Applied sciences

Archives of Environmental Protection

Content

Archives of Environmental Protection | 2008 | vol. 34 | No 4 |

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Abstract

Microbiological studies were carried out of atmospheric air sampled on the area and in the surroundings of a mechanical and biological wastewater treatment plant (WTP) treating municipal sewage. The capacity of the wastewater treatment plant, which also received some wastewater from the dairy industry, was ca 3· 103 m3d-1. Counts ofheterotrophic psychrophilic, psychrotrophic and mesophilic bacteria as well as some physiological groups of microorganisms which belong to Enterobacteriaceae family, Staphylococcus and Enterococcus genera, Pseudomonas fluorescens and P. aeruginosa species, hemolysing bacteria and actinomycetes were analyzed. Air samples were collected in summer, autumn, winter and spring seasons simultaneously by the sedimentation and impact methods at 6 sites located on the area of the WTP and at 5 sites situated in its surroundings. The background was established depending on the direction of wind, always on the windward side in relation to the location of the WTP. In addition, temperature and air humidity as well as wind speed and direction at each sampling sites were observed. Statistically significant differences were found in studied groups of microorganisms counts between air samples collected in different seasons of the year (with the exception of psychrophilic bacteria and by the two different methods (with the exception of psychrophilic bacteria) and microorganisms which belong to Enterobacteriaceae family). The highest mean counts of the microorganisms were usually determined in air samples collected by the sedimentation method, especially during the autumn (with the exception of actinomycetes, which are the most numerous in spring), the lowest ones in winter and/or in summer. No statistically significant differences were observed in counts of the analyzed groups of microorganisms in air sampled at particular sites (with the exception of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria isolated on Chromocult medium). However, higher counts of these microorganisms were typically found in the air sampled in the area of the WTP, particularly near the grit chamber, phosphorus removal tank, nitrification and denitrification chambers and secondary settling tank. According to the Polish Standards used for evaluation of atmospheric air pollution, the air sampled in the area of wastewater treatment plant and in its surroundings was classified as only slightly and sporadically strongly polluted. It was mainly in the spring and autumn seasons that the air was strongly polluted with psychrophilic and mesophilic bacteria. No increased emission of the analyzed groups of microorganisms, including faecal bacteria was determined in the air samples collected outside the WT
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Authors and Affiliations

Ewa Korzeniewska
Zofia Filipkowska
Anna Gotkowska-Płachta
Wojciech Janczukowicz
Bartosz Rutkowski
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Abstract

In this study the effect of anionic surfactants on the morphology of activated sludge floes and biomass activity is quantitatively described. Three anionic surfactants: sodium dodecyl sulphate, sodium alkylbenzene sulphonate and sodium alkyltrioxyethylene sulphate were tested. The batch experiments were performed for a wide range of initial concentrations of anionics in wastewater from 2.5 to 2500 mgdm3. In spite of different chemical structure the action of all tested anionic surfactants resulted in the decrease of activated sludge floes dimensions at the similar level. It occurred that in the range of anionics concentrations, which are typical for domestic wastewater (2.5-25 mgdm3), they contributed to the decrease of mean projected area of floes by about 30%, whereas at the concentrations of 250 and 2500 mg-dm3 mean projected area decreased usually by 50-60%. Sodium alkylbenzene sulphonate exerted the strongest inhibition effect on dehydrogenase activity of activated sludge biomass. This effect coincided with the decreased degrees of removal for this surfactant and its biodegradation products, especially at its lower initial concentrations in wastewater.
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Authors and Affiliations

Ewa Liwarska--Bizukojc
Marcin Bizukojc
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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to examine changes in species composition and density of ciliates in an adjacent river, ccotone and reservoir zone (Zemborzycki Reservoir, Eastern Poland). Quality and quantity structure of planktonie ciliates showed visible differences between studied zones; the highest species diversity and abundance were observed in the ecotone (water/water). The lowest species diversity and abundance were noted in the Bystrzyca River. Independent on the zone, ciliates community was dominated by bacterivorous species with the lowest proportions of algivorous tax a. The present study showed that density of protozooplankton rose with the increase of nutrients delivery and TOC concentration in water.
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Authors and Affiliations

Tomasz Mieczan
Monika Tarkowska-Kukuryk
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Abstract

Hg concentration was studied in waters of 16 lakes in the Suwałki Landscape Park. The samples of lake water were collected from the surface zone and I m above the bottom, in the deepest site of the lakes. Apart from Hg concentration, the measurements included: the pH, soluble oxygen, water saturation with oxygen, electrolytic conductivity and total hardness of water. Hg concentration varied from lake to lake, but remained at the same levels in consecutive years. It has been found that Hg concentration in the bottom zone is higher than that in the surface zone. Significant differences were found between mean Hg concentrations in the bottom zone both during the summer and winter stagnation. No significant differences were found in mean Hg concentration in surface waters in different seasons of the year.
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Authors and Affiliations

Wojciech Dobicki
Ryszard Polechoński
Przemysław Pokorny
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Abstract

Sewage sludge is a two-phase mixture, generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in waste water treatment plants. It consists of 90-99% water and an accumulation of settleable solids. mainly organic that are removed during primary, secondary or advanced wastewater treatment processes. The hydration of the sludge is one of its main properties which determines sludge management and waste disposal cost. The flow properties of the sewage sludge, such as settling properties and concentration of solids. may affect its hydraulics. Application of rheology in wastewater treatment is determined by the flow character of the sludge. The basic purpose of the investigation was to define the rheological properties of sludge taken from secondary settling tanks in a typical municipal wastewater treatment plant. A laboratory investigation was conducted using a coaxial cylinder with a rotating torque and gravimetric concentration of the investigated sludge ranged from 2.21 to 6.56%. Approximation was made after transforming the pseudo-curve obtained from the measurements into the true flow curve, which was made according to the equation provided by Krieger, Elrod, Maron and Svec. In order to describe rheological characteristics the 3-parameter Herschel-Bulkley model was applied. The correlation between rheological parameters -r , k, n and concentration C was calculated as well as between periods of time when the samples of sludge were 'taken. The research has allowed calculating the dimension of the main transport installation pumping sludge and optimizing the pump discharge pressure, when transporting viscous sludge in pipelines. Determination of rheological parameters, especially yield stress tr), is important in sludge management, for instance in designing parameters transporting, storing, spreading.
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Authors and Affiliations

Beata Malczewska

Instructions for authors

Archives of Environmental Protection
Instructions for Authors

Archives of Environmental Protection is a quarterly published jointly by the Institute of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Committee of Environmental Engineering of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Thanks to the cooperation with outstanding scientists from all over the world we are able to provide our readers with carefully selected, most interesting and most valuable texts, presenting the latest state of research in the field of engineering and environmental protection.

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The Journal principally accepts for publication original research papers covering such topics as:
– Air quality, air pollution prevention and treatment;
– Wastewater treatment and utilization;
– Waste management;
– Hydrology and water quality, water treatment;
– Soil protection and remediation;
– Transformations and transport of organic/inorganic pollutants in the environment;
– Measurement techniques used in environmental engineering and monitoring;
– Other topics directly related to environmental engineering and environment protection.

The Journal accepts also authoritative and critical reviews of the current state of knowledge in the topic directly relating to the environment protection.

If unsure whether the article is within the scope of the Journal, please send an abstract via e-mail to: aep@ipispan.edu.pl

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• The Authors should avoid extensive citations. The number of literature references must not exceed 30 including a maximum of 6 own papers. Only in review articles the number of literature references can exceed 30.
• References should be listed at the end of the article ordered alphabetically by surname of the first author. References should be made according to the following rules:

1. Journal:
Surnames and initials. (publication year). Title of the article, Journal Name, volume, number, pages, DOI.
For example:

Nowak, S.W., Smith, A.J. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of the article, Archives of Environmental Protection, 10, 2, pp. 93–98. DOI: 10.24425/aep.2019.126330

If the article has been assigned DOI, it should be provided and linked with the website on which it is made available.

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Kraszewski, J. & Kinecki, K. (2019). Title of book, Work & Studies, Zabrze 2019.

3. Edited book:

Surnames and initials of text authors. (publishing year). Title of cited chapter, in: Title of the book, Surnames and
initials of editor(s). (Ed.)/(Eds.). Publisher, Place, pages.
For example:

Reynor, J. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of chapter, in: Title of the cited book, Kaźmierski, I. & Jasiński, C. (Eds.). Work & Studies, Zabrze, pp. 145–189.

4. Internet sources:
Surnames and initials or the name of the institution which published the text. (publication year). Title, (website address (accessed on)).
For example:

Kowalski, M. (2018). Title, (http://www.krakow.pios.gov.pl/publikacje/2009/ (03.12.2018)).

5. Patents:

Orszulik, E. (2009). Palenisko fluidalne, Patent polski: nr PL20070383311 20070910 z 16 marca 2009.
Smith, I.M. (1988). U.S. Patent No. 123,445. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

6. Materials published in language other than English:
Titles of cited materials should be translated into English. Information of the language the materials were published in should be provided at the end.
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Nowak, S.W. & Taylor, K.T. (2019). Title of article, Journal Name, 10, 2, pp. 93–98. DOI: 10.24425/aep.2019.126330. (in Polish)

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