Applied sciences

Archives of Environmental Protection


Archives of Environmental Protection | 2010 | vol. 36 | No 2

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The emission rate of fibers released lrorn the new/fresh and used/worn ceramic fiber material. glass wool and man-made mineral fiber material due lo mechanical impact was determined experimentally. The emission rate has been defined as a number or fibers emitted per unit mass and unit impaction energy. The averaged emission rate of short fibers (LS 5 run) for all studied fresh non-asbestos fiber materials ranged lrom 2.2 to 20 fibers/(g·.l), while the emission or long fibers (I,> 5 urn) was between 2.2 and I 00 fibers/(g·J). The susceptibility or worn fiber-containing materials 10 emitting fibrous particles due 10 mechanical impaction was significantly diverse. Emission from glass wool unchanged with the exploitation, while the emission rate of the mineral fiber material increased by a factor of I O·' compared 10 new material. The dominating population or emitted fibers from studied materials ranged trorn 2 10 around 8 pm in length.
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Authors and Affiliations

Józef S. Pastuszka
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The aims of the study was to establish whether differences exist between periphytic ciliate communities on different substrates; to determine whether colonization time would yield an abundance and taxonomic composition of ciliates; to assess the effect of physical and chemical factors on the distribution of ciliates in a shallow hypertrophic lake. Generally the species richness as well as the abundance ofpcriphytic ciliates arc determined mostly by the habitats and chemical properties of the waters (especially the content of total organic carbon and nitrate nitrogen), and, to a lesser extent, by the type of the colonized substrate. Moreover, exposition time of the substrates affected both an increase in the richness of periphytic ciliates and the changes in their trophic structure. At the beginning of the experiment the substrates were intensively colonized by typically bacterivorous species, yet prolonged exposition time resulted in an increasing proportion of omnivorous species.
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Authors and Affiliations

Tomasz Mieczan
Agnieszka Puk
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The paper presents qualitative, Bayesian model used 10 determine some interdependencies between sorption features for mineral soils in southern Poland. Sorption properties are very important, crucial for measure or fertility, nutrient retention capacity, and the capacity to protect groundwater from coutaminution. Cation exchange capacity (CFC) is a commonly applied indicator otihc soils conditions or vulncrahilitv. Base saturation (BS) is an important clement of hazard degree assessment in soils lying within reach of impact acidifying agents. The considered soils represented different valuation classes and differed in their typology. The Bayesian model is used lor interdependences assessment.
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Authors and Affiliations

Stanisław Gruszczyński
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The paper presents the results of an experiment with sugar-industry waste (molasses) as an organic carbon source for denitrification. The investigations concern the influence of untreated molasses and molasses after pretreatment (hydrolyzed molasses) and variable COD/N ratio (6.0: 5.0: 4.0) on denitrification efficiency and kinetics. Moreover, sludge production, in dependence on tested carbon source, was estimated. Al COD/N ratio 6 and 5, regardless or applied organic carbon source (untreated molasses. hydrolyzed molasses), the denitrification efficiency was over 98%,. However. from kinetic analysis it results that a kind or carbon source and COD/N ratio have an effect on denitrification rate. The highest nitrate removal rate - 9.5 mg N,0/(dm-1-h) was obtained al COD/N = 6 in the reactor with hydrolyzed molasses as a carbon source and the lowest - 5.14 mg N,0J(dm1-h) in reactor with untreated molasses at COD/N = 5.0. The lowering or COD/N ratio to 4 caused decrease otthe process efficiency to 27.6% (untreated molasses) and 44.3% (hydrolyzed molasses). Hydrolyzed molasses as a carbon source caused higher production of activated sludge. In reactors with untreated molasses Y equals 0.40 mg VSS/rng COD at COD/N ratio 6 and 0.31 111g VSS/111g COD at COD/N ratio 5. In reactors with molasses alter hydrolysis Y, were 1.35-lolcl and 1.5-lold higher, respectively. Since, the molasses hydrolysis results in rising costs of wastewater treatment and cause higher sludge production, untreated molasses seems to be a more suitable carbon source for dcniuification.
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Authors and Affiliations

Dorota Kulikowska
Karolina Dudek
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The objective of this work was investigation of the growth dynamics of proteolytic bacteria and the enzymatic activity in soil for the cultivation of maize (Zea mays L.), as well as the maize yield under application of some selected organic fertilizers. Intensity and the direction of the developed changes in the soil depended on the type of applied organic fertilizer, the size of its dose introduced into the soil and on the developmental phase of the grown plant (maize). On the basis of obtained results it was found that all tested organic substances stimulated the activity of proteases. Yields ofmaize as raw material for silages obtained from soil fertilized with sewage sludge were similar to those obtained after the application of pig slurry and they exceeded maize yields harvested from other ferti I ization objects.
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Authors and Affiliations

Alicja Niewiadomska
Hanna Sulewska
Agnieszka Wolna-Maruwka
Justyna Klama
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The aim of the study was to estimate the effect otthe composting process in the container technology Kneer on E. coli inactivation. The bacteria placed in the special carriers were introduced into the composted material. The elimination rate of E. coli differed depending on both the carriers· location in the biomass and the thermal conditions. The most effective hygienization, nr the material was noticed in summer - after 48 h in the middle layer, 6 days in the top layer and 10 days in the bottom layer. In spring and autumn, the bacteria survived the longest in the bottom layer - 85 and 45 days, respectively. Apart from the high temperature, the research points out the action of other factors such as competition, antagonism and antibiosis.
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Authors and Affiliations

Beata Szala
Zbigniew Paluszak
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAI-ls) are persistent organic pollutants, ubiquitous in the whole environment. They are relatively well known and are still of interest due to their well documented carcinogenic and mutagenie properties. In ambient air of urban regions they mostly occur as adsorbed to particles of suspended dust. The richest in these compounds and therefore most hazardous to humans, fraction of dust is the fraction of the finest particles. The paper presents results of investigations of dust sampled with use of an impactor Dekati PM10 in Zabrze, a site typical of Upper Silesian conditions. While sampling, the impactor segregates sampled particles into four fractions by their aerodynamic diameters. Sixteen PAHs were determined in each fraction chromatographically. PAH content in the fraction of the finest particles, i.e. in PM1, was of particular interest.
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Authors and Affiliations

Krzysztof Klejnowski
Barbara Kozielska
Andrzej Krasa
Wioletta Rogula-Kozłowska
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Phenol degradation efficiency or Pscndontonas putida PCM2 l 53 free cel ls was experimentally studied. Bacterial cells were acclimatized to phenol what relied on gradually increasing the phenol concentration in the medium. The highest phenol degradation rate was calculated as approximately 15.2 mgdmŁh'. Investigated strain degraded the phenol at the concentration or 400 111g-d111·-' in 24 h. The result or toxicity analysis showed that acclimatized cells orP putida PCM2 l 53 arc able to survive even al as high concentration or phenol as 3000'. The obtained result suggests that the analyzed strain can be used lor cflcciivc treating of high strength phenolic wastewater. Due to resistance of the strain to high phenol concentration it may be applied in biorcmcdiation of exceedingly contaminated sites, especially where dilution or pollutants cannot be implemented.
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Authors and Affiliations

Grzegorz Przybyłek
Sławomir Ciesielski
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The article deals with the state of utilization and protection of the water· resources in the Mokaśnica river basin (MRB) within the larger Mostarsko Biało catchment area (MRB). The authors present data on the Mostarsko Blato basin, provided through the analyses of the results of earlier research projects dealing with surface and groundwater flows, particularly related to the research carried out in the MR fl. The previous water engineering works in the MRB have been analyzed for effects on the natural environment and the influence of such works on the regime of surface flow and groundwater aquifer geometry. In order to protect the area of the MRB from further devastation, the authors suggest some protective measures and due improvements. A special environmental protection study is necessary lor heller management otthe MRB waters and the natural environrncnt, including the analysis ofthe possibility of losing said water resources due to the implemented engineering interventions.
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Authors and Affiliations

Bozo Soldo
Josip Mesec
Mladen Zelenika

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Archives of Environmental Protection
Instructions for Authors

Archives of Environmental Protection is a quarterly published jointly by the Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Committee of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Thanks to the cooperation with outstanding scientists from all over the world we are able to provide our readers with carefully selected, most interesting and most valuable texts, presenting the latest state of research in the field of engineering and environmental protection.

The Journal principally accepts for publication original research papers covering such topics as:
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The Journal accepts also authoritative and critical reviews of the current state of knowledge in the topic directly relating to the environment protection.

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1. Journal:
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For example:

Nowak, S.W., Smith, A.J. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of the article, Archives of Environmental Protection, 10, 2, pp. 93–98. DOI: 10.24425/aep.2019.126330

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Kowalski, M. (2018). Title, ( (03.12.2018)).

5. Patents:

Orszulik, E. (2009). Palenisko fluidalne, Patent polski: nr PL20070383311 20070910 z 16 marca 2009.
Smith, I.M. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 123,445. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

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Titles of cited materials should be translated into English. Information of the language the materials were published in should be provided at the end.
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Nowak, S.W. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of article, Journal Name, 10, 2, pp. 93–98. DOI: 10.24425/aep.2019.126330. (in Polish)

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