk University of Technology, Poland

Artur TYLISZCZAK – Czestochowa University of Technology, Poland

Aneta USTRZYCKA – Institute of Fundamental Technological Research, Warsaw, Poland

Alper UYSAL – Yildiz Technical University, Turkey

Gabriel WĘCEL – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Marek WĘGLOWSKI – Welding Institute, Gliwice, Poland

Frank WILL – Technische Universität Dresden, Germany

Michał WODTKE – Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland

Marek WOJTYRA – Warsaw University of Technology, Poland

Włodzimierz WRÓBLEWSKI – Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland

Hongtao WU – Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China

Jinyang XU – Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China

Zhiwu XU – Harbin Institute of Technology, China

Zbigniew ZAPAŁOWICZ – West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, Poland

Zdzislaw ZATORSKI – Polish Naval Academy, Gdynia, Poland

Wanming ZHAI – Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, China

Xin ZHANG – Wenzhou University of Technology, China

Su ZHAO – Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, China