Applied sciences

Archives of Environmental Protection

Content

Archives of Environmental Protection | 2009 | vol.35 | No 1 |

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Abstract

The paper presents investigations of dust fractional composition concerning combustion of hard coal in circulating fluidized bed boilers (CFBs). Experimentally determined emission factors for such boilers, and also typical pulverized-fuel furnaces, furnaces with mechanical stoker and domestic furnaces arc presented. They all have been obtained for Upper Silcsian type of coal. Total dust and characteristic fractions: PM2.5 and PM 10 are covered.
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Authors and Affiliations

Jan Konieczyński
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Abstract

Research on the occurrence of polyporus fungi in Czaplinek were conducted in 2004 and 2005 in 6 designated regions, using the route method (area search). 363 sites containing polyporus fungi belonging to 24 species and 4 families - Coriolaceae, Ganodermataceae, Hymenochaeteceae and Polyporaceae - have been found. The most numerous among the species were Bjerkandera ac/us/a (Wills. Fr.) P. Karst. (87 sites) and Ganoderma applanat um (Pers.) Pat. (66 sites). Three species listed on the Red List of makrofungi in Poland tDotroma mol/is (Sommer. Fr.) Dank, l110110/11s hispidus (Bull. Fr.) P. Karst. and Ganoderma l ucidum (W. Curt. Fr.) P. Karst.) have been identified. It should be noted that C. lucidum is one of the fungi under strict legal protection.
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Authors and Affiliations

Magdalena Kaczorkiewicz
Edward Ratuszniak
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Abstract

All multifunctional units combine flocculation and sedimentation to improve efficiency of treatment process. The characteristic feature of the unit is a contact of raw water with previously generated floes which enhances flocculation by increasing interparticle collisions and sorption ability offloes. On the basis of the authors' experience it was stated that in spite of significant differences between the procedure of conventional treatment and treatment in multifunctional units, an optimum coagulant dose is determined in jar testing which is commonly used for conventional treatment. The influence of sludge recirculation is not taken into consideration resulting in reagent overdosing. In this paper the results of the research on coagulation with postcoagulation sludge recirculation in aspect of sludge age are presented. It was stated that for the tested water, sludge recirculation may result in significant lowering of optimum alum doses provided that a proper degree of fresh sludge recirculation is applied.
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Authors and Affiliations

Barbara Gumińska
Marcin Kłos
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Abstract

Celem pracy było określenie wpływu hydraulicznego czasu zatrzymania (H RT) i wydajności cyrkulacji wewnętrznej (Gel na różnorodność mikroorganizmów w biomasie unieruchomionej w porowatym nośniku ceramicznym. Bioreaktor, wykorzystywany do usuwania związków organicznych ze ścieków komunalnych, był eksploatowany przy HRT 70 i 60 min oraz qc w zakresie 20-70 drn"h'. Różnorodność mikroorganizmów była określana na podstawie wzorów RISA przy użyciu indeksu Shannona-Wienera (1-1'). Przy HRT równym 70 min, H' obniżył się z 2,48 ± 0,14 do 2,13 ± 0,23 ze wzrostem Ge z 20 do 60 drn+h'. Przy HRT 60 min. zwiększenie qc z 40 do 70 drnvh' spowodowało spadek 1-1' z 2,41 ± O, 13 do 2,08 ± O, 19. Przy każdej wartości HRT, najwyższą efektywność usuwania związków organicznych uzyskano przy najniższej wartości qc i najwyższej bioróżnorodności.
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Authors and Affiliations

Magdalena Zielińska
Agnieszka Cydzik-Kwiatkowska
Irena Wojnowska-Baryła
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Abstract

Seasonal changes in the numbers of sulphate-reducing bacteria in water, soil, the surface of sedge (Carex acutiformis Ehrb.) immersed in waler and roots (dead and live) were studied. The study on one of larger wetland near Olsztyn (Masurian Lake District) was carried out in two annual cycles. Sulphate-reducing bacteria in the studied ecosystems occurred sporadically and generally in inappreciable count. Their count did not exceed 20 cells in I cm3 ofwaler; in the soil and in di ffercnt parts of sedge the number of bacteria ranged from several lo over dozen thousands cells in I g of dry weight. In the first year of studies these bacteria were the most numerous in June, July and during first days of December, bul in the second - in April (in soil and sedge immersed in water), in August (in soil and dead and live roots), in November (in waler, soil, sedge immersed in water and dead roots) and exceptionally in other months.
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Authors and Affiliations

Stanisław Niewolak
Renata Brzozowska
Karolina Czechowska
Zofia Filipkowska
Ewa Korzeniewska
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine the possibility of use of synchronous culture of Chlorella vulgaris algae as a biotest in water quality control. In the experiment the samples of water collected from seven sampling points in Goczałkowice Reservoir were used. The criterion of changes was the concentration of photosynthetic pigments, from 24'" hour of the cell life cycle, separated by HPLC technique. On the basis of changes taking place in the cells of the algae cultures it was possible to establish the timing of the flood period and autumnal changes in a water quality. It was also proved that the water quality in the main water current that fall into the western part of reservoir carried by the Wisła River after the flood period significantly differed from the water quality in the other parts of the reservoir, particularly in its eastern section.
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Authors and Affiliations

Anna Czaplicka-Kotas
Joanna Lodowska
Adam Wilczok
Zbigniew Ślusarczyk
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Abstract

Research concerning chemical constitution of alluvial sediments was done in the lower course of the Obra River (Western Poland). The fragment of vertical profile, which consisted of various alluvial sediments (fine sands, peats and sandy silts) was chosen lor detailed analysis. Main research problem was to determine if lithology and chemical constitution or alluvial deposits arc interconnected in a distinct way within studied section of' the Obra river valley, and if changes of chemical clements concentration could be used to i I lustratc depositional processes which take place in river bed and floodplain. Concentrations ofFe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Ca, Mg and K were determined in collected sediment samples. Investigated changes of chemical clements concentration show that there is a distinct border between the organic sediments, which mark the place of former functioning of the Obra river bed, and sandy silts, which were deposited within floodplain during floods. Besides, dependence between lithologic variability of alluvial sediments and their chemical constitution was observed. However, this dependence is not clear in some cases. The authors concluded that it is necessary to use statistic analyses to define connection between lithology and chemical constitution or alluvial deposits (distinguishing geochemical groups of alluvial sediments).
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Authors and Affiliations

Marcin Słowik
Tadeusz Sobczyński
Zygmunt Młynarczyk
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Abstract

Research concerning changes or chosen chemical elements concentration in alluvial sediments was conducted in the lower course or the Obra river valley. The analyses of Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Ca, Mg and K concentration were done in a fragment or vertical profile, which was characterized by variable lithology. On the basis of statistical analysis (cluster analysis) an attempt was made to distinguish geochemical groups of alluvial sediments of the Obra river valley. Six geochemical groups, which represent reductive conditions within peat deposits, the environment ofllood sediments (inserts of fine sands within peats and sandy silts in the top of the profile) and the environment or river bed sediments (fine sands in the bottom part ofthe profile), were singled out. Results of the study show that it is possible to distinguish the above mentioned depositional environments on the basis of variations of sediments' chemical constitution.
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Authors and Affiliations

Marcin Słowik
Tadeusz Sobczyński
Zygmunt Młynarczyk
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Abstract

Zanieczyszczenia przemysłowe przyczyniają się z reguły do poglębicnia degradacji rolniczej przestrzeni produkcyjnej, prowadząc między innymi do nagromadzenia metali ciężkich w glebie. Do grupy metali ciężkichzaliczany jest nikiel, który w małych ilościach jest niezbędny dla wzrostu i rozwoju organizmów żywych, natomiast występujący w nadmiarze jest toksyczny. W czteroletnim doświadczeniu wazonowym badano wpływ zanieczyszczenia gleby niklem (50, I 00 i 150 mg Ni/kg gleby zastosowanego w formie NiSO,711,O) na tic zróżnicowanego wapnowania (wg 0,5; I i 1.5 Hh gleby zastosowanego w formie CaCO) na zawartość Pb i Mn w koniczynie czerwonej. Zawartość metali oznaczono metodą ICP-J\ES po wcześniejszej mineralizacji materiału roślinnego ,,na sucho" w piecu muflowym w temperaturze 450°C i rozpuszczeniu popiołu w I 0% roztworze HCL. Wyniki badań opracowano statystycznie analizą wariancji z wykorzystaniem rozkładu F-FisheraSnedecora wg programu F.R. Anal.var 4.1., a wartość NIR.,5 wyliczono wg testu Tukeya. W celu znalezienia związków między badanymi cechami w pracy przeprowadzono również analizę korelacji liniowej. Zawartość obu metali w roślinach uprawianych na glebach zanieczyszczonych niklem była większa w odniesieniu do roślin uprawianych na glebach niezanieczyszczonych, co może świadczyć o synergizmie niklu i omawianych metali. Zastosowane wapniowanie (niezależnie od ilości CaCO, wprowadzonego do gleby) powodowało istotne zmniejszenie zawartości obu metali w roślinie testowej. Przeprowadzone badania wykazały synergistyczne zależności pomiędzy niklem a ołowiem i manganem.
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Authors and Affiliations

Beata Kuziemska
Stanisław Kalembasa
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Abstract

Essential sorts of disinfecting agents and principles of their action have been considered in the paper. Results of research on application of washing-disinfecting liquids, containing silver nano-particles, in meat industry have been presented. It has been established that liquids characterized by very efficient bactericidal and fungicidal properties can be prepared by composition of toxieal ly performing silver nano-particles, some degreasing agents, reducing surface tension, and frothing agents. The listed components eliminate "insulating effect" of fat particles in which bacteria are suspended and facilitate silver nano-particle contact with bacteria and fungi, increasing this way biochemical effect of silver nano-particles.
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Authors and Affiliations

Michał Konopka
Zygmunt Kowalski
Zbigniew Wzorek
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Abstract

Odpady pogalwaniczne zaliczane są do odpadów niebezpiecznych. dlatego muszą być unieszkodliwiane. Jedną z najprostszych metod unieszkodliwiania jest zestalanie w spoiwach mineralnych. W niniejszej pracy przeprowadzono próby zestalania w zaprawie cementowej oraz w zaprawie cementowej z dodatkiem pyłów krzemionkowych odpadu powstałego po neutralizacji zużytych kąpieli do trawienia, rozcieńczonych wodami poplucznymi, pochodzącymi z procesu cynkowania oraz miedziowania drutu. Badania wykazały, że dodatek odpadów w ilości do 5% jest bezpieczny pod względem ekologicznym. Przy takiej ilości dodatku odpadów do cementu następuje nieznaczne obniżenie parametrów fizykomechanicznych, a metale są trwale irnmobilizowane w matrycy. Dodatek pyłów krzemionkowych w ilości 10% do cementu poprawiał cechy wytrzymałościowe wyrobów, ale wprowadzenie odpadów obniżało te parametry.
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Authors and Affiliations

Małgorzata Osińska
Agnieszka Ślosarczyk

Instructions for authors

Archives of Environmental Protection
Instructions for Authors

Archives of Environmental Protection is a quarterly published jointly by the Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Committee of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Thanks to the cooperation with outstanding scientists from all over the world we are able to provide our readers with carefully selected, most interesting and most valuable texts, presenting the latest state of research in the field of engineering and environmental protection.

Scope
The Journal principally accepts for publication original research papers covering such topics as:
– Air quality, air pollution prevention and treatment;
– Wastewater treatment and utilization;
– Waste management;
– Hydrology and water quality, water treatment;
– Soil protection and remediation;
– Transformations and transport of organic/inorganic pollutants in the environment;
– Measurement techniques used in environmental engineering and monitoring;
– Other topics directly related to environmental engineering and environment protection.

The Journal accepts also authoritative and critical reviews of the current state of knowledge in the topic directly relating to the environment protection.

If unsure whether the article is within the scope of the Journal, please send an abstract via e-mail to: aep@ipispan.edu.pl

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The following are the requirements for manuscripts submitted for publication:
• The manuscript (with illustrations, tables, abstract and references) should not exceed 20 pages. In case the manuscript exceeds the required number of pages, we suggest contacting the Editor.
• The manuscript should be written in good English.
• The manuscript ought to be submitted in doc or docx format in three files:
– text.doc – file containing the entire text, without title, keywords, authors names and affiliations, and without tables and figures;
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• The text should be prepared in A4 format, 2.5 cm margins, 1.5 spaced, preferably using Time New Roman font, 12 point. Thetext should be divided into sections and subsections according to general rules of manuscript editing. The proposed place of tables and figures insertion should be marked in the text.
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• Tables should always be divided into columns. When there are many results presented in the table it should also be divided into lines.
• References should be cited in the text of an article by providing the name and publication year in brackets, e.g. (Nowak 2019). When a cited paper has two authors, both surnames connected with the word “and” should be provided, e.g. (Nowak and Kowalski 2019). When a cited paper has more than two author, surname of its first author, abbreviation ‘et al.’ and publication year should be provided, e.g. (Kowalski et al. 2019). When there are more than two publications cited in one place they should be divided with a coma, e.g. (Kowalski et al. 2019, Nowak 2019, Nowak and Kowalski 2019). Internet sources should be cited like other texts – providing the name and publication year in brackets.
• The Authors should avoid extensive citations. The number of literature references must not exceed 30 including a maximum of 6 own papers. Only in review articles the number of literature references can exceed 30.
• References should be listed at the end of the article ordered alphabetically by surname of the first author. References should be made according to the following rules:

1. Journal:
Surnames and initials. (publication year). Title of the article, Journal Name, volume, number, pages, DOI.
For example:

Nowak, S.W., Smith, A.J. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of the article, Archives of Environmental Protection, 10, 2, pp. 93–98. DOI: 10.24425/aep.2019.126330

If the article has been assigned DOI, it should be provided and linked with the website on which it is made available.

2. Book:
Surnames and initials. (publication year). Title, Publisher, Place and publishing year.
For example:

Kraszewski, J. & Kinecki, K. (2019). Title of book, Work & Studies, Zabrze 2019.

3. Edited book:

Surnames and initials of text authors. (publishing year). Title of cited chapter, in: Title of the book, Surnames and
initials of editor(s). (Ed.)/(Eds.). Publisher, Place, pages.
For example:

Reynor, J. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of chapter, in: Title of the cited book, Kaźmierski, I. & Jasiński, C. (Eds.). Work & Studies, Zabrze, pp. 145–189.

4. Internet sources:
Surnames and initials or the name of the institution which published the text. (publication year). Title, (website address (accessed on)).
For example:

Kowalski, M. (2018). Title, (http://www.krakow.pios.gov.pl/publikacje/2009/ (03.12.2018)).

5. Patents:

Orszulik, E. (2009). Palenisko fluidalne, Patent polski: nr PL20070383311 20070910 z 16 marca 2009.
Smith, I.M. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 123,445. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

6. Materials published in language other than English:
Titles of cited materials should be translated into English. Information of the language the materials were published in should be provided at the end.
For example:

Nowak, S.W. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of article, Journal Name, 10, 2, pp. 93–98. DOI: 10.24425/aep.2019.126330. (in Polish)

Not more than 30 references should be cited in the original research paper.


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© 2021. The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International Public License (CC BY SA 4.0, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/legalcode), which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial, and no modifications or adaptations are made


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Proofreading and Author Correction
All articles published in the Archives of Environmental Protection go through professional proofreading process. If there are too many language errors that prevent understanding of the text, the article is sent back to Authors with a request to correct the indicated fragments or – in extreme cases – to re-translate the text.
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